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This article is about the linguistic term. For other uses, see Suffix (disambiguation).

In linguistics, a suffix (also sometimes called a postfix or ending) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs. Particularly in the study of Semitic languages, a suffix is called an afformative, as they can alter the form of the words to which they are fixed. In Indo-European studies, a distinction is made between suffixes and endings (see Proto-Indo-European root). A word-final segment that is somewhere between a free morpheme and a bound morpheme is known as a suffixoid[1] or a semi-suffix[2] (e.g., English -like or German -freundlich 'friendly').

Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes) or lexical information (derivational suffixes). An inflectional suffix is sometimes called a desinence.[3]

Some examples in European languages:

Girls, where the suffix -s marks the plural.
He makes, where suffix -s marks the third person singular present tense.
It closed, where the suffix -ed marks the past tense.
De beaux jours, where the suffix -x marks the plural.
Elle est passablement jolie, where the suffix -e marks the feminine form of the adjective.

Many synthetic languagesCzech, German, Finnish, Latin, Hungarian, Russian, Turkish, etc.—use a large number of endings.

Suffixes used in English frequently have Greek, French, or Latin origins.

Inflection changes grammatical properties of a word within its syntactic category. In the example:

I was hoping the cloth wouldn't fade, but it has faded quite a bit.

the suffix -ed inflects the root-word fade to indicate past tense.

Some inflectional suffixes in present day English:


  1. ^ Kremer, Marion. 1997. Person reference and gender in translation: a contrastive investigation of English and German. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, p. 69, note 11.
  2. ^ Marchand, Hans. 1969. The categories and types of present-day English word-formation: A synchronic-diachronic approach. Munich: Beck, pp. 356 ff.
  3. ^ The Free Online Dictionary

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33065 videos foundNext > 

Suffix Lesson

Learn all about the affix that comes at the end, the suffix! VocabularySpellingCity.com has many teaching resources, like this one. Learn more at http://www....

Prefixes and Suffixes A Message From Dark Marker

English Grammar - Learn About Suffixes

Find 1500+ education videos available at http://www.youtube.com/IkenEdu Suffixes are the small enhancements which add with a word to change the meaning of th...

"Prefixes, Suffixes, & Roots" Rap www.educationalrap.com

A rap song to learn about prefixes, suffixes, and roots. The song is done by www.educationalrap.com and used by permission. You can download from their site....

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Δεν έχετε ιδέα συμμετέχει ο Νίκος Βουρλιώτης.

Suffix Prefix

Helping friends learn prefix, suffix and base word.

"Prefix or Suffix?" by The Bazillions

Heads or Tales (featuring "Prefix or Suffix?") on iTunes! https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/heads-or-tales/id579918330?uo=4 Learn more about The Bazillions a...

English Language Learning Tips - Prefixes and Suffixes

English language learning tips from Cambridge English Language Assessment. In this clip learn about Prefixes and Suffixes, content useful for all exams. This...

Suffix - Lose Control

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1930 news items

Focus Taiwan News Channel
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 04:15:00 -0700

20 (CNA) Taipei signed a registry agreement with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Wednesday with the top-level domain suffix ".taipei" set to open for registration in November, according to Taipei's Department of ...
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 08:03:42 -0700

New Delhi: The Army has issued an order to its retired personnel saying they should use the word “retired” only as a suffix to their name as “rank never retires”. In its circular issued on 21 July, the Army headquarters said that it was seen that ...

Yahoo Tech

Yahoo Tech
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

How many seconds a day do you waste typing “.com” at the end of each web URL? Probably too many! Which is why you'll love this shortcut that automatically adds the correct suffix to any website you've typed out. Here's how you do it. 1. When you're ...
Total Xbox
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Reddit has evolved in recent years from catch-all single interest forum into the world's premier space for up-the-minute community engagement, occasional breaking news and inappropriate use of the word "porn" as a suffix. It should come as no surprise ...


Mon, 18 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

It's not often you get to add the suffix “-gate” to a scandal and have it fit so perfectly with the reason people add the suffix “-gate” to scandals in the first place. That's just one of many reasons to be thankful that Downton Abbey, in the midst of ...

The Wire

The Wire
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 13:48:45 -0700

Anyway, the name changed to "Nutella" in 1964 (it celebrated its 50th anniversary in May), and that name does the trick—you get the fact that it's got nutty goodness, it's cheekily whimsical, and the soft suffix "–ella" also points to its Italian ...


Mon, 18 Aug 2014 09:30:00 -0700

As Selimi ponders his next move – a Eurovision entrant, a country code web address suffix – he clearly relishes the underdog role, the David vs. Goliath dynamic that largely defines the Kosovar identity. “People will always try something here, will ...
PCWorld (blog)
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 03:30:30 -0700

The “Pro” suffix indicates that this tablet runs Windows (Dell's Venue tablets are Android devices), and the “7139 Security” tag adds a whole list of features not found in the more consumer-oriented Venue Pro. These include Intel vPro and TPM (Trusted ...

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