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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).


Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).


If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.


Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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1597 news items


Sun, 16 Nov 2014 07:32:25 -0800

With the changes in technology, people suffering from soft tissue injury such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain or carpal tunnel are experiencing much faster healing times and ART resolves almost 90 per cent of the problems experienced. When soft tissue ...

The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 16:41:57 -0800

One was treated for a soft-tissue injury then placed in custody. Insp. Stuart said it was unclear how the suspect was injured, but it could have occurred during the ramming or while they were taken into custody. Insp. Stewart said the provincial ...


Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:56:15 -0800

... makeshift centre-back pairing will be required against the Roar, as the fitness of Delpierre becomes a concern. "It's a little bit frustrating for him," Muscat said. "It's no longer a soft tissue injury, he had a foot injury as well. The soft ...

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Tue, 18 Nov 2014 11:52:30 -0800

Arian Foster (Groin Strain): As his previous injury history has shown, it's no surprise Foster has taken longer to recover from a soft tissue injury. All indications are that Foster will be available against the Bengals this upcoming weekend, but I ...
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:03:45 -0800

... has severe ADHD and bipolar disorder, but it's never gotten to this point. The child's mother said he now has problems swallowing and turning his head. Doctors said that's because he has a soft tissue injury to the neck and that's possibly from ...
The Dominion Post
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 07:56:15 -0800

But Wellingtonian Ganesh Ramesh told The Dominion Post he suffered a soft-tissue injury last Thursday when a bus door closed on top of his right foot as he was disembarking in Kent Tce. "I had a severe pain and could not walk properly for two days.".
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 06:48:45 -0800

The winchman suffered some bruising and soft tissue injury. An autopsy report on the casualty concluded that he suffered what's described as a very significant blunt force trauma to the head and that there was no evidence of drowning. The MCIB report ...

Irish Times

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Wed, 19 Nov 2014 17:02:41 -0800

Cross-examined by Declan Buckley, for Silverline, Ms Flood agreed she previously got €25,000 for a foot injury in 2005 and a further €29,000 for a soft tissue injury to the left wrist in 2008 after a hotel fall. Ms Flood also agreed she still had ...

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