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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).


Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury, ice can be applied to help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).


If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.


Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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1378 news items

Medgadget.com (blog)
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 13:03:45 -0700

Soft tissues in the body include tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, fibrous tissue, skeletal muscle, and synovial membrane. Soft tissue injury is caused due to traumatic injury, fall, sudden twist, and repetitive motion of body. A person recovers from a ...

ESPN (blog)

ESPN (blog)
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 15:18:45 -0700

What Foster is dealing with now is not the kind of soft tissue injury they'd all accepted he'd have to work through every once in a while. A groin injury that requires surgery, as Foster's likely will, involves a significant tear. It'd be a ...
Kelowna Capital News
Thu, 09 Jul 2015 12:07:30 -0700

The bad news is that any time there is a high percentage with excellent outcomes, there is necessarily a lower percentage with poor ones—in this case, the three to 15 per cent of people who continue to have pain after a soft tissue injury. Your ...

NFL Spin Zone

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Tue, 04 Aug 2015 11:56:15 -0700

As the Cleveland Browns continue to sour on Terrance West after benching him multiple times last season, the rest of us are left wondering as to how big of a role rookie Duke Johnson will have in the 2015 season. Both West and his more explosive rookie ...


Tue, 04 Aug 2015 03:41:15 -0700

Lexi still seemed to be suffering from nightmares even after recovering from a small scratch on the left side of her face and neck pain, which doctors said was a result of a soft tissue injury she got from the crash. "But I'm hoping when things settle ...

The News-Press

The News-Press
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 20:56:15 -0700

Most of the time this is related to soft tissue injury and not a herniated disk and most of the time the cure for this problem is physical therapy, much of which involves stretching as well as strengthening the affected areas. The healthy living tip ...

Daily Mail

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Sun, 02 Aug 2015 17:44:08 -0700

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Tue, 14 Jul 2015 11:27:17 -0700

When Fallon got to the ER, he was told that it was actually ring avulsion, the sudden pull on a finger ring that results in severe soft tissue injury and damage to nerves. The late-night host went on to say that he got super lucky (with a doctor ...

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