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For the Taurus Mountains on the moon, see Montes Taurus. For Mount Taurus outside Cold Spring, New York, see Bull Hill.
Taurus Mountains
Demirkazik Crest of Aladag Mountains in Nigde Turkey.jpg
Demirkazık in Niğde Province
Highest point
Peak 3,756m
Naming
Native name Toros Dağları
Geography
Country Turkey
Range coordinates 37°N 33°E / 37°N 33°E / 37; 33Coordinates: 37°N 33°E / 37°N 33°E / 37; 33

The Taurus Mountains (Turkish: Toros Dağları, Ancient Greek: Όρη Ταύρου) are a mountain complex in southern Turkey, dividing the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east. It is a part of the Alpide belt in Eurasia.

The Taurus mountains are divided into three chains from west to east as follows;

  • Western Taurus (Batı Toroslar)
    • Akdağlar, the Bey Mountains, Katrancık Mountain, Geyik Mountain
  • Central Taurus (Orta Toroslar)
    • Akçalı Mountains, Bolkar Mountains, Aladağlar, Tahtalı Mountain
  • Southeastern Taurus (Güneydoğu Toroslar)
    • Nurhak Mountains, Malatya Mountains, Maden Mountains, Genç Mountains, Bitlis mountains

Historical[edit]

The bull was commonly the symbol and depiction of ancient Near Eastern storm gods, hence Taurus the bull, and hence the name of the mountains. The mountains are a place of many ancient storm-god temples.[1] Torrential thunderstorms in these mountains were deemed by the ancient Syrians to be the work of the storm-god Adad to make the Tigris and Euphrates rivers rise and flood and thereby fertilise their land.[2] The Hurrians, probably originators of the various storm-gods of the ancient Near East, were a people whom modern scholars place in the Taurus Mountains at their probable earliest origins.

A Bronze Age archaeological site, where early evidence of tin mining was found, is at Kestel.[3][page needed] The pass known in antiquity as the Cilician Gates crosses the range north of Tarsus.

During World War I, a German and Turkish railway system through the Taurus Mountains proved to be a major strategic objective of the Allies. This region was specifically mentioned as a strategically controlled objective slated for surrender to the Allies in the Armistice, which ended hostilities against the Ottoman Empire.[4]

Geography[edit]

In the Aladaglar and Bolkar mountains, limestone has eroded to form karstic landscapes of waterfalls, underground rivers, and some of the largest caves of Asia. The Manavgat River originates on the southern slopes of the Beydaglari range.[5]

Attractions[edit]

In addition to hiking and mountain climbing,[6] there are two ski resorts on the mountain range, one at Davras about 25 km (16 mi) from the two nearest towns of Egirdir and Isparta, the second is Saklıkent 40 km (25 mi) from the city of Antalya.

The Varda Viaduct, situated on the railway lines Konya-Adana at Hacıkırı village in Adana Province, is a 98 m (322 ft) high railway bridge constructed in the 1910s by Germans.

Western Taurus[edit]

West Taurus and Taurus Mountains form an arc around the Gulf of Antalya. The East Taşeli Plateau and Goksu River divide it from the Central Taurus Mountains. It has many peaks rising above 3,000–3,700 m, (10,000–12,000 ft). The complex is divided into four ranges:[6]

The highest point in the central Tauruses is the summit of Mt. Demirkazık (3,756m).[6]

Central Taurus[edit]

Central Taurus are roughly defined to be northeast of Mersin and Antalya

Southeastern Taurus[edit]

The Southeastern Taurus mountains form the northern boundary of the Southeastern Anatolia Region and North Mesopotamia. They are also the source of the Euphrates River and Tigris River.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ravinell, Alberto and Green, Whitney The Storm-god in the Ancient Near East, p.126. ISBN 1-57506-069-8
  2. ^ Saggs, H.W.F. The greatness that was Babylon: a survey of the ancient civilization of the Tigris-Euphrates Valley, Sidgwick & Jackson, 2nd Revised edition, 1988, p.380. ISBN 0283996234
  3. ^ Yener, K.A. (2000) The Domestication of Metals: The Rise of Complex Metal Industries in Anatolia Brill, Leiden, ISBN 90-04-11864-0
  4. ^ Price, Ward (16 December 1918) "Danger in Taurus Tunnels" New York Times
  5. ^ "Manavgat River Water as a Limited but Alternative Water Resource for Domestic Use in Middle East" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  6. ^ a b c "Mountaineering in Turkey" All About Turkey

External links[edit]

  • [1] map of Eurasia showing Taurus Mountain ranges

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taurus_Mountains — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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11 news items

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 13:03:45 -0700

They left behind a picturesque Anatolian village of once-grand churches, squares and water fountains, all piled onto the hillside of the Taurus Mountains. The ghost town now serves as a stopping place for tourists visiting Fethiye and nearby Ölüdeniz.
 
Cihan News Agency
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 02:08:45 -0700

This is a town in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, and about 100 kilometers (62 miles) south of Konya. Karacaoğlan wrote a poem about Barçın Tableland, which is located in the same neighborhood, which indicates that the poet was ...
 
Daily Beast
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 20:04:17 -0700

They left behind a picturesque Anatolian village of once-grand churches, squares, and water fountains, all piled onto the hillside of the Taurus Mountains. Once, its Greek Orthodox residents worked as small traders and harvesters of fruits, wines, and ...
 
Arutz Sheva
Sat, 28 Jun 2014 11:58:32 -0700

It is the Mesopotamian land traced out by the triangular area that starts in the Taurus Mountains of Turkey to the north and follows the topographic river basins “between rivers” the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers. This triangular depression of the ...
 
Center for Research on Globalization
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 07:03:45 -0700

In recent weeks, the Turks have stopped the flow of water into Syria from the mighty river, which has its source in Turkey's Taurus Mountains before flowing into Syria and on into Iraq. The Euphrates is the main source of water for the Northern Syrian ...

Propertyshowrooms.com News

Propertyshowrooms.com News
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 04:14:02 -0700

Set in an idyllic bay overlooked by the Taurus Mountains, life in Kalkan is centred around its old fishing harbour. Cobbled streets lead up the hillside with views becoming more breath-taking with the ascent. Despite its relatively small size, Kalkan ...

Property Wire

Property Wire
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 03:00:42 -0700

It points out that Kalkan is set in a bay overlooked by the Taurus Mountains and life revolves around its old fishing harbour. Also attractive is the cobbled streets of the Old Town, which meander up the hillside. It's hard not to have a sea view there ...

Today's Zaman

Today's Zaman
Sun, 29 Jun 2014 07:37:30 -0700

With temperatures topping 40 degrees Celsius in some areas and humidity remaining low, the Taurus Mountains, which run in a virtually unbroken chain along Turkey's Mediterranean seaboard, were under a weekend warning of extreme fire conditions, the ...
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