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This article is about snow skiing. For water skiing, see water skiing. For other related articles, see Ski.
Skier carving a turn on the Grande Motte, Tignes, Savoie, France

Skiing is a recreational activity and competitive sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, and the International Ski Federation.

History[edit]

Main article: History of skiing

Until the mid-1800s skiing was primarily used for transport, and since then has become a recreation and sport.[1] The oldest and most accurately documented evidence of skiing origins is found in modern day Norway and Sweden. The earliest primitive carvings circa 5000 B.C. depict a skier with one pole, located in Rødøy in the Nordland region of Norway. The first primitive ski was found in a peat bog in Hoting, Sweden which dates back to 4500 or 2500 B.C.[2][3] Joel Berglund reported in 2004 the discovery of a primitive ski, or "85cm long piece of wood", carbon tested by researchers in 1997 while excavating a Norse settlement near Nanortalik, Greenland. The primitive ski dated back to 1010, and is thought to be Greenland's oldest ski brought by Norsemen circa 980 A.D.[4]

The word "ski" itself is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means "split piece of wood or firewood".[5][6]

The first public skiing competition ("betting race") was held in Tromsø, Norway on 19 March 1843. It was also the first skiing competition reported in a newspaper.[1] Military ski races were held in Norway during the 18th century,[7] and ski warfare was studied in the late 18th century.[8]

The first Australian recreational ski club was formed in 1861 at Kiandra,[9] where the first documented international downhill carnival was also held.[10]

Types of skiing[edit]

Alpine[edit]

Main article: Alpine skiing

Also called downhill skiing, alpine skiing typically takes place on a piste at a ski resort. It is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier's boot. Because it is difficult to walk in alpine equipment, ski lifts including chairlifts bring skiiers up the slope. Backcountry skiing can be accessed by helicopter or snowcat. Facilities at resorts can include night skiing, après-ski, and glade skiing under the supervision of the ski patrol and the ski school.

Sub-genres include: freestyle and snowboarding.

Competitive classes, governed by the International Ski Federation include: slalom, giant slalom, super-g, downhill, and alpine skiing combined.

Nordic[edit]

Main article: Nordic skiing
Spring ski touring on Hardangervidda, Norway

Cross-country or backcountry skiing is the oldest form of skiing and was developed in Scandinavia as a way of traveling over snow. It uses free-heel bindings that attach at the toes of the skier's boots but not at the heels. Various specialties of competitive or recreational skiing developed from this basic style, sub-genres of Nordic skiing include:

Skiing without snow[edit]

Originally and primarily a winter sport, skiing can also be practised indoors without snow or outdoors on grass, on dry ski slopes, with ski simulators, or with roller skis.

Equipment[edit]

Equipment used in skiing includes:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skiing — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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353445 news items

NBCSports.com

NBCSports.com
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 07:26:15 -0700

Any predictions for the men's Alpine skiing season were torn to shreds along with Norwegian Aksel Lund Svindal's Achilles tendon last week. The revised picture is that of an Austrian seeking history, two veterans and a rising speed racer leading the U ...

Livingston Daily

USA TODAY High School Sports
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 16:48:45 -0700

The front of the trophy pronounces Brighton as the 2014 girls skiing state champion, but it's the back of the trophy that significantly increased in value to team members Saturday at Mt. Brighton — after U.S. Olympic gold medalist and World Cup alpine ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 23:00:00 -0700

Ski Safarihas a two-week package to the resort of Yongpyong, which will host the 2018 Winter Olympics, combined with a few days' skiing in Niseko, Japan, from £1,970pp including flights. Early signs say California may be set for a long overdue good winter.

NBCSports.com

NBCSports.com
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

The women's Alpine skiing landscape changed plenty since the Sochi Olympics, creating intrigue going into this season, which begins with the traditional opening giant slalom in Soelden, Austria, on Saturday. Five storylines to watch as the campaign ...
 
CNN
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 02:56:15 -0700

The choice of ski resort is key to that enjoyment and a good place to start might be Solden in Austria where the Alpine Skiing World Cup starts next weekend on the treacherous Rettenbach Glacier. The courses set for the daredevil professionals might ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 09:30:31 -0700

Two ski enthusiasts spent seven years imagining a way to make the simple act of skiing appear in an entirely different way. Nick Waggoner and Mike Brown co-directed an online film "Afterglow" — a highly illuminated look at nighttime skiing in Alaska ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Meanwhile, in the world of cyber skiing, Mt. Hood Meadows is in the bracket of 16 against Schweitzer Resort at Sandpoint, Idaho, in Powder magazine's Ski Town Throwdown. Vote for your favorite resort (hint, hint) at this link on powder.com. Wednesday, Oct.

Gizmodo

Gizmodo
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 19:01:31 -0700

Skiing? Fun. Night skiing? Even more fun. Night skiing in impossible bright light suits that transform your body into a glowing orb as you fly down the mountain? That has to be the most fun you can have. And if it's not, it's definitely the coolest ...
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