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This article is about snow skiing. For water skiing, see water skiing. For other related articles, see Ski.
Skier carving a turn on the Grande Motte, Tignes, Savoie, France

Skiing is a recreational activity and competitive sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, and the International Ski Federation.

History[edit]

Main article: History of skiing

Until the mid-1800s skiing was primarily used for transport, and his since become a recreation and sport.[1] The oldest and most accurately documented evidence of skiing origins is found in modern day Norway and Sweden. The earliest primitive carvings circa 5000 B.C. depict a skier with one pole, located in Rødøy in the Nordland region of Norway. The first primitive ski was found in a peat bog in Hoting, Sweden which dates back to 4500 or 2500 B.C.[2][3] Joel Berglund reported in 2004 the discovery of a primitive ski, or "85cm long piece of wood", carbon tested by researchers in 1997 while excavating a Norse settlement near Nanortalik, Greenland. The primitive ski dated back to 1010, and is thought to be Greenland's oldest ski brought by Norsemen circa 980 A.D.[4]

The word "ski" itself is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means "split piece of wood or firewood".[5][6]

The first public skiing competition ("betting race") was held in Tromsø, Norway on March 19, 1843. It was also the first skiing competition reported in a newspaper.[1] Military ski races were held in Norway during the 18th century,[7] and ski warfare was studied in the late 18th century.[8]

The first Australian recreational ski club was formed in 1861 at Kiandra,[9] where the first documented international downhill carnival was also held.[10]

Types of skiing[edit]

Alpine[edit]

Main article: Alpine skiing

Also called downhill skiing, alpine skiing typically takes place on a piste at a ski resort. It is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier's boot. Because it is difficult to walk in alpine equipment, ski lifts including chairlifts bring skiiers up the slope. Backcountry skiing can be accessed by helicopter or snowcat. Facilities at resorts can include night skiing, après-ski, and glade skiing under the supervision of the ski patrol and the ski school.

Sub-genres include: freestyle and snowboarding.

Competitive classes, governed by the International Ski Federation include: slalom, giant slalom, super-g, downhill, and alpine skiing combined.

Nordic[edit]

Main article: Nordic skiing
Spring ski touring on Hardangervidda, Norway

Cross-country or backcountry skiing is the oldest form of skiing and was developed in Scandinavia as a way of traveling over snow. It uses free-heel bindings that attach at the toes of the skier's boots but not at the heels. Various specialties of competitive or recreational skiing developed from this basic style, sub-genres of Nordic skiing include:

Skiing without snow[edit]

Originally and primarily a winter sport, skiing can also be practised indoors without snow or outdoors on grass, on dry ski slopes, with ski simulators, or with roller skis.

Equipment[edit]

Equipment used in skiing includes:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skiing — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

193036 news items

 
Vail Daily News
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Her program, Dynamic Skiing, features on-snow instruction as well as a mind-body system that aims to directly enhance ski performance and confidence. McIntyre teaches the Feldenkrais Method, a simple form of sensory motor learning. Through indoor ...
 
The Bozeman Daily Chronicle
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 04:03:45 -0700

Traditions don't necessarily make sense to those who don't partake, so it's all right if skiing on Independence Day weekend seems strange. It is the summer, after all, and it's important to revel Montana's brief stretch of warm weather before winter ...
 
The Sentinel
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 07:38:32 -0700

Police said Jonathan Hittie, no age reported, of Carlisle, was water skiing with friends when he fell into the water. The inexperienced driver of the boat turned to pick him up, when Hittie went under the boat and was hit by the propeller, police said ...
 
Ktoo
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 16:48:45 -0700

While snow is a constant, relatively warm summer temperatures create less-than-ideal skiing conditions on the glacier. As the athletes trudge up a steep hill on the 10 kilometer track, they struggle to push through the slushy snow. But Erik Flora says ...
 
Omaha World-Herald
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 18:18:45 -0700

A group of Cornhusker State Games participants found a way to enjoy lake time while also competing for medals and preparing for national competition. Water skiing enthusiasts in Nebraska didn't want to waste a day like Saturday at Championship Lake.
 
wnep.com
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 17:45:00 -0700

PROMPTON STATE PARK — Water skiers were doing it without skis at Prompton State Park in Wayne County. The Eastern Regional Barefoot Water Ski Tournament was held at the lake on Saturday. Skiers competed in three events: jumping, tricks, and ...

Vogue Australia (blog)

Vogue Australia (blog)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

A weekend at QT Falls Creek combines two of my favourite things: great interior design and skiing. Designer Nic Graham has been inspired by fashion featuring aged vintage skis on the walls and fun soft furnishings, combined with practical painted ...

FanSided (blog)

FanSided (blog)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 09:30:00 -0700

Something is off with this picture of pro water skier Chris Parrish meeting Seahawks coach Pete Carroll. I just can't quite put my finger on it. More From NFL. 7/22 - St. Louis Rams LB Dunbar claims self defense in club brawl · 7/22 - Buffalo Bills ...
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