Location of Syangja
|• Total||1,164 km2 (449 sq mi)|
|• Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
Syangja District(Nepali: स्याङ्जा जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Gandaki Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Syangja bazzar (a small town) as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,164 km² and has a population of 289148 as of 2011. It lies in the hilly region at an altitude ranging from about 300 metres along the banks of Kaligandaki river up to a couple of thousands metres above the sea level. It lies at about latitude 28°4'60 North and longitude 83°52'0 East.
Syangja in 1994 under the auspices of the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Programme (SAPAP) of the UNDP, received million of dollars of international investment and has become a model for national development. Syangja's model has proved so successful that the Government of Nepal joined forces with the SAPAP to extend the project to other districts and make it a model for national development. It has been initiated or implemented in at least 200 Village Development Councils (VDCs) of 45 districts of Nepal.
People and Places
Many different ethnicities of people live in this district. The major groups consisting of Brahmin, kshetri, Gurung, Magar and others. The people are famous for their unique identity. Brahmin and Chhetri (Kshetriya) are renowned by their representation in the governmental jobs and Indian army respectively. Gurungs and Magars are famous because of their involvement in British Army Gurkhas and Military of India. There is a popular saying that "when you go to Syangja and hit randomly a house with a stone that house surely belongs to Section-Officer."
The headquarters of Syanga district lies at Syangja bazzar. Some places of historical interest in this district are Satahun Chandi, Manakamana, Bhirkot durbar, Alamdevi, Nuwakot durbar, Chhangchhangdi, Ridi Ruru Kshetra on the banks of Kaligandaki river among others. Chhangchhangdi (Chaya-kshetra) is mentioned in the Swasthani vrata-katha, considered to be a part of the Skandapurana, as the place where the last organ of dead Satidevi fell when she was being carried by Lord Shiva. Among the two municipalities, Putalibazar municipality lies in the eastern side whereas Waling municipality in the western Syangja. The later is a longitudinal valley along the banks of the beautiful Aandhikhola river. According to one popular folk legend, Aandhikhola river is believed to be originated from the tears of Shrawan Kumar of the Ramayana . The largest valley in Syangja is Ramkosh.
Syangja was connected to Pokhara and Bhairahawa, two of the most prominent cities of Western Nepal, after the construction of the Siddartha Highway. The highway enters this district in the North from Kubhinde and leaves in the South to Ramdi of Palpa district.
The Kali Gandaki A Hydro Electricity Project built in the Kali Gandaki river is the largest hydro electricity project in Nepal with an installed capacity of 144 MW. Besides this there are some other smaller Hydel projects being commenced in this district. Syangja is the district in whole Nepal which suffers from least problem of loadshedding. While the nation suffers 16 hours a day, the district Syangja suffers just 2 hours a week of load-shedding.
Geography and Climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Village Development Committees (VDCs)
- Arjun Chaupari
- Banethok Deurali
- Bichari Chautara
- Birgha Archale
- Biruwa Archale
- Chandi Bhanjyang
- Chitre Bhanjyang
- Darsing Dahathum
- Dhapuk Simal Bhanjyang
- Jagat Bhanjyang
- Keware Bhanjyang
- Khilung Deurali
- Majhakot Sivalaya
- Shreekrishna Gandaki
- Wangsing Deurali
- Waling Municipality (formed from former Dhanubase, Pekhu and Walling VDCs)
- Putalibazar Municipality (formed from former Putalibazar, Satupasal, Chandikalika, Ganeshpur and Karendanda VDCs)
- Chapakot Municipality (formed from former Chapakot, Kuwakot and Ratnapur VDCs)
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013