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Tasmannia lanceolata.jpg
Tasmannia lanceolata
Mount Donna Buang, Victoria, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Winteraceae
Genus: Tasmannia

Tasmannia is a genus of woody, evergreen flowering plants of the family Winteraceae. The 40 species of Tasmannia are native to Australia, New Guinea, Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines. The Winteraceae are magnoliids, and are associated with the humid Antarctic flora of the Southern Hemisphere. The members of the family generally have aromatic bark and leaves, and some are used to extract essential oils. The peppery-flavored fruits and leaves (especially dried) of this genus are increasingly used as a condiment in Australia. The peppery flavour can be attributed to polygodial.


The first description of the genus was published by Robert Brown.[1] The species of Tasmannia were formerly classified in genus Drimys, a related group of Winteraceae native to the Neotropics. Recent studies have led to an increasing consensus among botanists to split the genus into two, with the Neotropical species remaining in genus Drimys, and the Australasian species classified in genus Tasmannia.[2]

List of Tasmannia species[edit]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

In Australia, the Tasmannia genus ranges from Tasmania and eastern Victoria and New South Wales to southeastern Queensland, and in the mountains of northeastern Queensland, where it grows in moist mountain forests and in wet areas in the drier forest and along watercourses to an elevation of 1500 m (5000 ft).

Culinary use[edit]

'Tasmanian pepper' or 'mountain pepper' (T. lanceolata, often referred to as Drimys lanceolata or T. aromatica) was the original pepperbush used by colonial Australians, and was introduced into cultivation in Cornwall, UK, to become the 'Cornish pepperleaf' associated with Cornish cuisine. It has large, peppery berries which are also high in antioxidants. Safrole is the biggest limitation with using wild strains of mountain pepper, and safrole-free strains of mountain pepper have been selected for the spice trade.

Tasmannia stipitata, Dorrigo pepper, is also sold as a spice and was the original pepperbush used in specialty native food restaurants in the 1980s. Dorrigo pepper is safrole free and has a strong peppery flavour.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Tasmannia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ Doust, A.N., Drinnan, A.N., Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae), American Journal of Botany,Vol. 91, pp321-331., 2004


  • Doust, Andrew N. and Drinnan, Andrew N., 2004. Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae). American Journal of Botany 91: 321–331.
  • Sampson, F.B., Williams, J.B. and Woodland, Poh S., The Morphology and Taxonomic Position of Tasmannia glaucifolia (Winteraceae), 1988. A New Australian Species. Australian Journal of Botany 36 (4): 395–414.
  • Smith, Keith and Irene. 1999. Grow your own bushfoods. New Holland Publishers, Sydney, Australia.
  • Robins, Juleigh. 1996. Wild Lime: Cooking from the bushfood garden. Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd, Sydney, Australia.
  • Bryant, Geoff. 2005. The Random House Encyclopedia of Australian Native Plants. Random House, Sydney, Australia.
  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Flora's native plants. ABC Books, Sydney, Australia.
  • Low, Tim. 1991. Wild food plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, Australia.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasmannia — Please support Wikipedia.
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Tue, 27 Oct 2015 04:13:09 -0700

“What lies beyond the unknown? This question has drawn adventurers past and present to Tasmania, an island tucked away at the bottom of the world. In this place of ancient forests, brooding lakes and fast-changing skies lies the Lost Pocket Distillery ...

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Aloe barbadensis leaf juice*, Macadamia ternifolia (Macadamia) nut oil*, Butyrospermum parkii (Shea Nut) butter*, Cocos nucifera (Coconut) oil*, Terminalia ferdinandiana (Kakadu Plum) & Tasmannia lanceolata (Mountain Pepper Leaf) extracts*, cetearyl ...

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Aloe barbadensis leaf juice*, Brachychiton acerfolius (Flame Tree), Tasmannia lanceolata (Mountain Pepper Leaf), Fucus vesiculosus (Bladderwrack), Calendula officinalis (Calendula), Chamomilla recutita (Chamomile), Ginkgo Biloba leaf, Equisetum ...

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... Santalum acuminatum (Quandong), Davidsonia pruriens (Davidson Plum), Callitris intratropica (Blue Cypress Wood), Tasmannia lanceolata (Mountain Pepper Leaf) & Camellia sinensis (Green Tea) extracts*, squalene (vegetarian)*, magnesium ascorbyl ...

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Aloe barbadensis leaf juice*, Hamamelis virginiana (Witch Hazel), Terminalia ferdinandiana (Kakadu Plum), Capparis mitchellii (Native Pomegranate) & Tasmannia lanceolata (Mountain Berry Pepper) extracts*, sclerotium gum, glyceryl caprylate. Essential ...

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Tue, 21 Oct 2014 17:42:08 -0700

Notes: Lovely reddish-amber colour. The smell is interesting, hard to describe but sort of fruity. Much nicer generally than the IPA, has a sort of apricot aftertaste. Mountain pepper, Tasmannia lanceolata, is native to south-eastern Australia. Both ...
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