digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

In logic a statement is either (a) a meaningful declarative sentence that is either true or false, or (b) that which a true or false declarative sentence asserts. In the latter case, a statement is distinct from a sentence in that a sentence is only one formulation of a statement, whereas there may be many other formulations expressing the same statement.

Philosopher of language, Peter Strawson advocated the use of the term "statement" in sense (b) in preference to proposition. Strawson used the term "Statement" to make the point that two declarative sentences can make the same statement if they say the same thing in different ways. Thus in the usage advocated by Strawson, "All men are mortal." and "Every man is mortal." are two different sentences that make the same statement.

In either case a statement is viewed as a truth bearer.

Examples of sentences that are (or make) statements:

  • "Socrates is a man."
  • "A triangle has three sides."
  • "Madrid is the capital of Spain."

Examples of sentences that are not (or do not make) statements:

  • "Who are you?"
  • "Run!"
  • "Greenness perambulates"
  • "I had one grunch but the eggplant over there."
  • "The King of France is wise."
  • "Broccoli tastes good."
  • "Pegasus exists."

The first two examples are not declarative sentences and therefore are not (or do not make) statements. The third and fourth are declarative sentences but, lacking meaning, are neither true nor false and therefore are not (or do not make) statements. The fifth and sixth examples are meaningful declarative sentences, but are not statements but rather matters of opinion or taste. Whether or not the sentence "Pegasus exists." is a statement is a subject of debate among philosophers. Bertrand Russell held that it is a (false) statement. Strawson held it is not a statement at all.

Statement as an abstract entity[edit]

In some treatments "statement" is introduced in order to distinguish a sentence from its informational content. A statement is regarded as the information content of an information-bearing sentence. Thus, a sentence is related to the statement it bears like a numeral to the number it refers to. Statements are abstract logical entities, while sentences are grammatical entities.[1][2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rouse
  2. ^ Ruzsa 2000, p. 16

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statement_(logic) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
440392 videos foundNext > 

Understanding Logical Statements 1

U12_L1_T2_we1 Understanding Logical Statements 1.

Logic - Conditional Statement

An introduction to the conditional statement "if then" sentences.

Logic7 Proofs in Statement Logic

Constructing proofs in Statement Logic, using the Power of Logic Web Tutor, implicational rules and some equivalence rules.

Logic3 Statement Logic Symbolizing

Symbolizing English sentences into Statement Logic (also known as Sentential Logic and Propositional Logic) with the Power of Logic Web Tutor -- includes hin...

Python Tutorial 17 - if Statement Boolean Logic

In this video we begin the topic of logic. When it comes to conditionals, the end value can only be true or false. This video will talk about how python uses...

Logic Games - 1) Conditional Statements

LSAT Logic Games - Conditional Statements www.teachingcenter.ufl.edu/vsi PDF: https://teachingcenter.ufl.edu/vsi/docs/cs1.pdf Visit our LSAT playlist for mor...

SQL Server - Query Table Record Data via TSQL - SELECT CASE statement logic and field concatenation

How to concatenate fields in a query and how to use the CASE statement. This tutorial covers not only how to concatenate two fields but also how to use the C...

English Statement to Symbolic Logic Form

English Statement to Symbolic Logic Form.

Excel 2013 Training -- Logical Function - If Statement - Excel Training Tutorial

Get my free 3 hour Excel 2013 course. Get 17 training videos to help you learn MS Excel 2013. Click here to get the free course: https://simonsezit.leadpages...

Logic and Truth Tables - Part 5: Variations of the Conditional Statement

The conditional statement and the variations of the conditional statement are clearly explained in this video. These include the converse, inverse, and contr...

440392 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

HotNewHipHop

HotNewHipHop
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 15:52:30 -0700

In a new interview with Complex, Logic reveals that OB described his album as "Graduation meets [good kid], m.A.A.d city," which is quite a lofty statement. Logic's full explanation is as follows: “We had our homie OB come to listen. He's a producer ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Statement (logic)

You can talk about Statement (logic) with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!