digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the study of performance in sports. For the television show, see Sport Science (TV series).

Sport science is a discipline that studies how the healthy human body works during exercise, and how sport and physical activity promote health from cellular to whole body perspectives. The study of Sport Science traditionally incorporates areas of Physiology, Psychology, Anatomy, Biomechanics and Biochemistry. Sport Scientists and performance consultants are growing in demand and employment numbers, with the ever-increasing focus within the sporting world on achieving the best results possible. Through the study of Science and Sport, researchers have developed a greater understanding on how the human body reacts to exercise, training, different environments and many other stimuli.

Origins of Exercise Physiology[edit]

Sport Science can trace its origins to ancient Greece. The noted ancient Greek physician Galen (131–201) wrote 87 detailed essays about improving health (proper nutrition), aerobic fitness, and strengthening muscles. Assyrian Hunayn ibn Ishaq translated Galen's work, along with that of Hippocrates, into Arabic which lead to the spread of Greek physiology throughout the Middle East and Europe. Between 776 BC to 393 AD, the ancient Greek physicians planned the training regimens and diets of the Olympic competitors.

New ideas upon the working and functioning of the human body emerged during the renaissance as anatomists and physicians challenged the previously known theories. These spread with the implementation of the printed word, the result of Gutenberg's printing press in the 15th century. Allied with this was a large increase in academia in general, universities were forming all around the world. Importantly these new scholars went beyond the simplistic notions of the early Greek physicians, and shed light upon the complexities of the circulatory, and digestive systems. Furthermore by the middle of the 19th century early medical schools (such as the Harvard Medical School, formed 1782) began appearing in the United States, whose graduates went on to assume positions of importance in academia and allied medical research.

Medical journal publications increased increased significantly in number during this period. In 1898, three articles on physical activity appeared in the first volume of the American Journal of Physiology. Other articles and reviews subsequently appeared in prestigious journals. The German applied physiology publication, Internationale Zeitschrift fur Physiologie einschliesslich Arbeitphysiologie (1929–1940; now known as the European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology), became a significant journal in the field of research.

A number of key figures have made significant contributions to the discipline, including the following:

  • Austin Flint, Jr., (1836–1915) One of the first American pioneer physicians, studied physiological responses to exercise in his influential medical textbooks.
  • Edward Hitchcock, Jr., (1828–1911) Amherst College Professor of hygiene and physical education, devoted his academic career to the scientific study of physical exercise, training and the body. Coauthored 1860 text on exercise physiology.
  • George Wells Fitz, M.D. (1860–1934) Created the first departmental major in Anatomy, Physiology, and Physical Training at Harvard University in 1891.
  • August Krogh (1874–1949) Won the 1920 Nobel prize in physiology for discovering the mechanism that controlled capillary blood flow in resting or active muscle.
  • Per-Olof Astrand (1922–) Professor at the Department of physiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm. Wrote seminal paper which evaluated the physical working capacity of men and women aged 4–33 years.

Study of Sport Science[edit]

Higher-education degrees in Sports Science or Human Physiology are also becoming increasingly popular with many universities now offering both undergraduate, postgraduate and distance learning degrees in the discipline. Opportunities for graduates in these fields employment as a Physical Education teacher, Dietician or Nutritionist, Performance Analyst, Sports coach, Sports therapist, Fitness centre manager, Sports administrator, Strength and Conditioning specialist or retail manager of a Sports store. Graduates may also be well positioned to undertake further training to become an accredited Physiotherapist, Exercise Physiologist, Research Scientist and Sports Medical Doctor.

There are many noted institutions in the United Kingdom which run courses in Sport Science. Some of the better known are St Mary's University, Twickenham University of Kent – School of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Durham, University of Derby (fastest rising in the league tables at this time 2014 Guardian League table)Leeds, Loughborough, Exeter, Oxford Brookes University, Bath, Bangor, Birmingham, University of Chichester, Edinburgh, Liverpool John Moores, University of Portsmouth, Manchester Metropolitan University (which does both onsite and distance learning delivery modes)

In the United States, institutions offering related degrees include University of Central Florida, University of Connecticut, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Ohio State University, University of Florida, University of Missouri and many others. An incomplete list can be found here.[1]

Academic journals in Sport Science[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_science — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Sport Science: Kevin Love - World Record Shot

Kevin Love attempts to beat the world record shot.

Sport Science: Andrew Wiggins

ESPN Sport Science examines what sets Andrew Wiggins apart from everyone else in college hoops.

Sport Science: Richard Sherman

Sport Science examines Seahawks CB Richard Sherman's speed, size and anticipation, which makes him one of the most dangerous defensive backs in the NFL.

Sports Science: Vernon Davis

Sport Science host John Brenkus tries to single handedly stop NFL tight end Vernon Davis fron running 20 yards Read about more amazing athletic feats: http:/...

Sports Science asks, "Who has faster hands --an NBA point guard, or legendary rock drummer?"

Who has faster hands - NBA phenom Jerryd Bayless, or legendary rock drummer Matt Sorum? Read about more amazing athletic feats: http://www.amazon.com/Perfect...

Sports Science: "World Record Kick to the Groin" Part 1

How much punishment can the human body withstand? Sports Science explores Combat Ki with the help of Rod Sacharnoski and American Gladiator Justice. Read abo...

Sports Science: NFL Quarterback Vs. Gunslinger

NFL QB Trent Edwards takes on a real life gunslinger to see who really is the quick draw .Read about more amazing athletic feats: http://www.amazon.com/Perfe...

Sport Science - Episode 5 - Out of Control - Bad Calls

Jim Evans, John Brenkus, Base Productions Inside look at the difficulties of being an umpire. BASE Productions.

Sport Science Happy Gilmore

Happy Gilmore segment from Sport Science on FSN.

Sports Science: Ray Lewis Vs. Battering Ram

NFL Superstar Ray Lewis takes on a real life SWAT team battering ram on Sports Science! Read about more amazing athletic feats: http://www.amazon.com/Perfect...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

9095 news items

 
CBSSports.com
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Chip Kelly is taking the NFL by storm and not just with his high-octane offense. It's his off-field training and sports-science stuff that's changing the way everyone could approach the game. Chip won't pull back the curtain on what he's doing to train ...

MiamiHerald.com (blog)

MiamiHerald.com (blog)
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 21:14:09 -0700

Read the column and find out how many other NFL teams are doing this kind of sports science stuff these days. "It provides us information on what guys are doing in practice," said head strength coach Darren Krein. "It gives us an in depth understanding ...
 
The Japan Times
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 23:33:45 -0700

Upon announcing its launch in July, the Tsukuba academy inked a partnership agreement with the Swiss-based International Academy of Sports Science and Technology (AISTS), an institution founded in 2000 by the International Olympic Committee and ...

Moto

Moto
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 07:26:15 -0700

Check out the March Sports Science Nutrition article for some top race day nutrition ideas. Tune in next month as Lewis Trickett shares his top tips for when returning from injury. Feel your riding is progressing, but think other factors are holding ...

CBSSports.com

ESPN (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:02:33 -0700

Matthews' younger brother Casey is a linebacker for the Eagles, but he said the two have not spent much time discussing the similarities of their respective team's use of sports science. Clay Matthews said he has done some reading about what the Eagles ...

Physical Therapy Products

Physical Therapy Products
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 11:17:23 -0700

In a news release issued by Seton Hall University, its School of Health and Medical Sciences (SHMS) highlights the establishment of the new Center for Interprofessional Education in Health Sciences (CIEHS) and the Institute for Advanced Study of ...

Bleacher Report

Bleacher Report
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 11:46:25 -0700

"I was on Sports Science earlier," she snaps back. "It was pretty cool." I ask if they came to Williamsport to talk with her. "I didn't know I was going to be on. I was playing Ping-Pong and Zion [Spearman, her teammate, sitting in the dugout with us ...

Central Michigan University Chippewas

Central Michigan University Chippewas
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 13:48:45 -0700

His primary role with the Chippewas will be key, as he will direct the program's sports science efforts. "Tomás is very unique," said McGahey. "Anytime you can find someone who is willing to volunteer their time with his experience at the youth level ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Sports science

You can talk about Sports science with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!