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Agastya, a famous Siddha
Pambatti Siddhar Sannidhi at Marudamalai Temple

The Siddhar (Tamil: Cittar, singular Citta, from Sanskrit siddha) are saints in India, mostly Shaiva, in Tamil Nadu, who professed and practised an unorthodox type of sādhanā (spiritual practices) to attain liberation. A siddha obtains yogic powers called siddhi by constant practice of certain yogic disciplines and tapasya. The siddhars can be compared to mystics in Western culture.

Historically, Siddhar also refers to the people who were early age wandering adepts that dominated ancient Tamil teaching and philosophy. They were knowledgeable in science, technology, astronomy, literature, fine arts, music, drama, dance, and provided solutions to common people in their illness and advice for their future.[1] Some of their ideologies are considered to have originated during the First Sangam period.[2][3][4]

Practice[edit]

Siddhars are people who are believed to control and transcend the barriers of time and space by meditation (Yoga), the use of substances called Rasayanas that transform the body to make it potentially deathless, and a particular type of Pranayama (breathing-practice). Through their practices they are believed to have reached stages of insight which enabled them to tune into the powers hidden in various material substances and practices.

Typically Siddhars were saints, doctors, alchemists and mystics all at once. They wrote their findings in the form of poems in the Tamil language, on palm leaves which are collected and stored in what are known as the "Palm leaf manuscripts". These are still owned by some families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the generations, as well as being kept in public institutions such as universities in India, Germany, Great Britain and the United States.[5]

In this way Siddhars developed, among other branches of a vast knowledge-system, what is now known as Siddha medicine, practised mainly in Tamil Nadu as a type of traditional native medicine. A rustic form of healing that is similar to Siddha medicine has since been practised by experienced elders in the villages of Tamil Nadu. (This has sometimes been confused with Paatti Vaitthiyam" and "Naattu marunthu (forms of traditional Tamil medicine) and Mooligai marutthuvam (Ayurvedic medicine)).

Siddhars are also believed to be the founders of Varmam - a martial art for self-defence and medical treatment at the same time. Varmam are specific points located in the human body which when pressed in different ways can give various results, such as disabling an attacker in self-defence, or balancing a physical condition as an easy first-aid medical treatment.

Tamil Siddhars were the first to develop pulse-reading ("naadi paarththal" in Tamil) to identify the origin of diseases. This method was later copied and used in Ayurveda.[6]

Siddhars have also written many religious poems. It is believed that most of them have lived for ages, in a mystic mountain called Sathuragiri, near Thanipparai village in Tamil Nadu.

Some Siddhars[edit]

The Abithana Chintamani encyclopedia states that the Siddhars are either of the 9 or 18 persons listed below, but sage Agastyar states that there are many who precede and follow these. Many of the great Siddhars are regarded to have powers magical and spiritual.[citation needed]

The 9 Siddhars[edit]

The 9 listed in "Abithana Chintamani" are as follows:

  1. Sathyanathar
  2. Sathoganathar
  3. Aadhinathar
  4. Anadhinathar
  5. Vegulinathar
  6. Madhanganathar
  7. Machaendranathar
  8. Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar
  9. Korakkanathar

The 18 Siddhars[edit]

Karuvoorar.

There are 18 siddhars in the Tamil Siddha tradition. They are[7][8]

  1. Patanjali
  2. Agastya
  3. Kamalamuni
  4. Tirumular
  5. Kuthambai
  6. Korakkar
  7. Thanvandri
  8. Konganar
  9. Sattamuni
  10. Vanmeegar
  11. Ramadevar
  12. Nandeeswarar (Nandidevar)
  13. Edaikkadar
  14. Machamuni
  15. Karuvoorar
  16. Bogar
  17. Pambatti
  18. Sundarandandar

Powers of siddhars[edit]

The siddhars are believed to have had both major and minor powers which are described in detail in various yogic and religious texts.[9] They also are said to have the power of converting their mass to energy and thereby travelling to different universes.

  1. Anima (shrinking) -- Power of becoming the size of an atom and entering the smallest beings
  2. Mahima (illimitability) -- Power of becoming mighty and co-extensive with the universe. The power of increasing one's size without limit
  3. Lagima (lightness) -- Capacity to be quite light though big in size
  4. Garima (weight) -- Capacity to weigh a lot, though seemingly being small in size
  5. Prapthi (fulfillment of desires) -- Capacity to enter all the worlds from Brahma Loga to the nether world. It is the power of attaining everything desired
  6. Prakasysm (irresistible will) -- Power of disembodying and entering into other bodies (metempsychosis) and going to heaven and enjoying what everyone aspires for, simply from where he stays
  7. Isithavam (supremacy) -- Have the creative power of God and control over the Sun, Moon and the elements
  8. Vasithavam (dominion over the elements) -- Power of control over kings and gods. The power of changing the course of nature and assuming any form

These eight are the Great Siddhis (Ashtama siddhis), or Great Perfections.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Meditation Revolution: A History and Theology of the Siddha Yoga Lineage. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 2000. ISBN 9788120816480. 
  2. ^ S. Cunjithapatham, M. Arunachalam (1989). Musical tradition of Tamilnadu. International Society for the Investigation of Ancient Civilizations. p. 11. 
  3. ^ Journal of Indian history, Volume 38. Dept. of History, University of Kerala. 1960. 
  4. ^ Weiss, Richard (2009). Recipes for Immortality : Healing, Religion, and Community in South India: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India. Oxford University Press. p. 80. ISBN 9780199715008. 
  5. ^ V. Jayaram. "Study of siddhas". Hinduwebsite.com. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  6. ^ Dr. J. Raamachandran, Herbs of Siddha Mediicines/The First 3D book, pp.iii
  7. ^ "18 siddhars". Palanitemples.com. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  8. ^ "Siddhars". Sathuragiri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  9. ^ Thirumandiram 668
  10. ^ "Ashtama Siddhis". Siddhars.com. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siddhar — Please support Wikipedia.
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995 news items

Huffington Post India

Huffington Post India
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 02:52:35 -0700

Annamalai Annamalai (49), also known as Swamiji Sri Selvam Siddhar, was in August last convicted for bank and tax frauds following a two-week jury trial. He was also convicted of bankruptcy fraud offences in connection with the Hindu Temple's petition ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 21:30:48 -0700

This year has been a notable one for MS Bhaskar. If he made our eyes well up as the conflicted assistant Chokku Chettiar in Uttama Villain, he made us laugh out loud as the naive village head Marudhamuthu in India Pakistan.The actor talks to Chennai ...

The Hans India

The Hans India
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 21:41:15 -0700

Once again the profile of Thirumoolar clearly shows that Siddha system was never evolved as medical science but as mystic power rich spiritualism, an extension of Hindu philosophy. Another example is Pambatti Siddhar who was also known as 'the snake ...

The Indian Panorama

The Indian Panorama
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 11:06:56 -0700

... been sentenced to 27 years in prison for committing bank and tax frauds, money laundering and using the temple's income to fund his personal lifestyle. Annamalai Annamalai (49), also known as Swamiji Sri Selvam Siddhar, was in August last convicted ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 21 Nov 2013 03:15:00 -0800

To the west of Katpadi lies Mahadeva Mount, a hillock on top of which is located a Siva temple. Far away from the bustle of surrounding towns, the temple is frequented by devotees, who have heard about the temple and a siddhar, who lives there. Said to ...

SoonNight

SoonNight
Fri, 15 May 2015 01:24:45 -0700

Dose Records investit un tout nouveau lieu au centre de Paris et vous présente son coté techno à travers plusieurs artistes de la scène parisienne. Nous aurons le plaisir d'accueillir Ange siddhar & illan nicciani du label TIME HAS CHANGED juste après ...

SoonNight

SoonNight
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 18:51:10 -0800

L'aftermovie de 'Excuse our French' tour est enfin publié, j'ai donc convié Ange Siddhar & Illan Nicciani sur les Champs Élysées pour en discuter. Il leurs a fallu 20 minutes pour quitter leur studio du 2Bis rue Fallempin pour me rejoindre. Au ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Thu, 16 Apr 2015 16:15:00 -0700

COIMBATORE: It's business as usual at the handicrafts shop on Cross Cut Road, Gandhipuram, once owned by self-styled godman Annamalai, aka Sri Sri Selvam Siddhar, who was sentenced to 27 years in prison by a court in the US State of Georgia on ...
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