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Technology

USS Tunny launching a Regulus I in 1958

A submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM) is a cruise missile that is launched from a submarine (especially a SSG or SSGN). Current versions are typically standoff weapons known as land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), which are used to attack predetermined land targets with conventional or nuclear payloads. Anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs) are also used, and some submarine-launched cruise missiles have variants for both functions. Brahmos is the fastest cruise missile currently developed, and has land-attack and anti-ship variants.

Four US Navy Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) were converted to be able to salvo launch up to 144 Tomahawk cruise missiles from their modified vertical launch submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) tubes, as opposed to launching cruise missiles from torpedo tubes as is done from attack submarines. The advantage that the submarines have over guided missile destroyers and cruisers is the ability to remain undetected and launch while submerged. Tomahawk was deployed on US Navy attack submarines beginning in 1983, originally in LACM and ASCM versions, but the ASCM version was withdrawn in the 1990s.

The US Navy's first land-attack cruise missile submarines (4 SSG and 1 SSGN) deployed with the Regulus missile from 1958 until retired in 1964 with the arrival of the Polaris SSBNs in the Pacific.[1] The US deployed the short-range Harpoon anti-ship missile on submarines beginning in 1981. The Soviet Navy converted 13 Whiskey-class submarines (Project 613) for the LACM role in the late 1950s (Whiskey Single Cylinder, Whiskey Twin Cylinder, Whiskey Long Bin), armed with the SS-N-3 Shaddock (P5) missile. As Soviet SSBNs armed with SLBMs became available in the late 1960s, the Shaddock LACM was withdrawn and an ASCM version replaced it. The Echo- and Juliett-class submarines of the 1960s had a similar armament history, with the Echo I's converted to attack submarines because they could not accommodate an anti-ship guidance radar. Then SS-N-3 ASCM was eventually replaced with the SS-N-12 (P-500). Later, the Charlie- and Oscar-classes were designed to use long-range ASCMs, the SS-N-9 (P-120) and SS-N-19 (P-700) respectively. Only the Oscar-class remains in service. The current Akula- and Severodvinsk-class submarines are armed with the SS-N-21 (S-10) LACM.[2]

Jane's Defence Weekly reports that the Dolphin-class submarines are believed to be nuclear armed, offering Israel a sea based second strike capability. In adherence to Missile Technology Control Regime rules the US Clinton administration refused an Israeli request in 2000 to purchase Tomahawk long range SLCMs. The Federation of American Scientists and GlobalSecurity.org report that the four larger torpedo tubes are capable of launching Israeli built nuclear-armed Popeye Turbo cruise missiles[3]

The fore section of a US attack submarine with the doors of the vertical launch system for Tomahawk missiles in the open position

Specific types of SLCMs (LACMs unless noted) include:

[7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  • Gardiner and Chumbley, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, Conway Maritime Press, 1995, ISBN 1-55750-132-7

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine-launched_cruise_missile — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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185 news items

The Diplomat

The Diplomat
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 05:18:45 -0800

Pakistan is also likely to develop sea-based nuclear capabilities with the submarine-launched cruise missile Hatf-VII (Babur). Both countries seek to develop their own version of the nuclear triad, which incorporates air-based, land-based, and sea ...

ABC News

ABC News
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 00:39:08 -0800

That could be done, they said, by hitting it with a submarine-launched cruise missile armed with a high-explosive warhead. Carter, who served as deputy defense secretary from 2011 to 2013, spearheading a lot of budget priorities as the department moved ...

570 News

570 News
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 21:28:01 -0800

That could be done, Carter and Perry said, by hitting it with a submarine-launched cruise missile armed with a high-explosive warhead. “The carefully engineered test bed for North Korea's nascent nuclear missile force would be destroyed, and its ...

IBNLive

Naval Technology
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 04:00:00 -0800

China Aerospace Science and Industry (CASIC) has unveiled its new CM-708UNA submarine-launched cruise missile at the tenth China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition in Zhuhai. Designed for launch through a torpedo tube, the CM-708UNA ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 07:01:11 -0700

The submarine-launched cruise missile strike capability was once again demonstrated during the Libyan conflict in 2011, when Michigan's sister-ship USS Florida (SSGN 728) launched over 90 TLAMs in support of coalition operations against the Gaddafi ...
 
DefenseNews.com (subscription)
Sat, 26 May 2012 07:45:19 -0700

“I have not seen verifiable evidence of any tests for a submarine-launched version, but it is perfectly feasible that a [submarine-launched cruise missile] is now available.” Analyst Usman Shabbir, with the Pakistan Military Consortium think tank, said ...
 
RT
Sat, 26 Jan 2013 00:20:51 -0800

Russia's leading shipyard finished deep modernization of the Indian submarine INS Sindhurakshak (Sea giant). Armed with latest multi-role missile system, radar and electronics, the sub promises to become the game-changing backbone of the Indian Navy.
 
Journal of Turkish Weekly
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 06:41:15 -0700

In fact, according to Hans Kristensen, Russia is developing an INF category ground-launched cruise missile, the R-500, which is a replica of the submarine-launched cruise missile SS-N-21.The blame game regarding INF Treaty violations has continued and ...
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