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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Buddhist monks in front of the Angkor Wat.jpg
Nickname(s): The Great Gate to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Area
 • Total 20,000 km2 (8,000 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang),Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
165526 videos foundNext > 

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52 news items

 
GlobalPost
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 07:45:47 -0700

Chen Han Wei, chief executive officer of the Bayon Airlines, said the airlines will first operate with two Modern Ark 60 aircraft for regular domestic flights from capital Phnom Penh to cultural Siem Reap province and from Siem Reap province to coastal ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 17:22:30 -0700

But while he is busy with his rejuvenated movie career, his passion is also with his Savin Cambodia Project, which has a mission to help Siem Reap province children to get clean water in their communities. Recently his project handed over two clean ...
 
GlobalPost
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 23:22:30 -0700

The airlines will operate with two Modern Ark 60 aircrafts for regular flights from capital Phnom Penh to cultural Siem Reap province and from Phnom Penh to coastal Preah Sihanouk province. "AVIC has strong interest in investing in Cambodia because we ...
 
The Japan Times
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 05:04:29 -0700

PHNOM PENH – Japan-born comedian Hiroshi Neko won Cambodia's first international marathon in front of the Angkor Wat temple complex in Siem Reap province on Sunday. Neko, 37, a naturalized Cambodian, finished in 2 hours, 45 minutes and 28 ...

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 23:33:45 -0700

In addition, the data showed tourist arrivals to Phnom Penh and other destinations accounted for 51.0% attracting 174,422 visits, while arrivals to Siem Reap province, home of Angkor Wat, posted a share of 36.9% welcoming 126,032. Coastal areas also ...
 
GlobalPost
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 23:45:00 -0700

PHNOM PENH, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) -- Cambodia hosted the first Angkor Empire Marathon on Sunday at the complex of the Angkor Wat temple, a World Heritage Site, in the cultural city of Siem Reap province. Thong Khon, president of the National Olympic ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 18:30:00 -0700

Separately yesterday, Um Sam An, an opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party lawmaker in Siem Reap province, said he planned to summon Foreign Minister Hor Namhong to parliament to answer questions on the issue. “I would ask Hor Namhong why ...
 
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 04:26:15 -0700

PHNOM PENH, Aug. 15 (Xinhua) -- A Japanese airline will launch regular direct flights from Japan to Cambodia next month in order to further boost economics, trade, and tourism ties between the two countries, Akihiro Ohta, visiting Japanese Minister of ...
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