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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).

Management[edit]

Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury, ice can be applied to help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).

Treatment[edit]

If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.

References[edit]

Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1329 news items

 
Medgadget.com (blog)
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 17:56:15 -0700

Soft tissues in the body include tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, fibrous tissue, skeletal muscle, and synovial membrane. Soft tissue injury is caused due to traumatic injury, fall, sudden twist, and repetitive motion of body. A person recovers from a ...
 
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Fri, 03 Jul 2015 16:48:45 -0700

Of those who sustained injuries, 55 (68.8 %) reported a soft tissue injury only (such as bruise or sprain) and 25 (31.3 %) reported a fracture as a result of the fall. No differences were noted between women with and without EDS in regard to the type ...
 
WhaTech
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 16:31:22 -0700

On any soft tissue injury, Protection Rest Ice Compression Elevation (PRICE) principle should be immediately applied to minimize the soft tissue damage and to reduce inflammation caused by it. One of the methods to diagnose soft tissue damage is ...

velonews.competitor.com

velonews.competitor.com
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 02:56:15 -0700

The Journal of Athletic Training published this study:” Does Cryotherapy Improve Outcomes With Soft Tissue Injury?” This is actually a study of many studies on cryotherapy. The authors, from Pennsylvania State University, created search criteria to ...

Horse & Hound

Horse & Hound
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 00:52:30 -0700

... joint and through the collateral ligaments during the recovery period. The take-home message here is that if your horse is diagnosed with a soft tissue injury to the foot, make sure that the farrier is involved as early as possible in the ...
 
Lexology (registration)
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 17:56:15 -0700

From April 2015, first reports for road traffic soft tissue injury claims must be commissioned via the online MedCo portal which aims to secure the independence of the expert, with a system for accreditation of the experts to be in place before January ...

Adelaide Crows

Adelaide Crows
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 01:03:45 -0700

Every time I felt as though I had overcome it, I would reinjure it or get a related soft-tissue injury. It was a frustrating last couple of years. “Prior to that, I basically never had an injury from the time I was 16-years-old. That's footy. In the ...
 
AFL.com.au
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 00:10:29 -0700

Collingwood said the key-position player suffered nothing more than a cramp, but he had precautionary scans on Monday to rule out another soft-tissue injury. - Hawks forward Luke Breust sprained his right elbow during the win over Essendon and had a ...
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