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For the village in Iran, see Suling, Iran.
Suling
Suling performer, member of the Gamelan group SambaSunda

A suling or Seruling is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute. It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings can be found in the following regions:

Construction[edit]

Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei, Nees), a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.

Playing a suling[edit]

There are two factors that affect a fine suling's tone:

  1. Fingering position.
  2. Speed of the airflow blown by the mouth.

The fingering position changes the wavelength of sound resonance inside the suling's body. Depending on the distance of nearest hole to the suling's head, different notes can be produced. The airflow speed also can modify the tone's frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing the air into suling's head's hole with twice speed.

In the music of Bali the suling is an essential instrument and it appears to be similar to other forms of Javanese suling. The way it is played, however, sets it apart from other forms of Indonesian suling. Namely, it is necessary for the performers to use the technique circular breathing in order to create a highly strung sense of constancy that continues even at moments of dramatic climax by the percussive gamelan instruments.

Special effects[edit]

  • Slur, is dynamically changing note from one tone position to another position without stopping the airflow. For example, changing from 5 to 4, 4 to 5, 2 to 1 etc.
  • Puruluk, (Sundanese term) is an effect produced by a-repeatedly-fast opening-and-closing of suling's hole by one or more fingers. The produced sound is similar to voice of a pigeon. The easiest puruluk can be produced by opening and closing mid-finger as shown by the following picture:

Puruluk.png

  • In Sundanese technique, there are other known effects such as wiwiw, keleter, lelol, gebos, petit, jengkat, and betrik.

Sundanese suling[edit]

Kacapi and suling

In the Sundanese region, a suling is used as

Tuning[edit]

Sulings can have either 4 holes or 6 holes. The 6-holed Sundanese suling can play at least three different scales.

  • Pelog Degung: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly corresponds to do si sol fa mi do [1' 7 5 4 3 1] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Madenda or Sorog: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to fa mi do si la fa [4’ 3’ 1’ 7 6 4] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Salendro: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to re do la sol fa re [2’ 1’ 6 5 4 2] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Mandalungan: a rarely used scale

The following picture shows the fingering for a six-holed Sundanese suling.
Fingering suling.png

And below is the example of 'more realistic' view of finger positioning for the pelog degung scale.
Fingering suling.jpg

Famous Sundanese suling players[edit]

  • Endang Sukandar,[1][2] 1996 2nd Winner of International Festival of Wind Instruments in Seoul, South Korea
  • Burhan Sukarma
  • Uking Sukri
  • Bang Saat(Additional player of Dewa Budjana, He cames from kalimantan) He also called as "saat"

The Suling can be many sizes

Maguindanaon suling[edit]

The Maguindanaon suling is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Air is passed through the suling via a blowing hole found at the bottom of the instrument and pitch is controlled via five finger holes on the top and one finger hole located on the bottom. Traditionally only the palendag was commonly played but because of the difficult nature of playing the palendag, both the tumpong and the suling have come to replace the palendag as the Maguindanaon’s most common aerophones.[3]

Also called suling by the Tausug, Yakan, B'laan, and Tiruray. Other names for the suling include the lantey (Ata), kinsi (Bukidnon), dagoyong (Higanon)[4] and a babarak (Palawan)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Endang, Bakat Alam dan Cianjuran". 2006. 
  2. ^ "Endang Sukandar demonstration video on Youtube". 2009. 
  3. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). "Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines". PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  4. ^ Amin, Mohammad (2005). "A Comparison of Music of the Philippines and Sulawesi". Sulawesi. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  5. ^ de Leon, Jr., Felipe M (2006). "Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan - 1993 Awardee - MASINO INTARAY and the Basal and Kulilal Ensemble". National Commission For Culture and the Arts. 2002. National Commission For Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suling — Please support Wikipedia.
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105 news items

 
Daily Express
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Among musicians present were Velvet, Dayang Noraini, Jarywine J. Lusin, Den Bisa, Suara Buluh Perindu, Sound of Borneo, Razali Kulintangan, Awang Gambus, Rommie Suling and Orchestra from Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS). Masidi praised the ...
 
Richmond Times-Dispatch
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 07:37:30 -0700

... Pearson's Corner Elementary School; Suling Llanes-Trexle, Pole Green Elementary School; Vance Woolard, Rural Point Elementary School; Margarita Godinez, South Anna Elementary School, and Seth Womack, Washington Henry Elementary School.
 
Jakarta Globe
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 21:30:20 -0700

The band and the guest performers presented “Indonesia Pusaka” with the slender suling balawung flute of the Dayak Ngaju ethnic group from Central Kalimantan, as well as gongs, the katambung (a drum also from Central Kalimantan) and gamelan, the ...

Rancah Post

merdeka.com
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 21:15:48 -0700

Aslinya nggak sih bisa main," aku Fatin kepada tim KapanLagi.com, Rabu (17/9) malam. Tak hanya Ukulele, diakui Fatin, dirinya memang tidak bisa bermain alat musik. Di antara banyak jenis alat musik, ia mengaku hanya bisa meniup suling. "Bisanya suling ...

kreiszeitung.de

kreiszeitung.de
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Kirchweyhe - Von Regine Suling. Ist ein Paradies ohne Frauen wirklich ein Paradies für Männer? Ja, darüber sind sich zumindest Karsten, Richard, Kurt und Dieter einig. Das Quartett lebt in einer Männer-Wohngemeinschaft. Sie haben der Damenwelt zwar ...

kreiszeitung.de

kreiszeitung.de
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Br.-Vilsen - Von Regine Suling. Auf einem Tisch liegen schwarz-weiße Aufnahmen, daneben Farbfotos. Vergilbte Bilder von den Eltern und von den eigenen Enkeln aus der Gegenwart. Eine Familiengeschichte in Bildern – und noch dazu ein richtiges ...
 
生物通
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 00:52:30 -0700

中国科技大学的柳素玲(Suling Liu)教授是这篇论文的通讯作者。其主要方向为分离和鉴别乳腺干细胞及其调控分子机制。曾在2006 年获美国癌症协会默克学者奖,2010年获美国癌症协会苏珊-库门学者奖。在PNAS、Cancer ...

kreiszeitung.de

kreiszeitung.de
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 18:00:58 -0700

Asendorf - Von Regine Suling. Sein mobiles Büro hat er in der Kneipe aufgebaut. Er sitzt zwischen Notebook und Telefon, während um ihn herum gewerkelt wird: Eckart Noltemeier hat noch viel vorzubereiten. Denn er hat etwas vor, das im Internet ...
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