digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the village in Iran, see Suling, Iran.
Suling
Suling performer, member of the Gamelan group SambaSunda

A suling or Seruling is a Southeast Asian bamboo ring flute especially in Brunei,[1] Indonesia,[2] Malaysia,[2] the Philippines and Singapore.[3] It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings can be found in the following regions:

Construction[edit]

Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei, Nees), a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.

Playing a suling[edit]

There are two factors that affect a fine suling's tone:

  1. Fingering position.
  2. Speed of the airflow blown by the mouth.

The fingering position changes the wavelength of sound resonance inside the suling's body. Depending on the distance of nearest hole to the suling's head, different notes can be produced. The airflow speed also can modify the tone's frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing the air into suling's head's hole with twice speed.

In the music of Bali the suling is an essential instrument and it appears to be similar to other forms of Javanese suling. The way it is played, however, sets it apart from other forms of Indonesian suling. Namely, it is necessary for the performers to use the technique circular breathing in order to create a highly strung sense of constancy that continues even at moments of dramatic climax by the percussive gamelan instruments.

Special effects[edit]

  • Slur, is dynamically changing note from one tone position to another position without stopping the airflow. For example, changing from 5 to 4, 4 to 5, 2 to 1 etc.
  • Puruluk, (Sundanese term) is an effect produced by a-repeatedly-fast opening-and-closing of suling's hole by one or more fingers. The produced sound is similar to voice of a pigeon. The easiest puruluk can be produced by opening and closing mid-finger as shown by the following picture:

Puruluk.png

  • In Sundanese technique, there are other known effects such as wiwiw, keleter, lelol, gebos, petit, jengkat, and betrik.

Sundanese suling[edit]

Kacapi and suling

In the Sundanese region, a suling is used as

Tuning[edit]

Sulings can have either 4 holes or 6 holes. The 6-holed Sundanese suling can play at least three different scales.

  • Pelog Degung: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly corresponds to do si sol fa mi do [1' 7 5 4 3 1] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Madenda or Sorog: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to fa mi do si la fa [4’ 3’ 1’ 7 6 4] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Salendro: da mi na ti la da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
    nearly similar to re do la sol fa re [2’ 1’ 6 5 4 2] in the Western diatonic scale.
  • Mandalungan: a rarely used scale

The following picture shows the fingering for a six-holed Sundanese suling.
Fingering suling.png

And below is the example of 'more realistic' view of finger positioning for the pelog degung scale.
Fingering suling.jpg

Famous Sundanese suling players[edit]

  • Endang Sukandar,[4][5] 1996 2nd Winner of International Festival of Wind Instruments in Seoul, South Korea
  • Burhan Sukarma
  • Uking Sukri
  • Bang Saat(Additional player of Dewa Budjana, He cames from kalimantan) He also called as "saat"

The Suling can be many sizes

Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore suling[edit]

In Brunei, the suling today is played during a cultural festival and other events together with other Bruneian traditional instruments especially the Gulintangan.[6] While in East Malaysia, especially in Sabah with a wide variety of aerophone,[7] the instrument is played by all the ethnic groups in the state.[8] In Sarawak, the suling is mostly played by a men in a longhouse.[9]

Maguindanaon suling[edit]

The Maguindanaon suling is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Air is passed through the suling via a blowing hole found at the bottom of the instrument and pitch is controlled via five finger holes on the top and one finger hole located on the bottom. Traditionally only the palendag was commonly played but because of the difficult nature of playing the palendag, both the tumpong and the suling have come to replace the palendag as the Maguindanaon’s most common aerophones.[10]

Also called suling by the Tausug, Yakan, B'laan, and Tiruray. Other names for the suling include the lantey (Ata), kinsi (Bukidnon), dagoyong (Higanon)[11] and a babarak (Palawan)[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Awang Mohd. Zain Jamil Al-Sufri (1990). Tarsilah Brunei: sejarah awal dan perkembangan Islam (in Malay). Jabatan Pusat Sejarah Kementerian Kebudayaan, Belia, dan Sukan. 
  2. ^ a b Keat Gin Ooi (1 January 2004). Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor. ABC-CLIO. pp. 923–. ISBN 978-1-57607-770-2. 
  3. ^ Fodor's Exploring Singapore & Malaysia. Fodor's Travel Publications Incorporated. 1994. 
  4. ^ "Endang, Bakat Alam dan Cianjuran". 2006. 
  5. ^ "Endang Sukandar demonstration video on Youtube". 2009. 
  6. ^ Faza Suraj (26 September 2014). "Cultural Week held during school holidays". Borneo Bulletin. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Tamara Thiessen (2012). Borneo: Sabah - Brunei - Sarawak. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-1-84162-390-0. 
  8. ^ Herman (2009). "Suling". Music Instruments in Sabah (Sabah's Musical Heritage and Future). Flying Dusun. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  9. ^ The Sarawak Museum Journal. Sarawak Museum. 1990. 
  10. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). "Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines". PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  11. ^ Amin, Mohammad (2005). "A Comparison of Music of the Philippines and Sulawesi". Sulawesi. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 
  12. ^ de Leon, Jr., Felipe M (2006). "Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan - 1993 Awardee - MASINO INTARAY and the Basal and Kulilal Ensemble". National Commission For Culture and the Arts. 2002. National Commission For Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2006. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suling — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

4838 news items

Serambi Indonesia

Serambi Indonesia
Fri, 15 Apr 2016 04:48:45 -0700

SERAMBINEWS.COM, JAKARTA --- Misdhalina, peniup suling dari Kabupaten Bener Meriah, dijadwalkan tampil dalam pentas seni dalam rangka perayaan HUT ke-41 Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Selasa (19/4/2016). Perempuan yang dijuluki "suling ...

Suara Jatim Post (Siaran Pers)

Suara Jatim Post (Siaran Pers)
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 05:25:41 -0700

BONDOWOSO – Kepala Desa Suling Kulon, Kecamatan Cerme. Kabupaten Bondowoso Misbahul Hasan dilaporkan ke polisi karena diduga melakukan penyerobotan dan pengrusakan terhadap tanah milik warganya sendiri, dengan maksud merealisasikan ...

Tekno (Siaran Pers)

Tekno (Siaran Pers)
Sat, 16 Apr 2016 18:07:30 -0700

Seperti diketahui, suling merupakan alam musik tradisional tiup. Tiap daerah hampir memiliki alat musik ini. Suling merupakan alat musik tiup terbuat dari bambu. Suling pada kemudian hari dibuat dengan bahan lain misalnya plastik, perak atau lainnya.

VIVA.co.id

VIVA.co.id
Thu, 14 Apr 2016 02:45:00 -0700

Mengamati Ezra tersenyum dan tertawa terpingkal-pingkal saat meniup suling, Melanie memutuskan untuk merekamnya, untuk menangkap momen mengharukan tersebut. Namun Melanie harus sering menyimpan suling itu, melihat reaksi putranya yang ...

Mason City Globe Gazette

Mason City Globe Gazette
Thu, 31 Mar 2016 09:35:15 -0700

Suling Lu, 49, formerly of Mason City and now a resident of Iowa City, was arrested on that charge, an aggravated misdemeanor, by the Mason City Police Department on Feb. 24 during an investigation of her place of employment, Asian Body Work, 546 E.

Go Aceh

Go Aceh
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 23:33:45 -0700

Rangkaian acara berisi doa bersama, pertunjukan kecapi suling, baca puisi, musikalisasi puisi, melukis, dan ramah tamah. Pada kesempatan tersebut hadir sejumlah sastrawan, budayawan dan seniman, di antaranya; Taufiq Ismail, Fadli Zon, Pasha “Ungu”, ...

Mongabay.co.id

Mongabay.co.id
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 13:48:45 -0700

Penyanyi dangdut asal Karawang, Irmawati, terkenal dengan nama panggung Irma Bule, meninggal digigit ular kobra 3 April lalu. Irma kerap manggung sambil membawa ular. Tanpa sengaja dia menginjak ekor ular dalam hajatan di Lemah Abang, ...
 
Detikcom
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 21:30:00 -0700

Alvin & I memainkan perpaduan instrumen modern seperti gitar dan bass listrik serta suling, pianika, karinding juga angklung. Hasilnya? Musik yang terdengar lembut dan sederhana, tapi ramai. Sesekali musiknya bersuara dengan gaya folk negara Barat, ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight