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The Soan river cutting through Pothohar
One of the many gorges of the Soan river

The Soan (Urdu and Punjabi: سون) (preferred), Swan (Urdu and Punjabi: سواں), Sawan or Sohan River is a river in Punjab, Pakistan.

Location and geography[edit]

The Soan River is an important stream of the Pothohar region of Pakistan. It drains much of the water of Pothohar. It starts near a small village Bun in the foothills of Patriata and Murree. It provides water to Simly Dam, which is the water reservoir for Islamabad. Near Pharwala Fort it cuts through a high mountain range, a wonderful natural phenomenon called Soan Cut. No stream can cut such a high mountain, which proves that the Soan was there before the formation of this range. And as the mountain rose through millions of years, the stream continued its path by cutting the rising mountain. Ling stream, following a relatively long course through Lehtrar and Kahuta falls in the Soan near Sihala on southern side of Village Gagri/Bhandar.

Islamabad Highway crosses this stream near Sihala where the famous Kak Pul bridge is constructed over it. The Ling Stream joins the Soan river just before the Kak Pul. Two other famous streams, the Korang River joins it just before the Soan Bridge and Lai stream, joins this stream after the Soan Bridge. After following a tortuous path along a big curve, the stream reaches Kalabagh proposed Dam Site close to Pirpiyahi where it falls into the Indus river. There is a famous railway station by the name of Sohan and a beautiful railway bridge very close to it. This relatively small stream is more than 250 kilometers long. Due to its mountainous course and shallow bed, it is hardly used for irrigation purposes. There are many species of fish in this river like China Rahu, Mahasher, Snakehead, Balm and Catfish are the main species of fish in this stream and Kingfisher birds hunt here too. In addition, there are many species of tortoises and turtles. The marine life of this river has been endangered due to drainage of chemicals of Sihala Industrial State and effluent water of Rawalpindi city into it. There was a time when peoples used to fish in this stream with nets and hooks and bring home handsome catch but now, not only the above species of fish have diminished but also peoples avoid to eat Soan River's fish as it feeds on contaminated water, which can cause different diseases. Ministry of Environment must take action and treat the effluent water of Rawalpindi city before releasing it into Soan River and also punish and fine those industrialists who are releasing chemicals and other industrial waste into the river and destroying the beautiful marine life of Soan River.


The river might be the Sushoma River of the Rig Veda. According to an important Hindu scripture Srimad Bhagavatam, the Sushoma is one of the many transcendental rivers flowing to the north of the land of Bharata.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 5.19.17-18". 2010-01-04. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°01′N 71°44′E / 33.017°N 71.733°E / 33.017; 71.733

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soan_River — Please support Wikipedia.
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59 news items

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 11:19:32 -0800

The minister said that the dam is to be constructed on Soan River in Islamabad capital territory jurisdiction near Chirah village, 25 kilometres northeast of Rawalpindi. The minister said the work will be taken in hand by the government of Punjab after ...
The News International
Sat, 06 Sep 2014 19:15:00 -0700

JAND: Three persons including a minor girl drowned while crossing the Soan River Bridge on Saturday. Najam Khattak, resident of Village Injra, a medical store owner, along with his daughter, was going to Talagang in a car driven by his driver.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 25 Jul 2012 18:46:47 -0700

They added the men were spotted drowning in the Soan River by passersby who informed rescue services and the police. After hectic efforts, rescuers and the police managed to recover the bodies. The families of the two that were identified have claimed ...

New York Post

New York Post
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 08:22:30 -0700

The comical, albeit lewd, image was discovered in a small area near the city of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, alongside the Soan River. In a statement to Mashable, a Google spokesperson said the prankster likely used Map Maker, a program that lets users edit ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 09:22:52 -0800

“Praise the bridge that carried you over:” Carlo Collodi (Well known Italian children's writer). In the case of the old bridge across Godavari river at Soan however, praise needs to be complemented by conservation. This unique 82-year-old masonry arch ...
The News International
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 16:19:09 -0700

... Pirwadhai Kas and Dhoke Ratta Nullah one after another, then flows down through the center of Rawalpindi City and finally pours into Soan River. In addition to these major tributaries, there are six other tributaries or drainage channels-sewage ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sun, 21 Jun 2015 14:32:11 -0700

Besides, the treated effluent was supposed to be disposed of in Soan River and the city would remain clean. Engineers at the Rawalpindi Development Authority and Wasa officials said that there would be no flooding in case of heavy rains had the project ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 15 Aug 2015 15:27:05 -0700

Projects that are expected to be approved are the Ghabir Dam project across a tributary of the Soan River, and the Papin Dam near Rawat. The topography of the Rawalpindi district in the Potohar plateau is broken and uneven, leaving less space for ...

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