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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang),Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1577 news items

eTurboNews

eTurboNews
Sun, 08 Feb 2015 12:13:13 -0800

His Majesty the King of Cambodia, who personally hosted the welcome dinner and cultural performance at Elephant Terrace in the Siem Reap province, took time to personally greet Taleb Rifai, the Secretary General of the UNWTO, and Alfredo Perez de ...

Channel News Asia

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 17:18:45 -0800

“Currently the Apsara Authority is compiling the report to the tourism police unit in Siem Reap province in order to take legal action against the three,” the narrator says. The episode marks the second time in a week that visitors to Angkor have come ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 16:33:45 -0800

Cambodia's beaches and temples saw an increase in local and foreign tourists during the three-day Lunar New Year celebrations, according to figures released by provincial officials. Siem Reap, home to the world-renowned Angkor Archaeological Park and ...

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 17:07:30 -0800

“They will range from an endangered local Mekong fish to the Oriental Bay Owl, which is indigenous to Phnom Kulen [in Siem Reap Province],” Ms. Hanley said. Along with the endangered animals will be a massive goat, as the Chinese New Year holiday this ...
 
GlobalPost
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 08:30:00 -0800

PHNOM PENH, Feb. 25 (Xinhua) -- Brunei Crown Prince Haji Al- Muhtadee Billah will pay an official visit to Cambodia from March 2 to 4 in order to further enhance bilateral ties and cooperation, according to a statement from the Cambodian Ministry of ...

CNN International

Global Times
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 02:02:39 -0800

"The Apsara Authority, in close cooperation with the tourism police unit and the heritage protection police unit in Siem Reap province, had prevented two American female tourists from taking nude back photos at 10:00 am (local time) on February 6, 2015 ...

The Asia Foundation - In Asia

The Asia Foundation - In Asia
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 15:36:29 -0800

Yet even with the influx of foreigners, Siem Reap province, home to Angkor Wat, remains one of the poorest in Cambodia. Cambodia struggles with its past as much as it does with its current development. Visitors flock to watch the sunrise over Angkor ...

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Mon, 16 Feb 2015 22:33:45 -0800

In addition, the data showed tourist arrivals to Phnom Penh and other destinations accounted be 44.9% attracting 250,763 visits, while Siem Reap province a home of Angkor Wat posted a share of 44.8% welcoming 249,816 visits. Coastal areas also shared ...
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