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Relief map depicting St George's Channel and the Irish Sea
Edmond Halley's solar eclipse 1715 map showing St. George's Channel

St George's Channel (Welsh: Sianel San Siôr, Irish: Muir Bhreatan[1]) is a sea channel connecting the Irish Sea to the north and the Celtic Sea to the southwest.[2]

Historically, the name "St Georges Channel" was used interchangeably with "Irish Sea" or "Irish Channel" to encompass all the waters between Ireland to the west and Great Britain to the east.[3][4] Later[when?] it was restricted to the portion separating Wales from Leinster,[3][4] sometimes extending south to the waters between the West Country of England and East Munster;[4] the latter have since the 1970s come to be called the Celtic Sea. In Ireland "St George's Channel" is now usually taken to refer only to the narrowest part of the channel, between Carnsore Point in Wexford and St David's Head in Pembrokeshire. However, it remains common in Ireland to talk about a cross-channel trip, cross-channel soccer, etc., where "cross-channel" means "to/from Great Britain".[5]

The current (third, 1953) edition of the International Hydrographic Organization's publication Limits of Oceans and Seas defines the southern limit of "Irish Sea and St. George's Channel" as "A line joining St. David's Head (51°54′N 5°19′W / 51.900°N 5.317°W / 51.900; -5.317) to Carnsore Point (52°10′N 6°22′W / 52.167°N 6.367°W / 52.167; -6.367)"; it does not define the two waterbodies separately.[6] The 2002 draft fourth edition omits the "and St. George's Channel" part of the label.[7]

A 2004 letter from the St.George's Channel Shipping Company to Seascapes, an RTÉ Radio programme, said that St George's Channel bordered the Irish coast between Howth Head and Kilmore Quay, and criticised contributors to the programme who had used "Irish Sea" for these waters.[8]

The name "St George's Channel" is recorded in 1578[9] in Martin Frobisher's record of his second voyage. It is said to derive from a legend that Saint George had voyaged to Roman Britain from the Byzantine Empire, approaching Britain via the channel that bears his name.[10] The name was popularised by English settlers in Ireland after the Plantations.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muir Bhreatan". logainm.ie. Placenames Branch (Department of Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs). Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P.Saundry & C.Cleveland. encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. ^ a b c Andrews, John Harwood (January 1997). Shapes of Ireland: maps and their makers 1564–1839. Geography Publications. pp. 87–€“8, 155. ISBN 978-0-906602-95-9. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Thomas Curtis, ed. (1839). "George's Channel (St.)". The London encyclopaedia 10. p. 133. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Heslinga, Marcus Willem (1979). The Irish border as a cultural divide: a contribution to the study of regionalism in the British Isles. Van Gorcum. p. 8. ISBN 978-90-232-0864-8. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 18 September 2010.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  7. ^ Choo, Sungjae (2007). "The Cases of International Standardization of Sea Names and Their Implications for Justifying the Name East Sea". Journal of the Korean Geographical Society 42 (5): 751; Table 3, footnote. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Seascapes News Summary". RTÉ.ie. 30 September 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Isaac (1896). "St. George's Channel". Names and their histories, alphabetically arranged as a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature. Rivington, Percival. p. 243. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Room, Adrian (2006). "St George's Channel". Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites. McFarland. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°45′W / 52.083°N 5.750°W / 52.083; -5.750


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George's_Channel — Please support Wikipedia.
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80 news items

 
Cape Breton Post
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 08:30:00 -0800

On Sunday, from 9 a.m.-12 p.m., breakfast will be served at the St. George's Channel Hall. Admission is adults $7 and children $4. The event is sponsored by the South Mountain Arm of Gold Community Association. For a perfect way to start the holidays, ...

The Telegram

The Telegram
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:41:12 -0800

St. George's Channel. If you'd like to send a comment for publication,. please email susan@48degrees.ca. Organizations: Castlemartyr Resort, Sacred Heart Catholic Church, NHL Guinness Newfoundland Hotel. Geographic location: Mogeely, Dublin, Ireland ...
 
Royal Gazette
Sat, 22 Mar 2014 04:03:45 -0700

In the distance, ships are transiting St George's Channel, while in the centre of the painting stands the Royal Artillery Mess (also painted by Savage) and another large building, possibly the one lost in a recent hurricane. Perhaps abandoned during a ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 17:50:38 -0800

The great predators of Britain's seas need protection from over-fishing, pollution, boat traffic and marine development, a report says. The Wildlife Trusts are calling on the government to create 17 protected zones for whales, dolphins, porpoises and ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Run by jovial farmer Hugh Harries (now 80) and his offspring, this traditional-feeling campsite offers three fields, all with fantastic views over St George's Channel, for 60 tents and caravans, plus a four-man bunkhouse in a converted barn for walkers.
 
Cape Breton Post
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 04:20:10 -0700

7 p.m., Regular monthly meeting for St. George's Channel at the community hall. Sponsored by the South Mountain Arm of Gold Community Association. SYDNEY. 9-10 a.m. Seniors swimming at Kiwanis Pool, Prince Street. Phone the Kiwanis Pool for more ...

ITV News

ITV News
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 16:33:45 -0800

Two stretches of the Northumberland coastline have been identified by conservationists as aquatic hotspots that should be protected by law. The Farnes East and Coquet to St Mary's islands is one of 17 important locations around the UK coastline ...
 
Cape Breton Post
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 04:37:30 -0700

9 a.m.-12 p.m. A country breakfast at the St. George's Channel Hall. Sponsored by the Southwest Arm Community Group. SYDNEY. 9 a.m.-3 p.m., Craft sale, sponsored by the Bras d'Or Craft Guild at St. George's Hall, Nepean Street. Local craftmanship.
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