digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the musical composition (with vocals). For other uses, see Song (disambiguation).

A song is an artistic form of expression based on sound, generally considered a single (and often standalone) work of music with distinct and fixed pitches, pattern, and form. It can be wordless or with words. Written words created specifically for music or for which music is specifically created, are called lyrics. If poetry, a pre-existing poem is set to composed music, that is an art song. Songs that are sung on repeated pitches without distinct contours and patterns that rise and fall are called chants. Chants may be slightly or highly ornamented. Songs may be sung by one singer or more than one, by a singer with background singers who accompany with minor parts, or by a group. Songs composed for personal use, for casual group activities, in simple style, are referred to as folk songs. Songs that are composed for professional entertainers are called popular songs, in that they do not require an education to necessarily appreciate, and that they have broad appeal to many people. These songs are composed with the intent to earn money by professional composers and lyricists. Art songs are composed by trained classical composers for concert performance. Songs may also appear in plays, musical plays, stage shows of any form, and within operas. A song may be for a solo singer, a duet, trio, or larger ensemble involving more voices, although the term is generally not used for large vocal forms including opera and oratorio.[1] Songs with more than one voice to a part are considered choral works. Songs can be broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between "art songs", "pop songs", and "folk songs". Other common methods of classification are by purpose (sacred vs secular), by style (dance, ballad, Lied, etc.), or by time of origin (Renaissance, Contemporary, etc.).

Cultural types[edit]

Art songs[edit]

Main article: Art song

Art songs are songs created for performance by classical artists, usually with accompaniment, although they can be sung solo. Art songs require strong vocal technique, understanding of language, diction and poetry for interpretation. Though such singers may also perform popular or folk songs on their programs, these characteristics and the use of poetry are what distinguish art songs from popular songs. Art songs are a tradition from most European countries, and now other countries with classical music traditions. German-speaking communities use the term art song ("Kunstlied") to distinguish so-called "serious" compositions from folk song ("Volkslied"). The lyrics are often written by a poet or lyricist and the music separately by a composer. Art songs may be more formally complicated than popular or folk songs, though many early Lieder by the likes of Franz Schubert are in simple strophic form. The accompaniment of European art songs is considered as an important part of the composition. Some art songs are so revered that they take on characteristics of national identification.

Art songs emerge from the tradition of singing love songs of someone present or someone ideal or imaginary. They also come from religious songs. The troubadours and bards of Europe began the documented tradition of romantic songs, continued by the Elizabethan lutenists. Some of the earliest art songs are found in the music of Henry Purcell. The tradition of the romance, a love song with a flowing accompaniment, often in triple meter, entered opera in the 19th century, and spread from there throughout Europe. It spread into popular song and became one of the underpinnings of Popular Songs. While a romance generally has a simple accompaniment, art songs tend to have complicated, sophisticated accompaniments that underpin, embellish, illustrate or provide contrast to the voice. Sometimes it is the accompaniment that has the melody, while the voice sings a more dramatic part.

Folk songs[edit]

Main article: Folk music

Folk songs are songs of often anonymous origin (or are public domain) that are transmitted orally. They are frequently a major aspect of national or cultural identity. Art songs often approach the status of folk songs when people forget who the author was. Folk songs are also frequently transmitted non-orally (that is, as sheet music), especially in the modern era. Folk songs exist in almost every culture. Popular songs may eventually become folk songs by the same process of detachment from its source. Folk songs are more-or-less in the public domain by definition, though there are many folk song entertainers who publish and record copyrighted original material. This tradition led also to the singer-songwriter style of performing, where an artist has written confessional poetry or personal statements and sings them set to music, most often a guitar.

Genres of popular songs are many, including torch songs, ballads, novelty songs, anthems, rock songs, blues, soul, and other commercial genres. Folk songs include ballads, lullabyes, plaints, love songs, mourning songs, dance songs, work songs, ritual songs, and many more.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luise Eitel Peake. 1980. "Song". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, sixth edition, 20 vols., edited by Stanley Sadie, Vol. 17: 510-523. London: Macmillan Publishers; New York: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-174-2.

Further reading[edit]

  • Marcello Sorce Keller (1984), "The Problem of Classification in Folksong Research: a Short History", Folklore, XCV, no. 1, 100- 104.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1 videos found

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

https://youtube.com/devicesupport http://m.youtube.com

 
1 videos found

47447736 news items

RollingStone.com

RollingStone.com
Wed, 27 May 2015 09:41:15 -0700

As detailed in Rolling Stone cover story, the Grateful Dead are preparing to officially call it quits after 50 years with their series of Fare Thee Well shows. Their absence will end a legacy that continues to span rock, pop, folk, jam and avant-garde ...

talkSPORT.com

talkSPORT.com
Wed, 27 May 2015 04:48:45 -0700

On Wednesday morning an amazing video began to do the rounds of Liverpool's players singing the Kolo/Yaya Toure chant over in Dubai. It looks like Steven Gerrard, as per usual, led from the front as they belted out the terrace hit, while dancing ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Wed, 27 May 2015 07:48:45 -0700

Thousands of people are asking for Billboard to strip Iggy Azalea of the Top Rap Song title she won at the 2015 Billboard Music Awards. Tennessee resident Christian Ferguson launched a Change.org petition last week claiming that Azalea is ineligible ...

VG247

VG247
Wed, 27 May 2015 07:48:45 -0700

Lost Song is set in Alfheim Online, where the characters' avatars are fairies. And that means aerial battles aplenty! You can check out some gameplay in the video above, as well as taking a look at some screenshots below. Sword Art Online: Hollow ...

Columbus Dispatch

Columbus Dispatch
Tue, 26 May 2015 11:57:48 -0700

The song's chorus makes reference to Elliott's outstanding performances in the final three games of last season: "Ran through Oregon, Wisconsin, ran through Alabama." Elliott signed off on the video after it was produced and promoted it this morning ...

Bleacher Report

Bleacher Report
Wed, 27 May 2015 07:18:00 -0700

As a result, former Ohio State football player and now Buckeyes-themed rapper Mekka Don has created a Heisman hype song for the star known as "Zeke." Each of Ohio State's quarterbacks has the potential to work their way into the Heisman conversation.

Music Times

Music Times
Wed, 27 May 2015 07:26:15 -0700

It's safe to bet that there's a new album from The Weeknd on the way soon. Earlier this week, three new tracks from the "Earned It" singer leaked online, and now Abel has followed those up with an official release. Today (May 27), fan-favorite "Mood ...

Radio.com Music and Entertainment News

Radio.com Music and Entertainment News
Wed, 27 May 2015 09:01:16 -0700

Calvin Broadus released this song when he was just 22 years old, which kicked off his solo career after making a name for himself on Dr Dre's solo debut The Chronic two years earlier. But it wasn't an easy time for young Snoop. He was dealing with the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight