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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).

Management[edit]

Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).

Treatment[edit]

If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.

References[edit]

Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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140 news items

ESPN

ESPN
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 18:17:43 -0700

Brook Lopez likely will be out 10 to 14 days with what sources are calling a "soft tissue" injury in his surgically repaired right foot. The Brooklyn Nets confirmed Thursday that their All-Star center did not suffer a fracture to the foot, labeling the ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 20:11:15 -0700

The Nets have tried desperately to distance themselves from the notion that they're a soft ball club in recent years. In the summer of 2013, the team acquired Kevin Garnett and Paul Pierce for the purpose of injecting a little nasty into the franchise ...

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:10:39 -0700

Nurse practitioner Roger Wood diagnosed him with having a soft tissue injury. PA. Ms Gomes took Stanley to a GP the next day, but there appeared to be no reason for major concern. On October 11, his mother spoke to a doctor on the phone and told them ...

Auburn Journal

Auburn Journal
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Chamberlin had been dealing with a soft tissue injury on her foot lately, but woke up Wednesday feeling much better, Fee said. While Placer finished with a perfect team score, Bear River's Viviana Chavez finished third overall in 20:19. Placer's Haley ...

The Conversation AU

The Conversation AU
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 20:22:30 -0700

The Indian women's team goalkeeper sustained a soft tissue injury to one of her fingers, but had it splinted up and refused to sit out. She grimaced each time the ball hit her gloved hands and occasionally required some cold-spray treatment, but ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Lopez was scratched from the Nets' lineup before tip-off with a sprain in the troublesome right foot, and depending on who is speculating, it is either cause for great concern or a minor soft-tissue injury that happened to occur in the same foot that ...

USA TODAY

USA TODAY
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:57:22 -0700

Baffert said they suspect Zayat Stables' 2-year-old colt sustained a deep bruise in his left front foot, that X-rays reveal no fracture and an ultrasound exam shows no soft-tissue injury. A nuclear scan will be performed later in the week, Baffert said ...

The Courier-Journal

The Courier-Journal
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 09:15:16 -0700

Baffert said they suspect Zayat Stables' 2-year-old colt sustained a deep bruise in his left front foot, that X-rays reveal no fracture and an ultrasound exam shows no soft-tissue injury. A nuclear scan will be performed later in the week, Baffert said ...
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