|• Total||1,284 km2 (496 sq mi)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|Population (August 14, 2015)||70,000|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Tandlianwala (تاندلیانوالہ) is a town in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located 45 km from the city of Faisalabad and 46 km from Okara. It is a sub-division of Faisalabad District and has a Tehsil municipal administration (TMA).
The Town was established as Mandi (Market) during the colonization of west Punjab. In 1987, it was given the status of sub tehsil and the town committee came into being during 1965. During 1966-1990, the town expended rapidly because of Construction of Bridge over the Ravi. Before the independence of Pakistan the city was a food supply for villages and nearby areas. The old name of the city was Tandla Mandi (Tandla Market).
Tandlianwala stands in the rolling flat plains of northeast Punjab, between longitude 73°13 East, latitude 30°03 North, with an elevation of 183 metres (600 ft) above sea level. The proper city covers an area of approximately 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi), while the tehsil covers more than 1,280 square kilometres (490 sq mi). The Ravi river flows about 9 km in the east which is the main source of irrigation meeting the requirements of 90% of cultivated land.
There are no natural boundaries between Tandlianwala and adjoining tehsil & distrcits. The city is bound on the north by Faisalabad and, on the east by Okara, on the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh and on the west by Sammundri.
|Sammundri, Gojra, Jhang||Pattoki, Lahore|
|Toba Tek Singh, Kamalia||Sahiwal||Okara|
The Tehsil of Tandlianwala is part of the alluvial plains between the Himalayan foothills and the central core of the Indian subcontinent. The alluvial deposits are typically over a thousand feet thick. The scalloped interfluves are believed to have been formed during the Late Pleistocene and feature flat-topped river terraces. These were later identified as old and young floodplains of the River Ravi on the Kamalia and Chenab Plains. The old floodplains consist of Holocene deposits from the River Ravi. There is also a small river passing through the center of the city.
The soil consists of young stratified silt loams or very fine sand loams which gave the subsoil a very weak structure with common kankers at only five feet. The course of the rivers within Tandlianwala are winding and often subject to frequent alternations. In the rainy season, the currents are very strong. This leads to high floods in certain areas which do last for a number of days. The Rakh and Gogera canals have encouraged the water levels in the district however the belt on the river ravi has remained narrow. The river bed does include the river channels which have shifted the sand bars and low sandy levees leading to river erosion.
As per Population Census Report of 1998, the town is spread over an area of 1284 Square Kilometers with total population of 5,40,802 which is almost 690,563 in 2014 indicating that the growth rate of the city is 3.37 percent per annum. Before the partiotion there was a majority of sikh & hindus in the city, then migrated to India. While settlement of Muslim refugees from East Punjab and Haryana who came from India. There are other two urban localities in Tandlianwala Municipal committeeand: Mamoon Kanjan and Kanjwani. The Town has 28 Union Councils, 3 Urban and 25 Rural Union Councils.
There is a Police Chowki & Police Station in the city which was established in 1905 by British covering an area of 680 sq. kilometres.
Religion and ethnic groups
The majority religion is Islam, making up 98.0% of the city with small minorities of Christians (1.8%) and others (0.2%), mainly Sikhs and Ahmadis. The majority of Muslims belong to Sunni, Hanafi, and Barelvi schools of thought with a minority of Shiites. The main ethnic groups in the district are Jatts, Arain, Awan, Baloch, Sipra, Bhatti, Bhutta, Butt, Chishti, Gill, Gujjar, Kharal, Khichchi, Khokhar, Kumar, Malik, Maachhi, Mirasi, Qasayi, Qureshi, Rajput, Rane, Rao, Rawal, Sheikh, Sherazi, Sial, Syyid, Tiwane, Toor, Warraich (Jats), Wattoo.
According to the 1999 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 99% of the population.
Tandlianwala has a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification. The climate of the city & tehsil can see extremes, with a summer maximum temperature 50 °C (122 °F) and a winter temperature of −2 °C (28 °F). The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 °C (102 °F) and 27 °C (81 °F) respectively. In winter it peaks at around 17 °C (63 °F) and 6 °C (43 °F) respectively.
The summer season starts from April and continues until October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season starts from November and continues until March. December, January and February are the coldest months. The average yearly rainfall lies only at about 400 mm (16 in) and is highly seasonal with approximately half of the yearly rainfall in the two months July and August.
|Climate data for Tandlianwala|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.9
|Average low °C (°F)||4.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||14
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 183m|
The level of education is increasing day by day in Tandlianwala. There are two colleges in the city, one for boys and another for girls. Now a days there are many private schools open along with many government schools. The most famous school of Tandlianwala is Govt. MC High School TWL, Govt. High School No.1 Tandlianwala and in private sector we can say Edify Science Model High School is on the leading side. Other schools are Allied School, Dar-e-Arqam etc. Punjab group of colleges has also started branch in Tandlianwala which will be a great addition to education sector in this city.
Tandlianwala has a lot of sports like Cricket, Football and Volley Ball. The boys of Tandlianwala play cricket in evening at different places. Mostly at the ground of MC High School or the so-called Doonga Ground.
There is also an under construction cricket & hockey stadium which will be at national standard level.
The town is also well known because of the high quality of sugarcane. It has two sugar mills and dozen of cotton factories, rice factories and flour mills. The city is traditionally known for pure Desi Ghee, though it is rare now.
The people of this city took an active part in the struggle for independence of Pakistan (Freedom Movement). The city was originally developed around a grain market. Its police station was established as early as 1905 and prior to that only a police checkpost existed.
Politically, it is the most important Tehsil of Faisalabad District. Mian Manzoor Wattoo, the former chief minister of Punjab was elected from this constituency in 1993, while he lost in his home constituency.
The name of the city comes from a herb "Tandla", which was grown in abundance.
Tandlianwala is home to a major grain, Whole Corn & Sugar market. Mahi chowk is the main commercial market of the city. Other markets in the city include Ghala Mandi, Rail Bazar, Nehar Bazar, Naya Bazar, Anarkali Bazar, Quaid-e-Azam Road (Samundri Road), etc.
Major banks and offices in Tandlianwala:
- National Bank of Pakistan
- Bank of Punjab
- Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited
- Habib Bank Limited
- Allied Bank Limited
- MCB Bank Limited
- United Bank Limited
- TCS Pvt Limited
Notable people and places
Bilal Shaheed Park which was named after Captain Bilal Shaheed of this city, who fought during the 1971 India-Pakistan war and was decorated with Sitara-e-Jurrat, a Pakistan Military award. There is a grave of a famous saint, Pir Rustam Ali Shah, and Pir Qandhari Baba noor shah. There is a grave of the famous Saint Peer Syed Mir Ahmad Shah well known as Chiryanwali Sarkar his grave at Kachcha Tandla.
- City District Faisalabad: Geography section. faisalabad.gov.pk
- Geology Study of Pakistan: Study Area and Sampling. hec.gov.pk
- "Climate: Tandlianwala - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 7 September 2013.