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  • Simran and Sewa. These are the "Foundation of Sikhism". It is the duty of every Sikh to practice Naam Simran (meditation on God's name) daily and engage in Seva (selfless service) whenever there is a possibility- in Gurdwara; in community centre; old people's homes; care centres; major world disasters, etc.
  • Guru Nanak formalised these three aspects of Sikhism:
    • Naam Japna – to engage in a daily practice of meditation and Nitnem by reciting and chanting of God’s Name.
    • Kirat Karni – to live honestly and earn by ones physical and mental effort while accepting God's gifts and blessings. A Sikh has to live as a householder carrying out his or her duties and responsibilities to the fullest.
    • Vand Chakna – to share their wealth within the community and outside by giving Dasvand and practising charity (Daan), to "share and consume together.”
  • The Sikh Gurus tell us that our mind and spirit are constantly being attacked by the Five Evils (or Five Thieves); Kam (Lust), Krodh (Rage), Lobh (Greed), Moh (Attachment) and Ahankar (Ego). A Sikh needs to constantly attack and overcome these five vices.[1]
  • The Sikh Gurus taught the Sikhs to develop and harness the Five Virtues which lead the soul closer to God and away from evil. These are Sat (Truth), Daya (Compassion), Santokh (Contentment), Nimrata (Humility) and Pyare (Love).


  1. One Source
    • One God: Sikhi is a monotheistic and a revealed religion. In Sikhi, God—termed Vāhigurū—is shapeless, timeless, and sightless (i.e., unable to be seen with the physical eye): niraṅkār, akaal, and alakh. The beginning of the first composition of Sikh scripture is the figure "1"—signifying the universality of God
  2. Equality
    • People of all religions and races are welcome in Sikh Gurdwaras
    • Women have equal status with men in religious services and ceremonies
  3. Human Life Precious Above Other Life
    • The human life is supreme and it is through this life that we can achieve oneness with God's will.
    • Finding God in this life and living by his commands helps us to attain God's mercy.
  4. Defending Against Injustice
    • Sikhs are a peace loving people and stand for Truth and Justice
    • Guru Gobind Singh Ji said, "It is right to use force as a last resort when all other peaceful means fail."

These can be summed up in the Mool Mantar:

  • One Universal Creator God
  • The Supreme Unchangeable Truth
  • The Creative Being
  • Without Fear
  • Without Hate
  • Timeless whose spirit is throughout the universe
  • Beyond the cycle of death and rebirth
  • Self-existent
  • By the grace of the guru
  • God is made known to humanity.
  • Chant and meditate on His name
  • True in the beginning, true now, and says Nanak, will be true forever

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sri Granth Sahib page 1389 http://www.srigranth.org/servlet/gurbani.gurbani?Action=Page&Param=1389&english=t&id=59169#l59169

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