digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Syria (disambiguation).
Provincia Syria
Συριακή επαρχία
Province of the Roman Empire

64 BC–135 AD
Location of Syria
Roman Syria highlighted in 116CE
Capital Antioch
History
 -  Conquest of Syria-Coele by Pompey 64 BC
 -  Incorporation of Syria Palaestina 135 AD
Today part of  Lebanon
 Syria
 Turkey
Part of a series on the
History of Syria
Tablet featuring the Ugaritic alphabet
Prehistory
Bronze Age
Antiquity
Middle Ages
Early modern
Modern
Timeline
Portal icon Syria portal

Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great.[1] Later, after the Bar Kokhba revolt, in 135 AD, Syria province was merged with Judea province, creating the larger province of Syria Palaestina.

Principate[edit]

The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117–138 AD), showing, in western Asia, the imperial province of Syria (Syria/Lebanon), with 4 legions deployed in 125 AD.

The Syrian army accounted for three legions of the Roman army, defending the Parthian border. In the 1st century AD, it was the Syrian army that enabled Vespasian's coup.

Syrian province forces were directly engaged in the Great Jewish Revolt of 66–70 AD. In 66 AD, Cestius Gallus, the legate of Syria, brought the Syrian army, based on XII Fulminata, reinforced by auxiliary troops, to restore order in Judaea and quell the revolt. The legion, however, was ambushed and destroyed by Jewish rebels at the Battle of Beth Horon, a result that shocked the Roman leadership.

The Syrian legion later took part also in the crackdown upon Judaea during the Bar-Kokhba War of 132–136.

In 244 AD, Rome was ruled by a native Syrian from Shahba by the name of Marcus Julius Philippus, more commonly known as Philip the Arab. Philip became the 33rd emperor of Rome upon its millennial celebration.

Aftermath[edit]

Syria Palaestina[edit]

In the final accords of the Bar-Kokhba Revolt, the province of Syria was expanded to include greatly depopulated Judaea, becoming Syria Palaestina. From the later 2nd century, the Roman senate included several notable Syrians, including Claudius Pompeianus and Avidius Cassius.

Shortly after 193, during the reign of Syrian Severan dynasty, Syria Palaestina was split into Syria Coele in the north and Phoenice in the south. Syria was of crucial strategic importance during the crisis of the third century. From 260 to 273, Syria was part of the breakaway Palmyrene Empire.

Dominate[edit]

Following the reforms of Diocletian, Syria Coele became part of the Diocese of Oriens.[2] Sometime between 330 and 350 (likely c. 341), the province of Euphratensis was created out of the territory of Syria Coele along the western bank of the Euphrates and the former realm of Commagene, with Hierapolis as its capital.[3]

Syria in the Byzantine Empire[edit]

After c. 415 Syria Coele was further subdivided into Syria I (or Syria Prima), with the capital remaining at Antioch, and Syria II (Syria Secunda) or Syria Salutaris, with capital at Apamea on the Orontes. In 528, Justinian I carved out the small coastal province Theodorias out of territory from both provinces.[2]

The region remained one of the most important provinces of the Byzantine Empire. It was occupied by the Sassanids between 609 and 628, then recovered by the emperor Heraclius, but irreversibly lost again to the advancing Muslims after the battle of Yarmouk and the fall of Antioch.[2]

Episcopal sees[edit]

Ancient episcopal sees of the late Roman province of Syria I listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[4]

Ancient episcopal sees of the late Roman province of Syria II listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Between Rome and Jerusalem: 300 years of Roman-Judaean relations By Martin Sicker. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Kazhdan, Alexander (Ed.) (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 1999. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 
  3. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander (Ed.) (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 
  4. ^ a b Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013

External links[edit]

  • Bagnall, R., J. Drinkwater, A. Esmonde-Cleary, W. Harris, R. Knapp, S. Mitchell, S. Parker, C. Wells, J. Wilkes, R. Talbert, M. E. Downs, M. Joann McDaniel, B. Z. Lund, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 981550 (Syria)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 

Coordinates: 36°12′N 36°09′E / 36.200°N 36.150°E / 36.200; 36.150


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria_(Roman_province) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2437 videos foundNext > 

The Jews and their fights against the Romans [FULL DOCUMENTARY]

Story of the Jews and their fights against the Romans and their land. (Biblical Mysteries EP21) The history of the Jews in the Roman Empire traces the intera...

Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 25 (Romans)

Syria (Roman province) Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat ...

Busra in Syria - Roman theatre and wedding, 1972

In 1972, Norbert and Winfried Prochaska visited the Roman ruins of Busra. The impressive theatre was the centre of Nova Trajana Bostra which was the capital ...

Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 23 (Romans)

Syria was a Roman province, annexed in 64 BC by Pompey, as a consequence of his military presence after pursuing victory in the Third Mithridatic War. It rem...

‫الجيش السوري الحر يقبض مجموعة تابعة لبشار

الجيش السوري الحر يأسر مجموعة كاملة تابعة لنظام الاسد Syria Syria (Roman Province) China الفيديو الاصلي للاخ p2lestine.

Syria - سورية Best Places to visit in Syria

Discover Syria - اكتشف سورية My adventure in Syria 2010 Tourist Attraction - الجذب السياحي Best Places to visit in Syria 1. Damascus 2. Bosra 3. Nabk 4. Alep...

Palmyra (Tadmor تدمر in Syria) at sunset and sunrise

Palmyra (Tadmor تدمر in Syria) at sunset and sunrise... Palmyra was in ancient times an important city of central Syria, located in an oasis 215 km northeast...

Jerash Jordan - Ancient Roman City + Live Gladiator and Race

A slideshow from my trip to the historical city of Gerasa now Jerash, Jordan. Jerash started during the Bronze Age (3200 BC - 1200 BC). During the Roman conq...

All About - Palestine

What is Palestine? A report all about Palestine for homework/assignment Palestine (, , ;, Palaistinē; ; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in ...

Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 6 (Ancient Semites)

The Palmyrene Empire (260--273) was a splinter empire, that broke away from the Roman Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century. It encompassed the Roman...

2437 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Syria (Roman province)" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Syria (Roman province)

You can talk about Syria (Roman province) with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!