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Shisheh or Abhla Bharat embroidery (Shisheh Persian شيشه, Abhala Bharat Hindi: अाभला भरत, Abhla Bharat Gujarati: આભલા ભરત, ), or mirror-work, is a type of embroidery which attaches small pieces of mirrors reflect metal to fabric. Mirror embroidery is spread throughout Asia, and today can be found in the traditional embroidery of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, and Indonesia.

History[edit]

Abhala Bharat or Shisha embroidery from Gujarat

The Shisha embroidery was originated in the 17th-century in India. Traditionally, shisheh or abhla bharat work was done using Mica but Beetle, Tin, Silver or Coins were not uncommon depending on the region. This was replaced by glass blown into large thin bubbles and broken into small pieces for this use. Traditional shisha mirrors have a convex curve due to this process. The tradition of making circular shisha was extensively done by women in South Asia, who use special scissors that are repeatedly dampened to prevent flying shards, and snip them into smaller circular shapes.

The use of decorative mirror or shisheh was introduced from Muslim lands during the Mughal Empire.[citation needed] However shisheh embroidery was not used on Mughal clothing but rather found only on traditional folk clothes of South Asia and Central Asia. The term shisheh means glass in Persian, from where the word transferred to Urdu/Hindi and other related languages. Contemporary shisheh work almost entirely consists of mass-produced, machine-cut glass shisha with a silvered backing. Today most craft stores in South Asia carry small mirrors purchasable for use in embroidery, which come in varying shapes and sizes.[citation needed]

This form of embroidery work is now most common on the Indian subcontinent, especially in parts of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur, Baluchistan and Sindh. This type of embroidery lends a sparkling appearance to the brightly colored clothes worn in the region, and is very popular for use on clothing, hangings, tapestries, and domestic textiles.

Religious signifiance[edit]

Among Hindus in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana the use of abla bharat torana or shisha torana tied to the front door is believed to ward off evil eyes. This belief is also held by Muslims and Jains living in those regions.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shisha_(embroidery) — Please support Wikipedia.
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4 news items

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Mon, 01 Jun 2015 11:30:45 -0700

The techniques range from Dabu to Kalamkari, Zardozi, Shisha embroidery and Gota work. The end brings us back to the silk route though. This time, tracing it is Kolkata-based Paula Sengupta — on delicate tempera paintings akin to Tibetan thangkas.

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 21:07:30 -0700

Palette that ranged from khaki to Udaipur lake-blue and bright pink, and Shisha embroidery with LV engraved mirrors in a jumpsuit. Special technique. A special technique used to create the large-scale multicolor Karakoram motifs in blue, shocking pink ...
 
Haaretz
Tue, 19 Mar 2013 01:56:20 -0700

In the “Topkapi” collection (1989) for example, Gottlieb reworked Pakistani shisha embroidery. She had to find a technological solution and she had to replace the small pieces of mirror embedded in the traditional embroidery with silver prints that ...

Fibre2fashion.com

Fibre2fashion.com
Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:07:30 -0700

Inspired by the colours, earthy prints like images of forts and twirling moustaches, shisha embroidery of the State, the designer brought these in a contemporary mode with acrylic cutouts and Rajasthani motifs. The colour palette had a rich offering of ...
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