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Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.84
(56.91)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.03
(33.86)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b "石河子城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
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6 news items

the Diplomat

the Diplomat
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 04:17:10 -0700

Movements to cities such as Shihezi and the energy-centered Kawamay have resulted in the Han population becoming an absolute majority, the product often labeled starkly as “demographic annihilation.” The experience of the affected Uyghurs is cohesive ...

WantChinaTimes

NASDAQ
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 11:33:45 -0700

The polysilicon manufacturer is continuing its transition from its existing production facilities in Wanzhou, Chongqing to a new location in Shihezi, Xinjiang. Production at the Xinjiang facility is now closer to its installed capacity of 6,150 MT per ...

solarserver.com

solarserver.com
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Daqo has been transitioning from its original polysilicon production facilities in Wanzhou, Chongqing Province to the plant in Shihezi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region. The company reports that the Xinjiang facility completed debottlenecking and ramped up ...
 
MSN Money
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 03:41:15 -0700

As previously reported, the Company has been transitioning from its original production facilities in Wanzhou, Chongqing to a new facility in Shihezi, Xinjiang. The Company continued ramp up of its new Xinjiang facility which had commenced commercial ...
 
just-style.com
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 04:37:30 -0700

The Chinese 12th five-year (2011-2015) development plan for the local textile industry reveals that Ürümqi, Xinjiang's capital, has been earmarked for development as the regional textile and apparel trading centre, while Aksu, Shihezi and Korla have ...

Solarserver

Solarserver
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 17:32:22 -0700

Polysilizium-Produktion war ursprünglich in Wanzhou. Daqo produzierte ursprünglich in Wanzhou (Provinz Chongqing) und verlagerte die Polysilizium-Herstellung dann nach Shihezi in die autonome Region Xinjiang. Nachdem der Produktionsengpass in ...
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