digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This article is about the study of performance in sports. For the television show, see Sport Science (TV series).

Sport science is a discipline that studies the application of treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports medicine. The study of sport science traditionally incorporates areas of physiology, psychology, and biomechanics but also includes other topics such as nutrition and diet.

Sport scientists and performance consultants are growing in demand and employment numbers, with the ever-increasing focus within the sporting world on achieving the best results possible. Through the study of science and sport, researchers have developed a greater understanding on how the human body reacts to exercise, training, different environments and many other stimuli.

Origins of exercise physiology[edit]

Sport science can trace its origins to ancient Greece. The noted ancient Greek physician Galen (131–201) wrote 87 detailed essays about improving health (proper nutrition), aerobic fitness, and strengthening muscles. Assyrian Hunayn ibn Ishaq translated Galen's work, along with that of Hippocrates, into Arabic which lead to the spread of Greek physiology throughout the Middle East and Europe. Between 776 BC to 393 AD, the ancient Greek physicians planned the training regimens and diets of the Olympic competitors.

New ideas upon the working and functioning of the human body emerged during the renaissance as anatomists and physicians challenged the previously known theories. These spread with the implementation of the printed word, the result of Gutenberg's printing press in the 15th century. Allied with this was a large increase in academia in general, universities were forming all around the world. Importantly these new scholars went beyond the simplistic notions of the early Greek physicians, and shed light upon the complexities of the circulatory, and digestive systems. Furthermore by the middle of the 19th century early medical schools (such as the Harvard Medical School, formed 1782) began appearing in the United States, whose graduates went on to assume positions of importance in academia and allied medical research.

Medical journal publications increased increased significantly in number during this period. In 1898, three articles on physical activity appeared in the first volume of the American Journal of Physiology. Other articles and reviews subsequently appeared in prestigious journals. The German applied physiology publication, Internationale Zeitschrift fur Physiologie einschliesslich Arbeitphysiologie (1929–1940; now known as the European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology), became a significant journal in the field of research.

A number of key figures have made significant contributions to the discipline, including the following:

  • Austin Flint, Jr., (1836–1915) One of the first American pioneer physicians, studied physiological responses to exercise in his influential medical textbooks.
  • Edward Hitchcock, Jr., (1828–1911) Amherst College Professor of hygiene and physical education, devoted his academic career to the scientific study of physical exercise, training and the body. Coauthored 1860 text on exercise physiology.
  • George Wells Fitz, M.D. (1860–1934) Created the first departmental major in Anatomy, Physiology, and Physical Training at Harvard University in 1891.
  • August Krogh (1874–1949) Won the 1920 Nobel prize in physiology for discovering the mechanism that controlled capillary blood flow in resting or active muscle.
  • Per-Olof Astrand (1922–) Professor at the Department of physiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm. Wrote seminal paper which evaluated the physical working capacity of men and women aged 4–33 years.

Study of sport science[edit]

Higher-education degrees in sports science or human physiology are also becoming increasingly popular with many universities now offering both undergraduate, postgraduate and distance learning degrees in the discipline. Opportunities for graduates in these fields employment as a physical education teacher, dietician or nutritionist, performance analyst, sports coach, sports therapist, fitness centre manager, sports administrator, strength and conditioning specialist or retail manager of a sports store. Graduates may also be well positioned to undertake further training to become an accredited physiotherapist, exercise physiologist or clinical exercise consultant and sports medical doctor.

There are many noted institutions in the United Kingdom which run courses in sport and exercise sciences. Some of the better known are University of Kent – School of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Nottingham Trent UniversitySt Mary's University, Twickenham Durham, University of Derby (fastest rising in the league tables at this time 2014 Guardian League table)Leeds, Loughborough, Exeter, Oxford Brookes University, Bath, Bangor, Birmingham, University of Chichester, Edinburgh, Liverpool John Moores, University of Portsmouth, Manchester Metropolitan University (which does both onsite and distance learning delivery modes)

In the United States, institutions offering related degrees include University of Central Florida, University of Connecticut, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Ohio State University, University of Florida, University of Missouri and many others. An incomplete list can be found here.[1]

Academic journals in sport science[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_science — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Sport Science: Andrew Wiggins

ESPN Sport Science examines what sets Andrew Wiggins apart from everyone else in college hoops.

Sport Science: Kevin Love - World Record Shot

Kevin Love attempts to beat the world record shot.

Sport Science: Richard Sherman

Sport Science examines Seahawks CB Richard Sherman's speed, size and anticipation, which makes him one of the most dangerous defensive backs in the NFL.

Sports Science: Vernon Davis

Sport Science host John Brenkus tries to single handedly stop NFL tight end Vernon Davis fron running 20 yards Read about more amazing athletic feats: http:/...

Sports Science asks, "Who has faster hands --an NBA point guard, or legendary rock drummer?"

Who has faster hands - NBA phenom Jerryd Bayless, or legendary rock drummer Matt Sorum? Read about more amazing athletic feats: http://www.amazon.com/Perfect...

Sport Science: LeBron James vs Kevin Durant

Sport Science: LeBron James vs Kevin Durant Please subscribe! All rights belong to their respective owners!

Sports Science: "World Record Kick to the Groin" Part 1

How much punishment can the human body withstand? Sports Science explores Combat Ki with the help of Rod Sacharnoski and American Gladiator Justice. Read abo...

Sports Science: NFL Quarterback Vs. Gunslinger

NFL QB Trent Edwards takes on a real life gunslinger to see who really is the quick draw .Read about more amazing athletic feats: http://www.amazon.com/Perfe...

Sport Science Happy Gilmore

Happy Gilmore segment from Sport Science on FSN.

Sport Science - Episode 5 - Out of Control - Bad Calls

Jim Evans, John Brenkus, Base Productions Inside look at the difficulties of being an umpire. BASE Productions.

1000000 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Sports science" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Sports science

You can talk about Sports science with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!