digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For the Canadian mountain, see Mount Syphax. For the mythological figure, see Sufax. There is also a genus of fossil spiders Syphax (Thomisidae).
Sifaks El Madher.jpg

Syphax was a king of the ancient Numidian tribe Masaesyli of western Numidia during the last quarter of the 3rd century BC. His story is told in Livy's Ab Urbe Condita (written c. 27-25 BC).[1]


Tomb of Sifax in Batna (Algeria)

When in 218 BC, war broke out between Carthage and Rome, Syphax was initially sympathetic to the Romans. In 213 BC, he concluded an alliance with the Romans and they sent military advisers to help Syphax train his troops. He then attacked the eastern Numidians, the Massylians, ruled by King Gala; at that time allied to the Carthaginians. When Gala died in 206 BC, his sons Masinissa and Oezalces quarreled about the inheritance, and Syphax was able to conquer considerable parts of the eastern Numidian kingdom.

After the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio (Scipio Africanus) was victorious in the Battle of Ilipa (206 BC), he sent his friend Gaius Laelius to visit Syphax to ratify the treaty with Rome. Syphax however, refused to ratify any treaty except with Scipio, so Scipio sailed with two quinqueremes to meet with Syphax, taking a considerable risk in doing so. In fact he arrived at the Numidian harbor, at exactly the same time as Hasdrubal (who had fled from Spain) anchored there on his way back to Carthage. However, Scipio's ship managed to make harbor before Hasdrubal's seven triremes could make out to intercept them, and in a neutral harbor, Hasdrubal dared not act against the Romans. Syphax invited both to dinner, where both Syphax and Hasdrubal were taken in by Scipio's charm.[1]:p77

Meanwhile, Masinissa had concluded that Rome was winning the war against Carthage and therefore decided to switch sides. Having lost the alliance with Masinissa, Hasdrubal started to look for another ally, which he found in Syphax, sealing the alliance by offering his daughter Sophonisba in marriage, although until 206 BC she had been betrothed to Masinissa.

With the reversal of alliances it looked like Carthage and Syphax were in a strong position in Africa, certainly during the early stages of Scipio's campaign in North Africa, the joined forces of Syphax and Hasdrubal Gisco were able to force Scipio to abandon the siege of Utica. However, in the Battle of Bagbrades (203 BC), Scipio overcame Hasdrubal and Syphax and while the Roman general concentrated on Carthage, Laelius and Masinissa followed Syphax to Cirta.

During the pursuit, Syphax was threatened with desertion by his army when Laelius and Massinissa's army approached the Numidian battle line. In a brave attempt to rally his troops, Syphax rode alone, straight towards the Roman cavalry, but in this desperate attempt his badly wounded horse threw him off. Syphax was pounced upon immediately by Roman soldiers and taken to the ecstatic Massinissa.[1]:p405 Syphax's troops retreated to the capital city which later fell as Massinissa claimed his kingdom. Syphax was delivered to Scipio and was taken as a prisoner, dying in Tibur (modern Tivoli) in 203 or 202 BC.

In a twist of fate, Sophonisba then married Masinissa. However, Scipio, suspicious of Sophonisba, demanded that she be taken to Rome and appear in the triumphal parade. To spare her such humiliation, Masinissa sent her poison, with which she killed herself.

The Tunisian city Sfax is said to be named after King Syphax.


  1. ^ a b c Livy: Ab urbe condita, vol. VIII, bks. xxviii-xxx Loeb Classical Edn, pp.73-99, 173-225, 405-421 at openlibrary.org

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syphax — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
26602 videos foundNext > 


sehsev une chanson de LOUNES MATOUB.

Syphax Band 2013 - Adassent Riyam (Kamal Thidrin)

Le groupe " Syphax " est une formation créée en 2006 sous le nom de " Hiden History ". Syphax est constitué par cinq jeunes talents, de la ville d'Al-Hoceima...

Syphax Band - Lallas n Thbrighin ( Lyric Video )

"LALLAS N' THBRIGHIN" (سيدة الصَّبايا) SYPHAX BAND Paroles: Tarik ElYoussfi Traduction: Nourredine El Warghi Compositeur: Saaddin Taarabti يا سيدة الصَّبايا ...

Syphax Airlines A319 - Cockpit Video - Flightdeck Action - Flights In The Cockpit

Available on Blu-ray and DVD at http://www.VikingAviationPhoto.com 3 hours and 30 minutes of Flightdeck Action. We ship worldwide! Syphax Airlines invites yo...

syphax chante El Hasnaoui

Syphax Dans une soirée fraternelle chez Ahmed zerour avec Nacer Tedjani ,Ahcene zerour et Achour zerour.

En vidéo résumé du vol Tunis - Montréal par Syphax Airlines

Syphax roi des berberes.flv

Un documentaire sur une partie de l'histoire des royaumes Amazighs en Afrique du Nord, avant et après l'époque romaine. Un éclairage sur une civilisation trè...

Kaada chaabi avec Mouh ZERRAR dit "SYPHAX" et sa compagnie de musiciens au barrage TAKSEBTE

Beni-Douala Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie.

Syphax Band Al-Hoceima Génération Mawazine 2011 1/2 Final

Syphax Band Live lors de la démi-Finale de Génération mawazine 2011 à Mohammedia.

Reportage SYPHAX Tunisna tv

Nouvelle fréquence de TunisnaTV sur NileSat 7W/10922/V/27500 Rejoignez nous sur : www.facebook.com/TunisnaTV.Officielle.

26602 videos foundNext > 

6713 news items

Washington Post
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 10:00:00 -0800

... must register through the Summer School Office at the Syphax Education Center, 2110 Washington Blvd. For information, including a list of programs and deadlines, visit www.apsva.us/summerschool, call 703-228-7645 or e-mail summerschool@apsva.us.

Washington Business Journal

Washington Business Journal
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 08:32:11 -0800

"Homeowners come to us with those kinds of issues which often have little to do with valuation as much as it does a tax rate issue," Gregory Syphax, the appeals commission chairman, wrote in his responses to D.C. Council performance oversight questions.

Jeune Afrique

Jeune Afrique
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 06:15:00 -0800

Tunisie Syphax Airlines Mohamed Frikha cNicolas Fauque JA2821p084 Un peu plus de deux ans après son lancement, la compagnie privée tunisienne enchaîne les difficultés et doit se recapitaliser. Au risque de finir par rester clouée au sol. À Tunis comme ...
Business News
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 07:10:13 -0800

La compagnie aérienne privée Syphax Airlines vient de publier ses chiffres relatifs au troisième trimestre 2014. Il en ressort, selon les chiffres communiqués à la Bourse de Tunis, que les revenus du transport ont augmenté passant en cumul de 87,14 ...

African Manager

African Manager
Sun, 08 Feb 2015 10:12:50 -0800

Dans une rétrospective de l'année boursière 2014, la chef de département analyses et recherches ? Salma Zammit de l'intermédiaire boursier Mac Sa, a souligné l'étroite interaction de la bourse de Tunis avec son environnement politique. Elle a ainsi ...


Tue, 27 Jan 2015 03:15:00 -0800

Syphax Airlines (FS, Sfax) has ended widebody operations with the return of its sole A330-200 - TS-IRA (cn 345) - to Airbus Leasing. In a statement to the AeroTunisie aviation portal, the carrier said it had reached an agreement with the lessor ...


Wed, 08 Oct 2014 09:03:02 -0700

Opened in 1901, Syphax was built to serve the Black Community of Southwest DC. Named after William Syphax, the first President of the Board of Trustees of Colored Schools of Washington and Georgetown, Syphax school was last renovated in 1953 which ...
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 03:42:34 -0700

Syphax Airlines (FS, Sfax) has announced it will scale back its weekly Tunis to Montréal Trudeau A330-200 service to a seasonal flight. Responding to Tunisian press reports that claimed the airline would abandon the service outright owing to poor loads ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight