digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For the village in Iran, see Suling, Iran.
Suling performer, member of the Gamelan group SambaSunda

A suling or Seruling is a Southeast Asian bamboo ring flute especially in Brunei,[1] Indonesia,[2] Malaysia,[2] the Philippines and Singapore.[3] It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings can be found in the following regions:


Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei, Nees), a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.

Playing a suling[edit]

There are two factors that affect a fine suling's tone:

  1. Fingering position.
  2. Speed of the airflow blown by the mouth.

The fingering position changes the wavelength of sound resonance inside the suling's body. Depending on the distance of nearest hole to the suling's head, different notes can be produced. The airflow speed also can modify the tone's frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing the air into suling's head's hole with twice speed.

In the music of Bali the suling is an essential instrument and it appears to be similar to other forms of Javanese suling. The way it is played, however, sets it apart from other forms of Indonesian suling. Namely, it is necessary for the performers to use the technique circular breathing in order to create a highly strung sense of constancy that continues even at moments of dramatic climax by the percussive gamelan instruments.

Special effects[edit]

  • Slur, is dynamically changing note from one tone position to another position without stopping the airflow. For example, changing from 5 to 4, 4 to 5, 2 to 1 etc.
  • Puruluk, (Sundanese term) is an effect produced by a-repeatedly-fast opening-and-closing of suling's hole by one or more fingers. The produced sound is similar to voice of a pigeon. The easiest puruluk can be produced by opening and closing mid-finger as shown by the following picture:


  • In Sundanese technique, there are other known effects such as wiwiw, keleter, lelol, gebos, petit, jengkat, and betrik.

Sundanese suling[edit]

Kacapi and suling

In the Sundanese region, a suling is used as


Sulings can have either 4 holes or 6 holes. The 6-holed Sundanese suling can play at least three different scales.

  • Pelog Degung: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly corresponds to do si sol fa mi do [1' 7 5 4 3 1] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Madenda or Sorog: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to fa mi do si la fa [4’ 3’ 1’ 7 6 4] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Salendro: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to re do la sol fa re [2’ 1’ 6 5 4 2] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Mandalungan: a rarely used scale

The following picture shows the fingering for a six-holed Sundanese suling.
Fingering suling.png

And below is the example of 'more realistic' view of finger positioning for the pelog degung scale.
Fingering suling.jpg

Famous Sundanese suling players[edit]

  • Endang Sukandar,[4][5] 1996 2nd Winner of International Festival of Wind Instruments in Seoul, South Korea
  • Burhan Sukarma
  • Uking Sukri
  • Bang Saat(Additional player of Dewa Budjana, He cames from kalimantan) He also called as "saat"

The Suling can be many sizes

Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore suling[edit]

In Brunei, the suling today is played during a cultural festival and other events together with other Bruneian traditional instruments especially the Gulintangan.[6] While in East Malaysia, especially in Sabah with a wide variety of aerophone,[7] the instrument is played by all the ethnic groups in the state.[8] In Sarawak, the suling is mostly played by a men in a longhouse.[9]

Maguindanaon suling[edit]

The Maguindanaon suling is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Air is passed through the suling via a blowing hole found at the bottom of the instrument and pitch is controlled via five finger holes on the top and one finger hole located on the bottom. Traditionally only the palendag was commonly played but because of the difficult nature of playing the palendag, both the tumpong and the suling have come to replace the palendag as the Maguindanaon’s most common aerophones.[10]

Also called suling by the Tausug, Yakan, B'laan, and Tiruray. Other names for the suling include the lantey (Ata), kinsi (Bukidnon), dagoyong (Higanon)[11] and a babarak (Palawan)[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Awang Mohd. Zain Jamil Al-Sufri (1990). Tarsilah Brunei: sejarah awal dan perkembangan Islam (in Malay). Jabatan Pusat Sejarah Kementerian Kebudayaan, Belia, dan Sukan. 
  2. ^ a b Keat Gin Ooi (1 January 2004). Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor. ABC-CLIO. pp. 923–. ISBN 978-1-57607-770-2. 
  3. ^ Fodor's Exploring Singapore & Malaysia. Fodor's Travel Publications Incorporated. 1994. 
  4. ^ "Endang, Bakat Alam dan Cianjuran". 2006. 
  5. ^ "Endang Sukandar demonstration video on Youtube". 2009. 
  6. ^ Faza Suraj (26 September 2014). "Cultural Week held during school holidays". Borneo Bulletin. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Tamara Thiessen (2012). Borneo: Sabah - Brunei - Sarawak. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-1-84162-390-0. 
  8. ^ Herman (2009). "Suling". Music Instruments in Sabah (Sabah's Musical Heritage and Future). Flying Dusun. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  9. ^ The Sarawak Museum Journal. Sarawak Museum. 1990. 
  10. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). "Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines". PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  11. ^ Amin, Mohammad (2005). "A Comparison of Music of the Philippines and Sulawesi". Sulawesi. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  12. ^ de Leon, Jr., Felipe M (2006). "Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan - 1993 Awardee - MASINO INTARAY and the Basal and Kulilal Ensemble". National Commission For Culture and the Arts. 2002. National Commission For Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suling — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1396 news items

Oak Ridger

Oak Ridger
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 14:45:00 -0700

He is survived by his wife, of 38 years, Barbara Isenberg Googe of Oliver Springs; children, Shyrl Ann Googe, Wilford (Suling) Googe, George Googe, Guy (Lisa) Googe, Hugh Googe, Fairlena Googe; daughter-in-law, Karen Googe; sister, Anna Bell (Don) ...
TravPR.com (press release)
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 01:37:30 -0700

To commemorate the event, Feast Restaurant will offer a traditional music performance (kecapi suling), as the guests can enjoy the peaceful night while maintain the awareness on the sustainability of the earth. For the event, Sheraton Bandung will ...
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Kepala Bappeda Sawahlunto, Andy Rastika mengatakan, pemerintah mengusulkan kepada tim untuk menempatkan tenaga pendamping, pengusulan penggantian bahan bakar suling dengan bio gas. Khusus untuk bahan bakar, terang Andy Rastika, dapat ...


Thu, 26 Mar 2015 23:00:00 -0700

Perlu diketahui bahwa batu kristal untuk penyembuhan perlu dibersihkan sehingga khasiatnya penyembuhannya tetap bersih. Pembersihan ini bisa dilakukan dengan membasuh kristal dalam air suling dan membiarkannya kering di bawah sinar matahari.
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 16:15:00 -0700

Die Journalisteninitiative „Give For Help“ plant eine Charity-Veranstaltung für Sonnabend, 28. März, in Syke. Davon profitieren sollen laut der Sprecherin Regine Suling das Kinderhospiz Löwenherz, die Kindernothilfe Weyhe und die Institution Ärzte ohne ...

Sin Chew Jit Poh

Sin Chew Jit Poh
Fri, 13 Sep 2013 19:25:20 -0700

The Mengkuang Dam, known to almost everyone in the northern part of the country, is a wonderful location for photo shooting while the Suling Hill perched above the town, is great for sunset views over Penanti and the adjacent town of Bukit Mertajam.


Mon, 16 Mar 2015 16:21:33 -0700

... tembang Sunda menggunakan gitar 12 nada yang dikolaborasikan dengan alat musik tradisional Sunda, seperti kecapi rincik dan suling. Namun, ketika menggunakan gitar 12 nada, ia selalu merasa tidak pas saat disandingkan dengan kecapi dan suling.


Sun, 22 Mar 2015 19:03:45 -0700

Süstedt - Von Regine Suling. Wenn die Sonne durch die Bäume in die kleine Allee fällt, entsteht zwischen den Kreuzen eine fast heimelige Atmosphäre. „Das hier ist ein schöner Platz, den ich so noch nicht gesehen habe“, sagte Stefan Meyer. Der Präsident ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight