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For the village in Iran, see Suling, Iran.
Suling
Suling performer, member of the Gamelan group SambaSunda

A suling or Seruling is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute. It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings can be found in the following regions:

Construction[edit]

Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei, Nees), a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.

Playing a suling[edit]

There are two factors that affect a fine suling's tone:

  1. Fingering position.
  2. Speed of the airflow blown by the mouth.

The fingering position changes the wavelength of sound resonance inside the suling's body. Depending on the distance of nearest hole to the suling's head, different notes can be produced. The airflow speed also can modify the tone's frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing the air into suling's head's hole with twice speed.

In the music of Bali the suling is an essential instrument and it appears to be similar to other forms of Javanese suling. The way it is played, however, sets it apart from other forms of Indonesian suling. Namely, it is necessary for the performers to use the technique circular breathing in order to create a highly strung sense of constancy that continues even at moments of dramatic climax by the percussive gamelan instruments.

Special effects[edit]

  • Slur, is dynamically changing note from one tone position to another position without stopping the airflow. For example, changing from 5 to 4, 4 to 5, 2 to 1 etc.
  • Puruluk, (Sundanese term) is an effect produced by a-repeatedly-fast opening-and-closing of suling's hole by one or more fingers. The produced sound is similar to voice of a pigeon. The easiest puruluk can be produced by opening and closing mid-finger as shown by the following picture:

Puruluk.png

  • In Sundanese technique, there are other known effects such as wiwiw, keleter, lelol, gebos, petit, jengkat, and betrik.

Sundanese suling[edit]

Kacapi and suling

In the Sundanese region, a suling is used as

Tuning[edit]

Sulings can have either 4 holes or 6 holes. The 6-holed Sundanese suling can play at least three different scales.

  • Pelog Degung: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly corresponds to do si sol fa mi do [1' 7 5 4 3 1] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Madenda or Sorog: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to fa mi do si la fa [4’ 3’ 1’ 7 6 4] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Salendro: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to re do la sol fa re [2’ 1’ 6 5 4 2] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Mandalungan: a rarely used scale

The following picture shows the fingering for a six-holed Sundanese suling.
Fingering suling.png

And below is the example of 'more realistic' view of finger positioning for the pelog degung scale.
Fingering suling.jpg

Famous Sundanese suling players[edit]

  • Endang Sukandar,[1][2] 1996 2nd Winner of International Festival of Wind Instruments in Seoul, South Korea
  • Burhan Sukarma
  • Uking Sukri
  • Bang Saat(Additional player of Dewa Budjana, He cames from kalimantan) He also called as "saat"

The Suling can be many sizes

Maguindanaon suling[edit]

The Maguindanaon suling is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Air is passed through the suling via a blowing hole found at the bottom of the instrument and pitch is controlled via five finger holes on the top and one finger hole located on the bottom. Traditionally only the palendag was commonly played but because of the difficult nature of playing the palendag, both the tumpong and the suling have come to replace the palendag as the Maguindanaon’s most common aerophones.[3]

Also called suling by the Tausug, Yakan, B'laan, and Tiruray. Other names for the suling include the lantey (Ata), kinsi (Bukidnon), dagoyong (Higanon)[4] and a babarak (Palawan)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Endang, Bakat Alam dan Cianjuran". 2006. 
  2. ^ "Endang Sukandar demonstration video on Youtube". 2009. 
  3. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). "Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines". PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  4. ^ Amin, Mohammad (2005). "A Comparison of Music of the Philippines and Sulawesi". Sulawesi. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  5. ^ de Leon, Jr., Felipe M (2006). "Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan - 1993 Awardee - MASINO INTARAY and the Basal and Kulilal Ensemble". National Commission For Culture and the Arts. 2002. National Commission For Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suling — Please support Wikipedia.
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75 news items

 
The Journal News / Lohud.com
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

He also plays the suling, a Balinese bamboo flute. • For a good part of the 1980s, Artha was a fixture in New York's bohemian downtown scene, including three of the best-known nightclubs: Palladium, Limelight and Area. He hung out with Boy George.
 
Richmond Times-Dispatch
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 07:37:30 -0700

... Pearson's Corner Elementary School; Suling Llanes-Trexle, Pole Green Elementary School; Vance Woolard, Rural Point Elementary School; Margarita Godinez, South Anna Elementary School, and Seth Womack, Washington Henry Elementary School.
 
Pos Kupang
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 02:45:00 -0700

POS KUPANG.COM, MBAY - Suling, sowito, bombardom kembali mempunyai tempat terhormat setelah puluhan tahun tenggelam dan nyaris tak terdengar. Aneka alat musik dari bambu ini muncul di Festival Tari dan Musik Bambu yang diselenggarakan ...

BILD

BILD
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Heute treffen sich unsere Weltmeister wieder – 50 Tage nach dem Wahnsinns-Finale in Rio! Vergrößern Nils Suling, stellvertretender BILD-Sportchef. Foto: Spreitz. Bis 13 Uhr müssen die Spieler in Düsseldorf angereist sein. Heute Abend um 17 Uhr steigt ...
 
KapanLagi.com
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 02:33:45 -0700

Kapanlagi.com - Rhoma atau Oma kecil dikenal sebagai anak periang yang kerab berdendang. Lingkungan keluarga, membuat bakatnya semakin terpupuk. Sehari-hari, dia menyaksikan ayahnya, Raden Burdah Anggawirya yang mahir bermain suling dan ...

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 20:42:00 -0700

Diantaranya, Suling sunda, suling datonis, calung dan juga arumba. Pintar-pintar ia memanfaatkan sisa materialnya. “Tiap batang bambu jangan sampai ada yang terbuang. Yang biasa dipakai sebagai material kan dari mulai tengah ke atas, bawahnya bisa ...
 
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Thu, 28 Aug 2014 21:27:57 -0700

Bandung - Sebanyak 17 anggota Komunitas Lari Bandung akan menempuh perjalanan selama 45 jam dengan berlari dari Bandung menuju Jakarta. Mereka akan melintasi jalur sepanjang 178 kilometer. Kegiatan ini menjadi salah satu rangkaian peringatan ...

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kreiszeitung.de
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Br.-Vilsen - Von Regine Suling. „In meinen großen Koffer passt viel Butterkuchen hinein“, sagt Henry Kohlhoff lachend. Butterkuchen und Schwarzbrot: Das sind die Spezialitäten, die der gebürtige Brokser zuhause vermisst. Zuhause, das liegt seit 60 ...
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