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Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Luiseño, English, and Spanish
Traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Luiseño tribes, Ajachmem (Juaneño),[2] Cupeño, Cahuilla, Serrano, Gabrielino-Tongva, and Chemehuevi[3]

The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California. On June 18, 1883, the Soboba Reservation was established by the United States government in San Jacinto.[4] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño people in southern California.


Contact and change[edit]

The Luiseño Indians first encountered Europeans acting as missionaries, and the Luiseno allowed them to come through their community because they were literate.[citation needed] Writers passed through the San Jacinto valley where the Luiseňo were settled and recorded much of their culture. Along with missionaries and soldiers were a part of the 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza expedition overland to and through Las Californias sponsored by Spanish monarchy. took the Luiseňo homeland and claimed it theirs for the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia cattle rancho.

According to Father Jose Sanchez: "Proceeding in the same direction, we stopped at Jaguara, so called by the natives, but by our people San Jacinto. This is the rancho for the cattle of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, distant from Temecula about eleven or twelve leagues."

Soboba reservation[edit]

The reservation was given back to the Luiseňo after the United States Government took control of California. An Executive Order established the Soboba reservation June 19, 1883.


The members of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians have built a self-sustaining community. Their work includes agriculture and entertainment. Because of the businesses that they created, the economy of Soboba is strong.[5]

The tribe has built their own schools, including Noli Indian School, which serves grades twelve.[6] They have also created non-profit organizations and a charity with the money they have made from all of their businesses.

Accomplishments and economy[edit]


The Soboba began their economy with agriculture, starting with apricots. Over time, they developed the land surrounding the reservation. The members of the tribe worked their way outside of their own community and started working in the citrus industry. This agricultural industry allowed them to build their economy and expand.

Soboba Casino[edit]

Soboba Casino, 2007, with earlier design inset

In the late 20th century, the Soboba established a gaming casino to earn profits for economic development and for the support of their people. Under California and federal gambling laws, they could operate a gaming casino on their reservation, which is sovereign territory.

This casino is a premier gaming spot in California for many. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) from Los Angeles, and it attracts people from all over California. Soboba Casino is the biggest source of income for the tribe, and continues to grow every day.

Entertainment attractions[edit]

Soboba has also developed a country club, which hosts golf tournaments and has a condominium resort. This resort opened May 2008 and holds the Soboba Golf Classic, which is a major golf tournament in California and another source of revenue.[7]

Tribal government[edit]


Membership of the tribe is determined by birth. Although a member is not required to live or be born on the reservation, each must be a documented descendant of another member. Being a member of the tribe entitles one to voting rights for the government of the tribe.


The government is administered by five tribal council members. The tribal chairman is the highest position of power and is elected by a popular vote of members of the tribe. The vice chairwoman, secretary, treasurer, and member at large are put into position by demand of the elected council.

The tribal government makes business decisions and laws for the Soboba reservation. Elections are held like general elections in the United States, and absentee ballots are available upon prior approval.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: P. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ Hinton, 28-9
  3. ^ Crouthamel, S. J. "Luiseño Ethnobotany." Palomar College. 2009 (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  4. ^ Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.
  5. ^ "Tribal Economy." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  6. ^ "Soboba Celebrates." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  7. ^ "Country Club." Soboba Casino. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)[dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′39″N 116°52′52″W / 33.77750°N 116.88111°W / 33.77750; -116.88111

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soboba_Band_of_Luiseno_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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69 videos foundNext > 


Short History of Luiseno Indians

A breif history of Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians.

Riverside County Sheriff and Soboba Tribal Govt.

Riverside County Sheriff Stan Sniff sits down with reporter Kitty Alvarado and speaks out for the first time about Public Law 280 and what he won't compromise on with The Soboba Band of Luiseno...

FNX NOW: Avelleka Sexual Assault Awareness Walk (2014)

FNX NOW coverage of the the 2014 Avelleka Sexual Assault Awareness Walk on the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indian Reservation.

Good Native Governance: Break Out 3: Tribal Constitutional Revitalization

Good Native Governance: Innovative Research in Law, Education, and Economic Development Break Out 3: Tribal Constitutional Revitalization Jill Doerfler, Assistant Professor, University of...

Soboba Round Dance

Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians Round Dance.

For Future PR Professionals: Insight from an Industry Professional

Interview featuring Andrew Vallejos, Sponsorship Coordinator for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians and Soboba Casino Interview by Lisa Diaz, Full Sail University Student.

Jazmine - Solo

FAncy Shawl Dance 9 year old girl tribal member of Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians.

For Future PR Professionals: Tips & Warnings

Courtesy of Andrew Vallejos, Sponsorship Coordinator for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians and Soboba Casino for 6+ years Interview by Lisa Diaz, Full Sail ...

Mary Bono Mack's legislation to resolve decades of water disputes in Western Riverside County

The Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians Settlement Act (Public Law 110-297) is an historic agreement that settles over 75 years of water rights litigation and also strengthens regional efforts...

69 videos foundNext > 

97 news items


Sat, 18 Apr 2015 04:03:45 -0700

*San Jacinto, Calif. — On Sunday April, 26 from 5-8pm Hip hop icon Flavor Flav will be hosting a free fan meet and greet and announcing the Grand Prize Winner of a 2015 Maserati Ghibli at Soboba Casino in San Jacinto, CA. During this free event, Club ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:32:18 -0800

The downpours that lashed drought-stricken Southern California late last year wreaked havoc on the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, and on January 27 President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for the California reservation, which was ravaged by ...


Wed, 25 Mar 2015 12:07:30 -0700

Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians (San Jacinto, CA) – The Soboba Band will install a 1-MW ground-mounted solar PV system to meet 80% of the annual energy needs of key community facilities. The project will provide jobs and $6.4 million in savings over 20 ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 19:44:48 -0700

The Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin in Oneida, Wisconsin, the Pala Band of Mission Indians of Pala, California, the Santo Domingo Tribe of Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico (Kewa Pueblo), the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, ...
Whitehouse.gov (press release)
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 12:31:02 -0800

The President today declared a major disaster exists for the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians and ordered federal aid to supplement the Tribe's efforts in the area affected by severe storms, flooding, and mudslides during the period of December 4-6, 2014.


Mon, 29 Dec 2014 09:03:45 -0800

The building is new but the history of the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians' preschool can be traced to the mid-1970s. The grand opening for the expanded school was attended by staff, local government dignitaries and community members who showed their ...
PR Newswire (press release)
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 16:33:45 -0800

SAN JACINTO, Calif., Feb. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- There's always something new going on at Soboba Casino and on Friday, February 27, 2015 at 2:00 pm, they will premiere the exciting new gaming area, The Nook. Get in on all the excitement at this ...
Solar Industry
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 10:37:15 -0700

... kW ground-mounted PV system to power the tribe's community water pump and treatment facility;; The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, Calif., will install a 1 MW ground-mounted solar PV system;; The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of Fort ...

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