digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Sudarshana
Sudarshana Chakra
Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra in his right rear hand
Devanagari सुदर्शन चक्र
Affiliation Weapon of Vishnu
Texts Vishnu Purana

The Sudarshana Chakra (Sanskrit: सुदर्शन चक्र) is a spinning, disk-like weapon with 108 serrated edges used by the Hindu god Vishnu. The Sudarshana Chakra is generally portrayed on the right rear hand of the four hands of Vishnu, who also holds a shankha (conch shell), a Gada (mace) and a padma (lotus).

The Sudarshana Chakra may be depicted as an ayudhapurusha (anthropomorphic form). He is depicted as a fierce form of Vishnu. While the Sudarshana Chakra is depicted as a subordinate figure with Vishnu, in many South Indian Vishnu temples, the Chakra as an ayudhapurusha is worshipped in its own shrine attached to the central temple.


According to the Puranas, Sudarshana Chakra is used for the ultimate destruction of an enemy. The depiction of Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra also means that Vishnu is the keeper-owner of the celestial bodies and heavens.

Etymology[edit]

The word Sudarshana is derived from two Sanskrit words – Su(सु) meaning "good/auspicious" and Darshana (दर्शन) meaning "vision". Hence, the word Sudarshana collectively means "vision of which is auspicious". Sudarshana is generally worshiped during Homas to ward off negative powers or vibrations.[1]

The word chakra is derived from the word Chruhu (चृ:) meaning movement and kruhu(कृ:) meaning to do. Hence, chakra collectively means the one which is mobile. Among all the Vedic weapons, Sudarshana Chakra is the only mobile weapon.[2]

Legends[edit]

There are various legends related to the origins of the Sudarshana Chakra.

The Sudarshana Chakra was made by the architect of gods, Vishvakarma. Vishvakarma's daughter Sanjana was married to Surya, the Sun God. Due to the Sun's blazing light and heat, she was unable to go near the Sun. She complained to her father about this. Vishvakarma took the Sun and made him shine less so that his daughter would be able to hug the Sun. The left over Sun "dust" was collected by Vishvakarma and made into three divine objects. The first one was the aerial vehicle Pushpaka Vimana, the second being the Trishula (Trident) of the god Shiva, and the third was the Sudarshana Chakra of Vishnu. The Chakra is described to have 10 million spikes in two rows moving in opposite directions to give it a serrated edge.

Sudarshana Chakra is considered to be the most powerful weapon in Hindu mythology.When it pursued sage Durvasa,neither Lord Brahama nor Lord Shiva could stop it. [3]

Sudarshana Chakra was used to cut the corpse of Sati, the consort of Shiva into 51 pieces after she gave up her life by throwing herself in a yagna (fire sacrifice) of her father Daksha. It is said that Shiva, in grief, carried around her lifeless body and was inconsolable. The 51 parts of the goddess' body were then tossed about in different parts of the Indian subcontinent and came to be known as "Shakti Peethas".

In scripture[edit]

The use of the Sudarshan Chakra is occasionally mentioned in the Hindu texts of Rigveda, Yajurveda and Puranas, as an ultimate weapon of law, order and preservation to eliminate the enemy . Such enemies are enumerated variously as rakshasas, asura, and vikrutatma.

In one such instance, as scribed in the stanzas of the Mahabharat, Lord Shri Krishna, the Avatar of Lord Vishnu, beheads Shishupala with the use of the Sudarshan Chakra, for his rapacious behaviour (committing 100 mistakes each worthy of death) at the Rajsuya yagna celebration of Emperor Yudhishthira. It was also used to cut the celestial mountain Mandrachal Parvat for churning the ocean of milk (Samudra Manthan).

Other names[edit]

In the Tamil, the Sudarshan Chakra is also known as Chakkrath Azhwar (translated as Ring/Circlet of God).

The Chakri Dynasty, the current ruling house of Thailand, is named after this weapon.

Sudarshan Homam[edit]

This homam is performed by invoking Lord Sudarshan along with his consort Vijayavalli into the sacrificial fire. This homam is very popular in South India.

Temples of Sudarshan[edit]

Sudarshana Chakra depicted as an ayudhapurusha and fierce aspect of his owner Vishnu.
  • Sri Sudarshana Bhagavan Temple, Nagamangala
  • Sri Sudarshana Sannidhi at Sriranganatha temple, Srirangapattana
  • Chakrapani Temple, Kumbakonam
  • Thirumogur Temple, Madurai
  • Chakkarathalwar at Srirangam, temple
  • Chakkarathalwar at Sri Devanatha Swamy Temple (Kanchi Varadhar Temple), Kancheepuram
  • Anjumoorthy (Five Deities) Temple, at Anjumoorthy Mangalam, in Palakkad district (The main deity of this temple is Sudarshan).
  • Sree Vallabha Temple, Thiruvalla in Pathanamthitta district
  • Thuravoor temple,Allapuzha district. where Narasimha and Sudarshana moorthi is main deitys

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudarshana_Chakra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
25805 videos foundNext > 

Lord Shiva gave sudarshan chakra to Lord Vishnu. shiv mahapuran part

By Gulshan Kumar. Vishnu performs puja in order to obtain such a powerful weapon in the battle against evil and passes a divine test by finally offering his ...

Krishna kills Shishupal Sudarshana song

Mahabharat Star plus aired on 24th march'14 Revamped with Sudharshana song Krishna reveals the power of his Sudarshana Chakra , As Shishupal has gone over th...

0905 KRISHNA STORY -- BARBARIC STORY -- KAMKALIKA FIGHTS WITH KRISHNA

Ultimately, Krishna kills Mura and is now called Murari. Kamkanthika, the daughter of Mura wants to take revenge. She is blessed by the boon from Kamakshidev...

Mantra For Protection - Vishnu Sudarshan Chakra Mantra

Simple & effective mantra to get protection from Lord Vishnu's Sudarshan Chakra.(Find Free Articles, Mantras & Stotras on http://www.gurushakti.org.in) Growi...

Lord Vishnu's Sudarshana Chakra

Lord Vishnu's Sudarshana Chakra can not only be used for the ultimate destruction of an enemy but it can predict the future as well.

Sudarshana Maha Mantra by Krishna

Sri Sudarshna Maha Mantra helps to take charge of enemies and to relieve from unexplainable sufferings and worries. In the pathway of success it helps the de...

All about Sudarshana Chakra

Watch Manthan only on Zee News.

sudarshana

Star Plus Mahabharat tunes/tones sudarshana bg score Awsome music.

Sudarshana Chakra

3 - sudarshana chakra perform a drama based on the verse "malanir asanam nrnam"

Please visit bhaktikidscamp.webs.com The New Braj Bhakti Kids Adventure Camp 2012 closing night performance. Sudarshana Chakra is made up of Sanandana das, Y...

25805 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Sudarshana Chakra" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!