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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Buddhist monks in front of the Angkor Wat.jpg
Nickname(s): The Great Gate to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 20,000 km2 (8,000 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang),Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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33 news items

 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 20:11:15 -0700

... allegedly smuggling 927 grams of crystal methamphetamine across the Lao border into Cambodia, following a high-speed car chase with the suspect that ended in Siem Reap province, said Sao Sarem, deputy military police commander for the province.

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 23:04:22 -0700

In addition, the data showed tourist arrivals to Phnom Penh and other destinations accounted for 45.5%, or 174,196 visits, while arrivals to Siem Reap province, home of Angkor Wat, posted a share of 43.3% or 165,895 visits. Coastal areas had a share of ...
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 18:18:45 -0700

Mr. Sokha, whose leadership position in the Assembly was part of the July deal, told a group of supporters in Siem Reap province on Saturday that he wanted to unseat corrupt government ministers. He noted that the CNRP's 55 lawmakers needed the ...
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Mr. Remy loaned the sum to an 18-year-old woman named Lay Sreymach in 2009 to purchase 4,800 square meters of land in Siem Reap province on the condition that she repay him within 45 days. Mr. Remy claims that Ms. Sreymach's husband, Ros ...
 
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 22:26:15 -0700

One is the 12th century Angkor Wat Temple in Siem Reap province and the other is the 11th century Preah Vihear Temple in Preah Vihear province. Tourism is one of the four pillars supporting Cambodia's economy. Last year, the country received 4.2 ...
 
The Phnom Penh Post
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 17:50:42 -0700

Nearly 60 families in Siem Reap province are demanding more compensation from the body that manages Angkor Wat for a canal it is constructing through their rice fields. Villagers representing 58 families in Siem Reap's Puok district thumbprinted a ...
 
GlobalPost
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

The minister said the same airline plans to begin another direct flight from Narita to Siem Reap Province, the home of the Angkor temple complex, soon. Thong Khon earlier said Asia Atlantic Airlines had planned three flights per week from Narita to ...
 
GlobalPost
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 03:07:30 -0700

15 (Xinhua) -- More than 100 officials from some 20 economies in Asia and the Pacific are meeting with donor institution representatives in Cambodia's Siem Reap province in a bid to strengthen public financial management systems for climate change ...
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