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Tahajjud (Arabic: تهجد‎), also known as the "night prayer" is a voluntary prayer, performed by followers of Islam. It is not one of the five obligatory prayers required of all Muslims, yet still, the Islamic prophet, Muhammad as been recorded as performing the tahajjud prayer regularly and encouraging his companions to offer it to God for its many rewards and benefits, and a way to purify the soul, enabling it to approach the Realm of God.

Evidence in the Qur'an for Tahajjud prayer (Tahajjud Salah)[edit]

In his famous work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq elaborates on the subject of Tahajjud as follows:

Ordering His Messenger to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says what means:

And during a part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.

Al-Isra 17:79

This order, although it was specifically directed to Muhammad, also refers to all Muslims, since Muhammad is to be the perfect example and guide for them in all matters.

Moreover, performing Tahajjud prayers regularly qualifies one as one of the righteous and helps one earn God's bounty and mercy. In praising those who perform the late night prayers, God says what means:

And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing.

Al-Furqan 25:64

Evidence in hadith[edit]

Next to these Qur'anic verses, there also exist a number of hadiths (narrated and confirmed traditions from Muhammad) that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud Prayer.

Etiquette of prayer[edit]

The following acts are recommended for one who wishes to perform the Tahajjud prayer:

Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the prayers. Abu Darda quoted Muhammad as saying:

Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.

On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a toothbrush, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from Muhammad.

Abu-Hudhayfah ibn Utbah reported:

Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: (With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live)." And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: (All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.

One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. Aisha said:

When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his Prayers with two quick rak`ahs.

—Muslim

It is recommended that one wakes up one's family, for Abu Hurairah quoted Muhammad as saying:

May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.

—Ahmad

= Recommended time for Tahajjud[edit]

The number of rak`ahs in Tahajjud[edit]

Tahajjud Prayer does not entail a specific number of rak`ahs that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. It would be fulfilled even if one prayed just one rak`ah of Witr after `Isha'; however, it is traditionally prayed with at least two rak'at which is known as shif'a followed by witr as this is what Muhammad did. Abdullah ibn Umar narrated that Muhammad said:

"Salatul Layl (Night Prayer, i.e. Tahajjud) is offered as two rak'at followed by two rak'at and (so on) and if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (Fajr prayer) he should pray one rak'at and this will be a Witr for all the rak'at which he has prayed before."

Bukhari, hadith 990

Notes[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahajjud — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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MuslimMatters
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 05:01:19 -0700

Another method was offering the Tahajjud prayer in the depths of the night. While we made the lesser sacrifice of sleep to prostrate to our creator, we hoped to seek a fraction of the blessing that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) received that night. That night ...

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Onislam.net
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 22:15:00 -0700

Choosing Religion for God, Not for Marrying a Man! Today's Quran: The Same Revelation? Silent and Loud Prayers: Why the Difference? Women in Islam: Hell-Bound? How to Focus While Studying? What's the Right Way to Perform Tahajjud? Read More ...
 
Utusan Malaysia
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 10:03:45 -0700

Pertama, utamakan solat, kerjakan solat wajib tepat pada waktunya, di samping mengerjakan solat-solat sunat seperti tahajjud, dhuha dan solat sunat taubat. Perbanyakan berdoa zikir dan beristighfar. Banyakkan mendoakan orang lain, banyakkan sedekah, ...
 
Pontianak Post
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Sebab, banyak tidur pada malam hari dapat menyebabkan seseorang miskin pada hari kiamat “ Sungguh anugerah luar biasa dan abadi yang diberikan Allah kepada hamba-hamba mukmin, ahli tahajjud, membekas pada wajah-wajah mereka kelak.

BeritaSatu

BeritaSatu
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 05:59:29 -0700

"Seth itu saya ambil dari tokoh nabi di Islam Sufi yang juga penemu shalat Tahajjud dan menghidupkan shalat malam. Beliau adalah nenek moyangnya Nabi Nuh. Sementara Ananda saya ambil dari nama sahabat terbaik saya. Lagi pula saya pikir namanya ...
 
Harakah Daily
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 00:18:45 -0700

Namun pastinya kita kena ingat bahawa doa dan munajat yang mustajab itu adalah dari tahajjud dan kesabaran insan yang soleh serta taqarrub (dekat) dengan Allah swt. Justeru itu, insan politiklah yang paling afdhal dan wajar mendekatkan diri kepada ...

Sinarharian

Sinarharian
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 00:00:58 -0700

“Kita kena ingat bahawa doa dan munajat yang mustajab itu adalah dari tahajjud dan kesabaran insan yang soleh serta taqarrub (dekat) dengan ALLAH. “... Insan politiklah yang paling afdal dan wajar mendekatkan diri kepada ALLAH nescaya satu negara ...
 
Jambi Ekspres
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 20:44:31 -0700

Karenanya, sejumlah hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa di tengah malam tertentu di lokalisasi ada shalat tahajjud, ada tangisan keperihan hati, ada keputus asaan, ada gelinang air tanpa asa, ada rasa benci tak terkira namun juga tak rerucapkan.
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