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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).


Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).


If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.


Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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596 news items

Sports Injury Alert
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 04:15:29 -0700

Indianapolis Colts safety LaRon Landry is looking to bounce back from a poor, injury plagued 2013. Still dealing with injuries, Landry missed the team's mandatory minicamp with a "soft tissue" injury, reports Mike Wells of ESPN. It was also noted that ...
Big Cat Country
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 20:16:42 -0700

Given that it's a hamstring injury, this isn't a massive shocker. It's a soft tissue injury that can linger through a whole season if rushed back and the Jaguars are notoriously cautious with soft tissue injuries under Gus Bradley and Dave Caldwell ...


Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:07:30 -0700

The Colts have simply labelled it as a 'soft-tissue injury'. Whatever that means. Don't expect Landry to be a starter for much of the season, as he will most likely be on the sidelines for at least part of it, due to injury. This is just speculation ...
Stampede Blue
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 14:33:45 -0700

Furthermore, Vontae Davis (groin injury) and LaRon Landry ("soft tissue" injury) were both held out of practice today for precautionary reasons, as Chuck Pagano said they would be. Jack Mewhort and Trent Richardson also weren't practicing. Richardson ...
Janesville Gazette
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 04:06:35 -0700

“Anytime you have that type of surgery, you have to treat it like a soft-tissue injury like an ACL because there's ligaments and tendons and all that in there, not just bones,” Matthews said. “My timeline kind of goes along with those type of injuries ...
ESPN (blog)
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 16:01:33 -0700

Pagano declined to go into detail when asked what soft-tissue injury Richardson is dealing with. The decision to sit Richardson, who needs as many reps in practice as possible after struggling last season, is surprising but Pagano is taking a better ...
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:56:48 -0700

Bradshaw took his first hits Saturday afternoon and survived unscathed. Richardson missed Friday's afternoon practice and sat out again Saturday for "precautionary" reasons with what Pagano described as a soft tissue injury. Fullback Stanley Havili is ...


Sat, 26 Jul 2014 14:15:25 -0700

He's nursing a soft tissue injury. He's started doing some things going about half-speed and made no sense really having him out there. He knows exactly what to do, getting all the mental reps, going through walk-through stuff. We want to get him 100 ...

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