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Siem Reap
សៀមរាប
Province
Buddhist monks in front of the Angkor Wat.jpg
Nickname(s): The Great Gate to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
Country Cambodia
Capital Siem Reap
Area
 • Total 10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 896,309
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-17
Districts 12
Communes 100
Villages 907

Siem Reap (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital was called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[2]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang),Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages.[3]

1701 Angkor Chum អង្គរជុំ
1702 Angkor Thom អង្គរធំ
1703 Banteay Srei បន្ទាយស្រី
1704 Chi Kraeng ជីក្រែង
1706 Kralanh ក្រលាញ់
1707 Puok ពួក
1709 Prasat Bakong ប្រាសាទបាគង
1710 Siem Reap សៀមរាប
1711 Sout Nikom សូទ្រនិគម
1712 Srei Snam ស្រីស្នំ
1713 Svay Leu ស្វាយលើ
1714 Varin វារិន្ទ
View from Phnom Bakheng 
South gate of Angkor Thom 
Bayon Temple 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  3. ^ http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/province/siem_reap.html

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Siem_Reap_Province — Please support Wikipedia.
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52 news items

TTR Weekly

TTR Weekly
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 23:11:15 -0700

SIEM REAP, 10 July 2014: Siem Reap province's tourism department reports international tourist arrivals to the province increased 10% during January to June this year. Siem Reap Department of Tourism deputy director, Chung Sokhemarak, said the ...
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 21:18:45 -0700

Sixty restoration workers at Ta Prohm temple in Siem Reap province put down their tools Thursday and protested in front of the temple alongside 31 former workers who lost their jobs last year and are demanding to be rehired by the Archaeological Survey ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 15:30:00 -0700

Thousands of workers who fled Thailand to return home to Siem Reap province last month now don't know what to do to survive. While tourism and its 'green gold' brings many jobs to Siem Reap, the province still has about 20,000 unskilled workers who ...

NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

SIAM REAP, Cambodia — A thousand years ago, they were temples so sacred only high priests were allowed to enter — the spiritual epicenter of a powerful empire that dominated Southeast Asia. Now, millions of tourists climb among the elaborate, ...
 
The Phnom Penh Post
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Earlier this month, three people died at the bottom of a well in Kratie province after trying to save a drowning dog, while in June, seven people died in a similar incident in Siem Reap province after the father of a poor family dropped 3,000 riel ($0 ...
 
The Phnom Penh Post
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 17:11:15 -0700

Chung Sokhemarak, deputy director of the tourism department of Siem Reap province, said that despite the impact of the political unrest in neighbouring countries – the coup in Thailand and tensions in Vietnam over a sovereignty dispute with China – the ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 13:48:45 -0700

Oum Chhim, a representative of the fishery community in Siem Reap province, said yesterday that the government's annual months-long spawning season ban on fishing in certain areas – which began in June – was unlikely to deter illegal fishermen.
 
The Cambodia Daily (subscription)
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 17:33:45 -0700

Siem Reap province will host the first Angkor Empire Marathon on August 17, marking the first time a full 42-km marathon event has ever been held in Cambodia, a prospect that has already attracted more than 2,000 athletes to register. More than 1,000 ...
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