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A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body. Soft tissue injuries can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of function (Lovering, 2008).

Management[edit]

Immediately after the injury occurs one should apply the PRICE principle to minimize the local tissue damage and reduce inflammation. "P"rotection "R"est "I"ce "C"ompression "E"levation

’PROTECTION’ Protect the individual from further injury by preventing them from moving and keep further hazards away from the individual (Flegel, 2004).

‘REST’ Rest the individual from any activity that causes pain. If simple movements such as bending, straightening or walking are causing pain ‘’rest’’ means immobilizing the injury by splinting or preventing weight bearing with crutches is essential (Flegel, 2004). If walking does not cause any pain, continue to walk for short distances as comfort allows (Lindsay, Watson, Hickmott, Broadfoot & Bruynel, 1994).

’ICE’ During the first 72 hours following an injury ice can help minimize pain and control swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss from the injured tissue (Flegel, 2004). Icing is recommended for 15 minutes every 4 hours to help control the swelling and pain (Subotnick, 1991).

‘COMPRESSION’ Compression is the application of pressure over the injured area with the use of a bandage, elastic wrap or compression tape (Lindsay et al., 1994). This is to control the initial bleeding of joint or limb tissues, or to reduce residual swelling (Flegel, 2004). It is vital that compression is applied within the first few minutes following the injury to see the benefits (Lindsay et al., 1994).

‘ELEVATION’ Used in combination with ice and compression, elevation can also minimize initial tissue bleeding and swelling. Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart as much as possible for the first 72hours, or longer if the swelling persists. (Flegel, 2004).

Treatment[edit]

If severe pain persists after the first 24hours it is recommended that an individual consult with a professional who can make a diagnosis and implement a treatment plan so the patient can return to everyday activities (Flegel, 2004). These are some of the tools that a professional can use to help make a full diagnosis;

Nerve conduction studies may also be used to localize nerve dysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis. Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathy and neuropathy.

Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positive rate.

References[edit]

Flegel, M.J. (2004). Sport first aid: A coach’s guide to preventing and responding to injuries. Hong Kong, Japan: Human Kinetics.

Lindsay, R., Watson, G., Hickmont, D., Broadfoot, A., & Bruynel, L. (1994). Treat your own strains sprains and bruises. New Zealand: Spinal Publications.

Lovering, R.M. (2008). Physical therapy and related interventions. In P.M. Tiidus (Eds.), Skeletal muscle damage and repair (pp. 219–230). United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Subotnick, S. (1991). Sports & exercise injuries. California, United States of America: North Atlantic Books.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_tissue_injury — Please support Wikipedia.
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178 news items

ESPN

ESPN
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 18:17:43 -0700

Brook Lopez likely will be out 10 to 14 days with what sources are calling a "soft tissue" injury in his surgically repaired right foot. The Brooklyn Nets confirmed Thursday that their All-Star center did not suffer a fracture to the foot, labeling the ...

Physical Therapy Products

Physical Therapy Products
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 10:57:26 -0700

A new method of ultrasound is being developed to examine soft tissue, including tendons and ligaments. Ray Vanderby, MS, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), is commercializing an ultrasound technique that can analyze the ...
 
Behind the Steel Curtain
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 18:41:15 -0700

Typically, Woodley suffered a soft tissue injury of some kind, and it would cause him to miss several games of his season, but never the rest of it. Woodley is counting $5.59 million against the Steelers' 2014 salary cap, and will count for $8.58 ...

ESPN

ESPN
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:11:15 -0700

7, she sustained what the team described as a soft-tissue injury and missed four games over the subsequent two weeks. She couldn't seem to catch a break. It is perhaps not entirely coincidental that West Virginia's lone dropped points in Big 12 play ...
 
Charleston Gazette
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 18:30:00 -0700

6 in a game against Missouri State and had surgery on what was described as a soft-tissue injury to his foot. At the time he was projected to miss six to eight weeks and that was six weeks ago, so there exists the possibility that Gundy could spring a ...
 
Lexology (registration)
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 04:15:00 -0700

A soft tissue injury claim is now defined as "a claim brought by an occupant of a motor vehicle where the significant physical injury caused is a soft tissue injury and includes claims where there is a minor psychological injury secondary in ...

Hoops Habit

Hoops Habit
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 07:37:30 -0700

According to ESPN, the Brooklyn Nets' star center could be out for 10 to 14 days with a “soft tissue” injury in his surgically repaired right foot. The good news is that the injury isn't bone-related – the injury that kept Lopez out for the entire last ...
 
GlobeNewswire (press release)
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

The chiropractor warns the public that a soft tissue injury may take time to show symptoms, allowing serious injuries to go untreated. "Don't assume you're fine just because you're not in agony. Get a spinal screening to make sure," he urged. In ...
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