digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the plant genus. For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor. For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum. For other uses, see Sorghum (disambiguation).
Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
L.
Species

About 30 species, see text

Sorghum is a genus of grasses with about 30 species, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants, either cultivated or as part of pasture. The plants are cultivated in warm climates worldwide. They are native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World and one species is endemic to Mexico; a number have been introduced into other parts of the world.[1] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe of Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugar cane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

A sorghum field in Central America

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[2] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[3] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. Sorghum bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia and is the "fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world".[4]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plant's growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[5]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[6]

Broomcorn[edit]

Sorghum vulgare var. technicum is commonly called broomcorn.[7] An annual grass like other Sorghums, it grows 6 to 15 feet tall, although dwarf varieties are only 3 to 7 feet in height. The upper peduncle is normally 8 to 18 in long, topped by a branched inflorescence or panicle, from which the seed-bearing fibers originate. The fibers are usually 12 to 24 inches long but can be up to 36 inches long; they are branched toward the tip where the flowers and seed grow. The seeds number about 30,000/pound, with feed value similar to oats. A ton of the fibrous panicle makes 900 to 1200 brooms.[7]

Plants selected for long panicle branches probably originated in central Africa, but the variety was known to be used for broom-making in the Mediterranean in the Dark Ages. It was first described in Italy in the late 1500s.[7]

Species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

  • Sorghum × almum
  • Sorghum × drummondii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=130722
  2. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Fabrice Sagnard, Moses Muraya, Ben Kanyenji, Bernard Rono, Caroline Mwongera, Charles Marangu, Joseph Kamau, Heiko Parzies, Santie de Villiers, Kassa Semagn, Pierre Traoré, Maryke Labuschagne (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333
  4. ^ Sorghum, U.S. Grains Council.
  5. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  6. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Broomcorn, Alternative Field Crops Manual, Purdue University, Accessed 14 Mar 2011.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorghum — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
33734 videos foundNext > 

2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest

The South Texas region from the Coastal Bend to the Rio Grande Valley represents a quarter of the U.S. grain sorghum production. This June, the Sorghum Check...

Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting

Follow us on facebook http://www.facebook.com/SurvivalHT Growing and Harvesting Sorghum for Livestock Feed. Heirloom Okra and Green onion seed stock as well.

Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness

How Sandhill Farm makes delicious, old-fashioned organic sorghum syrup!

How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill

Easy step by step instructions for cooking whole grain sorghum. Sorghum is an ancient grain that is high in fiber and a good source of protein. It's a wonder...

Making Sorghum Syrup

Still making sorghum syrup the same way as was done years ago. Roy and Doris Moore have been making it this way for 26 years in Brush Creek, Tennessee.

Making Sweet Sorghum

I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor)

How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil

http://shop.justpoppin.com ~~ Buy Pop Sorghum Grain at Just Poppin HERE - http://shop.justpoppin.com/Popping-Sorghum_c_47.html Popping sorghum grain on the s...

Getting to Know Grain Sorghum

What is grain sorghum? What is it used for? Find out the answers to these questions and more in a video that gives you the basics of the crop.

making molasses from sorghum, start to finish

Music by the late Allun Cormier... R.I.P brother http://www.kydexbyparlusk.com.

Muddy Pond Sorghum

Not far from Monterey off Interstate 40 is a small, rural community known simply as Muddy Pond. Established forty-five years ago by Mennonite farmers, its lo...

33734 videos foundNext > 

2694 news items

Delta Farm Press

Delta Farm Press
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 07:48:35 -0700

For most Mississippi grain sorghum, the grain fill period is about 40 to 45 days. In terms of identifying when the crop has reached physiological maturity, “the grain fill is somewhat similar to corn. It goes through a 'milk stage' about 10 days after ...

Economic Times

Reuters
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 23:56:15 -0700

China stepping up checks on U.S. sorghum cargoes -traders. * Could slash imports of the corn-substitute. * Has already rejected more than 1 mln T of U.S. corn. By Niu Shuping and Dominique Patton. BEIJING, Aug 21 (Reuters) - Chinese authorities are ...

Ethanol Producer Magazine

Ethanol Producer Magazine
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

However, the slowdown in corn imports contributed to a surge in sorghum imports. This year, China is forecast to take more than 30 percent of U.S. sorghum production, making it by far the single biggest user for the grain. The U.S. Grains Council has ...
 
Winfield Daily Courier Online
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Grain sorghum producers should soon have a new option for postemergence control of certain annual grass weeds. Several seed companies are developing hybrids of a new type of herbicide-resistant grain sorghum called Inzen-Z sorghum. DuPont Pioneer ...
 
Midwest Producer
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Grain sorghum field days are scheduled in September in six Nebraska locations over five days. The sites are Trenton, Sterling, Hazard-Litchfield, Orleans and Farwell. The field days are presented by the Nebraska Grain Sorghum Producers Association, ...
 
Mississippi Business Journal (blog)
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Erick Larson, grain crops specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said if not for the white sugarcane aphid, the state would have one of the largest grain sorghum crops in recent history. “The yield potential is good to ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

As scientists around the world research biomass feedstocks — trees, shrubs and grasses that are designed to produce energy — a California startup called NexSteppe is betting that fast-growing, drought-resistant sorghum will emerge as a crop to ...
 
Farm Talk
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:15:00 -0700

China continues to buy U.S. sorghum, making its largest weekly purchase since entering the market with 11.5 million bushels for the 2013/2014 marketing year and 3.5 million bushels for 2014/2015, according to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service's ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Sorghum

You can talk about Sorghum with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!