The Siege of Jerusalem can refer to several historical events:
- Siege of Jebus (c. 1000 BCE)
- Sack of Jerusalem (925 BCE) by biblical Pharaoh Shishaq, identified as Shoshenq I of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt.
- Assyrian Siege of Jerusalem (701 BCE) by Sennacherib, king of the Assyrian Empire.
- Siege of Jerusalem (597 BCE) by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon
- Siege of Jerusalem (587 BCE) by Nebuchadnezzar II
- Siege of Jerusalem (63 BCE) by Pompey the Great, intervening in the Hasmonean civil war on behalf of the Roman Republic.
- Siege of Jerusalem (37 BCE) by Herod the Great, ending Hasmonean rule over Judea.
- Siege of Jerusalem (70) by Titus, ending the major phase of the Great Jewish Revolt. It ended in the destruction of Herod's Temple.
- Siege of Jerusalem (614) by Shahrbaraz (Sassanid general) capturing the city from the Byzantines, part of the Roman-Persian Wars
- Siege of Jerusalem (637) by Khalid ibn al-Walid (Rashidun general) under Umar the Great, capturing the city from the Byzantine Empire
- Siege of Jerusalem (1099) by the Crusaders, a part of the First Crusade
- Siege of Jerusalem (1187) by Saladin, resulting in the recapture of the city by the Muslims
- Siege of Jerusalem (1244) by the Khwarezmians, resulting in the recapture of the city from the Christians, to whom it had been returned by treaty
- Siege of Jerusalem (1834)
- Battle of Jerusalem (1917) involved the capture of the city in the Sinai and Palestine campaign of World War I by British and Commonwealth forces
- Siege of Jerusalem (1948) during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The city was divided between Jordan and Israel; Israel made Jerusalem its capital.
- An encirclement of Jerusalem occurred in 1967, which was completed with the Battle of Ammunition Hill; however, the Six-Day War was short and decisive enough that a "siege" never quite took place.
- Siege of Jerusalem (poem), 14th-century Middle English alliterative poem depicting the events of 70 AD.
- The Siege of Jerusalem, 1771 poetical drama by Mary Bowes, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne also depicting events of 70 AD.
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