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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Singrauli District.
Nickname(s): Energy capital of India
Singrauli is located in Madhya Pradesh
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 24°12′07″N 82°39′58″E / 24.202°N 82.666°E / 24.202; 82.666Coordinates: 24°12′07″N 82°39′58″E / 24.202°N 82.666°E / 24.202; 82.666
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Singrauli (Waidhan)
District Headquarter Waidhan
Commissionaire/Division Rewa
 • Type municipal
 • Total 2,200 km2 (800 sq mi)
 • Official Hindi, Bagheli, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 486886
Telephone code 07805
Vehicle registration MP-66
Website www.singrauli.nic.in

Singrauli is a city in Singrauli district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and Commissionaire of Rewa .


The area in the eastern part of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the adjoining southern part of Sonebhadra district in the state of UP is collectively known as Singrauli. Singrauli is emerging as India’s energy capital. The place earlier known as Shringavali, named after the sage Shringi, was once covered with dense and unnavigable forests and inhabited by wild animals. The place was considered so treacherous that it was used by the kings of Rewa State, who ruled the area till 1947, as an open air prison for detaining errant civilians and officers.

Just two generations ago, small holders were tending their parcels of land here, and the original inhabitants were gathering honey and herbs in the forest. In the late fifties, a large scale dam banked up the water of the River Rihand. The dam known as Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar was inaugurated by Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1962. Later, rich coal deposits spread over an area of 2200 km² in the state of M.P. (eastern part of Sidhi District) and U.P. (southern part of Sonebhadra District) were discovered close to the artificial lake that could be used to generate electricity.[1]

On 24 May 2008, Madhya Pradesh government declared Singrauli as its 50th district by separating from Sidhi with 3 tehsils, Singrauli, Chitrangi and Deosar. On 1 April 2012 two new tehsils were added, Mada and Sarai.

This area has group of rock cut caves made in the 7-8th century AD in Mada, 32 km from Waidhan. The Mada caves are situated in Mada tehsil of Singrauli district. Famous caves include Vivah Mada, Ganesh Mada and Shankar Mada, Jaljalia and Ravan Mada.

Besides rock cut caves, Singrauli also has pPainted rock shelters. Ranimachi, Dholagiri and Goura pahad lie in Chitrangi tehsil of Singrauli. These painted rock shelters belong to the Mesolithic age of microlithic implements culture. These paintings are representative of the early history of Indian art and are made of red ochre.

Pollution threatens the shelters. Connectivity by road is very poor. This ishas been evident for several years but no action has been taken yet to improve road transport and quality of buses.[2]


  • Commissioner of Rewa Division (Commissionaire of Rewa) supervision in District Administration of Singrauli
  • District Collector/District Magistrate office (Collectorate) situated is District Headquarters Town Waidhan

Other officials:

  • Additional District Collector / Magistrate (ADM); Joint Collector; Upper Collector, Waidhan
  • Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM), Singrauli(Waidhan), Deosar and Chitrangi
  • Executive Magistrate / Tehsildar, Singrauli(Waidhan), Deosar, Chitrangi, Mara (Mada) and Sarai
  • Deputy Executive Magistrate / Nayeb Tehsildar office of the other towns and major villages

Singrauli District Police Force:

  • Inspector General of Police (IGP) Rewa Zone, Rewa supervision in District Force of Singrauli
  • Superintendent of Police (SP) office situated is District Headquarter Town Waidhan


  • Singrauli has an average literacy rate of 62.4%, lesser than the national average of 70.6%: male literacy is 73.8%, and female literacy is 49.9%. In Singrauli, 17.34% of the population is under 6 years of age. (Literacy rate is the percentage of literates people to the total population aged 7 years and above).
  • Population growth rate of Singrauli in census 1951-1961 was 24.8 (24th in Madhya Pradesh), in 1961-1971 was 35.9 (4th in M.P.), in 1971-1981 was 36.4 (3rd in M.P.), in 1981-1991 was 44.9 (2nd in M.P.), in 1991-2001 was 38.6 (1st in M.P.) in 2001-2011 was 28 (4th in M.P.). It is expected that Singrauli will be 1st in Madhya Pradesh in population growth rate during 2011-2022 because of industrial development.

District statistics and south Asia's biggest industrial area.

  • Out of the total Singrauli population for 2011 census, 19.25 percent lives in urban regions of district. In total 226,786 people lives in urban areas of which males are 120,313 and females are 106,473. Sex ratio in urban region of Singrauli district is 885 as per 2011 census data. Similarly child sex ratio in Singrauli district was 899 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 30,804, of which males and females were 16,219 and 14,585. This child population figure of Singrauli district is 13.48% of the total urban population. Average literacy rate in Singrauli district as per census 2011 is 75.51% of which males and females are 83.97% and 65.93% literates respectively. In actual number 147,990 people are literate in urban region of which males and females are 87,408 and 60,582 respectively.


By air[edit]

  • Varanasi Shastri domestic Airport, Babatpur
  • Myurpur Airport in Sonebhadra District of Uttar Pradesh 80 km from District Headquarter Waidhan
  • Singrauli Airport Under construction in Katauli village, near District Headquarter Waidhan

By rail[edit]

District Headquarter is approximately 30 km from Signrauli Morwa station, which has train connectivity with Jabalpur, Bhopal, Ajmer, Patna, Lucknow, Howrah, Ahmedabad and Katni, 50 km from Renukoot Station which has train connectivity with Jammu Tawi, Delhi, Amritsar, Ranchi, Tatanagar Rourkela and 190 km from Rewa which has train connectivity with Vindhya/Rewa Exp (Anand Vihar ISBT), Rewanchal Super Fast Exp - ISO Train (HABIBGANJ, BHOPAL), Rewa-Rajkot, Rewa-Jabalpur intercity, Rewa-Bilaspur-Chirmiri, Rewa-Nagpur and Rewa-Indore intercity.


NCL coal mines
Power plant in Singrauli

All major companies operating in Singrauli are giants of Indian energy industry. The operations of companies include mining of coal for power generation. In recent past, several private companies have also joined the league of companies operating in Singrauli. It is expected by 2017 that Singrauli would feed around 35,000 MW of electrical power to the grid alone.

Major companies operating or coming up at Singrauli are:[3]

Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station (SSTPS) Thermal Power (electricity) NTPC Ltd 1977 P.O.: Shaktinagr, Sonebhadra district Uttar Pradesh 5 x 200 MW + 2 x 500 MW=2000 MW With international assistance of IDA and KFW
Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station (VTPS) Thermal Power (electricity) NTPC Ltd 1982 P.O. : Vingdhyanagar, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 1260 MW (6X210 MW) under Stage-I, 1000 MW (2X500 MW) of Stage-II and 1000 MW (2X500 MW) under Stage-III. Total=3260 and 1000MW of Stage-IV is under construction. With international assistance of USSR-stage I, World bank under time slice loan stage II
Rihand Super Thermal Power Station (RhSTPS) Thermal Power (electricity) NTPC Ltd 1977 P.O. : Rihandnagar, Sonebhadra district Uttar Pradesh 1000 MW (2x500 MW each) in Stage-I, with international assistance of United Kingdom and 1000 MW (2x500 MW each) in Stage-II (BHEL) Total= 2000MW and 1000MW of stage-III(BHEL) has been commissioned recently.
Northern Coalfields Limited Coal mining Coal India Limited 1984 P.O. : Singrauli Colliery, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh Coal supplies made it possible to produce about 13295 MW of electricity from pithead power plants of NTPC,UPRVUNL and Renupower division of M/s. Hindalco Industries Thickest coal seam of India-131 metres (Jhingurda seam)
Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project Thermal Power Plant (electricity) Reliance Power 2007 (bidding) Vill. : Sasan, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 3,960 MW under construction
Chitrangi Power Project Thermal Power Plant (electricity) Reliance Power 2007 (bidding) Chitrangi, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 3,960 MW under construction (put on hold due to CAG report)
Muher and Muher Amlori extension Coal mining Reliance Power 2007 (bidding) Muher - Amlohri, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh coal reserves of these mines are around 720 MT with a production level of 25 mtpa ---
Mahan Super Thermal Power Project Thermal Power plant (electricity) Essar Group 2007(bidding) Vill. : Bandhaura, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 2x 600 MW = 1200MW unit I commissioned, unit II in under construction
Mahan Captive Thermal Power Plant Thermal Power plant(electricity) Hindalco Industries 2007(bidding) Rewa-Ranchi ; NH-75(E), Bargawan, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 900-MW 150x6 Out of 6 units, I,II & III commissioned by BHEL
Mahan coal Limited Coal mining joint venture of Essar and Hindalco 2007(bidding) Vill. : Ameliya, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh - Essar will take 60% of the coal output and Hindalco will take the remaining 40%
Mahan Aluminium Limited Aluminium smelter plant Hindalco Industries 2007(bidding) Rewa-Ranchi ; NH-75(E) Bargawan, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 359-ktpa aluminum smelter Production started
Jaypee Nigrie Super Thermal Power Project Thermal Power plant (electricity) Jaypee Group 2007(bidding) Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 2 x 660 MW= 1320 MW Under erection
M.P. Jaypee Minerals Coal mining joint venture of M.P. govt. and Jaypee Group 2007 (bidding) Vill. : Nigaree, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 2 million tonnes ---
DB Power M.P.Limited Thermal Power plant (electricity) Dainik Bhaskar --- Near Nigaree, Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh 1320 MW Under construction
VindhyaChal Pooling sub-station Power transmission Powergrid --- Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh from SasanUMPP (2 No 765 kV S/C Sasan - Satna Transmission lines) and Vindhyachal Stage-IV (400 kV DC (Quad) Vindhyachal - Vindhyachal Pooling line), 2 No 765 kV S/C from Vindhyachal Pooling to Satna Sub-Station, a 765/400 kV Pooling substation near Vindhyachal Stage-IV (1000 MW), Rihand Stage-III (1000 MW) as well as Aryan Coal Benefication Pvt Ltd (1200 MW) generation projects ---
Amelia coal block Coal mining Joint Venture Company of Sainik mines and M.P.State Mining Corporation Ltd. --- Singrauli District Madhya Pradesh ----- ---


The rail department is planning to expand their network here. Recently Singrauli station has been allotted an extra platform. Renukoot Station is subjected to survey for an additional platform.


Major Colleges:

  • 7 Government degree colleges including 2 women's colleges
  • Govt. Polytechnic College Waidhan (Affd : Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Bhopal)
  • I.T.I., Waidhan
  • I.T.I., Deosar
  • I.T.I., Chitrangi
  • Govt. Excellence School, Deosar, Waidhan, Chitrangi
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir,Amlohri,waidhan,Gorbi,Singrauli
  • Delhi public school, Nigahi
  • Delhi public school, Vindhyanagar
  • D.A.V., Nigahi, Dudhichua, Singrauli, Bina, Khadia
  • D.paul, Vindhyanagar

Environmental pollution[edit]

Singrauli region has been identified as a critically polluted area (CPA) by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). Incremental coal mining activities in the region and the rapid development of coal-based thermal power plants has resulted in acute air and water pollution, leading to serious health problems among the residents of the locality, which remain unaddressed.[4] With the coming up of many more power companies the problem is expected to increase. Power plants in the area are poisoning the air and water in the district with mercury, a neurotoxin. Mercury is one of the natural, and perhaps the most harmful, components of coal. During combustion at temperature above 1,100 °C, it vapourises. Given the large quantity of coal burned in thermal plants, a considerable amount of mercury is released into the atmosphere. Some of it cools down and condenses while passing through the plant’s boiler and air pollution control system and enters the environment through soil and water. It also enters the environment through run-off from coal mines. In humans, mercury can cause several chronic diseases and death. In 1998, the Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR), a premier publicly funded scientific agency based in Lucknow, tested over 1,200 people from the Singrauli region for mercury poisoning. It found high levels of mercury in humans and in the environment.[5] The Central Pollution Control Board analysed 11 coal samples from Singrauli and found mercury concentration in coal ranging between 0.09 parts per million (ppm) and 0.487 ppm. In 2011, Delhi-based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) had found 0.15 ppm mercury in coal at Anpara village in Sonbhadra. It is estimated that a 1,000 MW thermal power plant is emitting at least 500 kg of mercury every year in Singrauli.


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singrauli — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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4510 news items

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 08:00:00 -0700

Fatima (name changed), 26, a resident of Singrauli district, had left her village with a man for love. Her dream of a cheerful marital life was, however, shattered when she was sold to a woman, who in turn sold her to a man, who resold her to another ...

Nai Dunia

Nai Dunia
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 02:22:30 -0700

सिंगरौली। शासकीय महाविद्यालय बैढ़न में आयोजित बीएड परीक्षा के तीसरे प्रश्नपत्र के दौरान परीक्षार्थियों को प्रश्नपत्र की फोटो कॉपी दी गई। परीक्षा केंद्र प्रभारी के अनुसार प्रश्नपत्र कम ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 05:19:51 -0700

The committee has also pointed out that the existing network of monitoring system air quality in both the districts — Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh and Sonbhadra in Uttar Pradesh — needs to be strengthened and expanded to get the representative air ...
Times of India
Thu, 13 Aug 2015 12:41:15 -0700

He added that this would mean the 1700 MW of power generated at Singrauli State Thermal Power Corporation (STPC) would be bundled with the 3000 MW solar power produced by NTPC. Akhilesh also said Singrauli was the oldest thermal power plant in ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 14:45:57 -0700

According to an earlier July 2014 report by POSOCO, the lack of System Protection Schemes at these locations to mitigate the resulting unplanned outages and systemic shock put at risk major power generation complexes at locations that included ...

Hindu Business Line

Economic Times
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Jha, 58, is a graduate in Mechanical Engineering from BIT Sindri, Ranchi University, and holds LLB from the Delhi University. He joined NTPC in 1977 as an Executive Trainee and was directly associated with its flagship project -- Singrauli (5x200 MW).
दैनिक भास्कर
Wed, 12 Aug 2015 19:02:33 -0700

कोयले के लिए हटाए जाएंगे 1 लाख से ज्यादा लोग, मिटने वाला है सिंगरौली का नामोनिशां! गोपाल अवस्थी; Aug 13, 2015, 07:23 AM IST. Print; Decrease Font; Increase Font. Email · Google Plus; Twitter; Facebook; COMMENTS.
Jagran Josh
Wed, 02 Sep 2015 02:22:30 -0700

He joined NTPC in 1977 as an Executive Trainee and was directly associated with its flagship project Singrauli (5×200 MW). Jha has a rich and varied experience of 38 years in areas spanning across power projects such as design and engineering, project ...

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