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Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians
Total population
522[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Languages
Luiseño, English, and Spanish
Religion
Traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Luiseño tribes, Ajachmem (Juaneño),[2] Cupeño, Cahuilla, Serrano, Gabrielino-Tongva, and Chemehuevi[3]

The Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California. On June 18, 1883, the Soboba Reservation was established by the United States government in San Jacinto.[4] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño people in southern California.

History[edit]

Contact and change[edit]

The Luiseño Indians first encountered Europeans acting as missionaries, and the Luiseno allowed them to come through their community because they were literate.[citation needed] Writers passed through the San Jacinto valley where the Luiseňo were settled and recorded much of their culture. Along with missionaries and soldiers were a part of the 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza expedition overland to and through Las Californias sponsored by Spanish monarchy. took the Luiseňo homeland and claimed it theirs for the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia cattle rancho.

According to Father Jose Sanchez: "Proceeding in the same direction, we stopped at Jaguara, so called by the natives, but by our people San Jacinto. This is the rancho for the cattle of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, distant from Temecula about eleven or twelve leagues."

Soboba reservation[edit]

The reservation was given back to the Luiseňo after the United States Government took control of California. An Executive Order established the Soboba reservation June 19, 1883.

Community[edit]

The members of the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians have built a self-sustaining community. Their work includes agriculture and entertainment. Because of the businesses that they created, the economy of Soboba is strong.[5]

The tribe has built their own schools, including Noli Indian School, which serves grades twelve.[6] They have also created non-profit organizations and a charity with the money they have made from all of their businesses.

Accomplishments and economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The Soboba began their economy with agriculture, starting with apricots. Over time, they developed the land surrounding the reservation. The members of the tribe worked their way outside of their own community and started working in the citrus industry. This agricultural industry allowed them to build their economy and expand.

Soboba Casino[edit]

Soboba Casino, 2007, with earlier design inset

In the late 20th century, the Soboba established a gaming casino to earn profits for economic development and for the support of their people. Under California and federal gambling laws, they could operate a gaming casino on their reservation, which is sovereign territory.

This casino is a premier gaming spot in California for many. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) from Los Angeles, and it attracts people from all over California. Soboba Casino is the biggest source of income for the tribe, and continues to grow every day.

Entertainment attractions[edit]

Soboba has also developed a country club, which hosts golf tournaments and has a condominium resort. This resort opened May 2008 and holds the Soboba Golf Classic, which is a major golf tournament in California and another source of revenue.[7]

Tribal government[edit]

Enrollment[edit]

Membership of the tribe is determined by birth. Although a member is not required to live or be born on the reservation, each must be a documented descendant of another member. Being a member of the tribe entitles one to voting rights for the government of the tribe.

Offices[edit]

The government is administered by five tribal council members. The tribal chairman is the highest position of power and is elected by a popular vote of members of the tribe. The vice chairwoman, secretary, treasurer, and member at large are put into position by demand of the elected council.

The tribal government makes business decisions and laws for the Soboba reservation. Elections are held like general elections in the United States, and absentee ballots are available upon prior approval.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: P. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ Hinton, 28-9
  3. ^ Crouthamel, S. J. "Luiseño Ethnobotany." Palomar College. 2009 (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  4. ^ Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.
  5. ^ "Tribal Economy." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  6. ^ "Soboba Celebrates." Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)
  7. ^ "Country Club." Soboba Casino. (retrieved 24 Dec 2010)[dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′39″N 116°52′52″W / 33.77750°N 116.88111°W / 33.77750; -116.88111


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soboba_Band_of_Luiseno_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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1653 news items

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 15:48:45 -0800

To help with repairs -- and make sure the next monster storm doesn't do further damage -- the Federal Emergency Management Agency on Wednesday signed a contract with the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians promising $1.35 million in federal disaster aid.
 
Virtual Press Office (press release)
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 16:33:45 -0800

SAN JACINTO, Calif., Feb. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- There's always something new going on at Soboba Casino and on Friday, February 27, 2015 at 2:00 pm, they will premiere the exciting new gaming area, The Nook. Get in on all the excitement at this ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:32:18 -0800

The downpours that lashed drought-stricken Southern California late last year wreaked havoc on the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, and on January 27 President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for the California reservation, which was ravaged by ...
 
OfficialWire
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 12:37:30 -0800

The President today declared a major disaster exists for the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians and ordered federal aid to supplement the Tribe's efforts in the area affected by severe storms, flooding, and mudslides during the period of December 4-6, 2014.
 
Casino City Times
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 14:07:30 -0800

SAN JACINTO, California -- (PRESS RELEASE) -- The Inland Empire unemployment rate is down to 8%, but with help from companies such as Soboba Casino, the rate can come down even more. On Thursday, February 26th, 2015, Soboba Casino is ...

Press-Enterprise

Press-Enterprise
Mon, 29 Dec 2014 09:03:45 -0800

The building is new but the history of the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians' preschool can be traced to the mid-1970s. The grand opening for the expanded school was attended by staff, local government dignitaries and community members who showed their ...
 
PR Newswire (press release)
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 12:03:17 -0800

... cozy Soboba Cafe and Coffee Kiicha, a large outdoor event arena that fits over 5,000 people, and the AC's Lounge with full cocktail bar and three giant HD flat screens. Soboba Casino is proudly owned and operated by the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians.
 
PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 18:06:00 -0800

SAN JACINTO, Calif., Jan. 27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- On Sunday, February 1st, 2015, Soboba Casino will be hosting the ultimate "Super Party XLIX" event during the "Big Game," with special guest former Cincinnati Bengals running back and Big Game XXIII ...
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