This article is about snow skiing. For water skiing, see water skiing
. For other related articles, see Ski
Skiing is a recreational activity and competitive sport in which the participant attaches skis to boots or shoes on the feet and uses them to travel on top of snow. Aside from recreation and competition, skiing has been used for military purposes and travelling in areas that experience heavy snowfall. Until about 1860 skiing was primarily used for practical transport purposes in snow-rich areas, from around 1860 skiing for recreation, exercise and competition was introduced. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, and the International Ski Federation.
The oldest and most accurately documented evidence of skiing origins is found in modern day Norway and Sweden. The earliest primitive carvings circa 5000 B.C. depict a skier with one pole, located in Rødøy in the Nordland region of Norway. The first primitive ski was found in a peat bog in Hoting, Sweden which dates back to 4500 or 2500 B.C. Joel Berglund reported in 2004 the discovery of a primitive ski, or "85cm long piece of wood", carbon tested by researchers in 1997 while excavating a Norse settlement near Nanortalik, Greenland. The primitive ski dated back to 1010, and is thought to be Greenland's oldest ski brought by Norsemen circa 980 A.D.
The word "ski" itself is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means "split piece of wood or firewood".
The first Australian recreational ski club was formed in 1861 at Kiandra, where the first documented international downhill carnival was also held. Military ski races were held in Norway during the 18th century. The first public skiing competition ("betting race") was held in Tromsø, Norway on March 19, 1843. It was also the first skiing competition reported in a newspaper.
Types of skiing
Also called downhill skiing, alpine skiing typically takes place at a ski resort or dry slope. It originated in the European Alps, and is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier's boot. Sub-genres of alpine skiing include:
In alpine skiing, for every 1000 people skiing in a day, on average between two and four will require medical attention. Knee injuries account for 33 percent of injuries. Most accidents are the result of user error leading to an isolated fall.
Cross-country or backcountry skiing is the oldest form of skiing and was developed in Scandinavia as a way of traveling over snow. It uses free-heel bindings that attach at the toes of the skier's boots but not at the heels. Various specialties of competitive or recreational skiing developed from this basic style, sub-genres of Nordic skiing include:
Cross country skiing: Priit Narusk in the qualification for the Tour de Ski in Prague.
Cross country skiing: Skiing tracks in snow in mountains in Sarek, Sweden.
A person without the use of his legs learning to ski on a sit-ski, using two outriggers.
This Is Skiing | HD
Like for more compilations. If I used one of your videos for this compilation please message me so I can put you in the credits. I did have to re-upload it i...
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Tyler Ceccanti skiing the Pacific Northwest in ep.1 of SnowChasers
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GoPro HERO 3 - Park-Skiing | Full HD
Here it is: my new Skiing-Video which I filmed with my GoPro HERO 3 Black Edition in Obereggen with my Friends. I hope you like my new Freeski Edit and pleas...
ATOMIC We Are Skiing 2014
Subscribe: http://goo.gl/RC2cXY Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/ATOMICSKIING Instagram: http://instagram.com/atomicski Twitter: http://twitter.com/atomic A...
How to backflip on skis - skiing back flip - Ski Addiction
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Bobby's Life - Skiing Breckenridge before opening - Episode 1
Head up to the slopes here: http://win.gs/MqRAii The skiing preseason has just begun for Bobby Brown in his hometown of Denver Colorado as him and his friend...
Sochi Olympics 2014 | Ted Ligety: Giant Slalom (GS) Skier's Unique Turning | The New York Times
No skier in the world carves turns the way Ted Ligety does. The American, who is competing in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, has practically inve...
Rick Kupchella's BringMeTheNews
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 08:28:28 -0700
Should we take a bike ride, schedule a round of golf or head up north and go skiing? MPR News reported Lutsen Mountains Ski Resort will keep its runs overlooking Lake Superior open into May – its latest closing date ever. This year, the popular North ...
Cleveland Scene Weekly
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 06:11:41 -0700
Some people look forward to Northeast Ohio's crazy winters and embrace the seemingly never-ending onslaught of snow. Those people voted Brandywine Ski Resort — just 20 miles south of Cleveland — as the best place to ski this year. It boasts 11 trails ...
Peter Greenberg.com Travel News
Peter Greenberg.com Travel News
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 05:22:30 -0700
ski-lift Ski season may be over around the country, but that doesn't mean you can't hit the slopes this summer. Here are some places where you can go summer skiing. In California, Mammoth Mountain has one of the longest ski seasons in the U.S. It ...
Calgary Herald (blog)
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 13:26:15 -0700
Sunshine Village, famous for its great spring skiing conditions, is reporting 30 cm of snow in the past week, and more in the forecast this weekend. Resort officials report a base of 213 cm, with nearly 30 feet of snow falling so far. A spring concert ...
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 09:02:30 -0700
Some folks are fed up with this year's frigid temperatures and endless snowstorms. But those who love to ski, snowboard and snowshoe have a reason to rejoice. Spring skiing is well underway and the snow is so good that some Colorado resorts, such as ...
The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 07:15:00 -0700
Whiteface Mountain Ski Center shut down its lifts on Easter, and the cross-country ski center at Mount Van Hoevenberg closed the previous Sunday, April 13. Winter has taken its last gasp of air as locals begin their annual transition to mud season in ...
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 20:00:00 -0700
French officials have returned Schumacher's skiing helmet — which shattered into three pieces during the accident — to his family after completing the investigation, according to the report. Schumacher's helmet-mounted camera and the rented skis he ...
New Hampshire Public Radio
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 06:01:53 -0700
Avalanche danger is posted daily by US Forest Service snow rangers. Danger is frequently high in mid-winter, but as backcountry skiing gains in popularity, the rangers say they are seeing more skiing in months that were traditionally considered dangerous.
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