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Tahajjud (Arabic: تهجد‎), also known as the "night prayer" is a voluntary prayer, performed by followers of Islam. It is not one of the five obligatory prayers required of all Muslims, yet still, the Islamic prophet, Muhammad has been recorded as performing the tahajjud prayer regularly and encouraging his companions to offer it to Allah for its many rewards and benefits, and a way to purify the soul, enabling it to approach the Realm of Allah.

Evidence in the Qur'an for Tahajjud prayer (Tahajjud Salah)[edit]

In his famous work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq elaborates on the subject of Tahajjud as follows:

Ordering His Messenger to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says what means:

And during a part of the night, keep awake by the prayer beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.

— Al-Isra 17:79

This order, although it was specifically directed to Muhammad, also refers to all Muslims, since Muhammad is to be the perfect example and guide for them in all matters.

Moreover, performing Tahajjud prayers regularly qualifies one as one of the righteous and helps one earn God's bounty and mercy. In praising those who perform the late night prayers, God says what means:

And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing.

— Al-Furqan 25:64

Evidence in hadith[edit]

Next to these Qur'anic verses, there also exist a number of hadiths (narrated and confirmed traditions from Muhammad) that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud Prayer In various hadiths, it has been mentioned as Qiyamul Lay'l (standing of night), Sala'tul Lay'l (prayer of night) and Tahajjud.

Etiquette of prayer[edit]

The following acts are recommended for one who wishes to perform the Tahajjud prayer:

Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the prayers. Abu Darda quoted Muhammad as saying:

Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.

On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a toothbrush, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from Muhammad.

Abu-Hudhayfah ibn Utbah reported:

Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: (With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live)." And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: (All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.

One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. [[Aisha] (R.A.] said:

When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his Prayers with two quick rak`ahs.

— Muslim

It is recommended that one wakes up one's family, for Abu Hurairah quoted Muhammad as saying:

May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.

— Ahmad

Recommended time for Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory `Isha’ Prayer (night Prayer).

Commenting on this subject, Ibn Hajar says:

There was no specific time in which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would perform his late night Prayer; but he used to do whatever was easiest for him.

`Amr ibn `Absah claimed that he heard Muhammad saying:

The closest that a servant comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so.

— At-Tirmidhi

The number of rak`ahs in Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud Prayer does not entail a specific number of rak`ahs that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. It would be fulfilled even if one prayed just one rak`ah of Witr after `Isha'; however, it is traditionally prayed with at least two rak'at which is known as shif'a followed by witr as this is what Muhammad did. Abdullah ibn Umar narrated that Muhammad said:

"Salatul Layl (Night Prayer, i.e. Tahajjud) is offered as two rak'at followed by two rak'at and (so on) and if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (Fajr prayer) he should pray one rak'at and this will be a Witr for all the rak'at which he has prayed before."

Bukhari, hadith 990


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahajjud — Please support Wikipedia.
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857 news items

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Thu, 21 Jan 2016 16:47:13 -0800

Oleh: Uti Konsen.U.M. Dari Aisyah Radhiayyalahu 'Anha., bahwa Rasulullah Shallallahu 'alaihi wassallam melakukan salat tahajjud hingga kulit kakinya luka, maka aku katakan kepadanya ' Mengapa engkau melakukan itu wahai Rasulullah Shallallahu ...
emaduracom (Siaran Pers) (Blog)
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 21:41:14 -0800

Ada banyak sekali shalat sunnah yang bisa kita lakukan sebagai penambal terhadap kekurangan dari shalat wajib kita. Ada shalat Sunnah Rawatib, Shalat Tasbih, Shalat Dhuha, Shalat Witir, Shalat Hajat, Shalat Sunnah Mutlak serta Shalat Tahajjud.

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 06:48:45 -0800

Truly happy Muslim couples engage in winning Allah's pleasure together whenever and in any way they can: they glorify Allah together in the quiet hours of Fajr, they thank Allah in tahajjud together, they make it a point to read a minimum amount of Qur ...


Wed, 27 Jan 2016 08:23:28 -0800

A twelve-year-old student of Hifdh who is the first one to wake up in my household, pray Tahajjud and indulge himself in the Qur'an. A boy who is dedicating his youth towards activities that would please his Creator, while maintaining honor roll status ...


Thu, 12 Feb 2015 04:55:59 -0800

O ALLĀH! I ask You of Your Mercy by which You give guidance to my heart, by which You make my work easy, and remove my distressed condition by it, and manage my issues in my absence by it. And give exaltation and honour by Your Mercy; and clean my ...


Thu, 21 Jan 2016 15:19:56 -0800

*Being alone at the Time of the Descent of Allah (during Tahajjud) for having private conversations with Him, reciting His Words, investigating the heart, displaying the manners of servitude whilst in front of Him and then to seal all of that with ...

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)
Sun, 09 Sep 2012 07:39:17 -0700

One of the most virtuous of the nawafil acts of worship is waking up in the middle of the night for tahajjud prayer. This is that special time when the doors of mercy are thrown open and the angels are dispersed, seeking out those in need of their Lord ...

The National

The National
Tue, 06 Aug 2013 00:52:30 -0700

Around 52,000 worshippers performed Tahajjud prayers on the night of 27 of Ramadan at Sheikh Zayed Mosque. Thousands of people have been gathering at the mosque daily during the holy month when temperatures have been close to their annual peak ...

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