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Sunflower River west of Ruleville, Mississippi.

The Sunflower River (also known as the Big Sunflower River) is one of the main tributaries of the Yazoo River in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is navigable by barge for 50 miles. It rises in De Soto County, Mississippi near the Tennessee border and flows south for 100 miles to the Yazoo River. At Clarksdale on its banks, the annual Sunflower River Blues and Gospel festival is held.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers maintains a navigation channel, thirty miles in length. Built in 1976, the channel is used by barges and pleasure craft.

According to the USGS, variant names include Hushpuckaman Creek.[1] The Hushpuckena River drains the northwestern part of the Sunflower River Basin, Quiver River drains the northeastern portion, and Bogue Phalia drains the west central portion of the watershed, all of which lies in the Mississippi River alluvium soil of the Yazoo Delta.[2]

Water Quality[edit]

Like the Yazoo, this river is heavily silt laden. The river gets its mud from the bayous and small streams that feed it. The river has a distinct "Clear-Mud Line" where it meets the Yazoo, showing that the Big Sunflower is muddier than the Yazoo.


Early investigators of native American culture identified many mound sites on the river with Clarence B. Moore's interest in the earth-works on the river near Holly Bluff about a half a mile from the entrance to Lake George being the most notable.[3]

Wildlife Refuges[edit]

Land use along the river and in the watershed is confined to agriculture with the exception of three forested areas which serve as wildlife refuges, the Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge, the Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge, and the Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, which are managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Big Sunflower River
  2. ^ Speers, Paul et al. (1964). Low-Flow Characteristics of Streams in the Miss Embayment in Miss. and Ala.: Water Resources of the Mississippi Embayment. Geological Survey Professional Paper 448-1. Washington: GPO. p. I-29
  3. ^ Brown, Calvin S. (1926). Archeology of Mississippi. 1992 ed. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. p. 73. ISBN 0-87805-603-3
  4. ^ Barlow, J.R.B., and Coupe, R.H., (2014). Occurrence and transport of nitrogen in the Big Sunflower River, northwestern Mississippi, October 2009–June 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5107, pp. 3-4, Retrieved 18 November 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145107.

Coordinates: 32°40′13″N 90°40′4″W / 32.67028°N 90.66778°W / 32.67028; -90.66778

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower_River — Please support Wikipedia.
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63 news items

Clarksdale Press Register

Clarksdale Press Register
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 13:11:15 -0800

Sunflower River Blues Association hosts event at Ground Zero Blues Club Nov. 25. PANNY MAYFIELD/For The Clarksdale Press Register | Posted: Thursday, November 19, 2015 3:00 pm. Heather Crosse, lead singer and bass player with Heavy Suga' & The ...

Jackson Clarion Ledger

Jackson Clarion Ledger
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 13:48:45 -0700

The 28th annual Sunflower River Blues and Gospel Festival takes place Friday through Sunday in Clarksdale, with soul legend William Bell headlining Saturday night. The free event takes place mostly on the outdoor stage next to the Delta Blues Museum, ...
Inside Philanthropy
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 10:33:45 -0800

A component of this philanthropy involves music, with recent money going to Sunflower River Blues and Gospel Festival, and Yocona International Folk Festival. Money has also gone to Mississippi community organizations such as Clarksdale Downtown ...

Kankakee Daily Journal

Kankakee Daily Journal
Sat, 21 Nov 2015 07:45:00 -0800

Musicians still arrive, if not on a venue, then to jam or, at the very least, pay their respects at the Delta Blues Museum. The Sunflower River Blues and Gospel Festival in August and the Juke Joint Festival in April are held on the stage adjacent to ...

Clarksdale Press Register

Clarksdale Press Register
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 08:30:37 -0800

CLARKSDALE – Five top blues bands will be performing Thanksgiving Eve at the Sunflower River Blues Association's preview of next summer's 29th annual blues and gospel festival. Booked for the event are Bill Abel, Razorblade, Anthony “Big A” Sherrod, ...

Atlanta Magazine

Atlanta Magazine
Tue, 27 Oct 2015 08:39:14 -0700

In January 1888, a young man named Will Dockery rode on horseback from Hernando, Mississippi, just south of Memphis, to Cleveland, Mississippi, a small settlement 100 miles farther south on the Sunflower River. When he got to a spot between Cleveland ...

Albuquerque Journal

Albuquerque Journal
Thu, 01 Oct 2015 23:00:00 -0700

21, leading to Thanksgiving, Harris and visitors will share a meal with four turkeys from the Sunflower River farm in Albuquerque. The birds will be spared from seasonal slaughter. Given the weather that time of year, the event probably will be held ...

Jackson Clarion Ledger

Jackson Clarion Ledger
Wed, 28 Oct 2015 15:06:34 -0700

A native of Rochester, New York, Street and his wife, Dixie, decided to move to Clarksdale after attending the 2003 Sunflower River Blues & Gospel Festival. Their gallery, which opened in 2005, now hosts live music every Tuesday night. Stan Street's ...

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