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Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians
Total population
522[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Languages
Luiseño, English, and Spanish
Religion
Traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Luiseño tribes, Ajachmem (Juaneño),[2] Cupeño, Cahuilla, Serrano, Gabrielino-Tongva, and Chemehuevi[3]

The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California. On June 18, 1883, the Soboba Reservation was established by the United States government in San Jacinto.[4] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño people in southern California.

History[edit]

Contact and change[edit]

The Luiseño Indians first encountered Europeans acting as missionaries, and the Luiseno allowed them to come through their community because they were literate.[citation needed] Writers passed through the San Jacinto valley where the Luiseňo were settled and recorded much of their culture. Along with missionaries and soldiers were a part of the 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza expedition overland to and through Las Californias sponsored by Spanish monarchy. took the Luiseňo homeland and claimed it theirs for the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia cattle rancho.

According to Father Jose Sanchez: "Proceeding in the same direction, we stopped at Jaguara, so called by the natives, but by our people San Jacinto. This is the rancho for the cattle of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, distant from Temecula about eleven or twelve leagues."

Soboba reservation[edit]

The reservation was given back to the Luiseňo after the United States Government took control of California. An Executive Order established the Soboba reservation June 19, 1883.

Community[edit]

The members of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians have built a self-sustaining community. Their work includes agriculture and entertainment. Because of the businesses that they created, the economy of Soboba is strong.[5]

The tribe has built their own schools, including Noli Indian School, which serves grades twelve.[6] They have also created non-profit organizations and a charity with the money they have made from all of their businesses.

Accomplishments and economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The Soboba began their economy with agriculture, starting with apricots. Over time, they developed the land surrounding the reservation. The members of the tribe worked their way outside of their own community and started working in the citrus industry. This agricultural industry allowed them to build their economy and expand.

Soboba Casino[edit]

Soboba Casino, 2007, with earlier design inset

In the late 20th century, the Soboba established a gaming casino to earn profits for economic development and for the support of their people. Under California and federal gambling laws, they could operate a gaming casino on their reservation, which is sovereign territory.

This casino is a premier gaming spot in California for many. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) from Los Angeles, and it attracts people from all over California. Soboba Casino is the biggest source of income for the tribe, and continues to grow every day.

Entertainment attractions[edit]

Soboba has also developed a country club, which hosts golf tournaments and has a condominium resort. This resort opened May 2008 and holds the Soboba Golf Classic, which is a major golf tournament in California and another source of revenue.[7]

Tribal government[edit]

Enrollment[edit]

Membership of the tribe is determined by birth. Although a member is not required to live or be born on the reservation, each must be a documented descendant of another member. Being a member of the tribe entitles one to voting rights for the government of the tribe.

Offices[edit]

The government is administered by five tribal council members. The tribal chairman is the highest position of power and is elected by a popular vote of members of the tribe. The vice chairwoman, secretary, treasurer, and member at large are put into position by demand of the elected council.

The tribal government makes business decisions and laws for the Soboba reservation. Elections are held like general elections in the United States, and absentee ballots are available upon prior approval.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: P. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ Hinton, 28-9
  3. ^ Crouthamel, S. J. "Luiseño Ethnobotany." Palomar College. 2009 (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  4. ^ Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.
  5. ^ "Tribal Economy." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  6. ^ "Soboba Celebrates." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  7. ^ "Country Club." Soboba Casino. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)[dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′39″N 116°52′52″W / 33.77750°N 116.88111°W / 33.77750; -116.88111


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soboba_Band_of_Luiseno_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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114 news items

PR Newswire (press release)

PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 19 May 2015 10:15:00 -0700

... Empire's biggest HD video wall. Soboba Casino is proudly owned and operated by the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. Come join us for all the fun and then some! Soboba Casino. Where Everybody Goes to Play! For more information visit: soboba.com.

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 00:06:58 -0700

The notice said in addition to the Pechanga, the La Jolla Band of Luiseño Indians; Pala Band of Mission Indians; Pauma Band of Luiseño Indians; Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians, and the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians may have valid claims to the artifacts.

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 22:16:35 -0700

Indian gaming has proven to be a boon for tribal members, who are using to profiits to help children pursue higher education opportunities, and the communities that surround their operations, which have been beneficiaries of tribes' donations and largess.

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 22:31:43 -0700

The several dozen tribes with 1999 compacts set to expire in 2020 include Inland tribes such as the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians and the Twenty Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians. Evan Westrup, a spokesman for Brown, declined to say what the ...

PR Newswire (press release)

PR Newswire (press release)
Thu, 07 May 2015 13:54:24 -0700

Soboba Casino is proudly owned and operated by the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. Come join us for all the fun and then some! Soboba Casino. Where Everybody Goes to Play! For more information visit: soboba.com. Soboba Casino: 23333 Soboba ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:32:18 -0800

The downpours that lashed drought-stricken Southern California late last year wreaked havoc on the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, and on January 27 President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for the California reservation, which was ravaged by ...

OCRegister

OCRegister
Sun, 03 May 2015 20:59:48 -0700

A guest goes down a waterslide at Morongo Casino Resort & Spa in Cabazon in July. The pool area features a lazy river, cabanas, sandy beach and two jacuzzis.RODRIGO PENA, FILE PHOTO. BY AARON CLAVERIE AND DAVID OLSON / STAFF WRITERS.

Virtual Press Office (press release)

Virtual Press Office (press release)
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 12:30:00 -0700

SAN JACINTO, Calif., April 29, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Soboba Casino recently donated multiple cups of sweet breakfast love to the Noli Indian School. Students expressed enthusiastic appreciation for the over 1,500 individual cups of "Lucky Charms" cereal ...
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