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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1616 news items

VOA Khmer

VOA Khmer
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 08:22:30 -0700

Ny Chakrya, head of legal assistance for the rights group Adhoc, is facing a suit filed by two court officials in Siem Reap province last month, after he spoke to local media about a land dispute there. (Courtesy of Ny Chakrya) ...
 
Khmer Times
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 04:48:45 -0700

Angkor Archeological Park, inscribed on the UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1992, is the kingdom's most popular tourist destination. It is located in Siem Reap province, some 315 km northwest of the capital Phnom Penh. An entrance fee to the site is 20 ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Sun, 07 Jun 2015 17:45:00 -0700

Police in Siem Reap province on Saturday arrested seven people who were running an apparent Ponzi scheme, duping investors out of thousands of dollars by promising a 10 percent return on deposits made with their company. The arrests followed a ...

Yahoo News UK

Yahoo News UK
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 03:41:15 -0700

Giant rats imported from Africa are being trained to sniff out unexploded landmines in Cambodia. Fifteen of the rodents are undergoing training in Siem Reap province, home to the world famous Angkor temples. Gambian pouched rats, also known as African ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Mrs. Obama visited Siem Reap province to introduce Let Girls Learn, a U.S. government initiative to raise awareness of the access inequalities that prevent 62 million girls around the world from attending school. The initiative, led by Peace Corps and ...
 
Khmer Times
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 01:15:00 -0700

PHNOM PENH (Xinhua) -- Cambodia has demanded Vietnam to immediately cease all planned road construction and other infrastructure along the border until the Joint Border Commission (JBC) of the two countries have completely demarcated the ...

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 21:18:45 -0700

SIEM REAP, 2 July 2015: Cambodia will host the Ultra Trail Angkor 2016, 23 January, in Siem Reap province, home to the famous Angkor Wat, a UNESCO's World Heritage site. Tourism Minister, Thong Khon, told local media that the international event would ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Sun, 28 Jun 2015 17:52:59 -0700

He said the teenager was from Siem Reap province and had been visiting a friend in the area when he decided to grab the girl from outside her house, where she had been playing alone. “After he visited his friend's house here, he walked around in the ...
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