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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Government
 • Governor Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1725 news items

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 16:30:07 -0800

More than 50 CNRP officials seeking the removal of lawmaker Ke Sovannaroth as the party's head in Siem Reap province carried through with a threat to bring their case to Phnom Penh, demonstrating Monday for two hours outside the opposition's ...
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 16:45:00 -0800

In a meeting Thursday in Siem Reap province with about 270 provincial officials and members of the opposition CNRP, party President Sam Rainsy promised to find a “win-win solution” to the members' demands that the provincial CNRP chief be removed ...

VOA Khmer

VOA Khmer
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Girls in Siem Reap province say they are aware of the importance of education, especially higher education, to escape poverty. Phlong Pear, a widow and mother, looks after five children, following the death of her husband, in 2003, including Kul Srey Mao.

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)

The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 17:33:45 -0700

U.S. first lady Michelle Obama's stay at the Hotel Sofitel Angkor Phokeethra during her two-day visit to Siem Reap province to promote the “Let Girls Learn” initiative last weekend cost taxpayers nearly $250,000, according to a copy of the U.S ...
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 16:33:45 -0800

Seven South Korean nationals were arrested in Siem Reap province Monday on suspicion of attempting to extort money from foreigners through Voice over Internet Protocol, or VoIP, after a further six were detained for allegedly committing the same crime ...

The Phnom Penh Post

Business News Asia
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 02:00:00 -0700

Global non-governmental organization World Vision and the local police of Siem Reap are conducting separate investigations on the food poisoning incident that downed more than 500 people, including children, in Chikreng distric, Siem Reap province.
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 17:45:00 -0700

Thirty-six villagers remained hospitalized Monday afternoon after about 800 fell ill on Saturday from eating tainted sandwiches distributed at a World Vision event in Siem Reap province's Chi Kreng district, officials said. Authorities have yet to ...

Voice of America

Voice of America
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 02:20:14 -0700

PHNOM PENH—. U.S. first lady Michelle Obama arrived in Siem Reap province, Cambodia Friday, the next stop after her visit to Japan on her Asia tour to promote education for girls. Cambodia is one of 11 countries to be targeted in the first year of ...
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