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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1650 news items

 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 18:30:00 -0700

A farmer was killed in Siem Reap province on Sunday, after he was struck by lightning while riding on a tractor, police said Monday. Pu Ty, 50, was killed Sunday afternoon as he used his tractor to plow a field in Banteay Srei district's Khnar Sandai ...

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Cambodian artists doing a balancing act during a circus performance in Siem Reap province. Balancing on her hands, a young contortionist, throws her legs over her head and slowly draws back a bow with her toes, before loosing an arrow into a balloon ...

Big News Network.com

Big News Network.com
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 12:07:30 -0700

Residents of a village in Siem Reap province's Angkor Chum district recently accused three monks of being sorcerers after several people in their community fell ill, reported. Fearing for their lives, the monks took refuge at the home of the village ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 13:24:58 -0700

Cambodia is staging a Songkran event in Siem Reap province, best known as the home of the ancient temple complex at Angkor Wat. The April 13-16 event celebrates the traditional New Year. Siem Reap will ring in the Year of the Goat with a giant ...

Gulf Times

Gulf Times
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Cambodian hearts aflutter over struggling butterflies A butterfly in the garden of Banteay Srey Butterfly Centre on the outskirts of Siem Reap province. 1:38 AM. 25. April. 2015. AFP Siem Reap There was a time when Khorn Savai avoided caterpillars, ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 17:11:15 -0700

In the months since, Kandal province has sent its first group of 12 women out onto the streets, Siem Reap province has created three squads of eight women who rotate through shifts, and Phnom Penh has upped its total to 14, including three who are part ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 18:28:59 -0700

While the New Year holiday beginning on Tuesday is a Cambodian celebration, today could bring one province's celebration to global prominence. A Guinness Book of Records judge who arrived in Siem Reap province yesterday will today determine ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 11:22:30 -0700

US First Lady Michelle Obama (R) hugs students during her visit to a school in Siem Reap province on March 21, 2015. Michelle Obama was greeted by flag-waving schoolchildren March 21 during the first trip by a sitting First Lady to Cambodia as she ...
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