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Tahajjud (Arabic: تهجد‎), also known as the "night prayer" is a voluntary prayer, performed by followers of Islam. It is not one of the five obligatory prayers required of all Muslims, yet still, the Islamic prophet, Muhammad as been recorded as performing the tahajjud prayer regularly and encouraging his companions to offer it to God for its many rewards and benefits, and a way to purify the soul, enabling it to approach the Realm of God.

Evidence in the Qur'an for Tahajjud prayer (Tahajjud Salah)[edit]

In his famous work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq elaborates on the subject of Tahajjud as follows:

Ordering His Messenger to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says what means:

And during a part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.

Al-Isra 17:79

This order, although it was specifically directed to Muhammad, also refers to all Muslims, since Muhammad is to be the perfect example and guide for them in all matters.

Moreover, performing Tahajjud prayers regularly qualifies one as one of the righteous and helps one earn God's bounty and mercy. In praising those who perform the late night prayers, God says what means:

And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing.

Al-Furqan 25:64

Evidence in hadith[edit]

Next to these Qur'anic verses, there also exist a number of hadiths (narrated and confirmed traditions from Muhammad) that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud Prayer.

Etiquette of prayer[edit]

The following acts are recommended for one who wishes to perform the Tahajjud prayer:

Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the prayers. Abu Darda quoted Muhammad as saying:

Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.

On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a toothbrush, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from Muhammad.

Abu-Hudhayfah ibn Utbah reported:

Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: (With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live)." And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: (All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.

One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. Aisha said:

When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his Prayers with two quick rak`ahs.

—Muslim

It is recommended that one wakes up one's family, for Abu Hurairah quoted Muhammad as saying:

May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.

—Ahmad

Recommended time for Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory `Isha’ Prayer (night Prayer).

Commenting on this subject, Ibn Hajar says:

There was no specific time in which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would perform his late night Prayer; but he used to do whatever was easiest for him.

`Amr ibn `Absah claimed that he heard Muhammad saying:

The closest that a servant comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so.

—At-Tirmidhi

The number of rak`ahs in Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud Prayer does not entail a specific number of rak`ahs that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. It would be fulfilled even if one prayed just one rak`ah of Witr after `Isha'; however, it is traditionally prayed with at least two rak'at which is known as shif'a followed by witr as this is what Muhammad did. Abdullah ibn Umar narrated that Muhammad said:

"Salatul Layl (Night Prayer, i.e. Tahajjud) is offered as two rak'at followed by two rak'at and (so on) and if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (Fajr prayer) he should pray one rak'at and this will be a Witr for all the rak'at which he has prayed before."

Bukhari, hadith 990

Notes[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahajjud — Please support Wikipedia.
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3058 news items

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 06:26:15 -0800

So strive to make the Tahajjud (late night prayers) prayers a priority in your day. There are enormous blessings bestowed in this special time when Allah draws His servants so near and graciously grants them whatever they desire. Even if you wake just ...

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Sun, 18 May 2014 14:30:30 -0700

This is also understood from the very linguistic meaning of tahajjud, which is to struggle rid oneself of sleep. (Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, quoting Ibn Amir Haajj's Halba). 7. Ibn Nujaym and Haskafi both affirmed that night prayer is recommended. (al ...
 
Altmuslimah
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 06:46:49 -0800

So if I don't pray Tahajjud every night, I thought furiously, wishing I'd had the strength to speak these thoughts to the sisters themselves, then it's not for the sake of Allah? And if I give charity today but not tomorrow, it's better if I never gave ...
 
MuslimVillage.com
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 04:49:10 -0800

Tahajjud at 4 A.M., followed by an hour of the Qur'an, followed by some revisions for school before praying Fajr. Then I would burn the track before getting ready for school. I would then be on time for all my classes, come home, spend another hour ...

MuslimVillage.com

MuslimVillage.com
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 04:06:17 -0800

Every night when he used to get up for Tahajjud (late night Prayer) -a voluntary prayer for the rest of us- he would walk out of the bed very quietly so as not to disturb his sleeping wife. Whenever he saw someone commit a wrong that needed to be ...

MuslimVillage.com

MuslimVillage.com
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 05:04:02 -0800

Try to wake up for Tahajjud, and then work during the hours before Fajr Salah. If you cannot, then at least wake up for Fajr and stay up till sunrise before you return to sleep. Those hours are filled with Barakah. If you're able to go to work in those ...
 
Onislam.net
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 01:11:15 -0800

May I Celebrate Christmas With My Parents? How Can I Lead a Happy Life with Muslim Husband? Can I Let My Kids Choose Their Religion? Al-Aqsa Mosque, Why So Important? How to Focus While Studying? What's the Right Way to Perform Tahajjud?
 
Onislam.net
Sun, 14 Aug 2011 17:00:00 -0700

Name of Questioner: Sanusi. Reply date: 2013/09/22. Question: Salam. My question is that I want to know the opinion of scholars and the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) on how to perform Tahajjud (optional late night Prayers).
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