digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.84
(56.91)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.03
(33.86)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b "石河子城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1864 videos foundNext > 

Shihezi University Indian Tamil dance by Sept. 2012 Indian Students in China

Indian boys and girls performance at the Scholarship party at Shihezi University - School of Medicine.

Shihezi University

Shihezi University School of Medicine. Admission Notice for MBBS Classes of Fall 2011 semester. Visit www.shzuni.com for details.

ICC World Twenty20 Bangladesh 2014 - Flash Mob, Shihezi University, School of Medicine, China

Shihezi students

Shihezi Pakistani students, boys and girls in dress show.

shihezi university,shihezi city,china

shihezi university, shihezi school of medicine,shihezi city,xinjiang,china.

shihezi university,shihezi city

shihezi university,shihezi city,class 2003, our heart, our nostalgia.

dance shihezi university students

shihezi china xinjiang university great performance dance st.

Shihezi University Fall2011 Batch

Shihezi University Indian girls and boys performance - MJ dance

Indian girls and boys performed amazing dance at the Welcome Party for new students at Shihezi University - School of Medicine https://www.facebook.com/Shihe...

Shihezi Medical University, China

1864 videos foundNext > 

7 news items

 
ecns
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 01:03:45 -0700

About 80 officials of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps visited Zhongjiazhuang Prison of Shihezi on Aug 4. 2. An estimated 80 employees of Sinopec Chemical Commercial Holding Company' Dezhou branch visited Dezhou Prison on Aug. 1. 3.
 
LALATE
Sun, 03 Aug 2014 05:22:30 -0700

The quake was eighty-seven miles southwest of Shihezi and roughly one hundred thirty-miles west of Changji. The quake erupted northwest of Korla, approximately one hundred thirty-six miles outside of town. USGS mapping puts th quake south of Karamay ...

China Radio International

China Radio International
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Na polích kolem Shihezi jsou vysázené kukuřice, které vytvářejí krásnou scenérii. Sbor výroby a výstavby v Sin-ťiangu před více než půlstoletím přijel do této oblasti, kde byly pouště a písky. Jeli jsme autem po dalnici ke starým vojenským uvytovnám ...

China Radio International

China Radio International
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Dnes jsme pokračovali v naší cestě z Wujiaqu do Shihezi, což nám zabralo asi dvě hodiny. Shihezi se nachází na severním úpatí centrální části hor Tian Shan téměř 136 kilometrů od hlavního města Urumči. Toto město a jeho okolní oblasti mají ...

China Radio International

China Radio International
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Město Yining, neboli Ghulja, se nachází v severozápadní části Xinjiangu, proslulém místními Ujgury a dalšími etnickými skupinami. Yining je jen 70 kilometrů od hranic Číny s Kazachstánem. Cesta sem ze Shihezi, našeho předchozího města, nám trvala přes ...
 
Báo Điện tử Dân Việt
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 22:28:57 -0700

Ngày 4.8: 80 quan chức thuộc Tập đoàn xây dựng và sản xuất Tân Cương đến thăm nhà tù Zhongjiazhuang ở Shihezi. 2. Ngày 1.8, đoàn 80 người bao gồm lãnh đạo và nhân viên Công ty cổ phần thương mại hóa chất Sinopec Sinopec thăm nhà tù Dezhou.

China Radio International

China Radio International
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 01:15:00 -0700

La începtul anului 1992, poetul taiwanez, Xu Wangyun a fost în localitatea Shihezi din nordul Regiunii Autonome Xinjiang-Uigure pentru o călătorie şi a stat într-un raion desţelenit al deşertului Gurbantunggut. El a fost atras de peisajele deşertului ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Shihezi

You can talk about Shihezi with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!