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Swastika

Swastika (/ˈswɒstɪkə/ or /swɒsˈtkə/) is a small community founded in 1908 around a mining site in Northern Ontario, Canada, and today within the municipal boundaries of Kirkland Lake, Ontario.[1]

Swastika is a junction on the Ontario Northland Railway, where a branch to Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec leaves the ONR's main line from North Bay, Ontario to Moosonee. The Northlander passenger railway service between Toronto and Cochrane served the Swastika railway station, however connecting bus service exists along Highway 66 into downtown Kirkland Lake.[1]

History[edit]

Lucky Cross Mill in Swastika (1918)
Train station in Swastika, Ontario

Town was named after the Swastika Gold Mine staked in the autumn of 1907 and incorporated on January 6, 1908. James and William Dusty staked the claims alongside Otto Lake for the Tavistock Mining Partnership, even though there is a legend that it is named after a native American word for "Good luck". The Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway had an engineers' camp nearby as they had to construct two railway bridges as they advanced northwards.[2] The first usage of the name Swastika occurred in their 1907 Annual Report to indicate a water tank was located at the site to meet the needs of the steam trains,[3] that opened up northern Ontario.

Prospectors and miners flocked to the area and after viewing the find at the Swastika Gold Mine they advanced even further throughout the surrounding region. In 1909 the Lucky Cross Mine adjacent to the T.& N.O. railway tracks began producing gold. A Mr. Morrisson started a farm and lodging alongside the tracks as early as 1907 and from there the community developed.[3]

By 1911 a hotel and businesses were flourishing, the area to the east was heavily staked and in 1912 the major gold mines of Kirkland Lake had been found and developed by Harry Oakes. Swastika was the main transportation link with the railway and communications centre. Churches, schools, community groups and organisations continued to provide the needs of the residents of the area.[3]

In 2008 the small community of Swastika celebrated the town's centennial.

World War II[edit]

During World War II the provincial government sought to change the town's name to Winston in honour of Winston Churchill, but the town refused, insisting that the town had held the name long before the Nazis co-opted the swastika symbol (卐). Residents of Swastika used to tell the story of how the Ontario Department of Highways would erect new signs on the roads at the edge of the town. At night the residents would tear these signs down and put up their own signs proclaiming the town to be "Swastika".[citation needed]

Christopher Macaulay was instrumental in fighting to keep the name of the town unchanged despite the association with Nazism.[citation needed]

Swastika has periodically been subject to derision for retaining the name. Even modern day residents, however, have continued to resist a change.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

The Swastika area continues to support a strong tourist industry throughout the year. The summers are met with a number of anglers, hunters, and campers looking for adventure. Winters are especially popular as a result of the well-maintained snowmobile trails in the area. There are also a number of tourist destinations in the area, including the recently developed Hockey Heritage North in Kirkland Lake.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Swastika - Ontario Highway 11 Homepage". Highway11.ca. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ Pain, S.A. (1960). Three Miles of Gold: The Story of Kirkland Lake. Toronto: The Ryerson Press. pp. 9, 10. 
  3. ^ a b c "Swastika Historical Plaque". Ontarioplaques.com. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 

Coordinates: 48°06′N 80°06′W / 48.100°N 80.100°W / 48.100; -80.100


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika,_Ontario — Please support Wikipedia.
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1106 videos foundNext > 

[HD] Ontario Northland Freight at Swastika

This was one heavy train. Here we see ONR freight 211 destroying the piece of the tiny community of Swastika, located at mile 0.3 of the Kirkland Lake sub. T...

ONR 213 at Swastika, Ontario

ONR northbound freight #213 rolls past the old station at Swastika on the Ramore Sub on May 18th, 2011 with a good sized 81-car train. The second unit was an...

Small train car crash in Swastika Ontario

via YouTube Capture.

Caterpillar powered FP7 sure isn't puring past the camera. Swastika, ONT. 9/20/1996

We are just south of the station at Swastika Ontario on the Ontario Northland Railway. The south bound Northlander pulls in to pickup passengers. The Caterpi...

A drive in 1990: Kenogami, Swastika, Chaput Hughes, to Kirkland Lake.

A drive through northern Ontario.

ONR 221-28 arrives at Swastika ON June 28th 2012

A VERY late Northlander (Train 221-28) arrives at Swastika Ontario to let off 1 passenger before heading northbound again to Cochrane.

Riverside Update 2013

Riverside Community Church - Swastika, Ontario, Canada - for more info. check out www.riversidenorth.ca or on Facebook at Riverside Community Church Northern...

Railfanning the Ontario Northland 9/10-15/2012

(HD) Train 1 CN 190 CN ES44DC #2257 CN ES44DC #2280 Train 2 ONR 222 ONR GP38-2 #1800 ONR EGU #204 Train 3 ONR 211 ONR SD75I #2102 ONR SD40-2 #1735 Train 4 ON...

swastika.wmv

drive through Swastika Ontario Canada.

ONR engine 2200 and 1804 through Moonbeam Ontario

ONR engines 2200 and 1804 pulling a long line of cars over a level crossing at Chemin D'Amours near Moonbeam, Ontario. Complete with signal lights and bell.

1106 videos foundNext > 

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