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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thum អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reab សៀមរាប
1711 Soutr Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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3995 news items

 
The Phnom Penh Post
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 16:00:00 -0800

The Ministry of Mines and Energy is currently working to withdraw the licence of a copper mining company in Siem Reap province's Chi Kraeng district that it accuses of operating illegally for more than a year. The Siem Reap Provincial Court finally ...
 
The Phnom Penh Post
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:00:00 -0800

Angkor Thom district police in Siem Reap province said they are searching for a heritage site protection cop suspected of shooting his friend to death early yesterday morning. Sour Kimsan, 35, allegedly killed his former buddy, 28-year-old Chea Piron ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Wed, 20 Jan 2016 14:22:23 -0800

Machinery and trucks owned by Meng Xin Hong Fa (Cambodia) Resources Investment Co. Ltd. sit at a copper mining site in Chi Kreng district in northern Cambodia's Siem Reap province, Jan. 20, 2016. RFA. Cambodian mining officials have temporarily shut ...
 
Khmer Times
Sun, 17 Jan 2016 09:22:53 -0800

A copper mine in Siem Reap province's Chi Kreng district was closed down last Thursday over allegations that its parent company has been running the site with an expired license. The investigation into Meng Xin Hong Fa (Cambodia) Resources Investment ...

Khmer Times

Khmer Times
Tue, 12 Jan 2016 10:14:49 -0800

The government has stepped in to prevent the excavation and sale of a plot of land in Siem Reap province in order to preserve an ancient mound where conservationists believe historically significant artifacts may be buried. On January 5, the Department ...

The Japan Times

The Japan Times
Sun, 31 Jan 2016 03:30:26 -0800

In early 2007, in a tie-up with a local nonprofit group, the Kamonohashi Project established a so-called Community Factory in Siem Reap Province in Cambodia. The first factory closed after a few years, but the group established a second one in the ...
 
Khmer Times
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 09:47:40 -0800

Phing Chendareth, chief of the minor crimes unit in Siem Reap, said, “The two suspects were arrested at Angkor Art Center Market in Siem Reap province at around 5 pm on Saturday while attempting to steal code numbers from ATM users.” He added that in ...

Eater PDX

Eater PDX
Wed, 13 Jan 2016 13:35:37 -0800

... and Doug Adams's Imperial, and owner Damian Magista recently returned from hunting the giant Asian honeybee, Apis dorsata, which is over an inch long and builds massive hives often nine-feet across, in the lawless wilderness of the Siem Reap ...
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