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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Cambodia, Siam Reap Province 1

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122598 videos foundNext > 

1659 news items

 
The Phnom Penh Post
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 18:41:15 -0700

A least 36 villagers, most of them women and children, fell ill yesterday after eating sandwiches sold on the street in Siem Reap province's Angkor Thom district, police said yesterday. “Some villagers were sent to Siem Reap provincial hospital when ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 17:11:15 -0700

According to Mr. Sovann, Mr. San previously worked as a farmer in Siem Reap province's Sotr Nikum district and recently came to work for the rubber company. Mr. Sovann said the suspect was being held at the provincial police headquarters and would be ...

VietNamNet Bridge

VietNamNet Bridge
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 20:33:45 -0700

The Military Command of the Central Highlands province of Lam Dong and Cambodia's Siem Reap Province military sub-region have signed a memorandum of understanding to strengthen their partnership. Under the document, which was signed by the two ...

The Cambodia Daily

The Cambodia Daily
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 17:56:15 -0700

About 15 years ago, French archaeologist Christophe Pottier found two skeletons while excavating the site of the 8th-century Prey Khmeng temple in Siem Reap province, and was looking for an expert to do a preliminary study on them. Rethy Chhem, a ...

VOA Khmer (English)

VOA Khmer (English)
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 09:45:56 -0700

But in many rural areas, there has been little progress, and even an awareness of basic hygiene and disease prevention remains considerably low. At the Preah Dak health center in rural Siem Reap province, home to the famed temples of Angkor Wat, health ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 17:22:30 -0700

Police in Siem Reap province are investigating the provenance of an anti-personnel land mine found near an entrance to the Angkor Archaeological Park on Tuesday, but suspect that it was likely not planted there deliberately. Deputy provincial police ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 11:45:15 -0700

... legal council found Um Sam An in violation of the constitution, the civil servant status law, and internal rules of the legislature, and also ordered a record of his mistake to be broadcast and posted throughout his constituency in Siem Reap province.

The Cambodia Daily

The Cambodia Daily
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 17:45:00 -0700

I have lost my lovely mother and my sister and her daughter were seriously injured and are still being treated in Siem Reap province,” he said. Prach Seiha, deputy district governor, said that he and other local officials would visit all the families ...
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