digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Further information: Movie studio, Recording studio and Studio
During a production of Kripo Live in Studio 1 of the Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (MDR) (2005).

A television studio is an installation in which video productions take place, either for the recording of live television to video tape, or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production. The design of a studio is similar to, and derived from, movie studios, with a few amendments for the special requirements of television production. A professional television studio generally has several rooms, which are kept separate for noise and practicality reasons. These rooms are connected via intercom, and personnel will be divided among these workplaces.

Studio floor[edit]

The Al Jazeera newsroom

Workers install lighting and desks for Al Jazeera English Newsroom
under construction, April 2005
The English studio being used with presenter at the desk
The sister studio for Al Jazeera English in use, November 2011

The studio floor is the actual stage on which the actions that will be recorded take place. A studio floor has the following characteristics and installations:

While a production is in progress, people composing a television crew work the studio floor.

Production-control room[edit]

The studio control room (SCR) is the place in a television studio in which the composition of the outgoing program takes place.(An SCR is also often the acronym for the Satellite Control Room, from here TV feeds are sent to & received from the local Satellite used by the TV station) The production control room is occasionally also called a studio control room (SCR) or a "gallery" – the latter name comes from the original placement of the director on an ornately carved bridge spanning the BBC's first studio at Alexandra Palace which was once referred to as like a minstrels' gallery.[1] Master control is the technical hub of a broadcast operation common among most over-the-air television stations and television networks. Master control is distinct from a PCR in television studios where the activities such as switching from camera to camera are coordinated. A transmission control room (TCR) is usually smaller in size and is a scaled down version of centralcasting.

Facilities in a PCR include:

  • A video monitor wall, with monitors for program, preview, VTRs, cameras, graphics and other video sources. In some facilities, the monitor wall is a series of racks containing physical television and computer monitors; in others, the monitor wall has been replaced with a virtual monitor wall (sometimes called a "glass cockpit"), one or more large video screens, each capable of displaying multiple sources in a simulation of a monitor wall.
  • A vision mixer, a large control panel used to select the multiple-camera setup and other various sources to be recorded or seen on air and, in many cases, in any video monitors on the set. The term "vision mixer" is primarily used in Europe, while the term "video switcher" is usually used in North America.
  • A professional audio mixing console and other audio equipment such as effects devices.
  • A character generator (CG), which creates the majority of the names and full digital on-screen graphics that are inserted into the program lower third portion of the television screen
  • Digital video effects, or DVE, for manipulation of video sources. In newer vision mixers, the DVE is integrated into the vision mixer; older models without built-in DVE's can often control external DVE devices, or an external DVE can be manually run by an operator.
  • A still store, or still frame, device for storage of graphics or other images. While the name suggests that the device is only capable of storing still images, newer still stores can store moving video clips and motion graphics.
  • The technical director's station, with waveform monitors, vectorscopes and the camera control units (CCU) or remote control panels for the CCUs.
  • In some facilities, VTRs may also be located in the PCR, but are also often found in the central apparatus room
  • Intercom and IFB equipment for communication with talent and television crew
  • A signal generator to genlock all of the video equipment to a common reference that requires colorburst
The Al Jazeera English studio-control room under construction in London United Kingdom (August 2007). 
The production-control room for Sky Italia's news channel SKY Sport24 (August 2008). 
The production-control room for The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer during an interview with General Peter Pace (November 7, 2005). 
A Vinten remote pan tilt zoom camera controller at the Al Jazeera studios in London, United Kingdom (August 2007). 

Master control room[edit]

Main article: Master control

The Master control room (MCR) houses equipment that is too noisy or runs too hot for the Production control room (PCR). It also makes sure that coax cable and other wire lengths and installation requirements keep within manageable lengths, since most high-quality wiring runs only between devices in this room. This can include the actual circuitry and connections between

The Master control room in a US television station is the place where the on-air signal is controlled. It may include controls to playout television programs and television commercials, switch local or television network feeds, record satellite feeds and monitor the transmitter(s), or these items may be in an adjacent equipment rack room. The term "studio" usually refers to a place where a particular local program is originated. If the program is broadcast live, the signal goes from the PCR to MCR and then out to the transmitter.

A make-up room at the Theatre Royal in Wexford, Ireland (October 2002).

Other facilities[edit]

A television studio usually has other rooms with no technical requirements beyond broadcast reference monitors and studio monitors for audio. Among them are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Behind the scenes at the cradle of TV". BBC News. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  Video of features of Alexandra Palace

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_studio — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Television Studio Basics

TV studio basics for beginning RTVF students of San Jose State University. Made by RTVF 130 students Spring of 2013.

Home Television Studio

Since posting this video I have overhauled my live production system. You can check it out the video of my new setup here- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64q...

My Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio Setup - BlackmagicDesign

Buy it all on Amazon - http://goo.gl/gk3nN1 (affiliate link). Here's how my basement studio works using a Blackmagic Design ATEM Television Studio HDMI video...

ATEM Television Studio( tutorial en español)

DVTV - Tour of a Multicam HD Production Studio for Live Broadcast Television

For more news and training, visit http://nextwavedv.com This week we take you on a tour of Celebration Church's multicam setup for broadcast television. Tim ...

StudioTech 26: Blackmagic Design Television Studio

We take a look at the Blackmagic Design Television Studio - a 6 input video switcher with inbuilt H264 encoder.

BlackMagic ATEM Television Studio: Streaming, Recording via USB, and iPad / Tablet Control

Full component list - http://goo.gl/gk3nN1 (affiliate link) I get a lot of email about the ATEM Television Studio from BlackMagic design. Here are some answe...

12 The switcher Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio

http://blackmagicdesign.com - 6 inputs (4 HDMI and 4 SDI) - Multiview output shows all the cameras and what you record/stream - Remote controlled via network...

How To Make A Low Budget TV Studio.

Just made a quick little video showing my make-shift TV studio in my room. I show how I put it together, the stuff I use for editing etc. For those with a ve...

Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio First Setup

Received new Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio on October 4. Setting up and learning the features of the device. Using MacPro Quad as host computer.

1000000 videos foundNext > 

1920 news items

West Virginia Public Broadcasting

West Virginia Public Broadcasting
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 10:26:15 -0700

West Virginia Public Broadcasting has been awarded a $750,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to rebuild its television studio in Beckley and create a mobile studio as well. “This will allow us to do a much better job telling the story of ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:44:53 -0700

An MP has criticised a Labour election candidate for "totally unacceptable behaviour" after he tossed his mobile phone at her in a BBC TV studio. The phone was tossed by Michael Foster during a Sunday Politics recording in Plymouth. It hit Cornish ...
 
Beckley Register-Herald
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The money will be used to rebuild its television studio in Beckley and create a mobile studio. “This will allow us to do a much better job telling the story of southern West Virginia,” said Scott Finn, executive director of West Virginia Public ...

West Virginia Public Broadcasting

West Virginia Public Broadcasting
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 10:26:15 -0700

West Virginia Public Broadcasting has been awarded a $750,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to rebuild its television studio in Beckley and create a mobile studio as well. “This will allow us to do a much better job telling the story of ...

Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Reporter
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 14:06:10 -0700

On Wednesday, the former Universal Pictures chief was named chairman of the motion picture group at Bob Simonds' ambitious new film and television studio, which has amassed more than $1 billion in financing from TPG Growth, one of the largest private ...

The San Luis Obispo Tribune

The San Luis Obispo Tribune
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 06:18:45 -0700

Angley, a North Carolina native, established a ministry in Ohio in the 1950s that became Grace Cathedral in 1958. The ministry grew with the purchase in 1984 of a Cuyahoga Falls complex that included a television studio, restaurant and a domed sanctuary.
 
Los Angeles Times
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 13:51:36 -0700

More than a year after questioning Sony Corp.'s management approach and sharply criticizing its film and television studio for a handful of box-office flops, activist investor Dan Loeb has sold his shares in the Tokyo-based company. Loeb's hedge fund ...
 
KOAA.com Colorado Springs and Pueblo News
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 04:46:23 -0700

Angley, a North Carolina native, established a ministry in Ohio in the 1950s that became Grace Cathedral in 1958. The ministry grew with the purchase in 1984 of a Cuyahoga Falls complex that included a television studio, restaurant and a domed sanctuary.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!