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Relief map depicting St George's Channel and the Irish Sea
Edmond Halley's solar eclipse 1715 map showing St. George's Channel

St George's Channel (Welsh: Sianel San Siôr, Irish: Muir Bhreatan[1]) is a sea channel connecting the Irish Sea to the north and the Celtic Sea to the southwest.[2]

Historically, the name "St George's Channel" was used interchangeably with "Irish Sea" or "Irish Channel" to encompass all the waters between Ireland to the west and Great Britain to the east.[3][4] Later[when?] it was restricted to the portion separating Wales from Leinster,[3][4] sometimes extending south to the waters between the West Country of England and East Munster;[4] the latter have since the 1970s come to be called the Celtic Sea. In Ireland "St George's Channel" is now usually taken to refer only to the narrowest part of the channel, between Carnsore Point in Wexford and St David's Head in Pembrokeshire. However, it remains common in Ireland to talk about a cross-channel trip, cross-channel soccer, etc., where "cross-channel" means "to/from Great Britain".[5]

The current (third, 1953) edition of the International Hydrographic Organization's publication Limits of Oceans and Seas defines the southern limit of "Irish Sea and St. George's Channel" as "A line joining St. David's Head (51°54′N 5°19′W / 51.900°N 5.317°W / 51.900; -5.317) to Carnsore Point (52°10′N 6°22′W / 52.167°N 6.367°W / 52.167; -6.367)"; it does not define the two waterbodies separately.[6] The 2002 draft fourth edition omits the "and St. George's Channel" part of the label.[7]

A 2004 letter from the St.George's Channel Shipping Company to Seascapes, an RTÉ Radio programme, said that St George's Channel bordered the Irish coast between Howth Head and Kilmore Quay, and criticised contributors to the programme who had used "Irish Sea" for these waters.[8]

The name "St George's Channel" is recorded in 1578[9] in Martin Frobisher's record of his second voyage. It is said to derive from a legend that Saint George had voyaged to Roman Britain from the Byzantine Empire, approaching Britain via the channel that bears his name.[10] The name was popularised by English settlers in Ireland after the Plantations.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muir Bhreatan". logainm.ie. Placenames Branch (Department of Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs). Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P.Saundry & C.Cleveland. encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. ^ a b c Andrews, John Harwood (January 1997). Shapes of Ireland: maps and their makers 1564–1839. Geography Publications. pp. 87–€“8, 155. ISBN 978-0-906602-95-9. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Thomas Curtis, ed. (1839). "George's Channel (St.)". The London encyclopaedia 10. p. 133. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Heslinga, Marcus Willem (1979). The Irish border as a cultural divide: a contribution to the study of regionalism in the British Isles. Van Gorcum. p. 8. ISBN 978-90-232-0864-8. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 18 September 2010.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  7. ^ Choo, Sungjae (2007). "The Cases of International Standardization of Sea Names and Their Implications for Justifying the Name East Sea" (PDF). Journal of the Korean Geographical Society 42 (5): 751; Table 3, footnote. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Seascapes News Summary". RTÉ.ie. 30 September 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Isaac (1896). "St. George's Channel". Names and their histories, alphabetically arranged as a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature. Rivington, Percival. p. 243. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Room, Adrian (2006). "St George's Channel". Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites. McFarland. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°45′W / 52.083°N 5.750°W / 52.083; -5.750


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George's_Channel — Please support Wikipedia.
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82 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 12 Aug 2015 16:05:30 -0700

The town is a beautiful Victorian resort with stunning views across St George's Channel to Scotland. Sadly for me, while it is cheaper than 75% of that particular studio flat in Hammersmith, the market here, while on the up, is mainly being driven by ...

Wexford People

Wexford People
Sat, 15 Aug 2015 05:56:15 -0700

Minnie continued to work on the cross-channel ferries during WW1 despite the danger from German U-Boats active in the Irish Sea and St George's Channel. When the war was over she was awarded the British War Medal with clasp and the Mercantile ...

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 02:08:09 -0700

The name of St George's Channel, which lies between the coasts of south-west Wales and south-east Ireland, is one of only a handful of watery connections that St George still has in England, though there is also an invocation of the saint travelling by ...

ITV News

ITV News
Sat, 06 Jun 2015 03:56:26 -0700

Sail training ship 'Lord Nelson' set sail from St Helier, Jersey on Wednesday after being stuck in the Channel Islands in gusts over 50 knots. Departing Cardiff later today, the 178ft ship will sail west through the Bristol Channel then head north ...
 
OE Digital
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 09:18:38 -0700

The new licences are in a range of locations from mature, well-explored basins, to frontier acreage in the Rockall Trough and St George's Channel Basin to the west of the UK, with licences awarded to both experienced operators and relatively new players.

The Guardian

The Guardian
Sat, 16 May 2015 16:05:22 -0700

Chuka Umunna's withdrawal from the Labour leadership race confirms what a demanding job it is. Photograph: Christian Sinibaldi for the Guardian. Saturday 16 May 2015 19.05 EDT. Share on Facebook · Share on Twitter · Share via Email · Share on ...

The Augusta Chronicle

The Augusta Chronicle
Sat, 09 May 2015 21:17:40 -0700

One-hundred years ago Thursday – May 7, 1915 – the British passenger ship Lusitania was cruising off the coast of Ireland near St. George's Channel when a young German submarine commander named Walther Schwieger happened to spot her through ...

Ancient Origins

Ancient Origins
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 20:27:33 -0700

One well-noted feature of Bardsey Island is the Bardsey Lighthouse. It sits upon the peninsula at the southern tip of the island, and helps to guide vessels through St. George's Channel. The lighthouse was built by Trinity House (a private corporation ...
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