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Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2] population 2014 1 million

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.84
(56.91)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.03
(33.86)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b 石河子城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
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304 news items

Stuff.co.nz

Stuff.co.nz
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 09:37:30 -0800

Shihezi University is one of two military-related universities in Xinjiang. In 2007, Massey and Shihezi University undertook the first joint sheep research project looking for genes that control year-round breeding in sheep. Various researchers have ...
 
Genetic Literacy Project
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 10:00:00 -0800

In 2007, Massey and Shihezi University undertook the first joint sheep research project looking for genes that control year-round breeding in sheep. Various researchers have suggested that New Zealand's lamb trade would be improved by having lambs born ...

Businessweek

Businessweek
Sun, 04 Jan 2015 16:11:59 -0800

The yield on the 2018 notes of Xinjiang Shihezi Development Zone Economic Construction Co., a financing arm in a northwestern city with 620,000 people, climbed a record 63 basis points in December. “LGFV bonds that don't get classified as local ...
 
Seeking Alpha
Tue, 06 Jan 2015 23:30:00 -0800

Commodities are down broadly: Oil gets the headlines, but most major commodities - especially industrial commodities - are down, with iron ore leading the pack. The main driver is Chinese demand: perhaps it's more accurate to say that the main brake is ...
 
Infection Control Today
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 10:00:00 -0800

A 45-year-old male from Shihezi City, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region developed symptoms on Nov. 15. The patient was admitted to hospital on Nov. 19 but died on Nov. 27. The patient had a history of exposure to live poultry. A 59-year-old female from ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Fri, 01 Nov 2013 15:42:24 -0700

Plans to relocate a 200-year-old Muslim cemetery in a city in northwestern China's Xinjiang region have sparked mass protests among ethnic Uyghurs angry over the sale of the sacred site for a business venture. Authorities in Shihezi in north of the ...
 
China Briefing
Wed, 12 Oct 2011 02:37:29 -0700

Oct. 12 – One of the hidden treasures of Xinjiang is Shihezi. Actually the region's second largest city after Urumqi, this has long been a farming community and is often regarded with typical Chinese aplomb as “A Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert.” But ...
 
World Health Organization (press release)
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 06:20:00 -0800

A 45-year-old male from Shihezi City, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region who developed symptoms on 15 November. The patient was admitted to hospital on 19 November but died on 27 November. The patient had history of exposure to live poultry.
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