digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Broadcasting Board of Governors
BBG.png
Seal of the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Broadcasting Board of Governors.svg
Logo of the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Agency overview
Formed October 1, 1999
Preceding agencies
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
Employees 3,592 people at the BBG and all its entities
Annual budget $713 million (2013) including the International Broadcasting Bureau and the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Website http://www.bbg.gov/

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) is a United States government agency. Its goal is to "deliver accurate news and information to significant and strategic audiences overseas... and to serve as a trustworthy source of news and as an example of a free, professional press in countries that lack independent media."[1] It was previously a department within the United States Information Agency until 1999.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Starting in 1990, all U.S. government international broadcasting services began to work more closely together. That year the U.S. Information Agency, then Voice of America's (VOA) parent agency, established the Bureau of Broadcasting to consolidate its three broadcasting services – the Voice of America, WORLDNET Television and Film Service, and Radio y Televisión Martí – under one umbrella organization, supported by a single Office of Engineering and Technical Operations.

In 1991, the Bureau created the Office of Affiliate Relations and Audience Analysis (later renamed the Office of Affiliate Relations and Media Training in 1996) to establish and maintain a network of "affiliated" radio and TV stations around the globe that would broadcast VOA- and WORLDNET-produced programs. Today, more than 1,200 radio and TV stations receive programming through the Office of Affiliate Relations.

International broadcasting by the U.S government was consolidated even further when President Clinton signed the International Broadcasting Act (Public Law 103-236) on April 30, 1994. The legislation established the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB) within the U.S. Information Agency (USIA), and created a Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) with oversight authority over all international non-military government broadcasting.

The BBG oversees the International Broadcasting Bureau, which provides multimedia broadcast distribution, as well as technical and administrative support to the broadcasting networks. The IBB manages a global network of transmitting sites and an extensive system of leased satellite and fiber optic circuits, along with a rapidly growing Internet delivery system servicing the 61 languages of the BBG networks.

The bipartisan BBG includes the Secretary of State (ex officio) and eight members appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The first Broadcasting Board of Governors was sworn in on August 11, 1995.

The BBG became an independent, autonomous entity on October 1, 1999 as a result of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (Pub.L. 105–277). The BBG has 3,592 employees and a budget of US$733 million as of 2014.

Organization[edit]

The BBG is headed by a bi-partisan board with nine members; eight are appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The ninth member ex officio is the Secretary of State. By law, no more than four members shall be from the same political party.[2] The president designates one member (other than the Secretary of State) to serve as Chairman. The Board serves as a "firewall" against political interference in the journalistic product.[3]

Chairman Jeffrey Shell
Matthew Armstrong

As of January 2015, the board members are:[4]

Past members of the board have included:

Functions and supervised organizations[edit]

Newsroom at the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, Inc., a BBG grantee

The BBG supervises the following independent broadcasting organizations, which collectively broadcast in 61 languages in more than 125 markets around the world:

The Voice of America provides international, regional, and local news, as well as in-depth coverage of the U.S. and its policies.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Radio Free Asia provide their respective European and Asian audiences with an emphasis on domestic events that are denied by their own media. Radio and TV Martḯ broadcast to Cuba, while Alhurra TV and Radio Sawa provide the Middle East and Northern Africa with a full range of international, regional and local news, as well as coverage of the United States.

Reach[edit]

The BBG Global Audience Estimate provides a snapshot of the total measured audience – the number of individuals - of the five BBG media outlets: Voice of America (VOA), Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), Radio and TV Martí, Radio Free Asia (RFA) and the Middle East Broadcasting Networks (Alhurra TV and Radio Sawa).

In 2013, BBG broadcasters reached 206 million people weekly in unduplicated audience worldwide - including radio, television and Internet – up from 175 million in 2012.[8]

Funding[edit]

The BBG solicits annual funding from Congress via a proposed budget summary, which can be found on the BBG website. The Board submits an annual budget submission in which they lay out specific initiatives. Initiatives in 2011 included improving the global satellite distribution capacity, creating Radio Free Asia video programming and improving distribution of Voice of America content.[9]

Announced in April 2011, the BBG will receive $10 million from Congress for the purpose of fighting Internet censorship. During the federal funding dispute for the fiscal year 2011, President Obama sided with the BBG agreeing to language that the organization would “expand unrestricted access to information on the Internet.” This work includes anti-censorships campaigns in China and other repressive regimes.[10]

Their 2014 operating budget is US$733 million.[11] Their budget request for FY 2015 is US$721 million, and can be found here.

Criticisms[edit]

The BBG's stated mission is to promote and sustain freedom and democracy by broadcasting accurate and objective news and information about the United States and the world to audiences overseas. They claim their long-term vision for the BBG is "a flexible, multi-media, research-driven U.S. International Broadcasting System, incorporating regional networks and single-country operations, that reaches mass audiences by programming the distinct content of the Voice of America and the surrogate services through state-of-the art formats and the distribution channels – AM, FM, audio and video satellite, shortwave, and the Internet – that our audiences use and we control."[12]

However, according to a series of reports beginning in 2004 and generated by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the BBG has struggled to live up to its mission. For instance, GAO highlighted a structural issue of the BBG in a 2004 report claiming that "organizationally, the existence of five separate broadcast entities has led to overlapping language services, duplication of program content, redundant newsgathering and support services, and difficulties coordinating broadcast efforts."[13] The report also added that "marketing challenges include outmoded program formats, poor signal delivery, and low audience awareness in many markets."[13]

In April 2010, Senator Tom Coburn held up the appointments of the Obama administration, with the aim of drawing attention to the organization's perceived ineffectiveness, stating in an interview: "The BBG is the most worthless organization in the federal government. It's full of people who know nothing about media or foreign policy."[14] Senator Jim DeMint also attempted to use the nominations to force a hearing on the BBG, after frustrations with a perceived lack of congressional oversight over the organization.[14] Coburn had written an open letter to then-Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell in August 2010 citing "longstanding concerns regarding transparency and effectiveness of our taxpayer funded international broadcasting agencies under the purview of the Broadcasting Board of Governors."[14]

In early 2013, the AFGE 1812 Local web site carried a series of articles detailing management problems under the BBG. The series can be found at this link: http://laborweb.afge.org/sites/bbg/l1812/

On 21 January 2015, the new chief of the BBG, Andrew Lack, told to the New York Times that the agenda of the Russian news source RT posed a threat to the United States, as well as the ISIL and Boko Haram terror groups. There has been some backlash to this comment because Mr. Lack mentioned both the Russian government-funded news agency and the terror groups in sentences that were back-to-back with each other. [15] [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Portions of this article are based on public domain text from BBG and VOA.[17][18]
  1. ^ <http://www.bbg.gov/>
  2. ^ http://www.bbg.gov/about-the-agency/history/legislation/#q304
  3. ^ <http://www.bbg.gov/about-the-agency/board/
  4. ^ "The Board - BBG". Broadcasting Board of Governors. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Broadcasting Board Governor Norman Pattiz to Address Nation's Talk Radio Hosts About Middle East Broadcasting; Pattiz To Receive NARTSH Freedom of Speech Award for 2002" BBG Web page. Retrieved March 14, 2010. Archived May 6, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Pattiz profile Forbes. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  7. ^ "Bully Pulpit: Public broadcasting abroad" by Franklin Foer, The New Republic, August 15, 2005 12:00 am. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  8. ^ http://www.bbg.gov/wp-content/media/2013/12/2013-Audience-Overview-Factsheet.pdf
  9. ^ "Budget Summary". 
  10. ^ Bluey, Rob (April 11, 2011). "Obama Circumvents State Department, supports plan to give BBG $10 million". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 15, 2011. [dead link]
  11. ^ [1] at The Broadcasting Board of Governors website.
  12. ^ "About the Agency". Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "U.S. International Broadcasting: Challenges Facing the Broadcasting Board of Governors". GAO. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c Rogin, Josh (April 30, 2010). "Chaos at the Broadcasting Board of Governors". Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  15. ^ http://qz.com/332219/the-us-head-of-overseas-media-picked-a-fight-with-russian-state-tv//
  16. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/22/us/broadcasting-board-of-governors-names-chief-executive.html?_r=0
  17. ^ About the Agency at The Broadcasting Board of Governors website.
  18. ^ News at VOANews.com.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Broadcasting_Board_of_Governors — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
5496 videos foundNext > 

Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). VOA promo

Radio and TV Martí has debuted its redesigned website, www.martinoticias.com, with an improved text-only platform that provides mobile-friendly access to the ...

RT vs. Broadcasting Board of Governors - Eine Frage des Geldes?

In den Vereinigten Staaten werden wieder einmal Stimmen laut, die eindringlich vor RT warnen. Meist fordern diese dann auch gleich weitere Millionen für die ...

Serving Our Troops/Hubbard Broadcasting Board of Governors Award

In 2004, a group of Twin Cities business owners and civic leaders, along with Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc, wanted to find a unique and special way to show that ...

How Will Broadcasting Board of Governors Reform Itself?

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the federal agency in charge of U.S. international media outreach, had its board meeting in Washington, D.C. on ...

Hearing: Broadcasting Board of Governors: An Agency "Defunct"

Visit the hearing page: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/hearing/hearing-broadcasting-board-governors-agency-%E2%80%9Cdefunct%E2%80%9D Hearing: ...

CUSIB Warns Against Growth of Broadcasting Board of Governors Bureaucracy

As a representative for the Committee for U.S. International Broadcasting, I'm here to present CUSIB's official statement to the Board of Governors. Since the ...

Rep. Ed Royce Asks Obama Administration to Reform Broadcasting Board of Governors

U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, convened a hearing on Wednesday, February 25, 2015, at which Secretary of ...

Aug 21, 2013 Board Meeting

The Broadcasting Board of Governors met on Wednesday, August 21, 2013 at the BBG headquarters in Washington, D.C. For more information visit ...

Chairman Royce Questions Witnesses at Hearing on the Broadcasting Board of Governors

Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, delivers an opening statement at a hearing on reforming the Broadcasting Board of ...

Chairman Royce Opening Statement at Hearing on the Broadcasting Board of Governors

Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, delivers an opening statement at a hearing on reforming the Broadcasting Board of ...

5496 videos foundNext > 

53709 news items

Ukrinform News

Ukrinform News
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 00:26:52 -0800

Deputy Director of Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) Jeffrey Trimble tells how the U.S. government sees this situation in an interview with the Ukrinform's own Washington correspondent The Bureau he represents is an independent U.S. government ...

FCW.com

FCW.com
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 14:47:33 -0800

The State Department's Office of Inspector General has criticized the Broadcasting Board of Governors' IT incident response and reporting program for "not operating effectively" in compliance with federal standards, according to a recent audit. An ...

Federal Times

Federal Times
Wed, 20 Jan 2016 13:09:01 -0800

The Broadcasting Board of Governors' response to cybersecurity incidents and its newly developed policy and procedures were the subject of a cutting review by auditors at Williams, Adley & Company-DC. BBG supports federally-funded broadcast outlets ...
 
Radio World
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 08:52:30 -0800

The book includes articles contributed by AIB members, including the BBC, Broadcasting Board of Governors, RNW Media, Radio Taiwan International and DW, to provide an insight into the radio industry. “Radio is a major driver of economic growth and ...
 
TV Technology
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 12:26:15 -0800

WASHINGTON—The president's budget request for fiscal 2017, sent to Congress Tuesday, includes $777.8 million for the Broadcasting Board of Governors. The BBG, which oversees Voice of America, the Office of Cuba Broadcasting and BBG-funded ...
 
Prensa Latina
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 06:48:45 -0800

10 de febrero de 2016, 09:56Washington, Feb 10 (Prensa Latina) The duties of the Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB), which manages the Radio and Television Marti services could be in hands of a private entity, U.S. government''s officials announced.
 
Politico
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 07:01:22 -0800

Yet the president proposes reducing funding for the Broadcasting Board of Governors, which helps people in countries such as Iran and Cuba do just that. The White House is requesting $12.5 million next year for the board's Internet freedom agenda, down ...

WIRED

WIRED
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 06:59:40 -0800

(Never mind that both software projects receive at least part of their funding from the U.S. government agency the Broadcasting Board of Governors.) “I'm able to speak absolutely freely with Ed Snowden any time I want to, despite the fact that I'm ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight