digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Spoken language, is language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to written language. Many languages have no written form, and so are only spoken. Oral language or vocal language is language produced with the vocal tract, as opposed to sign language, which is produced with the hands and face. The term "spoken language" is sometimes used to mean only vocal languages, especially by linguists, making all three terms synonyms by excluding sign languages. Others refer to sign language as "spoken", especially in contrast to written transcriptions of signs.[1][2][3]

In spoken language, much of the meaning is determined by the context. This contrasts with written language, where more of the meaning is provided directly by the text. In spoken language the truth of a proposition is determined by common-sense reference to experience, whereas in written language a greater emphasis is placed on logical and coherent argument; similarly, spoken language tends to convey subjective information, including the relationship between the speaker and the audience, whereas written language tends to convey objective information.[4]

The relationship between spoken language and written language is complex. Within the field of linguistics the current consensus is that speech is an innate human capability while written language is a cultural invention.[5] However some linguists, such as those of the Prague school, argue that written and spoken language possess distinct qualities which would argue against written language being dependent on spoken language for its existence.[6]

Both vocal and sign languages are composed of words. In vocal languages, words are made up from a limited set of vowels and consonants, and often tone; in sign languages, words are made up from a limited set of shapes, orientations, locations, and movements of the hands, and often facial expressions; in both cases, these building blocks are called phonemes. In both vocal and sign languages, words are grammatically and prosodically linked into phrases, clauses, and larger units of discourse.

Hearing children acquire as their first language whichever language is used around them, whether vocal or (if they are sighted) sign. Deaf children will do the same with sign language, if one is used around them; vocal language must be consciously taught to them, in the same way as written language must be taught to hearing children. (See oralism.)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nora Groce (1985) Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness on Martha's Vineyard
  2. ^ Harry Hoemann (1986) Introduction to American sign language
  3. ^ Brooks & Kempe (2012) Language Development
  4. ^ Tannen, Deborah (1982). Spoken and written language: exploring orality and literacy. Norwood, N.J.: ABLEX Pub. Corp. 
  5. ^ Pinker, S., & Bloom, P. (1990). Natural language and natural selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 707–784.
  6. ^ Aaron, P. G., & Joshi, R. M. (2006). Written language is as natural as spoken language: A biolinguistic perspective. Reading Psychology, 27(4), 263–311.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spoken_language — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Apprentice clip for spoken language

How does language reflect power and status?

Spoken Language Study: An Introduction

Hi everyone, I have written two revision guides based on my videos: The GCSE English Language & English Literature Revision Guide is a 90 page eBook which co...

AQA AS English Lang and Lit Spoken Language Essay

A guide to answering the spoken language essay on the AQA English Unit 2 paper.

GCSE English: Spoken Language Study

A video to help you to prepare for you GCSE English Spoken Language Study in which you may be asked to analyse the language of a public figure. This video fo...

Spoken Language Study: the Mark Scheme, (with sample answers)

Hi everyone, I have written two revision guides based on my videos: The GCSE English Language & English Literature Revision Guide is a 90 page eBook which co...

Top 10: Most Spoken Languages (by Native Speakers)

(3/10) What is the most spoken language in the world? This list only counts native speakers who class the languages shown as their first language. -- Legal -...

Kanzi Understands Spoken Language Kanzi Knows Spoken Language

Kanzi's ability to understand spoken language can be seen in this video. He is asked to find the lexigramsa or symbolsa for specific words. Copyright Sue Sav...

Latin Language Spoken Example 1

Latin Transcript: http://www.ganino.com/search/transcript.html Latin Dictionaries: http://www.ganino.com/latin_alphabet Credit goes to Goxmyx SPQR Flag 1500 ...

Top 10 spoken language's in the world 2013 "you count it" Census

2013 census on the top 10 languages. Countries in africa and asia are submitting there cencus reports for there first times.

Spoken Language Study: Multi Modal Talk

Hi everyone, I have written two revision guides based on my videos: The GCSE English Language & English Literature Revision Guide is a 90 page eBook which co...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

556 news items

Business Insider
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 07:09:34 -0700

New York City is an extremely cosmopolitan place, and walking around the city, one often hears a plethora of languages being spoken. The American Community Survey is a massive annual effort by the Census Bureau to measure various aspects of ...
News Shopper
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 07:54:33 -0700

Polish is the most popular in both Bromley and Lewisham after English and is the second most spoken language in England and Wales overall. The most second most spoken language in Greenwich is Nepalese and in Bexley it is Punjabi. The information ...

New York Times

New York Times
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:00:00 -0700

“You can have universal suffrage in 2017,” a male voice narrates in the 15-second TV ad, available in English and the local spoken language, Cantonese. “Your vote. Don't cast it away.” Regina Ip, head of the pro-Beijing New People's Party, said that ...

StreetWise Tech

StreetWise Tech
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 04:15:00 -0700

With that in mind, you can immediately say that there is a wide gap between translating written and spoken language and that is due to the fact that a huge number of machine translation systems currently are only taught by utilizing huge volumes of ...


Thu, 28 Aug 2014 05:00:09 -0700

Using the 'Spoken British National Corpus 2014', the team at Lancaster University and Cambridge University Press are shedding light on the way our spoken language changes over time. The study looks at the most characteristic words of today's Britain.

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 03:50:27 -0700

Finally, Dr Goldin-Meadow looked at deaf children whose hearing losses prevented them from learning spoken language, and whose hearing parents had not presented them with conventional sign language. These children use homemade gesture systems, ...

Latin Post

Latin Post
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 10:36:05 -0700

Santiago had experienced a blockage in the blood vessel that supplies the Wernicke area, the part of the brain that's involved in the understanding and control of written and spoken language. Her aphasia progressively worsened, and she wasn't able to ...

The Inquisitr

The Inquisitr
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 14:39:21 -0700

The Texas principal fired after stating she wanted English spoken in the classroom is now sharing her side of the story. Amy Lacey was the principal of Hempstead Middle School until she made national news headlines earlier this year after instructing ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Spoken language

You can talk about Spoken language with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!