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Sock hop at Shimer College in 1948.

A sock hop or sox hop, often also called a record hop[1] or just a hop, was an informal sponsored dance event for teenagers in mid-20th-century North America, featuring popular music. It was commonly held at high schools and other educational institutions, often in the school gym or cafeteria. The term came about because dancers were required to remove their hard-soled shoes to protect the varnished floor of the gymnasium.[2] The music at a sock hop was usually played from vinyl records, sometimes presented by a disc jockey.[2] Occasionally there were also live bands.

Sock hops were held as early as 1944 by the American Junior Red Cross to raise funds during World War II.[3] They then became a fad among American teenagers in 1948.[4] In later years, "hops" became strongly associated with the 1950s and early rock and roll.[2] Danny and the Juniors sang "At the Hop" in 1957, which named many popular dances and otherwise documented what happened at a hop.[5]

In subsequent decades, with the widespread popularity of sneakers and other types of indoors-only shoes, the practice of removing shoes was dropped. The term then came to be applied more generally to any informal dance for teenagers.[6]

The term caught on in England in the late 1980s during a British rockabilly revival, led by groups like The Stray Cats. Life Begins at the Hop, a song celebrating sock hops, became the first charting single for XTC.[7]

See also[edit]

Students removing their shoes for a sock hop.
  • Sokkie - a similar idea in South Africa
  • School dance - modern incarnation of sock hops, shoes typically being mandatory for safety purposes (to avoid slipping and falling, shoe theft, etc.)
  • Prom - formal school dance in North American high schools, usually held for seniors (and sometimes juniors in a 'junior prom') at the end of the school year
  • Social dance

Works cited[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McBride 2014, p. 199.
  2. ^ a b c McBride 2014, pp. 200.
  3. ^ "Juniors to Hold Important Jobs in War Fund Drive". Evening Star (Washington, DC). 1944-02-27. p. 37. 
  4. ^ "Teen-Agers". Life. 1948-12-20. p. 67. 
  5. ^ McBride 2014, pp. 199-200.
  6. ^ Partridge, Eric (2006). The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. Routledge. p. 1811. ISBN 9780415259385. 
  7. ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2001). All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide to Popular Music. p. 425. ISBN 0879306270. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sock_hop — Please support Wikipedia.
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2739 news items

 
Great Bend Tribune
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 08:45:00 -0700

Great Bend's Fraternal Order of Eagles No. 646, 1024 Main, has events planned for the next two Saturdays. There will be a sock hop from 7 p.m. to midnight on July 11. The kitchen will be open serving burgers. The Eagles' annual luau will be held from 6 ...

Santa Rosa Press Gazette

Santa Rosa Press Gazette
Sun, 28 Jun 2015 14:50:32 -0700

The Vision of Hope organization recently celebrated the 1950's with a sock hop dance at the First Presbyterian Church of Milton. The nonprofit organization, which provides school to workforce transitional assistance to young adults with developmental ...
 
Franklin News Post
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 03:11:56 -0700

Attendees of the sock hop are encouraged to dress in their best 50s attire or come just as they are. The best dressed will win a special prize. Tickets are $10 per person and must be purchased in advance at the Essig Recreation Center by Wednesday, July 8.
 
Shore News Today
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 02:56:15 -0700

We'll be cuttin' a rug and bopping till we drop at the Luca John Foundation's Sock Hop Dance. So grab your appetite, and your best pal, because we're getting ready to twist the night away. All proceeds go to the Luca John Foundation, whose mission it ...
 
Contra Costa Times
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 11:30:12 -0700

EL CERRITO -- The sixth annual all-ages Sock Hop & Food Drive featuring live music by local favorites Hot Rod Jukebox will be held from 7 to 9 p.m. June 13 at St. Jerome Church, 308 Carmel Ave. The event is open to the public and admission is free, but ...
 
The Battlefords News-Optimist
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 14:11:15 -0700

On May, students from kindergarten to Grade 7 performed songs for celebrity judges, including Nick Fransoo from 98 FM local radio station and to a school assembly and then moved on to perform during the sock hop, accompanied by the BCS house band, ...
 
Santa Paula Times
Sun, 14 Jun 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Guests were rockin' around the clock at Saturday's Aviation Museum of Santa Paula's “Flying 50's Sock Hop” where poodle skirts and pompadours dominated the scene at the airport. Many couples showed they were “going steady” by the class rings worn on ...
 
Tallahassee.com
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 05:33:45 -0700

From the “sock-hop” '50s through the music video and MTV days of the 1980s, roller skaters of all ages descended on the Leon County Armory. Kids and young adults alike enjoyed the numerous hours skating to music and frolicking around with family or ...
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