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For the Altaic Sky God, see Tengri.
Woodblock printing, Sera, Tibet.JPG
Young monks printing scriptures in Sera Monastery, Tibet
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 丹珠爾
Simplified Chinese 丹珠尔
Literal meaning Translation of Treatises
Tibetan name
Tibetan བསྟན་འགྱུར

The Tengyur or Tanjur or Bstan-’gyur (Tibetan: “Translation of Teachings”) is the Tibetan collection of commentaries to the Buddhist teachings, or "Translated Treatises". The Beijing version covers 3,626 texts in 224 volumes, but numbers vary depending on the version.

Printing the scriptures. Sera Monastery.

The Buddhist Canon[edit]

To the Tengyur were assigned commentaries to both Sutras and Tantras, treatises and abhidharma works (both Mahayana and non-Mahayana).[1]

Together with the 108-volume Kangyur (the Collection of the Words of the Buddha), these form the basis of the Tibetan Buddhist canon. "The Kangyur usually takes up a hundred or a hundred and eight volumes, the Tengyur two hundred and twenty-five, and the two together contain 4,569 works."[2][3]

As example, the content of the Beijing Tengyur:[4]

  • Sutras ("Hymns of Praise"): 1 Volume; 64 texts.
  • Commentaries on the Tantras: 86 Volumes; 3055 texts.
  • Commentaries on Sutras; 137 Volumes; 567 texts.
  1. Prajnaparamita Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  2. Madhyamika Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  3. Yogacara Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  4. Abhidharma, 8 Volumes.
  5. Miscellaneous Texts, 4 Volumes.
  6. Vinaya Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  7. Tales and Dramas, 4 Volumes.
  8. Technical Treatises, 43 Volumes.

The Bon Tengyur[edit]

The Tibetan Bön religion, under the influence of Buddhism, also has its canon literature divided into two sections called the Kangyur and Tengyur but the number and contents of the collection are not yet fully known. Apparently, Bon began to take on a literary form about the time Buddhism began to enter Tibet.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tucci, Giuseppe (1970) p. 259, n. 10
  2. ^ Stein, R. A. (1962) p.251
  3. ^ Schlagintweit (2006) pp.78-81
  4. ^ The Tibetan Canon by Buddhanet.org
  5. ^ Tucci, Giuseppe (1970) p. 213
  6. ^ Stein, R. A. (1962) pp. 241, 251.


  • Schlagintweit, Emil (2006) Buddhism in Tibet: Illustrated by Literary Documents and Objects Of Religious Worship With An Account Of The Buddhist Systems Preceding It In India ISBN 1-4286-4999-9
  • Stein, R. A. (1962) Tibetan Civilization. First English edition - translated by J. E. Stapleton Driver (1972). Reprint (1972): Stanford University Press, Stanford, California ISBN 0-8047-0806-1 (cloth); ISBN 0-8047-0901-7
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. The Religions of Tibet. (1970). First English edition, translated by Geoffrey Samuel (1980). Reprint: (1988), University of California Press ISBN 0-520-03856-8 (cloth); ISBN 0520063481 (pbk)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tengyur — Please support Wikipedia.
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38 news items

Wed, 29 Jul 2015 09:22:00 -0700

DHARAMSHALA, July 29: The Tibetan spiritual leader His Holiness the Dalai Lama has said the purpose of great treatises of Buddhism like Kangyur and Tengyur are not to be merely objects of devotion or to be occasionally recited but that the texts must ...

Tibet Post International

Tibet Post International
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 12:30:00 -0700

"However," he added, "the main purpose of both Kangyur and Tengyur is not to be an object of respect, nor to be occasionally ritually recited, but to be studied. The Buddha's teachings are an account of his experience. They reveal his great qualities.
EIN News (press release)
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 16:37:30 -0700

At the end of a private lunch with his hosts, local Lamas and members of the local administration, he remembered his offer to give an edition of the Tengyur, the translated collection of Indian masters' treatises, to the Leh Jokhang. He told his guests ...

Tibet Post International

Tibet Post International
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 05:11:15 -0700

For better understanding, His Holiness stated that the content of Kargyur and Tengyur or Buddhism could be divided into three sub-components: Buddhist Science, Buddhist Philosophy and Buddhist Religion. "Buddhist Religion is the practice which ...
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 09:30:00 -0700

He lauded our efforts to teach Tibetan language to our youngsters as Tibetan is the only language that can best explain the Kagyur and Tengyur (the great canons of Tibetan Buddhism).” He said he urged His Holiness, in his mandala recitation, to ...
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 10:57:19 -0700

The Tibetan leader also spoke about the project of translation into Tibetan of various excerpts from Kargyur and Tengyur (great canyons of Tibetan Buddhism), which are not necessarily Buddhism related. His Holiness said the translations were done with ...
Tue, 23 Dec 2014 01:59:42 -0800

He said work is already on to compile the non - religious concepts and ideas beneficial for humanity from the Kargyur Tengyur Buddhist canons for those who necessarily do not believe in any particular religious faith. “So this is for the entire ...


Sun, 15 Mar 2015 13:17:58 -0700

Patna: Decks have been cleared for the much-awaited digitization and microfilming of rare Tibetan collections currently displayed at Patna museum following the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) here between Patna museum and the ...

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