She'ol (// SHEE-ohl or // SHEE-əl; Hebrew שְׁאוֹל Šʾôl), translated as "grave", "pit", or "abode of the dead", is the Hebrew term for the place of the dead, the common grave of humans, or underworld of the Old Testament/Hebrew Scriptures. It is a place of darkness to which all the dead go, both the righteous and the unrighteous, regardless of the moral choices made in life, a place of stillness and darkness cut off from life and from the Hebrew god(s).
The inhabitants of Sheol were the "shades" (rephaim), entities without personality or strength. Under some circumstances they are thought to able to be contacted by the living, as the Witch of Endor contacts the shade of Samuel for Saul, but such practices are forbidden (Deuteronomy 18:10). While the Old Testament writings describe Sheol as the permanent place of the dead, in the Second Temple period (roughly 500 B.C.-70 A.D.) a more diverse set of ideas developed: in some texts, Sheol is considered to be the home of both the righteous and the wicked, separated into respective compartments; in others, it was considered a place of punishment, meant for the wicked dead alone. When the Hebrew scriptures were translated into Greek in ancient Alexandria around 200 B.C. the word "Hades" (the Greek underworld) was substituted for Sheol, and this is reflected in the New Testament where Hades is both the underworld of the dead and the personification of the evil it represents.
- Aune, David E. (2003). "Cosmology". Westminster Dictionary of the New Testament and Early Christian Literature. Westminster John Knox Press.
- Bernstein, Alan E. (1996). The Formation of Hell: Death and Retribution in the Ancient and Early Christian Worlds. Cornell University Press.
- Hess, Richard S. (2007). Israelite Religions: An Archeological and Biblical Survey. Baker Academic Press.
- Kelly, Henry A. (2010). "Hell with Purgatory and two Limbos". In Moreira, Isabel; Toscano, Margaret. Hell and Its Afterlife: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Ashgate Publishing.
- Knobel, Peter (2011). "Death". In Berlin, Adele; Grossman, Maxine. The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. Oxford University Press.
- Longenecker, Richard N. (2003). "Cosmology". In Gowan, Donald E. The Westminster theological wordbook of the Bible. Westminster John Knox Press.
- Mabie, F.J (2008). "Chaos and Death". In Longman, Tremper; Enns, Peter. Dictionary of the Old Testament. InterVarsity Press.
- O'Dowd, R. (2008). "Creation imagery". In Longman, Tremper; Enns, Peter. Dictionary of the Old Testament. InterVarsity Press.
- Rainwater, Robert (1990). "Sheol". In Watson E. Mills (General Editor). Mercer Dictionary of the Bible. Mercer University Press.
- Reike, Bo (2001). "Hell". In Metzger, Bruce Manning; Coogan, Michael David. The Oxford guide to ideas & issues of the Bible. Oxford University Press.
- Sheol entry in Jewish Encyclopedia
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Sat, 13 Dec 2014 06:03:45 -0800
If you strike him with the rod, you will save his soul from Sheol." These verses are important to teach children very important biblical values and the verses I didn't mention do as well. Other values that I believe have diminished from public life are ...
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 07:01:08 -0800
The Bone Season ended with Paige, the protagonist, escaping Sheol 1. Book 2 picks up immediately following its events so its beginning straight away hauls you in until your white-knuckled gripping the page. It is a lot easier to slip into the second ...
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Sat, 13 Dec 2014 04:45:00 -0800
The only other exceptions to eternal timelessness are the first heaven, paradise and Sheol/Hell; they each also have a form of this thing called time however it does not function there exactly the same as it does here in our reality; “But, my beloved ...
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 22:00:18 -0800
The Old Testament refers exclusively to sheol, the traditional Hebrew underworld, a place of stillness in which both the righteous and the unrighteous wander in shadows. There's no fiery torment, no wailing or gnashing of teeth. In the New Testament ...
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 01:38:51 -0800
... the LORD always before me;because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my soul rejoices;my body also rests secure.10 For you do not give me up to Sheol,or let your faithful one see the Pit.11 You show me ...
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:41:15 -0800
Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! (Psalm 139:7-8). Like you, I have been watching the tragedy unfold in Ferguson and wondering if ...
Anime News Network
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 09:01:57 -0800
Index mostly sits on the sidelines for both this arc and the next one, although she does unleash her Sheol Fear on the gang of killer nuns at one point, leading to one of the more disturbing scenes in the set. Let's just say that when the women whip ...
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 10:22:30 -0800
This word refers to the dead who lead a shadowy existence in Sheol (NT word Hades). Those ensnared by folly are as good as in hell, for that house is a gateway to hell. Many eat on earth what they digest in hell. The point is that the life of folly is ...
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