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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).


Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).


If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.


Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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1347 news items

Philly.com (blog)
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 05:45:00 -0700

But a soft tissue injury is probably different in Kelly's eyes than an Achilles. The Eagles also signed former Packer Brad Jones this offseason. Najee Goode and Emmanuel Acho are the other inside linebackers under contract. Casey Matthews signed with ...


Sun, 26 Apr 2015 19:03:45 -0700

Rory O'Carroll, who missed the semi-final, came off after 26 minutes as a "precaution - he just put his hand up and said he felt a little soft tissue injury," his manager outlined. "But we'd hope that they'll either play with their clubs in the next ...


Thu, 23 Apr 2015 06:20:03 -0700

"MRI technology is a powerful medical diagnostic tool," said Michelle Espy, the Battlefield MRI (bMRI) project leader, "ideally suited for imaging soft-tissue injury, particularly to the brain." But hospital-based MRI devices are big and expensive, and ...

R & D Magazine

R & D Magazine
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 06:18:45 -0700

"MRI technology is a powerful medical diagnostic tool," said Michelle Espy, the Battlefield MRI (bMRI) project leader, "ideally suited for imaging soft-tissue injury, particularly to the brain." But hospital-based MRI devices are big and expensive, and ...

New York Post

New York Post
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 14:20:51 -0700

“You can ask any track guy and anybody who's had any kind of soft tissue injury — you always worry about it, it's just something that's natural for you to do,” OBJ said. “It's always in the back of my mind, but I'm definitely a lot healthier this year ...

Buffalo News

Buffalo News
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 17:08:03 -0700

It is a soft tissue injury." The stifle is the largest and most complex joint in the horse and is equivalent to the human knee in a horse. “When I got to the horse, I saw a little soft tissue swelling in the right stifle. We gather it's something that ...
Royal Blue Mersey (blog)
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Osman is just the latest player to suffer a soft tissue injury this season and while his age can be seen as a factor, the sheer number of these types of injuries suffered by the squad this season needs to be looked at the Martinez and the medical team ...

Liverpool Echo

Liverpool Echo
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 12:23:48 -0700

They found the crashes were deliberately organised in a bid to win extra business for personal injury claims firm Swift Accident Solutions. Now 14 fraudsters have been sentenced for their role in the plot, which generated 177 whiplash and soft tissue ...

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