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Sheepeater Indian War
Part of the Indian Wars
Date 1879
Location Idaho
Result United States victory
United States of America Tukudeka

The Sheepeater Indian War of 1879 was the last Indian war fought in the Pacific Northwest portion of the United States. A band of approximately 300 Shoshone people, the Tukudeka, were known as the Sheepeaters because of their proficiency in hunting Rocky Mountain sheep.[1] The campaign against the Sheepeaters primarily took place in central Idaho.

Leading up to the war, settlers accused the Shoshone of stealing horses in Indian Valley and killing three settlers near present-day Cascade, Idaho during the pursuit. In August, the Shoshone were accused of killing two prospectors in an ambush at Pearsall Creek, five miles from Cascade. By February 1879 they were accused of the murders of five Chinese miners at Oro Grande, murders at Loon Creek, and finally the murders of two ranchers in the South Fork of the Salmon River in May. There was no evidence for these accusations.

Heading the campaign against the Sheepeaters was Troop G of the 1st Cavalry led by Captain Reuben Bernard, Company C and a detachment of Company K from the 2nd Infantry Regiment under the command of First Lieutenant Henry Catley, and 20 Indian scouts commanded by Lieutenant Edward Farrow of the 21st Infantry. The troops were all heading toward Payette Lake, near present day McCall. Bernard headed North from Boise barracks, Catley headed South from Camp Howard, and Farrow headed East from the Umatilla Agency.

Throughout the campaign, the troops faced difficulty traveling through the rough terrain. The first segment of the campaign, from May 31 to September 8, was through the Salmon River, dubbed the "River of No Return" because it was barely navigable. By August 20, a Sheepeater raiding party of ten to fifteen Indians attacked the troops as they guarded a pack train at Soldier Bar on Big Creek. Those who defended the pack train included Corporal Charles B. Hardin along with six troopers and the chief packer, James Barnes. They managed to drive the Sheepeaters off with only one casualty, Private Harry Eagan, of the 2nd Infantry. By October, the campaign ended once Lieutenants W.C. Brown and Edward S. Farrow, along with a group of twenty Umatilla scouts, negotiated the surrender of the Sheepeaters.

See also[edit]




  • Parker, Aaron. The Sheepeater Indian Campaign (Chamberlin Basin Country). Idaho Country Free Press, c1968.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheepeater_Indian_War — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

San Diego Free Press

San Diego Free Press
Mon, 26 May 2014 07:48:40 -0700

Our dead include wars you never heard, such the “Quasi War” with the French, the First Sumatran Expedition and Sheepeater Indian War plus, of course, both World Wars, Korea, Vietnam and Iraq and Afghanistan. A large number of U.S. wars were fought ...

New York Times (blog)

New York Times (blog)
Mon, 13 Aug 2012 02:00:15 -0700

Still, at the time, the military took advantage of accusations and initiated what became known as the Sheepeater Indian War. The army pursued the Sheepeater people through central Idaho for many months, and in October 1879, the remaining members of the ...


Thu, 13 Aug 2015 10:47:49 -0700

.....Une évidence de plus en plus partagée , et un avis d'un bon sens élémentaire : effectivement, un pays en guerre incessante partout dans le monde, et cela depuis 170 ans, peut de plus en plus difficilement faire croire qu'il dispense la paix et la ...


Tue, 14 Apr 2015 01:40:13 -0700

Toujours, l'idéologie étasunienne a reporté sur l'Autre sa propre responsabilité, en inversant les rôles. Les Indiens, présents depuis environ 40 000 ans, furent exterminés car ce peuple de “ sauvages ”, selon le président John Quincey Adams ...


Tue, 03 Mar 2015 22:52:55 -0800

Septembre 2007. George Bush est encore président des USA. Interviewé par le New York Times, Nicolas Sarkozy, Nicolas-Sarkozy-et-George-W.-Bush alors nouveau président de la république française, parle de « l'éventualité d'une évolution » de la place ...

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