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Shihezi
石河子市 · شىخەنزە شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Shihezi city 01.jpg
Shihezi is located in Xinjiang
Shihezi
Shihezi
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°02′E / 44.300°N 86.033°E / 44.300; 86.033
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Government
 • CPC Shihezi Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 640,000
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 832000
Area code(s) 0993

Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Demography[edit]

Its population is about 640,000 (2007), with the majority of the residents being Han Chinese and minorities making up 5.4% of the population.[2] population 2014 1 million

Geography and climate[edit]

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[3]

Climate data for Shihezi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
4.7
(40.5)
19.3
(66.7)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
25.4
(77.7)
15.5
(59.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
13.84
(56.91)
Average low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−17
(1)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.0
(41)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
1.03
(33.86)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
8.4
(0.331)
12.5
(0.492)
26.2
(1.031)
29.9
(1.177)
21.0
(0.827)
21.5
(0.846)
15.1
(0.594)
15.9
(0.626)
18.9
(0.744)
16.8
(0.661)
11.2
(0.441)
206.0
(8.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8
Source: Weather China[3]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture.

History[edit]

Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.

Education[edit]

Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

Economy[edit]

Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[4]

Transport[edit]

Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Copyright by Yingkou People
  2. ^ Britannica Online
  3. ^ a b 石河子城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ Shihezi a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' (China.org.cn by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shihezi — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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CCTV
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Shihezi is a man-made civilization carved out of the desert thanks to the persistence of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC). The corps was a group of soldiers turned farmers who began to open wastelands in the Xin-jiang Uyghur ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 00:59:22 -0700

Interviewing an agriculture expert at the rice paddies of the Xinjiang Tianye (Group) Co., Ltd. at Shihezi, Xinjiang on Friday, July 11, 2014. [Photo: CRIENGLISH.com]. July 11, 2014. By Doris. Lions and Tigers and Bears, Oh my. Once upon a time in ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 03:34:36 -0700

A dune buggy carrying CRI reporters going up and down the sand dunes at Camel Dream Slope near Shihezi, Xinjiang, on Wednesday, July 9, 2014. [Photo: CRIENGLISH.com]. By Doris. July 9, 2014. A heart-dropping ride down sand dunes, a breezy walk in ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 01:21:33 -0700

A flock of sheep at the Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Science at Shihezi, Xinjiang on Thursday, July 10, 2014. [Photo: CRIENGLISH.com] July 10, 2014. By Doris If there is one thing that's not scarce in Xinjiang, it is sheep. Their ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Fri, 01 Nov 2013 15:42:24 -0700

Plans to relocate a 200-year-old Muslim cemetery in a city in northwestern China's Xinjiang region have sparked mass protests among ethnic Uyghurs angry over the sale of the sacred site for a business venture. Authorities in Shihezi in north of the ...
 
China Briefing
Wed, 12 Oct 2011 02:37:29 -0700

Oct. 12 – One of the hidden treasures of Xinjiang is Shihezi. Actually the region's second largest city after Urumqi, this has long been a farming community and is often regarded with typical Chinese aplomb as “A Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert.” But ...
 
Infection Control Today
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 07:33:45 -0800

On Nov. 15, 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of three additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including one ...
 
Radio Free Asia
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 13:34:33 -0700

Hesen, a former lecturer at Shihezi University in northern Xinjiang, fled China in 2003 because of political pressure he was subjected to in Shihezi city, a key center of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a semi-military government ...
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