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The Sikh Gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469. Sikhism was founded by the first guru, Guru Nanak, and subsequently, each guru, in succession, was referred to as "Nanak", and as "Light", making their teachings, in the holy scriptures, equivalent. There are a total of 11 gurus, of which the current and everlasting Sikh Guru is the integrated Sikh scriptures known as the Adi Granth or Guru Granth Sahib.

The Gurus[edit]

Sikhism was established by Guru Nanak and ten other Sikh Gurus starting in 1469. Guru Nanak was the first Guru, and Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru, bestowed the Guruship forevermore to the Sikh holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib as the 11th Guru, the living word. The Khalsa is known as the Guru Panth, the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs and embodiment of the Guru.[1] Sikhs follow the teachings of the Gurus, which is believed upon remembering, leads to salvation.

The name "Nanak" was used by all the subsequent Gurus who wrote any sacred text in the Sikh holy scripture called the Guru Granth Sahib. The second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad, is also called the "Second Nanak" or "Nanak II". Sikhs hold that all subsequent Gurus carried the same message as that of Guru Nanak, and so they have used the name "Nanak" in their holy text, instead of their own names. Hence all are referred to as the "Light of Nanak".

List of Sikh Gurus[2][edit]

# Name Date of birth Guruship on Date of ascension Age
1 Guru Nanak 15 April 1469 20 August 1507 22 September 1539 69
2 Guru Angad 31 March 1504 7 September 1539 29 March 1552 48
3 Guru Amar Das 5 May 1479 26 March 1552 1 September 1574 95
4 Guru Ram Das 24 September 1534 1 September 1574 1 September 1581 46
5 Guru Arjan 15 April 1563 1 September 1581 30 May 1606 43
6 Guru Har Gobind 19 June 1595 25 May 1606 28 February 1644 48
7 Guru Har Rai 16 January 1630 3 March 1644 6 October 1661 31
8 Guru Har Krishan 7 July 1656 6 October 1661 30 March 1664 7
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 1 April 1621 20 March 1665 11 November 1675 54
10 Guru Gobind Singh 22 December 1666 11 November 1675 7 October 1708 41
11 Guru Granth Sahib n/a 7 October 1708 n/a n/a

Family tree of Sikh Gurus

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Singh, Teja (2006). A Short History of the Sikhs: Volume One. Patiala: Punjabi University. p. 107. ISBN 8173800073. 
  2. ^ Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. "Ten Gurus"

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Times of India
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 18:43:43 -0700

AMRITSAR: Descendants of Baba Jivan Singh have demanded a memorial for him at Gurdwara Sisganj Sahib, Delhi to commemorate his services to Sikh gurus, failing which they have warned of an agitation to restore the pride of the great martyr. "We have ...
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The verse form primarily used by Bulleh Shah is Kafi, a style used by not only Punjabi, Sindhi and Seraiki poets but also by Sikh gurus. Bulleh Shah's time was rife with communal strife between the Muslims and Sikhs. His poetry emerged as a beacon of ...


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The New Indian Express

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Thu, 07 Aug 2014 17:22:30 -0700

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