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Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2] population 2014 1 million

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.84
(56.91)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.03
(33.86)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b "石河子城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6 news items

 
CCTV
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Shihezi is a man-made civilization carved out of the desert thanks to the persistence of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC). The corps was a group of soldiers turned farmers who began to open wastelands in the Xin-jiang Uyghur ...

ChicagoNow (blog)

ChicagoNow (blog)
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 18:18:45 -0700

In 1961 they were sent to Shihezi, Xinjiang but were finally able to return to Beijing in 1976 following the death of Mao Zedong. Ai studied animation at the Beijing Film Academy and then moved to New York City in 1981. He sketched, explored his ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 13:34:33 -0700

Hesen, a former lecturer at Shihezi University in northern Xinjiang, fled China in 2003 because of political pressure he was subjected to in Shihezi city, a key center of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a semi-military government ...
 
spectroscopyNOW.com
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 01:03:45 -0700

It is often difficult to tell one egg from another, especially different types of chicken egg. The solution offered by Meihu Ma and coresearchers from Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan and Shihezi University was to examine the fatty acid ...
 
The Epoch Times
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 02:00:00 -0700

The escape of Tang Xueqin was aided by 14 friends, who broke into a low-income housing building in Shihezi City of western China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region at around 4 a.m. on Aug. 24. The building was being used as a black jail.
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 23:00:00 -0700

cntv.cn schreibt: Shihezi is a man-made civilization carved out of the desert thanks to the persistence of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC). weiterlesen ... Aktien im Fokus, Video vom 26.09.2014weiterlesen ... Forum. Facebook. Twitter.
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