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For the Altaic Sky God, see Tengri.
Woodblock printing, Sera, Tibet.JPG
Young monks printing scriptures in Sera Monastery, Tibet
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 丹珠爾
Simplified Chinese 丹珠尔
Literal meaning Translation of Treatises
Tibetan name
Tibetan བསྟན་འགྱུར

The Tengyur or Tanjur or Bstan-’gyur (Tibetan: “Translation of Teachings”) is the Tibetan collection of commentaries to the Buddhist teachings, or "Translated Treatises". The Beijing version covers 3,626 texts in 224 volumes, but numbers vary depending on the version.

Printing the scriptures. Sera Monastery.

The Buddhist Canon[edit]

To the Tengyur were assigned commentaries to both Sutras and Tantras, treatises and abhidharma works (both Mahayana and non-Mahayana).[1]

Together with the 108-volume Kangyur (the Collection of the Words of the Buddha), these form the basis of the Tibetan Buddhist canon. "The Kangyur usually takes up a hundred or a hundred and eight volumes, the Tengyur two hundred and twenty-five, and the two together contain 4,569 works."[2][3]

As example, the content of the Beijing Tengyur:[4]

  • Sutras ("Hymns of Praise"): 1 Volume; 64 texts.
  • Commentaries on the Tantras: 86 Volumes; 3055 texts.
  • Commentaries on Sutras; 137 Volumes; 567 texts.
  1. Prajnaparamita Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  2. Madhyamika Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  3. Yogacara Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  4. Abhidharma, 8 Volumes.
  5. Miscellaneous Texts, 4 Volumes.
  6. Vinaya Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  7. Tales and Dramas, 4 Volumes.
  8. Technical Treatises, 43 Volumes.

The Bon Tengyur[edit]

The Tibetan Bön religion, under the influence of Buddhism, also has its canon literature divided into two sections called the Kangyur and Tengyur but the number and contents of the collection are not yet fully known. Apparently, Bon began to take on a literary form about the time Buddhism began to enter Tibet.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tucci, Giuseppe (1970) p. 259, n. 10
  2. ^ Stein, R. A. (1962) p.251
  3. ^ Schlagintweit (2006) pp.78-81
  4. ^ The Tibetan Canon by Buddhanet.org
  5. ^ Tucci, Giuseppe (1970) p. 213
  6. ^ Stein, R. A. (1962) pp. 241, 251.


  • Schlagintweit, Emil (2006) Buddhism in Tibet: Illustrated by Literary Documents and Objects Of Religious Worship With An Account Of The Buddhist Systems Preceding It In India ISBN 1-4286-4999-9
  • Stein, R. A. (1962) Tibetan Civilization. First English edition - translated by J. E. Stapleton Driver (1972). Reprint (1972): Stanford University Press, Stanford, California ISBN 0-8047-0806-1 (cloth); ISBN 0-8047-0901-7
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. The Religions of Tibet. (1970). First English edition, translated by Geoffrey Samuel (1980). Reprint: (1988), University of California Press ISBN 0-520-03856-8 (cloth); ISBN 0520063481 (pbk)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tengyur — Please support Wikipedia.
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27 news items

Tue, 23 Dec 2014 01:59:42 -0800

He said work is already on to compile the non - religious concepts and ideas beneficial for humanity from the Kargyur Tengyur Buddhist canons for those who necessarily do not believe in any particular religious faith. “So this is for the entire ...

Tibet Post International

Tibet Post International
Thu, 15 May 2014 02:11:15 -0700

He expressed that the Buddhist literature contained in the Kangyur and Tengyur collections can also be categorised as dealing with Buddhist science and philosophy on the one hand and Buddhist religious practice on the other. Seeing that the science and ...

Tibet Post International

Tibet Post International
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 23:53:36 -0700

Such actions are morally wrong and betrayal of Kagyur and Tengyur texts, the foundations of Tibetan Buddhism. You must remain skeptical and should not follow someone out of blind faith. The Buddha said his followers should not follow his teachings out ...
The Star Online
Fri, 21 Mar 2014 17:57:52 -0700

It is a global effort to translate the Kangyur and Tengyur. Kangyur refers to the translated words of Buddha; the collection includes more than 500 sutra and 1,100 tantra. The Tengyur contains more than 4,000 treatises and commentaries by Indian and ...
Thu, 27 Feb 2014 21:03:45 -0800

His Holiness said the great Buddhist canyons of Kagyur and Tengyur should not necessarily be looked at as strictly religious texts but that they provide in-depth understanding of psychology and the study of human mind. The Tibetan leader said the ...
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Fri, 27 Sep 2013 00:36:03 -0700

It said that His Holiness and the Tibetan scholars "engaged in lively discussions ranging from whether to include textual quotations from the Kangyur and Tengyur in the body of the text, or whether to consign them to end-notes, what emphasis to give to ...
Sun, 02 Feb 2014 23:26:58 -0800

“All the major religious traditions of Tibetan Buddhism and sub sects have their base in the great texts of Kangyur and Tengyur, so all the traditions and sects are eventually the same”. He said a 3 volume book in different languages excerpting ...
Wed, 13 Feb 2013 12:08:13 -0800

... original works from Mongolia, the library has rare copies of the early Tibetan Buddhist canon—sacred contemporary records of the Buddha's oral teachings, called the Kangyur, and commentaries and treatises on the teachings of the Buddha, the Tengyur.

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