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Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians
Total population
522[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Languages
Luiseño, English, and Spanish
Religion
Traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Luiseño tribes, Ajachmem (Juaneño),[2] Cupeño, Cahuilla, Serrano, Gabrielino-Tongva, and Chemehuevi[3]

The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California. On June 18, 1883, the Soboba Reservation was established by the United States government in San Jacinto.[4] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño people in southern California.

History[edit]

Contact and change[edit]

The Luiseño Indians first encountered Europeans acting as missionaries, and the Luiseno allowed them to come through their community because they were literate.[citation needed] Writers passed through the San Jacinto valley where the Luiseňo were settled and recorded much of their culture. Along with missionaries and soldiers were a part of the 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza expedition overland to and through Las Californias sponsored by Spanish monarchy. took the Luiseňo homeland and claimed it theirs for the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia cattle rancho.

According to Father Jose Sanchez: "Proceeding in the same direction, we stopped at Jaguara, so called by the natives, but by our people San Jacinto. This is the rancho for the cattle of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, distant from Temecula about eleven or twelve leagues."

Soboba reservation[edit]

The reservation was given back to the Luiseňo after the United States Government took control of California. An Executive Order established the Soboba reservation June 19, 1883.

Community[edit]

The members of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians have built a self-sustaining community. Their work includes agriculture and entertainment. Because of the businesses that they created, the economy of Soboba is strong.[5]

The tribe has built their own schools, including Noli Indian School, which serves grades twelve.[6] They have also created non-profit organizations and a charity with the money they have made from all of their businesses.

Accomplishments and economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The Soboba began their economy with agriculture, starting with apricots. Over time, they developed the land surrounding the reservation. The members of the tribe worked their way outside of their own community and started working in the citrus industry. This agricultural industry allowed them to build their economy and expand.

Soboba Casino[edit]

Soboba Casino, 2007, with earlier design inset

In the late 20th century, the Soboba established a gaming casino to earn profits for economic development and for the support of their people. Under California and federal gambling laws, they could operate a gaming casino on their reservation, which is sovereign territory.

This casino is a premier gaming spot in California for many. It is located about 100 miles from Los Angeles, and it attracts people from all over California. Soboba Casino is the biggest source of income for the tribe, and continues to grow every day.

Entertainment attractions[edit]

Soboba has also developed a country club, which hosts golf tournaments and has a condominium resort. This resort opened May 2008 and holds the Soboba Golf Classic, which is a major golf tournament in California and another source of revenue.[7][dead link]

Tribal government[edit]

Enrollment[edit]

Membership of the tribe is determined by birth. Although a member is not required to live or be born on the reservation, each must be a documented descendant of another member. Being a member of the tribe entitles one to voting rights for the government of the tribe.

Offices[edit]

The government is administered by five tribal council members. The tribal chairman is the highest position of power and is elected by a popular vote of members of the tribe. The vice chairwoman, secretary, treasurer, and member at large are put into position by demand of the elected council.

The tribal government makes business decisions and laws for the Soboba reservation. Elections are held like general elections in the United States, and absentee ballots are available upon prior approval.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: P. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ Hinton, 28-9
  3. ^ Crouthamel, S. J. "Luiseño Ethnobotany." Palomar College. 2009 (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  4. ^ Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.
  5. ^ "Tribal Economy." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  6. ^ "Soboba Celebrates." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  7. ^ "Country Club." Soboba Casino. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′39″N 116°52′52″W / 33.77750°N 116.88111°W / 33.77750; -116.88111


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soboba_Band_of_Luiseno_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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79 news items

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 14:30:00 -0800

Rose Salgado, a member of the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, is one of those being considered for the position. “It really wasn't my idea,” Salgado says. “I was approached by people who have been watching the things that I do, who thought I would be a ...

Valley News

Valley News
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 07:56:15 -0800

... communities within the San Jacinto Mountains, and four tribal communities: the Cahuilla Band of Indians, the Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, the Ramona Band of Cahuilla Indians, and the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. Chief Deputy Collins was ...
 
Los Angeles Times
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 14:33:07 -0700

... Council, the California Solar Energy Industries Assn., brewer MillerCoors, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp., the Poker Players Alliance, casino operator Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. and the Walt Disney Co.
 
Valley News
Mon, 18 Apr 2011 18:13:59 -0700

LOS ANGELES - The former chairman of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians was sentenced today to 41 months behind bars for taking $875,000 in bribes from tribal vendors and concealing it from the Internal Revenue Service, prosecutors said.
 
Press-Enterprise
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Payomkawichum, the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians'18th annual Inter-Tribal Powwow, continues its three-day run through Sunday, Sept. 21, in the arena behind Soboba Casino off Soboba Road east of San Jacinto. Today's festivities start with gourd ...

The Desert Sun

The Desert Sun
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 22:20:02 -0700

... Indians, Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians, Morongo Band of Mission Indian, Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians, Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians, Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians and the Native American Rights Fund group were in attendance.
 
Press-Enterprise
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 19:26:09 -0700

The family has special permission to cross the lands belonging to the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians and the state Department of Fish and Wildlife, which oversees the Potrero Unit of the San Jacinto Wildlife Area in the hills. Soboba public safety ...
 
Indian Country Today Media Network
Mon, 16 Dec 2013 04:06:11 -0800

Sources say Rosemary Morillo, chairwoman of the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, couldn't believe what had happened. Apparently, she felt tribal lobbyists with their own interests had been able to have more of an influence with the federal government ...
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