digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This article is about the musical composition. For other uses, see Song (disambiguation).

In music, a song is a composition for voice performed by singing or alongside musical instruments. A choral or vocal song may be accompanied by musical instruments, or it may be unaccompanied, as in the case of a cappella songs. The lyrics (words) of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature, though they may be religious verses or free prose.

A song may be for a solo singer, a duet, trio, or larger ensemble involving more voices. Songs with more than one voice to a part are considered choral works. Songs can be broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between "art songs", "pop songs", and "folk songs". Other common methods of classification are by purpose (sacred vs secular), by style (dance, ballad, Lied, etc.), or by time of origin (Renaissance, Contemporary, etc.).

A song is a piece of music for accompanied or unaccompanied voice/voices or, "the act or art of singing," but the term is generally not used for large vocal forms including opera and oratorio.[1] However, the term is, "often found in various figurative and transferred sense (e.g. for the lyrical second subject of a sonata...)."[1] The noun "song" has the same etymological root as the verb "to sing" and the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) defines the word to mean "that which is sung" or "a musical composition suggestive of song." The OED also defines the word to mean "a poem" or "the musical phrases uttered by some birds, whales, and insects, typically forming a recognizable and repeated sequence and used chiefly for territorial defence or for attracting mates." [2]

Cultural types[edit]

Art songs[edit]

Main article: Art song

Art songs are songs created for performance in their own right, usually with piano accompaniment, although they can also have other types of accompaniment such as an orchestra or string quartet, and are always notated. Generally they have an identified author and composer and require voice training for acceptable performance. German-speaking communities use the term art song ("Kunstlied") to distinguish so-called "serious" compositions from folk song ("Volkslied"). The lyrics are often written by a poet or lyricist and the music separately by a composer. Art songs may be more formally complicated than popular or folk songs, though many early Lieder by the likes of Franz Schubert are in simple strophic form. They are often important to national identity.

Art songs feature in many European cultures, including but not limited to: Russian (romancy), German (Lieder), Italian (canzoni), French (mélodies), Scandinavian (sånger), Portuguese (canções), Spanish (canciones). There are also highly regarded British and American art songs in the English language. Cultures outside of Europe that have a classical music tradition, such as India, may or may not feature art songs. The accompaniment of European art songs is considered as an important part of the composition.

The art song of the period in which they originally flowered is often a duet in which the vocalist and accompanist share in interpretive importance. The pieces were most often written to be performed in a home or salon setting, although today the works enjoy popularity as concert pieces. The emergence of poetry during this era was much of what inspired the creation of these pieces by Brahms, Schumann, Schubert and other composers. These composers set poems in their native language. Many works were inspired by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine. Another method would be to write new music for each stanza to create a unique form; this was through-composed form known in German as durchkomponiert. A combination of both of these techniques in a single setting was called a modified strophic form. Often romantic art songs sharing similar elements were grouped as a song cycle.[3]

Folk songs[edit]

Main article: Folk music

Folk songs are songs of often anonymous origin (or are public domain) that are transmitted orally. They are frequently a major aspect of national or cultural identity. Art songs often approach the status of folk songs when people forget who the author was. Folk songs are also frequently transmitted non-orally (that is, as sheet music), especially in the modern era. Folk songs exist in almost every culture.

Popular songs[edit]

Modern popular songs are typically distributed as recordings and are played on the radio, though all other mass media that have audio capabilities are involved. Their relative popularity is inferred from commercially significant sales of recordings, ratings of stations and networks that play them, and ticket sales for concerts by the recording artists. A popular song can become a modern folk song when members of the public who learn to sing it from the recorded version teach their version to others. Songs that are popular may be called pop songs for short, although pop songs and/or pop music may instead be considered a more commercially popular genre of popular music as a whole.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Luise Eitel Peake. 1980. "Song". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, sixth edition, 20 vols., edited by Stanley Sadie, Vol. 17: 510-523. London: Macmillan Publishers; New York: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-174-2.
  2. ^ The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 1993, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-861271-0. p. 2947
  3. ^ Kamien, Roger (August 1, 1997). Music: An Appreciation (3rd edition ed.). McGraw-Hill. pp. 217–18. ISBN 0-07-290200-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Marcello Sorce Keller (1984), "The Problem of Classification in Folksong Research: a Short History", Folklore, XCV, no. 1, 100- 104.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

♪ "Through The Night" - A Minecraft Original Music Video / Song ♪

Download "Through The Night" → http://bit.ly/ThroughTheNightOniTunes Lyric Video → https://youtu.be/-VxXHg50X08 "The Miner" Music Video → http://youtu.be/UvpC-pXBIjo Just saying, this...

Pewdiepie Song! Dedicated to EMINEM and Justin Bieber

Credits to DJ FORTY - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1egYn0Tb-rs Pewdiepie Song! Dedicated to EMINEM and Justin Bieber,Pewdiepie Song! Dedicated to EMINEM and Justin Bieber,Pewdiepie Song!...

Justin Bieber - When You Came Around (New Song 2014)

Justin Bieber - When You Came Around (New Song 2014) Justin Bieber - When You Came Around (New Song 2014) Justin Bieber - When You Came Around (New Song 2014) Justin Bieber - When You Came...

I'm On Vacation (Song)

Worst. Vacay. Ever. iTUNES: http://bit.ly/ImOnVacation Got a crazy vacation story? Tell us at http://www.vacaygonecraycray.com You could win $10k toward a trip redo, courtesy of Choice Hotels....


Top 10 Minecraft songs Minecraft ''Top 10 Minecraft songs'' Minecraft ''Top 10 Minecraft Songs Minecraft'' Top 10 Minecraft Songs and Top 10 Minecraft Songs for the year 2014 Parodies! Awesome...

Global Request Show: A Song for You 3 - Ep.2 with GOT7 [Preview]

Global Request Show : A Song For You - Season 3 - Premiere on KBS World : 2014.07.18 - Telecasting Time: Fri 17:40 (Seoul, UTC+9) | Re-run: Sat 01:30 (Seoul, UTC+9) - Host: Kang In of Super...

ABC Songs for Children | Learn ABC Train Song | Alphabet Song

ABC Songs for Children, Learn ABC Train Song, Alphabet Song, Nursery Rhymes, Nursery Songs, Nursery Rhyme, Children's Song, abc, Phonics, Song, Lullabies, A to z, abcd, Alphabets, Alphabet...


Minecraft, Minecraft Song, Minecraft Parody, Top 5 Minecraft Songs, Top 5 Minecraft Songs 2014, Top 5 Minecraft Songs 2014 July, Top 5 Minecraft Songs July 2014, Minecraft Songs, Best Minecraft...

Ulla Ulla Ulla Song HD - Manglish

Manglish is Directed By Salam Bappu Starring Mammootty, Caroline Bech Produced By Haneef Mohammad Distribution Red Rose Release Script , Screenplay , Dialogues Riyas Camera Pradeesh M Varma...

Amy Dallen's Comic Book Store Song!

Amy Dallen, well, breaks out into song... today's adventure is a musical tribute to your friendly neighborhood comic book store, co-written with very special musical guest Jason Charles Miller!...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

17516782 news items

Music Times

Music Times
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Today Pitbull released a new song "Fireball," which you can listen to below. "Fireball" is the Miami rapper's first single from his upcoming album Globalization and features vocals from singer-songwriter John Ryan, who contributes the song's soulful hook.

ABC News

ABC News
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 15:31:07 -0700

Long before Sia recorded her album “1,000 Forms of Fear” and shot to the top of the charts with the unconventional hit single, “Chandelier,” the Australian pop singer established herself as one of pop music's most successful songwriters. Sia, whose ...
New York Post
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 12:15:01 -0700

Last week, the Canadian band's current single finally hit No. 1 on the Billboard chart, dethroning Iggy Azalea and Charli XCX's “Fancy” from their deserved place at the top. It should be considered a low point not only for 2014, but in the history of ...

Irish Independent

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 11:22:30 -0700

After almost 50 years together, Monty Python bid farewell in appropriate fashion: with a sing-along of their decidedly tongue-in-cheek song, “Always Look on the Bright Side of Life.” The song, which was originally performed during the final crucifixion ...

Christian Post

People Magazine
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 04:22:45 -0700

"The idea to write the song 'Pray for Peace' came to me last year as I was walking on our place in Gallatin, Tennessee. For days I'd sing, 'Pray for Peace' over and over," McEntire, 59, shared on her website, where the song can be downloaded for free.


Wed, 23 Jul 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Cruz apparently interpreted the term “song” very loosely, but everyone — especially the Cardinals' television broadcasters — seemed to love it. Unfortunately, the 27-year-old catcher had little to beat his chest about on Tuesday, going 0-for-4 in a 7 ...


Tue, 22 Jul 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Later this year, Billboard will officially crown one hit single the Song of the Summer, the smash hit that dominated the dog days, based on Hot 100 chart performance. So far, Iggy Azalea's "Fancy" (featuring Charli XCX) has the inside track after ...
Hollywood Life
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 21:32:13 -0700

It's raining Justin Bieber songs! In a shocking spree on July 23, Justin posted 11 – yes, 11 — new song previews for die-hard fans to hear. In the deeply-emotional tracks, Justin sings about missing a lost love, believing in something that's gone and ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Song

You can talk about Song with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!