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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).

Management[edit]

Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).

Treatment[edit]

If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.

References[edit]

Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1526 news items

 
Times of India
Mon, 25 May 2015 01:48:45 -0700

In case of injury to the cadets, a state of the art Sports Medicine centre to manage bone, muscle and soft tissue injury was in place. Elementary counselling of the cadets is also done to prepare the trainees for future challenges, said the commandant.

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Sun, 24 May 2015 12:30:00 -0700

It appears to be a soft-tissue injury. We have given him medicine and started treatment.” “I was at the venue to do some plumbing work. I was leaving after the rally when a vehicle behind the CM's car hit me. People screamed for help but the driver did ...
 
Digital Journal
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 09:30:00 -0700

Soft tissue injury is caused due to traumatic injury, fall, sudden twist, and repetitive motion of body. A person recovers from a soft tissue injury on the time of injury and the healing process. Once soft tissues (fascia, tendons or muscles) are ...

NJ.com

NJ.com
Fri, 22 May 2015 11:11:15 -0700

Officials said a firefighter with the department's rescue company sustained a soft-tissue injury to his right leg and was taken to the hospital. He has since been released but is expected to miss some time from work. The fire started in a vacant ...

The Stanford Daily

The Stanford Daily
Wed, 20 May 2015 19:37:30 -0700

Suffering two ankle sprains after jumping off a roof is one thing, but being concussed during a game or developing a stress fracture or soft-tissue injury during the course of training is another. I'm almost never in favor of the NCAA mandating ...

The West Australian

The West Australian
Wed, 20 May 2015 20:39:55 -0700

Lyon said McPharlin trained during the week and was confident he had avoided another serious soft-tissue injury. “Yeah, really confident he'll play,” he said. “We were confident last week, I know it sounds a bit silly, but more so this week.” The news ...

Lexology (registration)

Lexology (registration)
Fri, 01 May 2015 09:18:45 -0700

Pre-Action Protocol for Low Value Personal Injury claims in Road Traffic Accidents: Amendments are made to reflect the introduction of a new system for sourcing medical reports in soft tissue injury claims brought under the RTA PAP. From 6 April 2015, ...
 
Lexology (registration)
Wed, 20 May 2015 20:11:15 -0700

The transport sector has been the sector most affected by the changes to road traffic and soft tissue injury claims. These claims were the first to undergo reform and have certainly received the lion's share of focus. Since 2010, we have seen the ...
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