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Simon Estes (born March 2, 1938) is an operatic bass-baritone of African-American descent who had a major international opera career beginning in the 1960s. He has sung at most of the world's major opera houses as well as in front of presidents, popes and internationally renowned figures and celebrities including Bill Clinton, Richard Nixon, Boris Yeltsin, Yasser Arafat, Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu. Notably, he was part of the first generation of black opera singers to achieve widespread success and is viewed as part of a group of performers who were instrumental in helping to break down the barriers of racial prejudice in the opera world.

Early life and education[edit]

Estes was born in Centerville, Iowa, the son of Ruth Jeter Estes and Simon Estes. His father was a coal-miner and his grandfather was a former slave who had been sold at auction for $500. Named for his father, Estes was called 'Billy' within his family circle to avoid confusion when addressing the two. One of five children, Estes has three sisters and a younger brother. His family was heavily involved in their local Baptist church, and his earliest musical experiences were had there. He remained active with church musical activities and participated in school music programs throughout his youth.

In 1957 Estes entered the University of Iowa, originally with the intent of studying pre-med. He changed his major to psychology and then religion before finally deciding to switch to vocal music through the influence of faculty member Charles Kellis. At the time Estes had been singing in the university's "Old Gold Singers" (he was notably the group's first black singer) and his voice had grabbed Kellis's interest. Kellis became Estes's first voice teacher and it was he who introduced Estes to opera. After finishing his undergraduate studies, Estes pursued further education at the Juilliard School in 1964, a pursuit which was made possible through funds raised in Iowa.


Like many African-American artists of his day, Estes decided to go to Europe where racial prejudice was not as much of a barrier as it was in the United States. In 1965 he made his professional opera debut as Ramfis in Giuseppe Verdi's Aida at the Deutsche Oper Berlin to a warm reception. The following year he scored a major success when he won a bronze medal at Moscow's Tchaikovsky Competition. The competition win led to an invitation from President Lyndon Johnson to perform at the White House in 1966 and several offers for engagements at major opera houses in Europe soon followed.

Estes kept a very busy schedule performing in European opera houses during the late 1960s and the 1970s. He drew particular acclaim for performing leading roles in operas by Richard Wagner. He appeared at such houses as La Scala, Covent Garden, the Opéra National de Paris, the Liceu, the Hamburg State Opera, the Bavarian State Opera, the Vienna State Opera and the Zurich Opera among others. He also sang at several notable music festivals, including the Salzburg Festival and the Glyndebourne Festival. In 1978 he notably became the first black male, African-American or otherwise, to sing a leading role at the prestigious Bayreuth Festival when he sang the title role in Wagner's The Flying Dutchman. The performance was a personal triumph for him and he went on to sing at Bayreuth for the next six consecutive years. He returned to Bayreuth again in 1985 to sing the Dutchman again; a performance that was captured on video and is still considered one of the best recording of that role.

While Estes's career was thriving in the best European houses, he continued to be spurned by many of the major American houses during the 1970s. His debut with the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1971 was in the minor role of the Ghost of Nino in Semiramide, and his successive roles at that house were not any bigger. The Metropolitan Opera did not even attempt to engage him in the 1960s or 1970s. More favorable to him was the San Francisco Opera (SFO) with whom he sang several good roles in 1967, including the 4 villains in The Tales of Hoffman and Carter Jones in the United States premiere of Gunther Schuller's The Visitation. He returned to the SFO several times during his career, singing Ramfis in Giuseppe Verdi's Aida (1972), Don Pedro in L'Africaine (1972), Raimondo in Lucia di Lammermoor (1972), The Flying Dutchman (1979), Marke in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde (1980), Amonasro in Aida (1981), and Escamillo in Georges Bizet's Carmen (1981).

In 1981 Estes was finally offered a contract to sing with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. He accepted, but at the time was cautioned by Leontyne Price, the first African-American to become a leading prima donna at the Met, about the difficult road ahead. Price, who suffered actual threats to her life when she first opened at the Met, explained, "Simon, it's going to be even more difficult for you. Because you are a black male, the discrimination will be greater. You have a beautiful voice; you are musical, intelligent, independent and handsome. With all of these ingredients, you are a threat. It will be more difficult for you than it was for me." However, the Met audience and critics responded favourably to Simon's house debut on January 4, 1982 as Hermann in Wagner's Tannhäuser with Richard Cassilly in the title role and Leonie Rysanek as Elisabeth.

Estes went on to sing in the next six consecutive seasons at the Met, portraying such roles as Amfortas in Wagner's Parsifal and Orest in Richard Strauss's Elektra. In 1985, he sang Porgy in the Met's first production of Gershwin's Porgy and Bess. In 1986, he sang Wotan in the inauguration of the legendary Ring production at the Metropolitan Opera directed by Otto Schenk. He returned to the Met in 1990 to sing Porgy again and for the last time in 1999 to portray Amonasro to Sharon Sweet's Aida. Perhaps his greatest Met moment was singing the role of Amonasro to Price's Aida for her farewell opera performance which was telecast live on national television on January 3, 1985.

He is a National Patron of Delta Omicron, an international professional music fraternity.[1]

Humanitarian work[edit]

More recently, Estes has turned his attention to the fight against HIV/AIDS, now the leading cause of death among African Americans. At the forefront of Artists for HIV/AIDS prevention and education, Estes leads a collective voice of artists, who through music and arts, seek to break down socio-economic barriers as well as the stigma associated with the disease.

On July 9, 2010, he performed at the World Cup during the opening "Tribute to South Africa" at the FIFA Gala Concert in Johannesburg, South Africa. There he learned about the increasing problem of Malaria in South Africa and decided also to get engaged in the fight against this illness.

In 2013, the Simon Estes Foundation has inaugurated a program called "Iowa Students Care," to engage Iowa states in the cause of eliminating malaria in Africa by raising funds to provide treated bed nets for African children.[2] Its "Eliminate Malaria Campaign" was engaged in partnership with the United Nations Foundation and its Nothing But Nets Campaign, and was endorsed the governor and lieutenant governor of the state of Iowa. Activities include selling a benefit CD called "Save the Children, Save their Lives",[3] and an Iowa Students Care Christmas Concert to be held on December 15 in Ames,Iowa, which will also include the Des Moines Symphony led by Joseph Giunta.[4]


Estes is currently a professor of Music at Wartburg College in Waverly, Iowa where he gives voice lessons when he is in residence. He has performed in Wartburg's Christmas concert, Christmas With Wartburg, and has been known to go on domestic and international spring tours with Wartburg's concert choir. He is listed on the artist faculty of Boston University and he is also the F. Wendell Miller Distinguished Artist in Residence at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.[5] His many honorary degrees include a doctorate from Iowa State University, and he was named a Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Iowa.

Personal life[edit]

In 1980, Estes married Yvonne Baer. They had three daughters, Jennifer, Lynne, and Tiffany. After 21 years, the couple divorced. Baer is now a consultant in Zurich. In 2001, Estes married Ovida Stong, a nurse who had cared for his mother in Iowa.[6][7]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Estes — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
57606 videos foundNext > 

Simon Estes - Verdi - DON CARLO - T. Fulton - 1984

Simon Estes - Grace Bumbry : "Amonasro" Aida

Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) Das MDR Sinfonieorchester Daniel Nazareth 1992.

Simon Estes - A profile - Part 1

A two part profile of Opera great Simon Estes.

Simon Estes - City called heaven

Simon Estes as The Flying Dutchman.mpg

This is an excerpt Simon Estes's performance as the Dutchman at the Bayreuth Festival.

Messa da Requiem-Simon Estes

Bass/Baritone, Simon Estes sing the "Confutatis" from G. Verdi'd Requiem Mass.

Simon Estes - O Holy Night

Lutheran Church of Hope Christmas Eve Services 2009. Simon Estes singing "O Holy Night" on December 24th.

Simon Estes

Simon Estes singing "Battle Hymn of the Republic" with Humboldt Comm Chorus and Jazz Band and Humboldt High School Concert Chorale under the direction of Ter...

12-09-13 Simon Estes Interview

Every Day is a Great Day to watch KCWI23-HD! "Great Day" is Des Moines' ONLY four-hour live, local morning show, with Lou Sipolt, Jackie Schmillen & Meteorol...

Simon Estes as Jochanaan in Salome.mpg

This is Simon Estes in the role of Jochanaan in Salome at the Deutsche Oper Berlin.

57606 videos foundNext > 

44 news items

Mason City Globe Gazette
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 13:47:38 -0700

Q: Could you tell me how to get a Simon Estes CD? I do not have a computer, so that is not available that way to me. A: We did a quick (admittedly not exhaustive) search of local businesses and were unable to find a Simon Estes CD in stock. Several ...
Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 10:10:19 -0700

International opera star and Centerville native Simon Estes, now on faculty at Wartburg College in Waverly. Dr. Percy Harris, a native of Waterloo and longtime Linn County medical examiner. Charles Means, longtime associate vice president of academic ...
Mason City Globe Gazette
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 10:03:45 -0700

She is a member of the Youth Advisory Council that raised $5,000 for Simon Estes' campaign against malaria. She has served Meals on Wheels, served as a volunteer coach and volunteered at other events. “I would like to be the Mitchell County Fair Queen ...
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 21:07:30 -0700

The concert was originally to be at the Simon Estes Amphitheater, but due to the rising Des Moines River, the concert was moved to the Brenton Skate Park. At first I was disappointed because I have longed for another show at Simon Estes since I saw my ...
Sioux City Journal
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 22:23:12 -0700

Judi was a member of the Eastern Star. She was a very accomplished singer. She sang in the Grace Tabernacle Baptist Church choir and sang for many funerals and weddings. One of her greatest singing accomplishments was singing with Simon Estes.

New Pittsburgh Courier

New Pittsburgh Courier
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 12:41:15 -0700

He has collaborated with Kathleen Battle, Angela Brown, Florence Quivar, Wilhelmenia Fernandez, Harolyn Blackwell, Marvis Martin, Simon Estes, Hilda Harris, William Brown, Morris Robinson and Esther Hinds to name a few. He has performed at the White ...
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:07:30 -0700

"Happy that you're having this wonderful RAGBRAI here after all the horrible flooding that was here," said Simon Estes. Now that RAGBRAI is here, it's all about fun. "Somebody said, 'you guys treat this like Christmas, it's the best week of the year ...
Centerville Daily Iowegian
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 22:33:30 -0700

He previously worked with volunteers to line portions of Centerville with flags when Marine Master Sgt. Travis W. Riddick's funeral was held at Simon Estes Auditorium in January of 2012. Between 250 and 300 volunteers turned out for the flag placing ...

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