Location of Syangja
|• Total||1,164 km2 (449 sq mi)|
|• Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
Syangja District(Nepali: स्याङ्जा जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Gandaki Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Syangja as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,164 km² and has a population (2011) of 289148. Syangja lies at the height of about 1088 meters (3572 feet) above the sea level. It lies at about latitude 28°4'60 North and longitude 83°52'0 East.
Syangja in 1994 under the auspices of the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Programme (SAPAP) of the UNDP, received million of dollars of international investment and has become a model for national development. Syangja's model has proved so successful that the Government of Nepal joined forces with the SAPAP to extend the project to other districts and make it a model for national development. It has been initiated or implemented in at least 200 Village Development Councils (VDCs) of 45 districts of Nepal.
The other main feature of this district is the Siddhartha Highway named after Gautam Buddha which connects Bhairahawa with Pokhara via Syangja. The highway crosses this district in the east to Kubende and in the west to Ramdi. It is the oldest highway of Nepal built more than 40 years ago.
Many different ethnicities of people live in this district. The major groups consists of Brahmin, kshetri, Gurung, Magar and others. The people are famous for their unique identity. Brahmin and chetri (Kshetriya) are renowned by their representation in the governmental jobs and Indian army respectively. Gurungs and Magars are famous because of their involvement in British Army Gurkhas and Military of India.
Syangja Bazaar is the headquarters of this district. The places of Syangja district that keeps their name in history are Sataoun chandi, Manakamana, Bhirkot durbar, Alamdevi, Nuwakot durbar, Chhangchhangdi, Ridi, Godhagodhi taal, Mirmi etc. Chhangchhangdi (Chaya-kshetra) is mentioned in Swasthani as the place where the last organ of dead Satyawati fell when she was carried by Lord Shiva. Kali-Gandaki A hydro electricity in Mirmi is the largest hydro electricity project in Nepal producing 144 MW of electricity. Syangja is the district in whole Nepal which suffers from least problem of loadshedding. While the nation suffers 16 hours a day, the district Syangja suffers just 2 hours a week of load-shedding. There is a saying that "when you go to Syangja and hit randomly a house with a stone that house surely belongs to Section-Officer."
Putalibazar municipality is in eastern and central Syangja. Waling is a municipality in western Syangja. It is a longitudinal valley along the beautiful Adhikhola river (it is claimed to be tears of Shrawan Kumar). Biggest valley in Syangja is Bayarghari.
Geography and Climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Village Development Committees (VDCs)
- Arjun Chaupari
- Banethok Deurali
- Bichari Chautara
- Birgha Archale
- Biruwa Archale
- Chandi Bhanjyang
- Chapakot (merged with Kuwakot and Ratnapur as Chapakot Municipality)
- Chitre Bhanjyang
- Darsing Dahathum
- Dhapuk Simal Bhanjyang
- Jagat Bhanjyang
- Keware Bhanjyang
- Khilung Deurali
- Kuwakot (merged with Chapakot and Ratnapur as Chapakot Municipality)
- Majhakot Sivalaya
- Ratnapur (merged with Chapakot and Kuwakot as Chapakot Municipality)
- Shreekrishna Gandaki
- Wangsing Deurali
- Waling Municipality (formed from former Dhanubase, Pekhu and Walling VDCs)
- Putalibazar Municipality (formed from former Putalibazar, Satupasal, Chandikalika, Ganeshpur and Karendanda VDCs)
- Chapakot Municipality (formed from former Chapakot, Kuwakot and Ratnapur VDCs)
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013