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Sudarshana
Sudarshana Chakra
Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra in his right rear hand
Devanagari सुदर्शन चक्र
Affiliation Weapon of Vishnu
Texts Vishnu Purana

The Sudarshana Chakra (Sanskrit: सुदर्शन चक्र) is a spinning, disk-like weapon with 108 serrated edges used by the Hindu god Vishnu. The Sudarshana Chakra is generally portrayed on the right rear hand of the four hands of Vishnu, who also holds a shankha (conch shell), a Gada (mace) and a padma (lotus).

The Sudarshana Chakra may be depicted as an ayudhapurusha (anthropomorphic form). He is depicted as a fierce form of Vishnu. While the Sudarshana Chakra is depicted as a subordinate figure with Vishnu, in many South Indian Vishnu temples, the Chakra as an ayudhapurusha is worshipped in its own shrine attached to the central temple.

According to the Puranas, Sudarshana Chakra is used for the ultimate destruction of an enemy. The depiction of Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra also means that Vishnu is the keeper-owner of the celestial bodies and heavens.

Etymology[edit]

The word Sudarshana is derived from two Sanskrit words – Su(सु) meaning "good/auspicious" and Darshana (दर्शन) meaning "vision". Hence, the word Sudarshana collectively means "vision of which is auspicious". Sudarshana is generally worshiped during Homas to ward off negative powers or vibrations.[1]

The word chakra is derived from the word Chruhu (चृ:) meaning movement and kruhu(कृ:) meaning to do. Hence, chakra collectively means the one which is mobile. Among all the Vedic weapons, Sudarshana Chakra is the only mobile weapon.[2]

Legends[edit]

There are various legends related to the origins of the Sudarshana Chakra.

The Sudarshana Chakra was made by the architect of gods, Vishvakarma. Vishvakarma's daughter Sanjana was married to Surya, the Sun God. Due to the Sun's blazing light and heat, she was unable to go near the Sun. She complained to her father about this. Vishvakarma took the Sun and made him shine less so that his daughter would be able to hug the Sun. The left over Sun "dust" was collected by Vishvakarma and made into three divine objects. The first one was the aerial vehicle Pushpaka Vimana, the second being the Trishula (Trident) of the god Shiva, and the third was the Sudarshana Chakra of Vishnu. The Chakra is described to have 10 million spikes in two rows moving in opposite directions to give it a serrated edge.

Sudarshana Chakra is considered to be the most powerful weapon in Hindu mythology.When it pursued sage Durvasa,neither Lord Brahama nor Lord Shiva could stop it.[3]

Sudarshana Chakra was used to cut the corpse of Sati, the consort of Shiva into 51 pieces after she gave up her life by throwing herself in a yagna (fire sacrifice) of her father Daksha. It is said that Shiva, in grief, carried around her lifeless body and was inconsolable. The 51 parts of the goddess' body were then tossed about in different parts of the Indian subcontinent and came to be known as "Shakti Peethas".

In scripture[edit]

The use of the Sudarshan Chakra is occasionally mentioned in the Hindu texts of Rigveda, Yajurveda and Puranas, as an ultimate weapon of law, order and preservation to eliminate the enemy . Such enemies are enumerated variously as rakshasas, asura, and vikrutatma.

In one such instance, as scribed in the stanzas of the Mahabharat, Lord Shri Krishna, the Avatar of Lord Vishnu, beheads Shishupala with the use of the Sudarshan Chakra, for his rapacious behaviour (committing 100 mistakes each worthy of death) at the Rajsuya yagna celebration of Emperor Yudhishthira. It was also used to cut the celestial mountain Mandrachal Parvat for churning the ocean of milk (Samudra Manthan).

Other names[edit]

In Tamil, the Sudarshan Chakra is also known as Chakkrath Azhwar (translated as Ring/Circlet of God).

The Chakri Dynasty, the current ruling house of Thailand, is named after this weapon.

Sudarshan Homam[edit]

This homam is performed by invoking Lord Sudarshan along with his consort Vijayavalli into the sacrificial fire. This homam is very popular in South India.

Temples of Sudarshan[edit]

Sudarshana Chakra depicted as an ayudhapurusha and fierce aspect of his owner Vishnu.
  • Sri Sudarshana Bhagavan Temple, Nagamangala
  • Sri Sudarshana Sannidhi at Sriranganatha temple, Srirangapattana
  • Chakrapani Temple, Kumbakonam
  • Thirumogur Temple, Madurai
  • Chakkarathalwar at Srirangam, temple
  • Chakkarathalwar at Sri Devanatha Swamy Temple (Kanchi Varadhar Temple), Kancheepuram
  • Anjumoorthy (Five Deities) Temple, at Anjumoorthy Mangalam, in Palakkad district (The main deity of this temple is Sudarshan).
  • Sree Vallabha Temple, Thiruvalla in Pathanamthitta district
  • Thuravoor temple,Allapuzha district. where Narasimha and Sudarshana moorthi is main deitys

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudarshana_Chakra — Please support Wikipedia.
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58 news items

 
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Wed, 04 Feb 2015 06:00:14 -0800

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Sudarshana Chakra 5ptsFeatured Nov 9, 2014. These are preman-students. Rampage first, think later (if ever). My advice to them is to start acting like academics. Discuss about the issue among yourself first; study its history and context. Organize ...
 
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Krishna's Sudarshana Chakra protected all the Pandavas and also the child in the womb. In a discourse, Damal Sri Ramakrishnan pointed out that though the child who thus survived to propagate the Pandava race was initially named Vishnurathan, one who ...
 
Jakarta Post
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Sudarshana Chakra 5ptsFeatured Sep 4, 2014. This is not justice. Violating what!? Yes, insulting people is an act of criminal, e.g. by Indonesian book of law, KUHP 315. Such a rule should never have been there in the first place. It is petty, not to ...

IBNLive

IBNLive
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 00:40:40 -0700

Tokyo: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will tell his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi at a summit on Monday that Japan aims to double its direct investment in India in five years from some $2 billion last year, the Nikkei business daily reported ...
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