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Relief map depicting St George's Channel and the Irish Sea
Edmond Halley's solar eclipse 1715 map showing St. George's Channel

St George's Channel (Welsh: Sianel San Siôr, Irish: Muir Bhreatan[1]) is a sea channel connecting the Irish Sea to the north and the Celtic Sea to the southwest.[2]

Historically, the name "St George's Channel" was used interchangeably with "Irish Sea" or "Irish Channel" to encompass all the waters between Ireland to the west and Great Britain to the east.[3][4] Later[when?] it was restricted to the portion separating Wales from Leinster,[3][4] sometimes extending south to the waters between the West Country of England and East Munster;[4] the latter have since the 1970s come to be called the Celtic Sea. In Ireland "St George's Channel" is now usually taken to refer only to the narrowest part of the channel, between Carnsore Point in Wexford and St David's Head in Pembrokeshire. However, it remains common in Ireland to talk about a cross-channel trip, cross-channel soccer, etc., where "cross-channel" means "to/from Great Britain".[5]

The current (third, 1953) edition of the International Hydrographic Organization's publication Limits of Oceans and Seas defines the southern limit of "Irish Sea and St. George's Channel" as "A line joining St. David's Head (51°54′N 5°19′W / 51.900°N 5.317°W / 51.900; -5.317) to Carnsore Point (52°10′N 6°22′W / 52.167°N 6.367°W / 52.167; -6.367)"; it does not define the two waterbodies separately.[6] The 2002 draft fourth edition omits the "and St. George's Channel" part of the label.[7]

A 2004 letter from the St.George's Channel Shipping Company to Seascapes, an RTÉ Radio programme, said that St George's Channel bordered the Irish coast between Howth Head and Kilmore Quay, and criticised contributors to the programme who had used "Irish Sea" for these waters.[8]

The name "St George's Channel" is recorded in 1578[9] in Martin Frobisher's record of his second voyage. It is said to derive from a legend that Saint George had voyaged to Roman Britain from the Byzantine Empire, approaching Britain via the channel that bears his name.[10] The name was popularised by English settlers in Ireland after the Plantations.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muir Bhreatan". logainm.ie. Placenames Branch (Department of Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs). Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P.Saundry & C.Cleveland. encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. ^ a b c Andrews, John Harwood (January 1997). Shapes of Ireland: maps and their makers 1564–1839. Geography Publications. pp. 87–€“8, 155. ISBN 978-0-906602-95-9. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Thomas Curtis, ed. (1839). "George's Channel (St.)". The London encyclopaedia 10. p. 133. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Heslinga, Marcus Willem (1979). The Irish border as a cultural divide: a contribution to the study of regionalism in the British Isles. Van Gorcum. p. 8. ISBN 978-90-232-0864-8. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 18 September 2010.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  7. ^ Choo, Sungjae (2007). "The Cases of International Standardization of Sea Names and Their Implications for Justifying the Name East Sea" (PDF). Journal of the Korean Geographical Society 42 (5): 751; Table 3, footnote. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Seascapes News Summary". RTÉ.ie. 30 September 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Isaac (1896). "St. George's Channel". Names and their histories, alphabetically arranged as a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature. Rivington, Percival. p. 243. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Room, Adrian (2006). "St George's Channel". Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites. McFarland. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°45′W / 52.083°N 5.750°W / 52.083; -5.750


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George's_Channel — Please support Wikipedia.
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125234 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

EQ3D ALERT: 3/29/15 - 7.8 magnitude earthquake in St Georges Channel

Update* Downgraded to a 7.5M...........Major quake between Latangai Island and East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea...........Earthquake watch! be prepared. Free app download: http://www.w.

Sunrise Over England (St. George's Channel)

Short video taken from the 2nd last row on a BA 747-400 enroute to London-Heathrow Airport. You can clearly see the contrails from our plane visible in the sunlight.

Dolphins, Minkie Whales in St Georges Channel, June 2012

A large pod of Common Dolphins and two Minkie Whales right at the end, while sailing from Courtown, Co. Wexford in Ireland to Land's End in June 2010 http://www.courtownharbour.com/

North St George's Channel rMCZ

North St George's Channel rMCZ is an awesome site not only for it marine life but also its geology, join Lindsay and support its designation. www.wildlifetrusts.org/MCZfriends.

Bermuda Cruiseship Through St. George's Channel

Cruise ship travelling through St. George's Channel. Up close and personal!

HAWG & HEN BBQ, St Georges Channel Hall Dundee Nova Scotia

Arianne & Andy playing for the Hawg pullers the night before the BBQ.

beautiful harbour in Dun Laoghaire Mallin - St. George's Channel ( Ireland )

piękny port na Kanale Św. Grzegorza mijany po drodze z Dublina do Bray.

EQ3D ALERT: 3/15/15 - 5.9 magnitude earthquake in the St Georges Channel

Deep quake off the coast of East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea...............Earthquake watch! be prepared. Free app download: http://www.wolton.net/quake.html links: http://earthquaketr...

Avenue Q - St. George's School of Montreal

St. George's High School presented the musical Avenue Q from March 26-28, 2014. The show was a success, selling out all three nights - congratulations to the talented cast and crew!

125234 videos foundNext > 

87 news items

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 02:00:00 -0700

The name of St George's Channel, which lies between the coasts of south-west Wales and south-east Ireland, is one of only a handful of watery connections that St George still has in England, though there is also an invocation of the saint travelling by ...

Ancient Origins

Ancient Origins
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 20:27:33 -0700

One well-noted feature of Bardsey Island is the Bardsey Lighthouse. It sits upon the peninsula at the southern tip of the island, and helps to guide vessels through St. George's Channel. The lighthouse was built by Trinity House (a private corporation ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 17:41:15 -0800

The great predators of Britain's seas need protection from over-fishing, pollution, boat traffic and marine development, a report says. The Wildlife Trusts are calling on the government to create 17 protected zones for whales, dolphins, porpoises and ...

Times Colonist

Times Colonist
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 13:49:15 -0800

The battle was fought at night on a calm sea in St. George's Channel, one of the main convoy routes that funnelled much-needed supplies into Britain during the war. According to naval archives and research conducted by Simpson's grandson, U-1302, a new ...
 
Cape Breton Post
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 06:15:06 -0800

9 a.m.-12 p.m. A country breakfast at the St. George's Channel Hall. Sponsored by the Southwest Arm Community Group. SYDNEY. 2 p.m., C.B. Parkinsons Group will meet at the Grand Lake Fire Department hall. All members are requested to be present.
 
Cape Breton Post
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 03:18:45 -0700

Cape Breton Community Calendar is a public service listing of community events sponsored by non-profit groups. To ensure adequate advance publication, submit notices at least two weeks prior to the event. Limit announcements to 24 words or less.

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 12:26:15 -0800

They are as large as Brookfield, Bridgewater and Tatamagouche; and as small as St. George's Channel, Lismore and Area, and Paq'tnkek Mi'kmak Nation. When the lieutenant governor arrives for each local award day, residents are there in full force, ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Tue, 03 Feb 2015 22:16:27 -0800

As dawn broke on September 11 they steamed through St George's Channel, rounded Cape Gazelle and came to Herbertshohe (Kokopo) and anchored a short distance off shore. They had reached enemy territory at last, having taken 24 days to cover the ...
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