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The Sikh Gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469. Sikhism was founded by the first guru, Guru Nanak, and subsequently, each guru, in succession, was referred to as "Nanak", and as "Light", making their teachings, in the holy scriptures, equivalent. There are a total of 11 gurus, of which the current and everlasting Sikh Guru is the integrated Sikh scriptures known as the Adi Granth or Guru Granth Sahib.

The Gurus[edit]

Sikhism was established by Guru Nanak and ten other Sikh Gurus starting in 1469. Guru Nanak was the first Guru, and Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru, bestowed the Guruship forevermore to the Sikh holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib as the 11th Guru, the living word. The Khalsa is known as the Guru Panth, the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs and embodiment of the Guru.[1] Sikhs follow the teachings of the Gurus, which is believed upon remembering, leads to salvation.

The name "Nanak" was used by all the subsequent Gurus who wrote any sacred text in the Sikh holy scripture called the Guru Granth Sahib. The second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad, is also called the "Second Nanak" or "Nanak II". Sikhs hold that all subsequent Gurus carried the same message as that of Guru Nanak, and so they have used the name "Nanak" in their holy text, instead of their own names. Hence all are referred to as the "Light of Nanak".

List of Sikh Gurus[2][edit]

# Name Date of birth Guruship on Date of ascension Age
1 Guru Nanak 15 April 1469 20 August 1507 22 September 1539 69
2 Guru Angad 31 March 1504 7 September 1539 29 March 1552 48
3 Guru Amar Das 5 May 1479 26 March 1552 1 September 1574 95
4 Guru Ram Das 24 September 1534 1 September 1574 1 September 1581 46
5 Guru Arjan 15 April 1563 1 September 1581 30 May 1606 43
6 Guru Har Gobind 19 June 1595 25 May 1606 28 February 1644 48
7 Guru Har Rai 16 January 1630 3 March 1644 6 October 1661 31
8 Guru Har Krishan 7 July 1656 6 October 1661 30 March 1664 7
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 1 April 1621 20 March 1665 11 November 1675 54
10 Guru Gobind Singh 22 December 1666 11 November 1675 7 October 1708 41
11 Guru Granth Sahib n/a 7 October 1708 n/a n/a

Family tree of Sikh Gurus

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Singh, Teja (2006). A Short History of the Sikhs: Volume One. Patiala: Punjabi University. p. 107. ISBN 8173800073. 
  2. ^ Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. "Ten Gurus"

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikh_gurus — Please support Wikipedia.
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26 news items

Sikh24 News & Updates

Sikh24 News & Updates
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 23:26:46 -0700

He said there was a need for religious leaders to follow the ideals of Sikhi and practice the lifestyle prescribed by the Sikh Gurus. He said the committee issue could have been resolved by taking all different factions in Sikhi into consideration and ...
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 07:12:49 -0700

New Delhi, India (July 17, 2014): India's entertainment media has been repeatedly indulging in activity that tends to harm Sikh principles. It's an established and well-known fact that the Sikh religion has no place for idol worshipping and Sikh Gurus ...
Sikh24 News & Updates (blog)
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 10:43:58 -0700

... down most people long for very simple things such as security, education, housing, health, food, and an opportunity to connect with nature, and be creative and contemplative beings; it is such basic universal needs that were emphasized by the Sikh ...
SikhSangat News
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 13:14:48 -0700

Amritsar, Punjab: Hundreds of rare books, manuscripts and hand-written documents belonging to the era of Sikh gurus, reflecting Punjab's rich cultural heritage, preserved at the 83-year-old Sikh Research Library and Museum in over a century-old Khalsa ...
Myanmar Times
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 02:11:15 -0700

The tour started with a visit to the Sikh temple on Thein Phyu Street. According to the temple's leader, Sikhism appeared in the 15th century. All Sikhs pray following the hymns and writings of the Sikh gurus who lived several centuries ago. The holy ...

The Hindu

Hindustan Times
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 20:00:00 -0700

He argued that if two small shrines had annual earning close to Rs. 1.50 crore then no devoted Sikh would agree that eight historic gurdwaras associated with the Sikh Gurus and other shrines had meagre donation of Rs. 30 crore. Similarly, key leader ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

The Moghuls tortured Sikh gurus. If India's conscience is to be awakened by the rhetoric of religious protest, let it indeed cry out for justice—not for the Jew, the Palestinian or the Kurd, but for the Unknown Civilian, whose bones litter the eternal ...


Sat, 12 Jul 2014 18:12:57 -0700

The Aurangzeb rule was a bit hard for those Mohyals who devoted themselves to Sikh Gurus. The three revered martyrs of Sikhism Bhai Mati Das and his two brothers Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dyal Das who were killed by Aurangzeb were also Chhibers and ...

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