digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Broadcasting Board of Governors
BBG.png
Seal of the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Broadcasting Board of Governors.svg
Logo of the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Agency overview
Formed October 1, 1999
Preceding agencies United States Information Agency
Office of Affiliate Relations and Media Training
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
Employees 3,592 people at the BBG and all its entities
Annual budget $713 million (2013) including the International Broadcasting Bureau and the Broadcasting Board of Governors
Website http://www.bbg.gov/

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) is a United States government agency. Its goal is to "deliver accurate news and information to significant and strategic audiences overseas... and to serve as a trustworthy source of news and as an example of a free, professional press in countries that lack independent media."[1] It was previously a department within the United States Information Agency until 1999.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Starting in 1990, all U.S. government international broadcasting services began to work more closely together. That year the U.S. Information Agency, then Voice of America's (VOA) parent agency, established the Bureau of Broadcasting to consolidate its three broadcasting services – the Voice of America, WORLDNET Television and Film Service, and Radio y Televisión Martí – under one umbrella organization, supported by a single Office of Engineering and Technical Operations.

In 1991, the Bureau created the Office of Affiliate Relations and Audience Analysis (later renamed the Office of Affiliate Relations and Media Training in 1996) to establish and maintain a network of "affiliated" radio and TV stations around the globe that would broadcast VOA- and WORLDNET-produced programs. Today, more than 1,200 radio and TV stations receive programming through the Office of Affiliate Relations.

International broadcasting by the U.S government was consolidated even further when President Clinton signed the International Broadcasting Act (Public Law 103-236) on April 30, 1994. The legislation established the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB) within the U.S. Information Agency (USIA), and created a Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) with oversight authority over all international non-military government broadcasting.

The BBG oversees the International Broadcasting Bureau, which provides multimedia broadcast distribution, as well as technical and administrative support to the broadcasting networks. The IBB manages a global network of transmitting sites and an extensive system of leased satellite and fiber optic circuits, along with a rapidly growing Internet delivery system servicing the 61 languages of the BBG networks.

The bipartisan BBG includes the Secretary of State (ex officio) and eight members appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The first Broadcasting Board of Governors was sworn in on August 11, 1995.

The BBG became an independent, autonomous entity on October 1, 1999 as a result of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (Pub.L. 105–277). The BBG has 3,592 employees and a budget of US$733 million as of 2014.

Organization[edit]

The BBG is headed by a bi-partisan board with nine members; eight are appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The ninth member ex officio is the Secretary of State. By law, no more than four members shall be from the same political party.[2] The president designates one member (other than the Secretary of State) to serve as Chairman. The Board serves as a "firewall" against political interference in the journalistic product.[3]

Chairman Jeffrey Shell

As of January 2015, the board members are:[4]

Past members of the board have included:

Functions and supervised organizations[edit]

Newsroom at the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, Inc., a BBG grantee

The BBG supervises the following independent broadcasting organizations, which collectively broadcast in 61 languages in more than 125 markets around the world:

The Voice of America provides international, regional, and local news, as well as in-depth coverage of the U.S. and its policies.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Radio Free Asia provide their respective European and Asian audiences with an emphasis on domestic events that are denied by their own media. Radio and TV Martḯ broadcast to Cuba, while Alhurra TV and Radio Sawa provide the Middle East and Northern Africa with a full range of international, regional and local news, as well as coverage of the United States.

Reach[edit]

The BBG Global Audience Estimate provides a snapshot of the total measured audience – the number of individuals - of the five BBG media outlets: Voice of America (VOA), Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), Radio and TV Martí, Radio Free Asia (RFA) and the Middle East Broadcasting Networks (Alhurra TV and Radio Sawa).

In 2013, BBG broadcasters reached 206 million people weekly in unduplicated audience worldwide - including radio, television and Internet – up from 175 million in 2012.[8]

Funding[edit]

The BBG solicits annual funding from Congress via a proposed budget summary, which can be found on the BBG website. The Board submits an annual budget submission in which they lay out specific initiatives. Initiatives in 2011 included improving the global satellite distribution capacity, creating Radio Free Asia video programming and improving distribution of Voice of America content.[9]

Announced in April 2011, the BBG will receive $10 million from Congress for the purpose of fighting Internet censorship. During the federal funding dispute for the fiscal year 2011, President Obama sided with the BBG agreeing to language that the organization would “expand unrestricted access to information on the Internet.” This work includes anti-censorships campaigns in China and other repressive regimes.[10]

Their 2014 operating budget is US$733 million.[11] Their budget request for FY 2015 is US$721 million, and can be found here.

Criticisms[edit]

The BBG's stated mission is to promote and sustain freedom and democracy by broadcasting accurate and objective news and information about the United States and the world to audiences overseas. They claim their long-term vision for the BBG is "a flexible, multi-media, research-driven U.S. International Broadcasting System, incorporating regional networks and single-country operations, that reaches mass audiences by programming the distinct content of the Voice of America and the surrogate services through state-of-the art formats and the distribution channels – AM, FM, audio and video satellite, shortwave, and the Internet – that our audiences use and we control."[12]

However, according to a series of reports beginning in 2004 and generated by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the BBG has struggled to live up to its mission. For instance, GAO highlighted a structural issue of the BBG in a 2004 report claiming that "organizationally, the existence of five separate broadcast entities has led to overlapping language services, duplication of program content, redundant newsgathering and support services, and difficulties coordinating broadcast efforts."[13] The report also added that "marketing challenges include outmoded program formats, poor signal delivery, and low audience awareness in many markets."[13]

In April 2010, Senator Tom Coburn held up the appointments of the Obama administration, with the aim of drawing attention to the organization's perceived ineffectiveness, stating in an interview: "The BBG is the most worthless organization in the federal government. It's full of people who know nothing about media or foreign policy."[14] Senator Jim DeMint also attempted to use the nominations to force a hearing on the BBG, after frustrations with a perceived lack of congressional oversight over the organization.[14] Coburn had written an open letter to then-Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell in August 2010 citing "longstanding concerns regarding transparency and effectiveness of our taxpayer funded international broadcasting agencies under the purview of the Broadcasting Board of Governors."[14]

In early 2013, the AFGE 1812 Local web site carried a series of articles detailing management problems under the BBG. The series can be found at this link: http://laborweb.afge.org/sites/bbg/l1812/

On 21 January in 2015 the new chief of the BBG, Andrew Lack, told to the New York Times that the agenda of the Russian News Source RT posed a threat to the United States, as well as the ISIL and Boko Haram terror groups. There has been some backlash to this comment because Mr. Lack mentioned both the Russian government-funded news agency and the terror groups in sentences that were back-to-back with each other. [15] [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Portions of this article are based on public domain text from BBG and VOA.[17][18]
  1. ^ <http://www.bbg.gov/>
  2. ^ http://www.bbg.gov/about-the-agency/history/legislation/#q304
  3. ^ <http://www.bbg.gov/about-the-agency/board/
  4. ^ "The Board - BBG". Broadcasting Board of Governors. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Broadcasting Board Governor Norman Pattiz to Address Nation's Talk Radio Hosts About Middle East Broadcasting; Pattiz To Receive NARTSH Freedom of Speech Award for 2002"[dead link] BBG Web page. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  6. ^ Pattiz profile Forbes. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  7. ^ "Bully Pulpit: Public broadcasting abroad" by Franklin Foer, The New Republic, August 15, 2005 12:00 am. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  8. ^ http://www.bbg.gov/wp-content/media/2013/12/2013-Audience-Overview-Factsheet.pdf
  9. ^ "Budget Summary". 
  10. ^ Bluey, Rob (April 11, 2011). "Obama Circumvents State Department, supports plan to give BBG $10 million". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 15, 2011. [dead link]
  11. ^ [1] at The Broadcasting Board of Governors website.
  12. ^ "About the Agency". Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "U.S. International Broadcasting: Challenges Facing the Broadcasting Board of Governors". GAO. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c Rogin, Josh (April 30, 2010). "Chaos at the Broadcasting Board of Governors". Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  15. ^ http://qz.com/332219/the-us-head-of-overseas-media-picked-a-fight-with-russian-state-tv//
  16. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/22/us/broadcasting-board-of-governors-names-chief-executive.html?_r=0
  17. ^ About the Agency at The Broadcasting Board of Governors website.
  18. ^ News at VOANews.com.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Broadcasting_Board_of_Governors — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2528 videos foundNext > 

Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). VOA promo

Radio and TV Martí has debuted its redesigned website, www.martinoticias.com, with an improved text-only platform that provides mobile-friendly access to the ...

Serving Our Troops/Hubbard Broadcasting Board of Governors Award

In 2004, a group of Twin Cities business owners and civic leaders, along with Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc, wanted to find a unique and special way to show that ...

Rep. Ed Royce Asks Obama Administration to Reform Broadcasting Board of Governors

U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, convened a hearing on Wednesday, February 25, 2015, at which Secretary of ...

Chairman Royce Opening Statement at Hearing on the Broadcasting Board of Governors

Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, delivers an opening statement at a hearing on reforming the Broadcasting Board of ...

Broadcasting Board of Governors, RFE/RL Deep Dive

Broadcasting Board of Governors, RFE/RL Deep Dive 7/01/2015 Prague, The Czech Republic.

Hearing: Broadcasting Board of Governors: An Agency "Defunct"

Visit the hearing page: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/hearing/hearing-broadcasting-board-governors-agency-%E2%80%9Cdefunct%E2%80%9D Hearing: ...

Broadcasting Board of Governors, RFE/RL Deep Dive

Broadcasting Board of Governors, RFE/RL Deep Dive 07/01/2015 Prague, The Czech Republic.

Suzie Carroll Appointed Executive Director for Broadcasting Board of Governors

Newly-confirmed Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) Chairman Jeff Shell announced at an open BBG Board meeting in Washington, DC on August 21, ...

Chairman Royce Questions Witnesses at Hearing on the Broadcasting Board of Governors

Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, delivers an opening statement at a hearing on reforming the Broadcasting Board of ...

Broadcasting Board of Governors, Open Session

Broadcasting Board of Governors, Open Session 07/01/2015 Prague, The Czech Republic.

2528 videos foundNext > 

51855 news items

Washington Times

Washington Times
Tue, 16 Jun 2015 09:30:30 -0700

The Broadcasting Board of Governors, the agency that manages Radio Free Asia and other U.S. international broadcasting, had almost no oversight of millions of tax dollars spent on these groups annually, according to a watchdog audit released on Tuesday.

Forbes

Forbes
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 08:20:22 -0700

As interim CEO of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), Andre Mendes sits atop a broadcasting enterprise with as broad a reach as any in the western world. Unlike some other organizations that you might think of among leaders in this space, the ...

Center for Responsive Politics

Center for Responsive Politics
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 13:47:29 -0700

Shell was eventually appointed by Obama to be chairman of the Broadcasting Board of Governors. Joseph Torsella, who was the museum's former CEO and is currently a trustee himself, was appointed by Obama to serve as the U.S. Representative to the ...
 
The Skanner
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:55:27 -0700

I was joined by Michael Levy and Steve Altman of CPB, Sue Schardt of the Association of Independents in Radio and Jeff Trimble, Deputy Director of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (which oversees Voice of American, RFE and other services). I thought ...

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Radio World
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 07:56:27 -0700

Multimedia expansion of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty was the theme for a visit by the Broadcasting Board of Governors to Prague, Czech Republic, this week. The visit comes at a time of renewed focus on Russian information activities. RFE/RL ...

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 09:41:15 -0700

Crocker, a member of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the body that oversees U.S. international broadcasting, including RFE/RL, pointed to Iran's "destructive" role in Iraq as one of the major issues, beyond the nuclear topic, currently ...

Daily Beast

Daily Beast
Tue, 16 Jun 2015 02:16:48 -0700

There should be an inquiry,” said a member of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, the agency that oversees U.S. international broadcasting. “It seems they're playing with American foreign policy to make a quick buck.” Government watchdogs make a ...

New York Times

New York Times
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 16:56:45 -0800

WASHINGTON — Andrew Lack is leaving his position as chief executive of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, the agency announced on Wednesday, one day after it was reported that he was in advanced discussions to return to NBC to lead its news ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight