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For the Naglfar album, see Sheol (album).

She'ol (/ˈʃl/ SHEE-ohl or /ˈʃəl/ SHEE-əl; Hebrew שְׁאוֹל Šʾôl), translated as "grave", "pit", or "abode of the dead", is the Hebrew term for the place of the dead, the common grave of humans, or underworld of the Hebrew Bible. It is a place of darkness to which all the dead go, both the righteous and the unrighteous, regardless of the moral choices made in life, a place of stillness and darkness cut off from life and from the Hebrew God.[1]

The inhabitants of Sheol were the "shades" (rephaim), entities without personality or strength.[2] Under some circumstances they are thought to be able to be contacted by the living, as the Witch of Endor contacts the shade of Samuel for Saul, but such practices are forbidden (Deuteronomy 18:10).[3] While the Old Testament writings describe Sheol as the permanent place of the dead, in the Second Temple period (roughly 500 B.C.–70 A.D.) a more diverse set of ideas developed: in some texts, Sheol is considered to be the home of both the righteous and the wicked, separated into respective compartments; in others, it was considered a place of punishment, meant for the wicked dead alone.[4] When the Hebrew scriptures were translated into Greek in ancient Alexandria around 200 B.C., the word "Hades" (the Greek underworld) was substituted for Sheol, and this is reflected in the New Testament where Hades is both the underworld of the dead and the personification of the evil it represents.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rainwater 1996, p. 819
  2. ^ Longenecker 2003, p. 188
  3. ^ Knobel 2011, pp. 205–206
  4. ^ Longenecker 2003, p. 189
  5. ^ Longenecker 2003, p. 189


External links[edit]

  • Sheol entry in Jewish Encyclopedia

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744 news items

Oxford Mail

Oxford Mail
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 03:12:51 -0800

Taken by force from her home in the oppressive regime of Scion London, Paige finds herself enslaved by a race of mysterious creatures called the Rephaim who live in a long-lost city that they call Sheol I, but may be more familiar to readers as Oxford ...
First Things (blog)
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 03:15:00 -0800

Parry includes deft overviews of Egyptian and Mesopotamian cosmologies; he explores the three-decker universe of the Bible, the biblical symbolism of the sea and Sheol, the biblical notion of stars, and the whole cosmos as the house of God.

Austin Chronicle

Austin Chronicle
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 22:03:01 -0800

Preacher Woodward, Runnels' character in Lex Lybrand's locally produced horror film Meet Me There, is far removed from his in-ring antics as the Bizarre One: In the redneck-nightmare town of Sheol, Okla., Woodward is the quiet voice of sympathy for the ...


Fri, 09 Jan 2015 22:39:24 -0800

“The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up.” (1 Samuel 2:6) There is a special mention of the hungry, the poor, and the needy, because these also express emptiness that can be filled by the Lord alone. The Lord delights ...

New Jersey Jewish News

New Jersey Jewish News
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 07:22:30 -0800

Texts refer to Sheol, a dark pit where the dead exist in some shadowy form; Gehenna, a place where souls stay for 12 months of purification and/or punishment; and Gan Eden, sometimes considered roughly akin to heaven, other times strictly reserved for ...
Jewish Journal
Fri, 02 Jan 2015 03:21:46 -0800

So do not let him go unpunished; for you are a wise man and you will know how to deal with him and send his gray hair down to Sheol in blood. David could be a pretty brutal guy, so this is in character. “Okay, I promised that person that I wouldn't ...
Elko Daily Free Press
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 02:07:30 -0800

This universal calamity also includes the very last two elements that still existed, death and Sheol (Hell). “And death and Sheol were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death, which is the lake of fire. And whoever was not found written in ...
Anime News Network
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 17:41:26 -0800

The final battle is also a blast to watch (with yet another gruesome scene that made me squirm a bit—for those who have seen it, I'm referring to the scene where the nuns shield themselves from the Sheol Fear), and works well to further advance the ...

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