digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Soda bread
Ben W Bell Soda Bread Farl 05 June 2007.jpg
A soda farl; made by cutting a flattened round of dough into four pieces, then baking.
Type Quick bread
Main ingredients Flour, sodium bicarbonate, salt, buttermilk
Cookbook:Soda bread  Soda bread
Whole wheat soda bread (known as wheaten bread in parts of Ireland)
Polish flat soda bread (known as Proziaki in podkarpacie)

Soda bread (Irish: arán sóide, Scots: fardel, Serbian: česnica/чесница) is a variety of quick bread traditionally made in a variety of cuisines in which sodium bicarbonate (otherwise known as baking soda) is used as a leavening agent instead of the more common yeast. The ingredients of traditional soda bread are flour, bread soda, salt, and buttermilk. The buttermilk in the dough contains lactic acid, which reacts with the baking soda to form tiny bubbles of carbon dioxide. Other ingredients can be added such as butter, egg, raisins or nuts.

Origin[edit]

During the early years of European settlement of the Americas, settlers and some groups of Indigenous peoples of the Americas used soda or pearl ash, more commonly known as potash (pot ash) or potassium carbonate, as a leavening agent (the forerunner to baking soda) in quick breads.[1] In the US, soda breads were first publicised by Amelia Simmons as a quick and cheap method of bread making in her book American Cookery,[2] published in 1796. By 1824, The Virginia Housewife by Mary Randolph was published containing a recipe for Soda Cake.[3]

In Europe, soda breads began to appear in the mid-19th century when bicarbonate of soda first became available for use as a raising agent. Breads, griddle cakes and scones with bicarbonate of soda and cream of tartar or tartaric acid became popular in Austria, Polish cuisine and in the British Isles.[4] Traditional soda bread, eaten in Serbian cuisine, also uses bicarbonate of soda, particularly the traditional česnica (Serbian Cyrillic: Чесница), a soda bread made at Christmas.

Ireland[edit]

Home-made Irish brown soda bread

In Ireland, the flour is typically made from soft wheat; so soda bread is best made with a cake or pastry flour (made from soft wheat), which has lower levels of gluten than a bread flour. In some recipes, the buttermilk is replaced by live yogurt or even stout. Bakers recommend the minimum amount of mixing of the ingredients before baking; the dough should not be kneaded.

Various forms of soda bread are popular throughout Ireland. Soda breads are made using wholemeal, white flour, or both. In Ulster, the wholemeal variety is usually known as wheaten bread and normally sweetened, while the term "soda bread" is restricted to the white savoury form. In the southern provinces of Ireland, the wholemeal variety is usually known as brown bread and is almost identical to the Ulster wheaten. In some parts of Fermanagh, the white flour form of the bread is described as fadge. [5] [6]

The soda farl or "griddle cakes", "griddle bread" (or "soda farls" in Ulster) take a more rounded shape and have a cross cut in the top to allow the bread to expand. The griddle cake or farl is a more flattened type of bread. It is cooked on a griddle, allowing it to take a more flat shape and split into four sections. The soda farl is one of the distinguishing elements of the Ulster fry, where it is served alongside potato bread, also in farl form.[7]

Scotland[edit]

In Scotland, varieties of soda breads and griddle sodas include bannocks and farls (from fardel: Scots for a fourth), soda scones or soda farls using baking powder or baking soda as a leavening agent giving them a light and airy texture.[8][9][10]

Bannocks are flat cakes of barley or oatmeal dough formed into a round or oval shape, then cooked on a griddle (or girdle, in the Scots). The most authentic versions are unleavened, but from the early 19th century bannocks have been made using baking powder, or a combination of baking soda and buttermilk or clabbered milk.[8] Before the 19th century, bannocks were cooked on a bannock stane (Scots for stone), a large, flat, rounded piece of sandstone, placed directly onto a fire, then used as a cooking surface.[11] Several varieties of bannock include Selkirk bannocks, beremeal bannocks, Michaelmas bannock, Yetholm bannock, and Yule bannock.[8]

The traditional soda farl is used in the Full Scottish breakfast along with the potato scone (Scots: tattie scone).

Serbia[edit]

Members of a Serbian family break soda bread[citation needed] or česnica at a Christmas dinner

In Serbian tradition, soda bread is prepared by various rules and rituals[citation needed]. A coin is often put into the dough during the kneading; other small objects may also be inserted. At the beginning of Christmas dinner, the česnica is rotated three times counter-clockwise, before being broken among the family members. The person who finds the coin in his piece of the bread will supposedly be exceptionally lucky in the coming year. Before baking, the upper surface of the loaf may be inscribed with various symbols,[12] such as a Christogram, or stars, circles, and impressions of keys or combs.[13]

Australia[edit]

Damper is a traditional Australian bread prepared in a similar style to the pan breads found in North American and native Inuit cuisine. First documented in 1827 and prepared by farm-men, damper was a quick and easy way to prepare bread in the Australian bush.[14] The word damper derives from the English word ‘snack’ or to dampen the flour in the fire or one's appetite.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.davidwalbert.com/2010/02/03/early-american-gingerbread-cakes/
  2. ^ Simmons, Amelia; Mary Tolford Wilson (1984) [1958]. The First American Cookbook (1984 reprint ed.). Mineola, NY: Dover. ISBN 0-486-24710-4. 
  3. ^ The Virginia Housewife by Mary Randolph 1824
  4. ^ English Bread and Yeast Cookery, Elizabeth David [Penguin:Middlesex England] 1977 (p. 517-8)
  5. ^ "Fermanagh Gold Thread". 
  6. ^ "Irish Blessings Tours". 
  7. ^ Ulster Fry: Channel 4
  8. ^ a b c "Bannock". Practically Edible: The Web's Biggest Food Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  9. ^ Ingram, Christine; Jennie Shapter (2003). BREAD: the breads of the world and how to bake them at home. (Originally published as The World Encyclopedia of Bread and Bread Making.) London: Hermes House. p. 54. ISBN 0-681-87922-X. 
  10. ^ Clayton, Bernard Jr. (2003). Bernard Clayton's New Complete Book of Breads. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 555. ISBN 0-7432-3472-3. 
  11. ^ Feilden, Rosemary (1999). "Bannock Stane at Aberdeen University's Virtual Museum". Aberdeen University. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  12. ^ Plotnikova, A. A. (2001). "Чесница". In Svetlana Mikhaylovna Tolstaya and Ljubinko Radenković. Словенска митологија: енциклопедијски речник [Slavic mythology: encyclopedic dictionary] (in Serbian). Belgrade: Zepter Book World. pp. 577–78. ISBN 86-7494-025-0. 
  13. ^ Vukmanović, Jovan (1962). "Božićni običaji u Boki Kotorskoj" [Christmas traditions in the Bay of Kotor]. Zbornik za narodni život i običaje Južnih Slovena (in Serbian) (Zagreb: The Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts) 40: 491–503. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  14. ^ Austral English: A Dictionary of Australasian Words, Phrases and Usages By Edward Ellis Morris Cambridge University Press, 2011 p114
  15. ^ One continuous picnic: a gastronomic history of Australia By Michael Symons Melbourne Univ. Publishing, 2007. p31[no source I can find states this bread was brought over to Australia by Irish immigrants]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soda_bread — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
616398 videos foundNext > 

How to Make Amazingly Easy Irish Soda Bread

Get the recipe @ http://allrecipes.com/recipe/amazingly-easy-irish-soda-bread/detail.aspx Watch how to make Irish soda bread. This old-fashioned buttermilk b...

Soda Bread How to Make simple & quick bread recipe

My recipes: http://www.youtube.com/OriginalNakedChef In this video I demonstrate how I make a basic soda bread. It's very easy and quick to make and only has...

Simple Soda Bread - Gordon Ramsay

Learn how to bake classic homemade soda bread in under an hour. Simple and absolutely delicious. Subscribe for weekly cooking videos. If you liked this clip ...

Jack Makes (real) Irish Soda Bread

Jack makes real Irish Soda Bread and imparts his wisdom. Jack's Bakery and Deli, Killorglin, County Kerry, Ireland www.tadhghayes.com.

Irish Soda Bread Recipe - Laura Vitale - Laura in the Kitchen Episode 551

To get this recipe with measurements: http://www.LauraintheKitchen.com PREVIOUS EPISODE: http://litk.us/previous NEXT EPISODE: http://litk.us/next Official F...

How to make Irish soda bread (brown bread) - traditional

There are several recipes for Irish soda bread throughout Ireland. This one is plain and simple: no fruit or seeds to spoil it. My family, friends, and neigh...

Darina Allen's Irish Soda Bread

How to make... Irish Soda Bread feat. Gennaro Contaldo

One of the easiest breads you will ever make and it's so delicious! I have Italian legend Gennaro Contaldo on hand to help me cook up this brilliant traditio...

How to Make Irresistible Irish Soda Bread

Get the recipe @ http://allrecipes.com/recipe/irresistible-irish-soda-bread/detail.aspx Make dense, moist Irish soda bread from scratch. It's so easy—and you...

Paul Hollywood's British Baking | Soda Bread Recipe

Discover the bakes that make Britain great with Paul Hollywood's brand new book and tour, coming autumn 2014. Books and tickets are available to order at htt...

616398 videos foundNext > 

15700 news items

ABC News

ABC News
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 07:22:11 -0800

Chicken and dumplings is a wonderfully simple, deliciously comforting dish — a thick, meaty stew bubbling away beneath a patchwork of moist, pillowy dumplings. So we decided to channel that comfort for a dish suited for St. Patrick's Day. Taking ...

Bluffton Today

Bluffton Today
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 21:37:30 -0800

With no yeast or kneading required, the recipes for Irish Soda Bread and Love Me Tender Buttermilk-Cream Cheese Biscuits make it possible to enjoy fresh-from-the oven breads and biscuits just about any time you desire. Containing buttermilk and baking ...

Albany Times Union

Albany Times Union
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 02:07:30 -0800

Flour, salt, baking soda and buttermilk or sour milk – these four ingredients are the only things needed to make Irish soda bread, one of the staples of traditional Irish cuisine. As St. Patrick's Day approaches, the Irish community prepares for a day ...

GoLocalProv

GoLocalProv
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 23:12:24 -0800

Irish soda bread is a unique quick bread made with soft flour, baking soda buttermilk, butter, and salt. Bread with any other ingredients in it is not true Irish soda bread, although it may be passed off as one. When made well, the bread is dense and ...

redbankgreen

redbankgreen
Thu, 05 Feb 2015 07:02:14 -0800

“I had never baked an Irish Soda Bread before.” 013015 Irish soda bread4 Secrets to the winning bread recipe are in the text below. (Photo by Susan Ericson. Click to enlarge). But a phone call from friends Siobhan Hogan and her husband, Pete, “who was ...

The Chronicle

The Chronicle
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 10:33:45 -0800

The Mid-Hudson St. Patrick's Parade Committee is hosting an Irish soda bread contest as part of its Irish Day festivities, coming up on Sunday, March 1. Drop off entries at the following locations and schedule: Maggie's Celtic Cottage, Talmadge Court ...

The Tennessean

The Tennessean
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 12:15:00 -0800

Michael Harvey of Nashville is having company and they asked if he would like for them to bring some German soda bread. “I'm very familiar with what I call traditional soda bread, but can you tell me how German is different, if at all?” he asks ...

Petoskey News-Review

Petoskey News-Review
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 11:19:20 -0800

To add to the Irish festivities, traditional Irish food and drink will be served, including Irish stew and soda bread. Various collectibles, jewelry, clothing and other items can be purchased at a small Irish and Scottish boutique as well. Belanger ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight