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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1 videos found

1825 news items

 
The Phnom Penh Post
Mon, 18 May 2015 18:18:45 -0700

A gang of armed robbers in Siem Reap province yesterday broke into a local gold seller's house, making away with around $65,000 in cash, jewellery and other valuables, according to police. Min Chantha, Bakong district police chief, said the three ...
 
The Cambodia Daily
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 17:45:00 -0700

After a storm damaged utility poles in Siem Reap province last week, leading to nearly four days of power outages, officials said Sunday that electricity had been fully restored to the area. Kong Puthy, Siem Reap provincial director of Electricite du ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Tue, 19 May 2015 17:22:30 -0700

Though the wet season has yet to completely set in, Siem Reap was hit by a massive storm on Monday afternoon that left 700 houses destroyed, 23 electric poles damaged, and many areas without power. Deputy Provincial Governor Bun Tharith said the ...

The Cambodia Daily

The Cambodia Daily
Wed, 06 May 2015 17:41:02 -0700

A group of 25 families in Siem Reap province who thought they were to be included in a deal Prime Minister Hun Sen personally arranged last month to settle a decades-old land dispute were abruptly informed otherwise Tuesday, when local authorities ...
 
Herald Sun
Thu, 21 May 2015 20:11:15 -0700

In response to a rash of cheeky antics at Angkor Wat, the ancient holy archaeological complex in Cambodia's Siem Reap province, officials will translate the Visitor Code of Conduct into multiple languages and post it at the entrance to the temples ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Wed, 20 May 2015 15:30:00 -0700

Sarin, a bus driver for Phnom Penh Sorya Transportation who drives a regular route between the capital and Siem Reap province, said he undertakes a careful decision-making process when determining whether or not to pass on a road laden with ...

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Wed, 20 May 2015 23:11:15 -0700

In addition, the data showed tourist arrivals to Siem Reap province, home to Angkor Wat, posted a share of 46.1% attracting 224,799 visits, while Phnom Penh and other destinations accounted for 39.4% (192,253 visits). Coastal areas had a small share of ...

ThaiVisa News

The Cambodia Daily
Sun, 17 May 2015 17:56:15 -0700

The Apsara Authority has created a new “Visitor Code of Conduct” for tourists visiting the Angkor Archaeological Park in Siem Reap province in response to a spate of recent incidents in which tourists have taken nude photographs at the temples, broken ...
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