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Tahajjud (Arabic: تهجد‎), also known as the "night prayer" is a voluntary prayer, performed by followers of Islam. It is not one of the five obligatory prayers required of all Muslims, yet still, the Islamic prophet, Muhammad as been recorded as performing the tahajjud prayer regularly and encouraging his companions to offer it to God for its many rewards and benefits, and a way to purify the soul, enabling it to approach the Realm of God.

Evidence in the Qur'an for Tahajjud prayer (Tahajjud Salah)[edit]

In his famous work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq elaborates on the subject of Tahajjud as follows:

Ordering His Messenger to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says what means:

And during a part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.

Al-Isra 17:79

This order, although it was specifically directed to Muhammad, also refers to all Muslims, since Muhammad is to be the perfect example and guide for them in all matters.

Moreover, performing Tahajjud prayers regularly qualifies one as one of the righteous and helps one earn God's bounty and mercy. In praising those who perform the late night prayers, God says what means:

And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing.

Al-Furqan 25:64

Evidence in hadith[edit]

Next to these Qur'anic verses, there also exist a number of hadiths (narrated and confirmed traditions from Muhammad) that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud Prayer.

Etiquette of prayer[edit]

The following acts are recommended for one who wishes to perform the Tahajjud prayer:

Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the prayers. Abu Darda quoted Muhammad as saying:

Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.

On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a toothbrush, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from Muhammad.

Abu-Hudhayfah ibn Utbah reported:

Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: (With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live)." And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: (All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.

One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. Aisha said:

When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his Prayers with two quick rak`ahs.

—Muslim

It is recommended that one wakes up one's family, for Abu Hurairah quoted Muhammad as saying:

May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.

—Ahmad

Recommended time for Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory `Isha’ Prayer (night Prayer).

Commenting on this subject, Ibn Hajar says:

There was no specific time in which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would perform his late night Prayer; but he used to do whatever was easiest for him.

`Amr ibn `Absah claimed that he heard Muhammad saying:

The closest that a servant comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so.

—At-Tirmidhi

The number of rak`ahs in Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud Prayer does not entail a specific number of rak`ahs that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. It would be fulfilled even if one prayed just one rak`ah of Witr after `Isha'; however, it is traditionally prayed with at least two rak'at which is known as shif'a followed by witr as this is what Muhammad did. Abdullah ibn Umar narrated that Muhammad said:

"Salatul Layl (Night Prayer, i.e. Tahajjud) is offered as two rak'at followed by two rak'at and (so on) and if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (Fajr prayer) he should pray one rak'at and this will be a Witr for all the rak'at which he has prayed before."

Bukhari, hadith 990

Notes[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahajjud — Please support Wikipedia.
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3017 news items

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Sun, 18 May 2014 14:30:30 -0700

This is also understood from the very linguistic meaning of tahajjud, which is to struggle rid oneself of sleep. (Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, quoting Ibn Amir Haajj's Halba). 7. Ibn Nujaym and Haskafi both affirmed that night prayer is recommended. (al ...

MuslimMatters

MuslimMatters
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 02:34:00 -0700

He closely followed a timetable that would allow him to sleep shortly after Isha prayers so that he (and my grandmother) would be able to wake up before Fajr to pray tahajjud prayers each night. There was never a time that I passed their room late at ...

Bhatkallys

Bhatkallys
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 05:40:31 -0800

Haroon ibn Rabaab al-Usaydi used to get up at night to pray Tahajjud, and he would repeat this aayah until daybreak (interpretation of the meaning): “… 'Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the aayaat (signs, verses ...
 
Onislam.net
Sun, 14 Aug 2011 17:00:00 -0700

Name of Questioner: Sanusi. Reply date: 2013/09/22. Question: Salam. My question is that I want to know the opinion of scholars and the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) on how to perform Tahajjud (optional late night Prayers).

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Tue, 30 Jul 2013 05:45:00 -0700

He prolongs every action in the Tahajjud prayer, form the opening recitations, to the recitation of the Quran, to the supplications. Tahajjud is the longest prayer he makes. He is following God's specific command to him in the Quran: {Stand in prayer ...

The National

The National
Tue, 06 Aug 2013 00:52:30 -0700

Around 52,000 worshippers performed Tahajjud prayers on the night of 27 of Ramadan at Sheikh Zayed Mosque. Thousands of people have been gathering at the mosque daily during the holy month when temperatures have been close to their annual peak ...
 
MuslimMatters
Tue, 20 Dec 2011 21:17:18 -0800

We shouldn't let the amount of Qurʾān we've memorized keep us from making tahajjud /qiyām'l-layl / night prayer. The important thing to remember is that with making qiyām, we are supposed to stand for a long time and recite whatever we know, even if it ...
 
MuslimVillage.com
Fri, 27 Jul 2012 06:18:45 -0700

There are many evidences in Qur'an and Sunnah proving the excellence and merits of praying Tahajjud – the night vigil prayer. This article explains the benefits, when and how to pray it. Allah Most High said,. “Establish worship at the going down of ...
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