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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).

Management[edit]

Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).

Treatment[edit]

If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consults with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.

References[edit]

Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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234 news items

FOXSports.com

FOXSports.com
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 20:22:30 -0700

The New Orleans Pelicans star forward Anthony Davis is sidelined with a soft tissue injury in his left ankle. The injury kept Davis out of Saturday's contest with San Antonio Spurs, although Davis did travel with the team and sat on the bench dressed ...
 
EndoNurse
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Colonoscopy is a procedure performed in hospitals and freestanding clinics to diagnose and evaluate the heath status of the bowel. The goal of the procedure is to reach an anatomic landmark called the ileocecal valve, thus allowing for complete ...

ESPN

USA TODAY
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 09:52:30 -0700

We had to treat it more like a soft tissue injury — like an ACL or something — because it required manipulating the tendon and drilling holes in bones and this and that. I asked my team doctor, 'When's the last time you've seen this injury in the NFL ...

Boston Herald

SouthCoastToday.com
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 22:03:45 -0700

27. "We're going to be very cautious with this injury." McQuaid hasn't played since Jan. 19, when he injured his quad for the third time this season. "It is not a major injury — it's a soft tissue injury," Chiarelli said. "We've been doing OK with the ...

Washington Post

The Times-Picayune
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 18:50:40 -0700

Before the game, Pelicans coach Monty Williams said Davis was day-to-day with the soft-tissue injury. Williams said he'd check on Davis' condition Sunday. Davis accompanied the team to San Antonio and was in uniform but did not play. He was replaced in ...

The Island.lk (subscription)

The Island.lk (subscription)
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:26:15 -0700

The initial treatment after a MCL injury is the same as for any other soft tissue injury. There should be a focus of a regime of icing, compression and elevation in the first three days. There are many different methods of treating MCL injuries, and ...

Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 16:26:01 -0700

The Wales international suffered a thigh strain in that game against West Ham - the sort-of soft tissue injury that Allardyce devotes a great deal of effort to avoid. aaron ramsey Big Sam believes losing Aaron Ramsey has been key to Arsenal's dip this ...
 
Lincolnshire Echo
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 23:22:30 -0700

"He was deployed to Iraq where he sustained a soft tissue injury after breaking a bone in his foot. It was from this that his cancer began." Since losing his brother, Thomas has raised money and awareness for cancer sufferers and their families. "As a ...
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