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Tasmannia
Tasmannia lanceolata.jpg
Tasmannia lanceolata
Mount Donna Buang, Victoria, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Winteraceae
Genus: Tasmannia
R.Br.

Tasmannia is a genus of woody, evergreen flowering plants of the family Winteraceae. The 40 species of Tasmannia are native to Australia, New Guinea, Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines. The Winteraceae are magnoliids, and are associated with the humid Antarctic flora of the Southern Hemisphere. The members of the family generally have aromatic bark and leaves, and some are used to extract essential oils. The peppery-flavored fruits and leaves (especially dried) of this genus are increasingly used as a condiment in Australia. The peppery flavour can be attributed to polygodial.

Taxonomy[edit]

The first description of the genus was published by Robert Brown.[1] The species of Tasmannia were formerly classified in genus Drimys, a related group of Winteraceae native to the Neotropics. Recent studies have led to an increasing consensus among botanists to split the genus into two, with the Neotropical species remaining in genus Drimys, and the Australasian species classified in genus Tasmannia.[2]

List of Tasmannia species[edit]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

In Australia, the Tasmannia genus ranges from Tasmania and eastern Victoria and New South Wales to southeastern Queensland, and in the mountains of northeastern Queensland, where it grows in moist mountain forests and in wet areas in the drier forest and along watercourses to an elevation of 1500 m (5000 ft).

Culinary use[edit]

'Tasmanian pepper' or 'mountain pepper' (T. lanceolata, often referred to as Drimys lanceolata or T. aromatica) was the original pepperbush used by colonial Australians, and was introduced into cultivation in Cornwall, UK, to become the 'Cornish pepperleaf' associated with Cornish cuisine. It has large, peppery berries which are also high in antioxidants. Safrole is the biggest limitation with using wild strains of mountain pepper, and safrole-free strains of mountain pepper have been selected for the spice trade.

Tasmannia stipitata, Dorrigo pepper, is also sold as a spice and was the original pepperbush used in specialty native food restaurants in the 1980s. Dorrigo pepper is safrole free and has a strong peppery flavour.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Tasmannia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ Doust, A.N., Drinnan, A.N., Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae), American Journal of Botany,Vol. 91, pp321-331., 2004

Bibliography[edit]

  • Doust, Andrew N. and Drinnan, Andrew N., 2004. Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae). American Journal of Botany 91: 321–331.
  • Sampson, F.B., Williams, J.B. and Woodland, Poh S., The Morphology and Taxonomic Position of Tasmannia glaucifolia (Winteraceae), 1988. A New Australian Species. Australian Journal of Botany 36 (4): 395–414.
  • Smith, Keith and Irene. 1999. Grow your own bushfoods. New Holland Publishers, Sydney, Australia.
  • Robins, Juleigh. 1996. Wild Lime: Cooking from the bushfood garden. Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd, Sydney, Australia.
  • Bryant, Geoff. 2005. The Random House Encyclopedia of Australian Native Plants. Random House, Sydney, Australia.
  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Flora's native plants. ABC Books, Sydney, Australia.
  • Low, Tim. 1991. Wild food plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, Australia.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasmannia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Or really go all out and grow your own Tasmannia spp. and use the dried berries, and perhaps plant a few olive trees along the footpath and a patch of wheat instead of a lawn. But that is another story. The last Open Garden of all. We first opened our ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 17:42:08 -0700

Notes: Lovely reddish-amber colour. The smell is interesting, hard to describe but sort of fruity. Much nicer generally than the IPA, has a sort of apricot aftertaste. Mountain pepper, Tasmannia lanceolata, is native to south-eastern Australia. Both ...
 
Portland Monthly
Fri, 04 Jan 2013 06:26:15 -0800

The cinnamon-brown buds are an ornamental feature of their own, starting in late autumn. Some summer water is helpful. Tasmanian pepper bush (Tasmannia lanceolata). A dense, tidy 6-12' shrub with slender, almost olive green leaves, burgundy stems and ...
 
The Canberra Times
Sat, 25 Feb 2012 02:18:45 -0800

Try mountain pepper (Tasmannia lanceolata or Tasmannia ?insipida), a small tree that can be pruned to a rounded bush to give pepper-like fruits and foliage. Bunya pine (Araucaria bidwillii) grows and fruits well if you are prepared to wait 20 years for ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 01 Dec 2006 16:12:07 -0800

D. aromatica or Tasmannia aromatica); and a south-east Australian shrub, Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius (syn. Helichrysum rosmarinifolius). These tender exotics thrive in Cornwall on the south-facing banks of the Fal, where the growing conditions suit them ...
 
Svenska Dagbladet
Sat, 21 Dec 2013 19:00:30 -0800

... och tasmanienpeppar, Tasmannia aromatica. Ett billigt och vanligt surrogat var meleguetapeppar, Afromomum melegueta, från Västafrika som förutom beteckningarna guineapeppar och alligatorpeppar också såldes under det löftesrika namnet paradiskorn ...
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