digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A stumpery under construction for the Hampton Court Flower Show

A stumpery is a garden feature similar to a rockery but made from parts of dead trees. This can take the form of whole stumps, logs, pieces of bark or even worked timber such as railway sleepers or floorboards. The pieces are arranged artistically and plants, typically ferns, mosses and lichens are encouraged to grow around or on them. They provide a feature for the garden and a habitat for several types of wildlife. The first stumpery was built in 1856 at Biddulph Grange and they remained popular in Victorian Britain.

A stumpery traditionally consists of tree stumps arranged upside-down or on their sides to show the root structure but logs, driftwood or large pieces of bark can also be used.[1] The stumps can be used individually or attached together to form a structure such as a wall or arch. Stumperies can vary in size from a handful of logs to large displays containing dozens of full tree stumps.[2] The use of storm-damaged or diseased trees is not uncommon and can save the landowner the cost of their removal.[1][3] Where tree stumps are unavailable a more modern, angular look can be achieved by using railway sleepers or old oak floorboards and some companies sell waste timber or driftwood specifically for the purpose of constructing stumperies.[2] Plants such as ferns, mosses and lichens are often encouraged to grow around and on the stumpery.[2] Stumperies provide a home for wildlife and have been known to host stag beetles, toads and small mammals.[4][5]

Part of the stumpery at the Château de Chaumont, central France

Stumperies have been described as "Victorian horticultural oddities" and were popular features of 19th-century gardens.[4] The reasons for their popularity vary but it may be a result of the Romantic Movement which emphasised the beauty of nature.[6] Their popularity may also be attributed to the increasing popularity of ferns as garden plants at the time. Ferns were very fashionable and hundreds of new species were introduced to Britain from around the world. The stumpery made an ideal habitat for these shade-loving plants.[2] Additionally stumperies may have been used in place of rockeries in areas where suitable rocks were in short supply.[7] Their popularity is once again on the rise.[3]

The first stumpery to be built, at Biddulph Grange, Staffordshire, in 1856, was designed by the artist and gardener Edward William Cooke for the estate's owner James Bateman.[1] The stumpery at Biddulph Grange consists of stumps placed into a 10 feet (3.0 m) wall either side of a garden path and used as a scaffold for the growth of ferns.[1][6] A famous modern stumpery is that at Highgrove House, Gloucestershire, the home of Prince Charles, which is considered to be the largest stumpery in Britain.[8] The Prince built the stumpery from sweet chestnut roots, held in place by steel bars, when he first purchased the estate in 1980, and it now provides a home for organically grown ferns, hellebores and hostas.[5][7] The largest stumpery in the United States is at Vashon Island in Washington.[6] It rivals the Highgrove stumpery in size, measuring 9,000 square feet (840 m2) and including around 95 separate tree stumps.[6] Stumperies can sometimes be mistaken for garden rubbish; indeed, when Prince Philip first saw his son's stumpery, he remarked: "When are you going to set fire to this lot?".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mallory, Julie (1 June 2007), "Stumpery makes good use of storm debris", Evansville Courier & Press 
  2. ^ a b c d Klein, Carol (20 November 2003), "Turn your eyesore into an asset", Daily Telegraph 
  3. ^ a b Layton, Karen, Stumped? Turn an eyesore into a garden asset (PDF), retrieved 2009-02-01 
  4. ^ a b The Wildlife Trusts; Royal Horticultural Society, Cheshire garden wins silver!, retrieved 2009-02-01 
  5. ^ a b c Sturgeon, Andy (16 December 2006), "Anatomy of a garden: Highgrove Stumpery", The Guardian 
  6. ^ a b c d Easton, Valorie (25 May 2008), "In this island woodland, stumped is not a bad thing", Seattle Times 
  7. ^ a b Hughes, Roger (Autumn 2003), "Fern Garden Stumpery" (PDF), Stephen F. Austin State University: Arboretum News 
  8. ^ Russell, Tony, "The Gardens at Highgrove", Country Gardener [dead link]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stumpery — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

129 news items

Horticulture Week

Horticulture Week
Fri, 01 May 2015 04:26:15 -0700

Horticulture students from the college have this year looked to the past for inspiration for their garden, which will be on show in the Great Pavilion, and brought a Victorian idea right up to date with their modern take on a stumpery, the college said ...

Barnet Press

Barnet Press
Wed, 20 May 2015 04:30:52 -0700

The Capel Manor team have designed a modern take on the Victorian concept of a stumpery – an arrangement of tree stumps, logs and pieces of wood with planting in and around them, often featuring ferns, mosses and fungi. Typically, tree stumps are ...

West Sussex County Times

West Sussex County Times
Fri, 15 May 2015 03:30:00 -0700

Complementing the tall flower theme, the Echium has become a talking point in Arundel Castle's artistic Stumpery. With striking spear-like leaves, the 12-13 foot tall flowers tower above the Stumpery's upturned tree roots adding yet another dimension ...

Joplin Globe

Joplin Globe
Wed, 31 Dec 2014 14:22:42 -0800

In Victorian times, during the height of the Romantic movement which emphasized the beauty of nature, a stumpery was a popular part of a 19th century garden. A feature similar to a rockery, a stumpery was created of artistically arranged stumps, logs, ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 15 May 2015 10:13:02 -0700

This particular patch, created over 10 years, measures only 20ft x 18ft, but is crammed with theatrical features: a temple folly with mirror inserts, inspired by a doorway from Pompeii; Italianate statuary; a stumpery; and moss-covered grotto with ...

Enfield Independent

Enfield Independent
Wed, 06 May 2015 01:26:07 -0700

“A stumpery adds an attractive and interesting dimension to a garden and is the perfect spot for many shade-loving plants. A stumpery is an ideal way to recycle tree stumps rather than having them removed from your garden. By re-using logs and old ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Sat, 02 May 2015 23:00:36 -0700

At the end of the garden through a door in the wall is the Stumpery – where dead tree stumps and roots are laid out on the woodland floor to gothic effect. The secret wood is full of Himalayan blue poppies in early summer. There is a tea room in the ...

Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 05:22:30 -0700

And in the Wild Flower Garden, by the Stumpery, there are more than 8,000 mixed tulips. Anybody who wants to see a good choice of tulips in bloom before they order their own bulbs for planting in autumn should visit the West Sussex estate. But for ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight