digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about snow skiing. For water skiing, see water skiing.
Skier carving a turn on the Grande Motte, Tignes, Savoie, France

Skiing is a recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Ski Federation (FIS).

History[edit]

Main article: History of skiing

Skiing has a history of almost five millennia. Although modern skiing has evolved from beginnings in Scandinavia, it may have been practiced as early as 600 BC in what is now China.[1][2]

The word "ski" is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means "split piece of wood or firewood".[3][4]

Asymmetrical skis were used at least in northern Finland and Sweden up until the late 1800s. On one leg the skier wore a long straight non-arching ski for sliding, and on the other a shorter ski for kicking. The bottom of the short ski was either plain or covered with animal skin to aid this use, while the long ski supporting the weight of the skier was treated with animal fat in similar manner to modern ski waxing.

Early skiers used one long pole or spear. The first depiction of a skier with two ski poles dates to 1741.[5]

Until the mid-1800s skiing was primarily used for transport, and since then has become a recreation and sport.[6] Military ski races were held in Norway during the 18th century,[7] and ski warfare was studied in the late 18th century.[8] As equipment evolved and ski lifts were developed skiing evolved into two main genres in the 1930s, Alpine and Nordic.

Types of skiing[edit]

Nordic[edit]

Main article: Nordic skiing
Spring ski touring on Hardangervidda, Norway

The Nordic disciplines include cross-country skiing and ski jumping, which share in common the use of binding that attach at the toes of the skier's boots but not at the heels. Cross-country skiing may be practiced on groomed trails or in undeveloped backcountry areas.

Alpine[edit]

Main article: Alpine skiing

Also called downhill skiing, alpine skiing typically takes place on a piste at a ski resort. It is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier's boot. Because it is difficult to walk in alpine equipment, ski lifts including chairlifts bring skiiers up the slope. Backcountry skiing can be accessed by helicopter or snowcat. Facilities at resorts can include night skiing, après-ski, and glade skiing under the supervision of the ski patrol and the ski school. Alpine skiing branched off from the older Nordic skiing around the 1920s, when the advent of ski lifts meant that it was not necessary to walk any longer. Alpine equipment specialized to where it can only be used with the help of lifts.

Telemark[edit]

Main article: Telemark skiing

Telemark skiing is a ski turning technique and FIS-sanctioned discipline. It is named after the Telemark region of Norway. Using equipment similar to nordic skiing, the ski bindings having the ski boot attached only at the toe.

Competition[edit]

The following disciplines are sanctioned by the FIS. Many have their own world cups and are in the winter olympics.

Other competition includes grass skiing and Telemark.

Equipment[edit]

Equipment used in skiing includes:

Technique[edit]

Technique has evolved along with ski technology and ski geometry. Early techniques included the telemark turn, the stem, the stem Christie, snowplough, and parallel turn.

New parabolic designs like the Elan SCX have enabled the more modern carve turn.

Skiing without snow[edit]

Originally and primarily a winter sport, skiing can also be practised indoors without snow or outdoors on grass, on dry ski slopes, with ski simulators, or with roller skis.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Editors (January 25, 2006). "Ancient paintings suggest China invented skiing". China Today. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2015-01-27. 
  2. ^ Marquand, Edward (March 15, 2006). "Before Scandinavia: These could be the first skiers". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 
  3. ^ The cradle of skiing (Norway – the official site in the United States)
  4. ^ Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity (Norway – the official site in the United States)
  5. ^ Hergstrom, P (1748). Beschreibung von dem unter schwedischer Krone gehörigen Lappland. Leipzig: von Rother. 
  6. ^ Saur, Lasse (1999): Norske ski - til glede og besvær. Research report, Høgskolen i Finnmark.
  7. ^ Bergsland, Einar (1946): På ski. Oslo: Aschehoug.
  8. ^ "How concern for the national health and military preparedness led France to build the infrastructure for Chamonix, 1924.". Retrieved 17 July 2014. 

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skiing — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Best of skiing (Extended version)

GoPro Hero 3 HD Nassfeld 2013 Using Pinnacle studio 16 and Adobe Affter Effects to edit. Song: Ivan Gough & Feenixpawl feat. Georgi Kay- In My Mind (Axwell Mix Edit) Enjoy!

This Is Skiing | HD

Like for more compilations. If I used one of your videos for this compilation please message me so I can put you in the credits. I did have to re-upload it if your wondering. I do not own...

One of those days 2 - Candide Thovex

Candide Thovex having another one of those days in his home resort. *IMPORTANT Please only use and share this embed code of the official video. Third party downloads and distribution is not...

Skiers Tame Alaska's 'Magic Kingdom' - Extreme Skiing Video

In this first episode of Behind the Line, Ian McIntosh and Sage Cattabriga-Alosa make first descents in the Neacola Mountains of Alaska. Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1gOis8P Subscribe...

Not Powder Skiing, It's Sh*t-F*ck Skiing | Likebomb Skiing, Ep. 1

http://www.epictv.com With last year's magical December still in their minds, the Likebomb crew went back to Engleberg mid December 2013 for some deep, early season POW skiing. Unfortunately,...

Expert Ski Lessons #7.5 - Skiing Steeps

http://www.SkiSchoolApp.com. In this lesson ski instructor Darren Turner takes a look at three key skills to help you learn how to ski steep runs: edging, foot rotation and body separation....

Kids go Skiing AGAIN! Lexi goes down Huge Mountain!! (Ober Gatlinburg, TN Family Vlog #3)

We went to Ober Gatlinburg in TN, the most awesome Ski Mountain we've been to! Lexi has graduated to Skiing down the BIG HILLS with DAD, no more Bunny Slopes!! :) Enjoy all of our Go Pro...

Most insane ski line EVER

"DAYS OF MY YOUTH" is now available at http://www.skimovie.com and http://www.RedBull.com/DaysOfMyYouth Red Bull Media House, in association with MSP Films, presents “DAYS OF MY YOUTH” ...

Extreme skiing compilation HD 2014

I don't own any of these videos. They are independently available on other channels. Videos: After Dark - Level 1 Productions, Logan Imlach skis through tower block and straight out of the...

GoPro HERO4 - Skiing the Weekend 2 | Beef Circuz

Beef Circuz is a group of good friends that love skiing and make some edits on youtube. Like us on Facebook! https://www.facebook.com/beefcircuz Like me on Facebook! http://on.fb.me/19LVCHb...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

15045989 news items

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 01:11:52 -0700

Skiing is taking off in a big way in China. Beijing sees the sport as part of its “China dream,” while entrepreneurs from the country's ultracompetitive business world are rapidly embracing the thrill of life on the edge. China is looking to the ...

The Union Leader

The Union Leader
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 20:00:00 -0700

LINCOLN — The US Paralympic Alpine Skiing National Championships wrapped up its inaugural visit to Loon Mountain on Thursday with locals on the podiums. Team USA head coach Kevin Jardine said he was delighted that a four-day visit to the North ...

Bangor Daily News

Bangor Daily News
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 12:14:55 -0700

Orono High School's Lily Koffman competes in the cross country classical race during the Class C state meet in February 2015 in Presque Isle. She placed second in the event. The Maine Principals' Association proposes to eliminate Class C skiing in ...

WSAZ-TV

WSAZ-TV
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 14:33:45 -0700

"While accidents like this are rare, any time something like this happens, it saddens all of us that are part of the skiing industry. Skier safety is of paramount importance to Snowshoe Mountain and we continue to strive to offer the safest environment ...

WCSH-TV

WCSH-TV
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 21:15:36 -0700

NEWRY, Maine (NEWS CENTER) -- 35-year-old Benjamin Taylor was killed in a skiing accident at Sunday River on Wednesday morning. A spokeswoman said Taylor went off of the double black diamond trail named "Black Hole" around 11:00 a.m..

Forbes

Forbes
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 14:33:45 -0700

Here's a little secret: It may officially be spring but now is the best time to be skiing Colorado and Utah. Warm weather and severe drought this season forced ski areas across California, including those near LA, to shut early. But the Rocky Mountains ...

OCRegister

OCRegister
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 15:40:05 -0700

Christine Guzman, 23, from Riverside tries snowboarding for the first time in December. Snow Summit and Bear Mountain in Big Bear are shutting down their lifts after this weekend.FILE: FRANK BELLINO, STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER. BY LAYLAN CONNELLY ...

CT News (blog)

CT News (blog)
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 06:07:30 -0700

It's the season of skiing and snowboarding that keeps on giving. In southern New England, we've got a couple more weeks to ski down our favorite trails; some northern areas will be sliding into May. But, the reality is that most people have already ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight