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This article is about the non-standard unit of measure. For other uses, see Smoot (disambiguation).
1 smoot =
SI units
1.70180 m 170.180 cm
US customary units (Imperial units)
5.58333 ft 67.0000 in

The smoot /ˈsmt/ is a nonstandard humorous unit of length created as part of an MIT fraternity prank. It is named after Oliver R. Smoot, a fraternity pledge to Lambda Chi Alpha, who in October 1958 lay down repeatedly on the Harvard Bridge (between Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts) so that his fraternity brothers, including Peter S. Miller, Gordon Mann, Nathan Hopton, Tony Caserta and William Edmiston, could use his height to measure the length of the bridge.[1]

Unit description[edit]

The Harvard Bridge, looking towards Boston.
In a photo dated 2009, the painted inscription reads: "364.4 SMOOTS + 1 EAR"

One smoot is equal to Oliver Smoot's height at the time of the prank, 5 feet 7 inches (1.70 m).[2] The bridge's length was measured to be 364.4 smoots (620.1 m) plus or minus one ear, with the "plus or minus" intended to express uncertainty of measurement.[3] Over the years the "or minus" portion has gone astray in many citations, including the markings at the site itself, but has now been enshrined in stone by Smoot's college class.[4]

History[edit]

To implement his use as a unit of measure, Oliver Smoot repeatedly lay down on the bridge, let his companions mark his new position in chalk or paint, and then got up again. Eventually, he got tired from all this exercise and was carried thereafter by the fraternity brothers to each new position.[5][6]

The 100 smoot mark

Oliver Smoot graduated from MIT with the class of 1962, became a lawyer, and later became chairman of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI, 2001–02)[7] and then, president of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO, 2003–04).[8] He is the cousin of Nobel Prize winner George Smoot. The prank's fiftieth anniversary was commemorated on October 4, 2008 as Smoot Celebration Day at MIT, which Smoot attended.[6]

In 2011, "smoot" was one of the 10,000 new words added to the fifth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary.[9][10]

Practical use[edit]

Smoot mark 69 on the upstream (west) side of the Harvard Bridge

People walking across the bridge today can see painted markings indicating how many smoots there are from where the sidewalk begins on the Boston river bank. The marks are repainted each semester by the incoming associate member class (similar to pledge class) of Lambda Chi Alpha.[11]

Markings typically appear every 10 smoots, but additional marks appear at other numbers in between. For example, the 70-smoot mark is accompanied by a mark for 69. The 182.2-smoot mark is accompanied by the words "Halfway to Hell" and an arrow pointing towards MIT. Each class also paints a special mark for their graduating year.[citation needed]

The markings have become well accepted by the public, to the degree that during the bridge renovations that occurred in the 1980s, the Cambridge Police department requested that the markings be maintained by Lambda Zeta, the MIT chapter of Lambda Chi Alpha which created and maintains the smoot markings, since they had become useful for identifying the location of accidents on the bridge.[12] The renovators went one better, scoring the concrete surface of the sidewalk on the bridge at 5 foot 7 inch intervals, instead of the conventional six feet.[13]

Google Calculator also incorporates smoots, which it reckons at exactly 67 inches (1.7018 meters).[2] Google also uses the smoot as an optional unit of measurement in their Google Earth software and Google Maps distance measurement tool.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Curran, Susan. "Spotlight: A salute to Smoot". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Google: "1 smoot in meters"
  3. ^ Tavernor, Robert, Smoot's Ear: The Measure of Humanity, Yale University Press (2007), ISBN 978-0-300-12492-7, Preface, pp. xi-xvi
  4. ^ "Smoot in Stone". MIT News. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2010-07-20. Specifically noting the bridge's length of 364.4 Smoots (+/- 1 ear), the plaque, a gift of the MIT Class of 1962, honors the prank's 50th anniversary. 
  5. ^ Kostoulas, Andy (1999-10-12). "This Month In MIT History". The Tech. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  6. ^ a b Smoot Day on October 4, 2008
  7. ^ Oliver R. Smoot
  8. ^ MIT - a salute to Smoot
  9. ^ Cornish, Audie (2011-11-13). "Looking Up Words In A Book Not So Strange Yet". National Public Radio. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "American Heritage Dictionary entry". American Heritage Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) (1987). Harvard Bridge, Spanning Charles River at Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Department of the Interior. p. 5. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/hhh.ma1293. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  12. ^ Keyser describes his top five hacks - MIT News Office
  13. ^ Fahrenthold, David A. "The Measure of This Man Is in the Smoot". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  14. ^ Google Maps distance measurement tool

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoot — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

24346 news items

 
Parkersburg News
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 13:33:45 -0800

PARKERSBURG — The Smoot Kids Club series will present "Celebration USA!" at 8 p.m. Feb. 13 at the Smoot Theatre, 213 Fifth St., Parkersburg. Tickets are $15 for adults and $10 for children. Ticket are available by calling 304-422-PLAY (7529).
 
Philly.com
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 08:52:53 -0800

The former business manager of Dorothy June Brown's charter school network was indicted - along with Brown and three others - as a participant in a scheme to defraud the charters that Brown founded of more than $6 million. Smoot, 53, pleaded guilty the ...
 
San Jose Mercury News
Wed, 27 Jan 2016 16:07:25 -0800

The moment Katie Smoot stepped foot onto campus at Notre Dame-Belmont, it was obvious the 6-foot-1 outside hitter could crush a volleyball. That alone intrigued the University of Arizona coaches, who watched her win a bronze medal at Junior Nationals ...

Jackson Clarion Ledger

Jackson Clarion Ledger
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 16:18:56 -0800

The Jackson native was a first-team All-SEC performer at Mississippi state in 1999 and 2000. He earned first-team All-American honors in 2000. Washington selected Smoot in the second round in the 2001 NFL Draft. Mississippi State announced the hires of ...
 
Claremore Daily Progress
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 08:18:28 -0800

Kellogg can make peace of war, the Mississippi States can wash to the sea, liquors from the four corners of the earth can arrive un-tariffed, hides and T-bone steaks from the Argentine, wheat from Russia, but Reed Smoot prowls the docks at night to see ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 11:18:56 -0800

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (promulgated by two Republican Senators), passed in 1930 is widely accepted by economists as greatly contributing to spiraling the world's economy deeper into depression. According to Ben Bernanke, "Economists still agree ...
 
RenewAmerica
Sun, 31 Jan 2016 18:59:29 -0800

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff, as it came to be called, greatly escalated a trade war all over the world in 1930, just as the [First] Great Depression was getting rolling. It's one of the most destructive and bone-headed laws ever to come out of Congress ...

Hampshire Review

Hampshire Review
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 08:02:52 -0800

She was originally charged with 14 double counts stemming from the Kidz Fest in downtown Winchester on May 16 when 7 puppies Smoot brought were adopted. “The restitution is quite a minimal amount and will take a lengthy amount of time to pay myself ...
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