digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Children watch television in a village in rural Mali.

Mali, a large, landlocked, multicultural country in West Africa, consistently ranks low in the Human Development Index. The infrastructure of Communications in Mali, while underdeveloped, is crucial to the nation.

History[edit]

Prior to the 19th century, the area which became Mali was criscrossed by trade and communication links, the most important being the Niger River, and important southern terminals of the Trans-Saharan trade routes. Only the most basic infrastructure (notably the Dakar-Niger Railway) was constructed during the period of French Colonialism. During the first two decades of independence, Mali received major technical and financial support from the former Soviet Union, China, and their allies, especially in the area of radio and television broadcasting.

Since the 1980s, the government has instituted major infrastructural drives, primarily funded by European government partners, to improve and expand communications. Cellular phone usage, due to the vast and sparsely populated distances in the north and west, has grown tremendously since the 1990s.

Internet connectivity, very low by developed world standards, has been the focus of decentralised commune based development projects since the year 2000, while the government participates in the UN's Global Alliance for ICT and Development and the Connect Africa projects to further computer and internet availability in the country.

Telephone service[edit]

There are some 112,000 (2012) [1] fixed line telephone lines in Mali, far outstripped by 14.613 million (2012)[1] mobile cellular phone lines.

There are two major mobile telephone operators, Ikatel (a subsidiary of Sonatel, of Senegal) and Malitel (a subsidiary of SOTELMA, the state owned telecommunications company).

In June 2003, legislation passed allowing other private telecommunications operators to enter the market.

Telephone system: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service
domestic: network consists of microwave radio relay, open wire, and radiotelephone communications stations; expansion of microwave radio relay in progress
international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean)

Radio and television[edit]

Radio broadcast stations: Government funded: AM 1, shortwave 1.

Mali has since 1994 when law allowed for private (as in non-state) radios to begin operating. Foreign funding, and some commercial funding (mostly in the capital) have helped to established 160 FM stations in Mali, though many of those are small community "suitcase radio stations". Private radio are required to be members of URTEL, the radio union http://urtel.radio.org.ml.

The state operated radio, is ORTM (office de Radiodiffusion au Television de Mali), which operates 2 FM stations and 1 television station, with repeaters throughout the country.


note: The shortwave station in Bamako has seven frequencies and five transmitters and relays broadcasts for China Radio International (2001)

Radios: 570,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus repeaters) (2001)

Televisions: 45,000 (1997)

Internet[edit]

A computer training center in Bamako.

Top-level domain: .ml

Internet users: 414,985 users or 2.9% of the population (2011). Internet usage is low by international standards, ranked 123 of 125 by the UN in 2002.[2]

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (2001). There are an estimated 24 private internet service providers. Recently an association has been formed called AFIM (Association de Fournisseurs de l'Internet au Mali), which is intended to represent these providers.

SOTELMA the state telecom, provides X.25 and dial-up telephone services. Many operators offer dial-up internet service, and wireless internet services. Most ISPs are small Bamako based providers with a VSAT connection, a cyber cafe and use wireless systems (Alviron, 802.11a,b, g, Motorola) to share their service with their clients. Bamako has at least 21 wireless providers, ranging from small VSAT operators, to sophisticated, multi-access point, full services providers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html CIA World Factbook
  2. ^ http://globalis.gvu.unu.edu/indicator_detail.cfm?IndicatorID=44&Country=ML

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecommunications_in_Mali — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
396 videos foundNext > 

ITU TELECOM WORLD 2014 YOUNG INNOVATOR: Fatoumata Kebe, CONNECTED ECO, France:Mali

ITU TELECOM WORLD 2014 YOUNG INNOVATOR: Fatoumata Kebe, CONNECTED ECO, France:Mali.

Mali Mobile Data Services, Competition and Network Improvement Spur Market Evolution

Market Research Analysis estimates that telecom services in Mali will generate revenue of $789bn, or 6.0% of GDP, in 2015. Mobile voice will be the major ...

$470 Huawei Mate 8, Kirin950 ARM Cortex A72 Mali T880 Smartphone new .

Huawei Mate 8 smartphone was launched in November 2015. The phone comes with a 6.00-inch touchscreen display with a resolution of 1080 pixels by 1920 ...

Tuareg and other Mali rebels 'in talks' with the French in Kidal

http://www.euronews.com/ French forces say they have entered the northern Malian town of Kidal after taking over the airport. There are no signs of Islamists and ...

Chinese company producing medicine in Mali

Chinese firms investing in Mali, irrespective of the harsh natural environment, lack of infrastructure, and weak industrial system.

Attack in Mali has raised threat levels across West African countries

A second jihadist group has claimed responsibility over Friday's attack on a luxury hotel in Bamako, Mali that left 19 people dead. The al Qaeda-linked group, ...

TAS2015 - Keynote Panel with Leaders - 21 October 2015

Master of Ceremony: Zain Verjee, Founder & CEO – Zain Verjee Group Remarks by the Hon. Jean Philbert Nsengimana, Minister of Youth and ICT, Rwanda ...

#TAS2015 - Keynote Panel - 21 October 2015

Keynote Panel with address by President Paul Kagame and remarks from Minister Jean Philbert Nsengimana, Minister of Youth and ICT as well as Houlin Zhao, ...

Mobile Agriculture for Africa's Farmers - Amadou Brah Amadou, Orange

Mobile phones are becoming the latest tool for Africa's farmers. Telecommunications firm Orange has launched an information-sharing platform through which ...

Mali

Mali i/ˈmɑːli/, officially the Republic of Mali , is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is bordered by Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and ...

396 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

Medafrica Times

Medafrica Times
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 03:27:04 -0700

... of the West African Development Bank (BOAD) and Apollinaire Compaore, President of the Board of Directors of Alpha Telecom Mali (Mali ATEL) have signed a loan agreement on the establishment of a new network of Telecommunications in Mali.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight