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Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2] population 2014 1 million

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
6.6
(43.9)
22.7
(72.9)
35.4
(95.7)
37.4
(99.3)
39.2
(102.6)
42.2
(108)
41.0
(105.8)
39.4
(102.9)
33.3
(91.9)
17.5
(63.5)
8.3
(46.9)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.8
(56.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.3
(4.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
12.1
(53.8)
18.8
(65.8)
23.6
(74.5)
25.3
(77.5)
23.3
(73.9)
17.2
(63)
8.2
(46.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.1
(12)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.0
(33.8)
Record low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
6.6
(43.9)
9.6
(49.3)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
−8.9
(16)
−28.9
(−20)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−36.5
(−33.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b 石河子城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

257 news items

Yibada (English Edition)

Yibada (English Edition)
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 03:07:30 -0700

Before implementing the new policy to the whole area of Xinjiang, it was piloted in three areas, namely, Shihezi, Karamay and Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture since May. In addition, the old policy required passports under the tourism category to ...
 
New Zealand Herald
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Some links already exist between New Zealand and western Chinese universities, including a tripartite partnership between Massey University, Peking University and Xinjiang's Shihezi University involving sheep genetics. English says it is understandable ...

SeeNews Renewables

StreetInsider.com
Wed, 12 Aug 2015 04:37:30 -0700

... the National Equities Exchange and Quotations, an emerging over-the-counter market in China (the "New Third Board"). Xinjiang Daqo operates the polysilicon production facilities of the Company located in Shihezi, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

JOC.com

JOC.com
Thu, 06 Aug 2015 02:02:52 -0700

Carrying 82 twenty-foot equivalent units, the train left Shihezi city in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on July 28, bound for Baku. The Azerbaijan capital, however, is on the western side of the Caspian Sea and the train had to be transported ...

Payvand

PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 05:33:45 -0700

The train, carrying 82 twenty-foot containers, departed Shihezi city in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on July 28, travelling more than 4,000 km before reaching the Caspian port of Aktau in Kazakhstan. From there, the train was transported by ...

AzerNews

AzerNews
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 02:22:30 -0700

The first container train that arrived in Baku consisted of 82 containers and 41 platforms, and departed from China's Shihezi city on July 28. It traveled more than 4,000 kilometers, passing through the Kazakh port of Aktau. It is expected that ...

Tengrinews

Tengrinews
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 02:00:00 -0700

On August 3, Baku welcomed the Nomad express container train traveling from Shihezi, China to Georgia via Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, Tengrinews reports. President of Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (KTZ) Askar Mamin and Chairman of Azerbaijan Railways ...

AzerNews

AzerNews
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 08:22:30 -0700

The first container train was launched via the Shihezi (China) -Dostyk - Aktau port (Kazakhstan) -Kishly (Azerbaijan) route via the TRACECA transport corridor in July 2015. Thus, a possibility was demonstrated to transport the goods via a short route ...
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