digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the musical composition (with vocals). For other uses, see Song (disambiguation).

A song is an artistic form of expression based on sound, generally considered a single (and often standalone) work of music with distinct and fixed pitches, pattern, and form. It can be wordless or with words, but must include some form of vocalization. Written words created specifically for music or for which music is specifically created, are called lyrics. If poetry, a pre-existing poem, is set to composed music, that is an art song. Songs that are sung on repeated pitches without distinct contours and patterns that rise and fall are called chants. Chants may be slightly or highly ornamented. Songs may be sung by one singer or more than one, by a singer with background singers who accompany with minor parts, or by a group. Songs composed for personal use, for casual group activities, in simple style, are referred to as folk songs. Songs that are composed for professional entertainers are called popular songs, in that they do not require an education to necessarily appreciate, and that they have broad appeal to many people. These songs are composed with the intent to earn money by professional composers and lyricists. Art songs are composed by trained classical composers for concert performance. Songs may also appear in plays, musical plays, stage shows of any form, and within operas. A song may be for a solo singer, a duet, trio, or larger ensemble involving more voices, although the term is generally not used for large vocal forms including opera and oratorio.[1] Songs with more than one voice to a part are considered choral works. Songs can be broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between "art songs", "pop songs", and "folk songs". Other common methods of classification are by purpose (sacred vs secular), by style (dance, ballad, Lied, etc.), or by time of origin (Renaissance, Contemporary, etc.).

Cultural types[edit]

Art songs[edit]

Main article: Art song

Art songs are songs created for performance by classical artists, usually with accompaniment, although they can be sung solo. Art songs require strong vocal technique, understanding of language, diction and poetry for interpretation. Though such singers may also perform popular or folk songs on their programs, these characteristics and the use of poetry are what distinguish art songs from popular songs. Art songs are a tradition from most European countries, and now other countries with classical music traditions. German-speaking communities use the term art song ("Kunstlied") to distinguish so-called "serious" compositions from folk song ("Volkslied"). The lyrics are often written by a poet or lyricist and the music separately by a composer. Art songs may be more formally complicated than popular or folk songs, though many early Lieder by the likes of Franz Schubert are in simple strophic form. The accompaniment of European art songs is considered as an important part of the composition. Some art songs are so revered that they take on characteristics of national identification.

Art songs emerge from the tradition of singing love songs of someone present or someone ideal or imaginary. They also come from religious songs. The troubadours and bards of Europe began the documented tradition of romantic songs, continued by the Elizabethan lutenists. Some of the earliest art songs are found in the music of Henry Purcell. The tradition of the romance, a love song with a flowing accompaniment, often in triple meter, entered opera in the 19th century, and spread from there throughout Europe. It spread into popular song and became one of the underpinnings of Popular Songs. While a romance generally has a simple accompaniment, art songs tend to have complicated, sophisticated accompaniments that underpin, embellish, illustrate or provide contrast to the voice. Sometimes it is the accompaniment that has the melody, while the voice sings a more dramatic part.

Folk songs[edit]

Main article: Folk music

Folk songs are songs of often anonymous origin (or are public domain) that are transmitted orally. They are frequently a major aspect of national or cultural identity. Art songs often approach the status of folk songs when people forget who the author was. Folk songs are also frequently transmitted non-orally (that is, as sheet music), especially in the modern era. Folk songs exist in almost every culture. Popular songs may eventually become folk songs by the same process of detachment from its source. Folk songs are more-or-less in the public domain by definition, though there are many folk song entertainers who publish and record copyrighted original material. This tradition led also to the singer-songwriter style of performing, where an artist has written confessional poetry or personal statements and sings them set to music, most often a guitar.

Genres of popular songs are many, including torch songs, ballads, novelty songs, anthems, rock songs, blues, soul, and other commercial genres. Folk songs include ballads, lullabyes, plaints, love songs, mourning songs, dance songs, work songs, ritual songs, and many more.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luise Eitel Peake. 1980. "Song". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, sixth edition, 20 vols., edited by Stanley Sadie, Vol. 17: 510-523. London: Macmillan Publishers; New York: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-174-2.

Further reading[edit]

  • Marcello Sorce Keller (1984), "The Problem of Classification in Folksong Research: a Short History", Folklore, XCV, no. 1, 100- 104.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

42911488 news items

Radio.com Music and Entertainment News

Radio.com Music and Entertainment News
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 08:11:15 -0700

After teasing fans with the written lyrics and a song snippet, Janet Jackson has finally shared the title track of her Unbreakable album. Listen to the track in the player above. Jackson started giving fans a glimpse into the record back in June, when ...

U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 08:32:31 -0700

FILE - In this June 12, 2014 file photo, Jon Bon Jovi attends the Songwriters Hall of Fame Awards in New York. Bon Jovi has joined forces with Paul McCartney, Sheryl Crow and Fergie to record a song about climate change. Sean Paul, Leona Lewis and ...

ChristianToday

ChristianToday
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 03:52:30 -0700

A lot of people might be raving about Canadian singer Justin Bieber's new song "What Do You Mean," but "Girls" star Lena Dunham isn't a fan of the song. In fact, she thinks that the song's lyrics might even be promoting rape culture. She took to ...

Billboard

Billboard
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 18:18:45 -0700

Digital Song Sales Slide: The top-selling song of the Aug. 27 tracking week was R. City's “Locked Away,” featuring Adam Levine, which sold 92,000. That's the smallest sum for the week's top-selling download in almost nine years, since the frame ending Dec.
 
Delmarva Daily Times
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 09:26:57 -0700

The back-to-school musical selection has become a tradition in my vehicle on the first day of classes. It is not an easy song to choose. First, I have to know the words. That eliminates just about every song made since 1991. See, I perform the song ...

Consequence of Sound (blog)

Consequence of Sound (blog)
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 06:30:00 -0700

As another taste of what's to come, today the band has let loose “Sparks”, a mesmerizing number whose tender sway and glowing synths evoke an air of slow-burning romance. “We wrote this song for the prom at the end of time,” PHASES tell Consequence of ...

Newsweek

Newsweek
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 06:30:00 -0700

A German pro-refugee activist group have succeeded in pushing a protest song to the top the country's iTunes chart, in a campaign against what they see as "the rampant xenophobia in Germany." The group, who have the rather unusual name of Aktion ...

Newsweek

Newsweek
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 08:15:31 -0700

The Last Love Song, Tracy Daugherty's exhaustive biography of Joan Didion, attempts to unpack the myth behind the dark sunglasses, tracing her trajectory from childhood through the present-day. The recently released biography didn't have cooperation ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight