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Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Luiseño, English, and Spanish
Traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Luiseño tribes, Ajachmem (Juaneño),[2] Cupeño, Cahuilla, Serrano, Gabrielino-Tongva, and Chemehuevi[3]

The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California. On June 18, 1883, the Soboba Reservation was established by the United States government in San Jacinto.[4] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño people in southern California.


Contact and change[edit]

The Luiseño Indians first encountered Europeans acting as missionaries, and the Luiseno allowed them to come through their community because they were literate.[citation needed] Writers passed through the San Jacinto valley where the Luiseňo were settled and recorded much of their culture. Along with missionaries and soldiers were a part of the 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza expedition overland to and through Las Californias sponsored by Spanish monarchy. took the Luiseňo homeland and claimed it theirs for the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia cattle rancho.

According to Father Jose Sanchez: "Proceeding in the same direction, we stopped at Jaguara, so called by the natives, but by our people San Jacinto. This is the rancho for the cattle of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, distant from Temecula about eleven or twelve leagues."

Soboba reservation[edit]

The reservation was given back to the Luiseňo after the United States Government took control of California. An Executive Order established the Soboba reservation June 19, 1883.


The members of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians have built a self-sustaining community. Their work includes agriculture and entertainment. Because of the businesses that they created, the economy of Soboba is strong.[5]

The tribe has built their own schools, including Noli Indian School, which serves grades twelve.[6] They have also created non-profit organizations and a charity with the money they have made from all of their businesses.

Accomplishments and economy[edit]


The Soboba began their economy with agriculture, starting with apricots. Over time, they developed the land surrounding the reservation. The members of the tribe worked their way outside of their own community and started working in the citrus industry. This agricultural industry allowed them to build their economy and expand.

Soboba Casino[edit]

Soboba Casino, 2007, with earlier design inset

In the late 20th century, the Soboba established a gaming casino to earn profits for economic development and for the support of their people. Under California and federal gambling laws, they could operate a gaming casino on their reservation, which is sovereign territory.

This casino is a premier gaming spot in California for many. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) from Los Angeles, and it attracts people from all over California. Soboba Casino is the biggest source of income for the tribe, and continues to grow every day.

Entertainment attractions[edit]

Soboba has also developed a country club, which hosts golf tournaments and has a condominium resort. This resort opened May 2008 and holds the Soboba Golf Classic, which is a major golf tournament in California and another source of revenue.[7]

Tribal government[edit]


Membership of the tribe is determined by birth. Although a member is not required to live or be born on the reservation, each must be a documented descendant of another member. Being a member of the tribe entitles one to voting rights for the government of the tribe.


The government is administered by five tribal council members. The tribal chairman is the highest position of power and is elected by a popular vote of members of the tribe. The vice chairwoman, secretary, treasurer, and member at large are put into position by demand of the elected council.

The tribal government makes business decisions and laws for the Soboba reservation. Elections are held like general elections in the United States, and absentee ballots are available upon prior approval.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: P. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ Hinton, 28-9
  3. ^ Crouthamel, S. J. "Luiseño Ethnobotany." Palomar College. 2009 (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  4. ^ Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.
  5. ^ "Tribal Economy." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  6. ^ "Soboba Celebrates." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  7. ^ "Country Club." Soboba Casino. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)[dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′39″N 116°52′52″W / 33.77750°N 116.88111°W / 33.77750; -116.88111

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soboba_Band_of_Luiseno_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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145 news items

PR Newswire (press release)

PR Newswire (press release)
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 13:05:47 -0700

... bar and three giant HD flat screens including the "Sobobatron," the Inland Empire's biggest HD video wall. Soboba Casino is proudly owned and operated by the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. Come join us for all the fun and then some! Soboba Casino.


Fri, 18 Sep 2015 15:06:29 -0700

The project came out of the relationship between the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians and JP Aerospace, an independent space program and research organization. JP Aerospeace sent a miniature slot machine almost 100,000 feet into space in June to ...


Mon, 14 Sep 2015 15:41:15 -0700

There are five other tribes in the WRCOG subregion: the Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians, the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, Cahuilla Band of Cahuilla Indians, the Ramona Band of Cahuilla Indians and the Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians.

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:32:18 -0800

The downpours that lashed drought-stricken Southern California late last year wreaked havoc on the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, and on January 27 President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for the California reservation, which was ravaged by ...

Virtual Press Office (press release)

Virtual Press Office (press release)
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 14:33:45 -0700

SAN JACINTO, Calif., Sept. 23, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Students of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians' Noli Indian School are exploring what it is like to be a scientist in an exciting aeronautics experiment hosted by JP Aerospace. Two classes of seventh ...


Thu, 30 Apr 2015 00:06:58 -0700

The notice said in addition to the Pechanga, the La Jolla Band of Luiseño Indians; Pala Band of Mission Indians; Pauma Band of Luiseño Indians; Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians, and the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians may have valid claims to the artifacts.

PR Newswire (press release)

PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 08 Sep 2015 03:02:14 -0700

SAN JACINTO, Calif., Sept. 8, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians invites the community and public to the 19th Annual Payomkawichum Soboba Inter-Tribal Pow Wow set to take place September 18th thru the 20th, 2015 at the Soboba ...

World Casino Directory

Solar Industry
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 09:12:34 -0700

The Tribal Council for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, located near San Jacinto, Calif., invites qualified firms to submit proposals to design, engineer, procure, construct, and potentially supply or identify tax partners for a solar photovoltaic ...

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