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For other uses, see Shea Stadium (disambiguation).
William A. Shea Municipal Stadium
Shea Stadium, Shea
Shea Stadium
Location 123-01 Roosevelt Avenue
Flushing, Queens, New York City, New York 11368-1699
Coordinates 40°45′20″N 73°50′53″W / 40.75556°N 73.84806°W / 40.75556; -73.84806Coordinates: 40°45′20″N 73°50′53″W / 40.75556°N 73.84806°W / 40.75556; -73.84806
Owner City of New York
Operator New York City Department of Parks and Recreation (1964-1981)
New York Mets (1981-2008)
Capacity Baseball: 57,333[1]
Football: 60,372[2]
Field size
Surface Kentucky Bluegrass
Construction
Broke ground October 28, 1961
Opened April 17, 1964
Closed September 28, 2008 (Final game)
Demolished October 14, 2008–February 18, 2009
Construction cost $28.5 million
($217 million in 2014 dollars[3])
Architect Praeger-Kavanagh-Waterbury[4]
General contractor Carlin–Crimmins J.V.[5]
Tenants
New York Mets (MLB) (1964–2008)
New York Jets (AFL / NFL) (1964–1983)
New York Yankees (MLB) (1974–1975)
New York Giants (NFL) (1975)

William A. Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium or just Shea /ˈʃ/, was a stadium in the New York City borough of Queens, in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park.[6] It was the home baseball park of Major League Baseball's New York Mets from 1964 to 2008. Originally built as a multi-purpose stadium, Shea was also the home of the New York Jets football team from 1964 to 1983. It was named in honor of William A. Shea, the man who brought National League baseball back to New York. It was demolished in 2009 to furnish additional parking for the adjacent Citi Field, the current home of the Mets.

History[edit]

Planning and construction[edit]

The origins of Shea Stadium go back to the controversial west coast relocation of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants which left New York without a National League presence. New York City official Robert Moses tried to interest Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley in this site as the location for a new stadium, but O'Malley refused, unable to agree on location, ownership and lease terms. O'Malley preferred to pay construction costs himself so he would own the stadium outright. He wanted total control over revenue from parking, concessions, and other events. The City, by contrast, wanted to build the stadium, rent it, and retain these ancillary revenue rights to pay off its construction bonds.[7] Additionally, O'Malley wanted to build his new stadium in Brooklyn, while Moses insisted on Flushing Meadows. When Los Angeles offered O'Malley what the City of New York wouldn't—complete and absolute ownership of the facility—he left for southern California in a preemptive bid to install the Dodgers there before a new or existing major league franchise could beat him to it. At the same time, Horace Stoneham moved his New York Giants to the San Francisco Bay Area, ensuring that there would be two west coast NL teams and preserving the longstanding rivalry with O'Malley's Dodgers that continues to this day.

In 1960, the National League agreed to grant an expansion franchise to the owners of the New York franchise in the abortive Continental League, provided that a new stadium be built. Mayor Robert Wagner, Jr. had to personally wire all National League owners and assure them that the city would build a park.

On October 6, 1961, the Mets signed a 30-year stadium lease,[8] with an option for a 10-year renewal. Rent for what was originally budgeted as a $9 million facility was set at $450,000 annually, with a reduction of $20,000 each year until it reaches $300,000 annually.

The Mets' inaugural season (1962) was played in the Polo Grounds, with original plans calling for the team to move to a new stadium in 1963. In October 1962, Mets official Tom Meany said, "Only a series of blizzards or some other unforeseen trouble might hamper construction." That unforeseen trouble surfaced in a number of ways: the severe winter of 1962–1963, along with the bankruptcies of two subcontractors and labor issues. The end result was that both the Mets and Jets played at the Polo Grounds for one more year.

A game at Shea during the 1964 season

It was originally to be called "Flushing Meadow Park Municipal Stadium"[9] – the name of the public park on which it was built – but a movement was launched to name it in honor of William A. Shea, the man who brought National League baseball back to New York.

Opening[edit]

After 29 months and $28.5 million, Shea Stadium opened on April 17, 1964, with the Pittsburgh Pirates beating the Mets 4–3 before a crowd of 50,312.[10] The stadium opened five days before the 1964-65 New York World's Fair across Roosevelt Avenue from the stadium. Although not officially part of the Fairgrounds, the stadium sported steel panels on its exterior in the blue-and-orange colors of the Fair. The panels were removed in 1980.

Demolition[edit]

Shea Stadium logo, commemorating the stadium's final year

In accordance with New York City law, Shea Stadium was dismantled, rather than imploded.[11] The company with the rights to sell memorabilia was given two weeks after the final game to remove seats, signage and other potentially saleable/collectable items before demolition was to begin. The seats were the first ($869 per pair plus tax, a combination of '86 and '69),[12] followed by other Shea memorabilia such as the foul poles, dugouts, stadium signage, and the giant letters that spell out "SHEA" at the front of the building.

Demolition in progress. Top photo: close-up view of the stadium during demolition. Bottom photo: demolition as viewed from the IRT Flushing Line.

After salvaging operations concluded, actual demolition of the ballpark began on October 14, 2008. On October 18, the scoreboard in right field was demolished, with the bleachers, batter's eye and bullpens soon to follow.[13]

By November 10, the field, dugouts and the rest of the field level seats had been demolished.[14]

By mid-December, all of the Loge level seats and a good portion of the Mezzanine level seating were gone as well, leaving only the outer shell remaining.

Plaque commemorating the location of Shea Stadium's home plate, now in Citi Field's parking lot.

Demolition work on the upper deck began by January 1, 2009. The next day, all that remained of sections 26–48 of the upper deck was the steel framework. By January 8, the steel framework for sections 36–48 of the upper deck had been completely removed; all that remained of the "Live & In Person" advertising banner at the top above Gate A was the extreme right portion with the Shea Stadium Final Season logo. As of January 15, the far left field portion of Shea was completely demolished and the left field upper deck (sections 25–47) was stripped to its steel framework. The remaining letters at the top of the ballpark behind home plate were taken down on January 21. Approximately two-thirds of the stadium's outer superstructure was gone by January 24.

On January 31, Mets fans all over New York came to Shea for one final farewell to Shea Stadium. Fans took a tour of the site, told stories, and sang songs.[15] The last remaining section of seats was demolished on February 18. Fans stood in awe as the remaining structure of Shea Stadium (one section of ramps) was torn down at 11:22 that morning.[16][17]

Shea's home plate, pitcher's mound, and the bases are immortalized in Citi Field's parking lot, and feature engravings of the neon baseball players that once graced the exterior of the stadium.[18]

An illustration of a planned shopping center to be built on the Shea Stadium site.

Redevelopment[edit]

On October 9, 2013, the New York City Council approved a plan to build a mall and entertainment center in the Citi Field parking lot where Shea Stadium once stood, as part of an effort by the city to redevelop the nearby neighborhood of Willets Point.[19][20]

Stadium usage[edit]

Sports[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Shea Stadium prior to a game in September 1969.

Shea Stadium was the home of the New York Mets since 1964, and hosted the Major League Baseball All-Star Game that same year, with Johnny Callison of the Philadelphia Phillies hitting a home run in the ninth inning to win the only Mid-Summer Classic held in the Queens ballpark. A month earlier on Father's Day, Callison's teammate, future Hall of Fame member and United States Senator Jim Bunning, pitched a perfect game against the Mets.[21]

The stadium was often criticized by baseball purists for many reasons, even though it was retrofitted to be a baseball-only stadium after the Jets left. The upper deck was one of the highest in the majors. The lower boxes were farther from the field than similar seats in other parks because they were still on the rails that swiveled the boxes into position for football.[22] Outfield seating was always rather sparse, in part because the stadium was designed to be fully enclosed.

At one time, Shea's foul territory was one of the most expansive in the majors. This was very common for ballparks built during this era, in part due to the need to accommodate the larger football field.[22] However, seats added over the years in the lower level greatly reduced the size of foul territory by the dawn of the 21st century. Also on the plus side, Shea always used a natural grass surface. This stood in contrast to multi-purpose stadiums such as Three Rivers Stadium. Veterans Stadium and Riverfront Stadium, which were built in the same era and style and used artificial turf instead of natural grass.

Shea Stadium hosted postseason baseball in 1969, 1973, 1986, 1988, 1999, 2000 and 2006; it hosted the World Series in 1969, 1973, 1986, and 2000. Shea Stadium had the distinction of being the home of the 1969 "Miracle Mets"—a team led by former Brooklyn Dodger Gil Hodges that defied 100–1 odds and won the World Series, this after recording seven straight seasons in last or next-to-last place. Shea became famous for the bedlam that took place after the Mets won the decisive Game 5 of the 1969 World Series, as fans stormed the field in celebration. A similar scene took place a few weeks earlier after the Mets defeated the Atlanta Braves in the first National League Championship Series to win the pennant.

Tommie Agee, Lenny Dykstra, Todd Pratt, Robin Ventura, and Benny Agbayani have all hit post-season, game-winning home runs at Shea.

Tommie Agee was the only player in the history of the ballpark to hit a home run into the upper deck in left field. The spot was marked with a sign featuring Agee's number, and the date of the event, April 10, 1969. Teammate Cleon Jones says the ball was still rising when it hit the seats, so it very likely could have been the longest home run ever hit at Shea Stadium.[citation needed]

In 1971, Dave Kingman---then with the San Francisco Giants; later to play for the Mets on two occasions – hit a home run that smashed off the windshield of the Giants' team bus, parked behind the left field bullpen.

For many years, the Mets' theme song, "Meet the Mets", was played at Shea before every home game. Jane Jarvis, a local jazz artist, played the popular songs on the Thomas organ at Mets games for many years at the stadium.[23]

On October 3, 2004, the stadium was the venue of the last game in the history of the Montreal Expos when the Mets defeated the Expos 8–1.[24] Their story ended where it had started 35 years earlier: at Shea Stadium.[25] The following year, the Expos relocated to Washington, D.C., where they were renamed the Nationals.

As of June 10, 2005, the Mets had played more games at Shea Stadium than the Brooklyn Dodgers did at Ebbets Field.[citation needed]

The last game played at Shea Stadium was a loss to the Florida Marlins on September 28, 2008. However, the Mets were in the thick of the playoff chase until the last day. A win would have meant another game for Shea as the Mets were scheduled to play the Milwaukee Brewers in a one game playoff for the NL Wild Card had they won. Following the game, there was a "Shea Goodbye" tribute in which many players from the Mets glory years entered the stadium and touched home plate one final time so that fans could pay their last respects to the players and the stadium the Mets called home for 45 years. The ceremony ended with Tom Seaver throwing a final pitch to Mike Piazza, then, as the Beatles "In My Life" played on the stadium speakers the two former Met stars walked out of the centerfield gate and closed it behind them, followed by a display of blue and orange fireworks.[26][27]

A baseball game at Shea Stadium in 2007. The construction of Citi Field can be seen beyond left field.

Three National League Division Series were played at Shea Stadium. The Mets won all three, and never lost a Division Series game at Shea.

Seven National League Championship Series were played at Shea Stadium.

^ The decisive seventh game of this series was played at Shea Stadium, marking the only time that the Mets ever lost the deciding game of an NLCS at home.

Four World Series were played in Shea Stadium.

The Yankees World Series win in 2000 was the only time that visiting teams won a World Series at Shea Stadium. The Mets won both their World Series titles at Shea Stadium (in Game 5 in 1969, and Game 7 in 1986).

Shea Stadium prior to the start of a New York Mets game in 2008. Shea had the best attendance in the National League that year, garnering over 53,000 fans per game on average.

The New York Yankees played their home games in Shea Stadium during the 1974 and 1975 seasons while Yankee Stadium was being renovated. The move to Shea had been proposed earlier in the decade, but the Mets, as Shea's primary tenants, refused to sign off on the deal. However, when the city stepped in to pay for renovating Yankee Stadium, the Mets had little choice but to agree to share Shea with the Yankees.

Separately, on the afternoon of April 15, 1998, the Yankees also played one home game at Shea, against the Anaheim Angels after a beam collapsed at Yankee Stadium two days before, destroying several rows of seats.[28][29] With the Mets playing a game at Shea that evening against the Chicago Cubs, the Yankees used the visitor's locker room and dugout and the Angels used the home dugout and old locker room of the New York Jets.[30] Former Mets star Darryl Strawberry, then playing for the Yankees, hit a home run during the game. Stadium operators partially raised the Mets' home run apple signal before lowering it back down, much to the delight of the crowd present.[31]

Shea Stadium also hosted the first extra-inning regular season baseball opener ever played in New York, on March 31, 1998,[32] when the Mets opened their season against their rival Philadelphia Phillies, playing the longest scoreless opening day game in the National League and the longest one in the MLB since 1926.[33][34] The Mets won the game 1–0 in the bottom of the 14th.[34]

During the 1977 New York City blackout the stadium was plunged into darkness at approximately 9:30 p.m. during a game between the Mets and the Chicago Cubs. It occurred during the bottom of the sixth inning, with the Mets losing 2–1 and Lenny Randle at bat. Jane Jarvis, Shea's organist (affectionately known as Shea's "Queen of Melody") played "Jingle Bells" and "White Christmas".[35] The game was eventually completed on September 16, with the Cubs winning 5–2.[36]

Football[edit]

A concept drawing of Shea Stadium in football configuration

The New York Jets of the American Football League and later, the National Football League played at Shea for twenty seasons, from 1964 to 1983 (excluding their first home game in 1977 played at Giants Stadium). The stadium hosted three Jets playoff games: the American Football League Championship in 1968 (beat the Oakland Raiders, 27–23), an AFL Divisional Playoff in 1969 (lost 13–6 to the Kansas City Chiefs) and the 1981 AFC Wild Card Playoff game (lost 31–27 to the Buffalo Bills).

For most of the Jets' tenure at Shea, they were burdened by onerous lease terms imposed at the insistence of the Mets. Until 1978, the Jets could not play their first home game until the Mets' season was finished. For instance, in 1969, the defending Super Bowl champion Jets didn't play a home game until October 20 due to the Mets advancing to (and winning) the World Series. Even after 1978, the Mets' status as Shea's primary tenants would require the Jets to go on long road trips (switching Shea from baseball to football configuration was a rather complex process, involving electrical, plumbing, field and other similar work). The stadium was also not well maintained in the 1970s. The Jets moved to Giants Stadium for the 1984 season, enticed by the additional 15,000+ seats offered there. Fans ripped Shea apart after the last game of the 1983 season, which also was the last NFL appearance for Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Terry Bradshaw, who threw two touchdown passes to lead the Pittsburgh Steelers to a 34–7 victory.[37] Even the scoreboard operator had a field day, displaying the home team as the "N.J. Jets".[38]

It was at Shea Stadium on December 16, 1973 that O.J. Simpson became the first running back to gain 2,000 yards in a single season[39] (and, to date, the only player to do it in 14 games or fewer).

In the 1983 season, a Jets game against the Los Angeles Rams featured an 85-yard touchdown run by rookie Eric Dickerson, as well as a brawl between Rams offensive tackle Jackie Slater and Jets defensive end Mark Gastineau when Slater blindsided Gastineau after the Jet performed his infamous "Sack Dance" over fallen Rams quarterback Vince Ferragamo.

The NFL's New York Giants played their 1975 season at Shea while Giants Stadium was being built. The Giants were 5–9 that year (2–5 at Shea). Their coach was Bill Arnsparger and their quarterback was Craig Morton.

The football field at Shea extended from around home plate all the way to the outfield, with the baseline seating rotating out to fill left and right fields.

Soccer[edit]

The first soccer game held at Shea Stadium occurred during tournament play from the International Soccer League on June 17, 1965.[40] New York United of the American Soccer League called Shea home in 1980.[41]

Other events[edit]

Shea Stadium and vicinity, with the Manhattan skyline in the distance, 1981

On Sunday, August 15, 1965, the Beatles opened their 1965 North American tour there to a record audience of 55,600.[42] "Beatlemania" was at one of its peaks at the Shea Concert. Film footage taken at the concert shows many teenagers and women crying, screaming, and even fainting. The crowd noise was such that security guards can be seen covering their ears as the Beatles enter the field. The sound of the crowd was so deafening that none of the Beatles (or anyone else) could hear what they were playing. Nevertheless, it was the first concert to be held at a major stadium and set records for attendance and revenue generation, demonstrating that outdoor concerts on a large scale could be successful and profitable, and led the Beatles to return to Shea for a successful encore on 23 August 1966. The attendance record stood until 1973 when it was broken by Led Zeppelin at Tampa Stadium.[43]

The first major music event to play Shea Stadium after the Beatles successful run was the Summer Festival for Peace on August 6, 1970.[35] It was a day-long fundraiser, which featured many of the era's biggest selling and seminal rock, folk, blues and jazz performers including: Janis Joplin, Paul Simon, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Steppenwolf, The James Gang, Miles Davis, Tom Paxton, John Sebastian and others.

The next concert venue at Shea Stadium was the historic 1971 concert by Grand Funk Railroad (Humble Pie opened) in 1971, where they broke the Beatles' then-record for fastest ticket sales. Structural Engineers at the stadium were concerned that the physical excitement of the crowd that night might have caused damage to the stadium. The same film makers for the documentary of the Rolling Stones concert at Altamont were commissioned to film this event, but the actual final film has, to date, never been released.

The stadium has hosted numerous concerts since, the last being a two-night engagement by Billy Joel on July 16, and July 18, 2008. The concerts were dubbed the "The Last Play at Shea," and featured many special guest appearances, including former Beatle Paul McCartney who closed the second show with an emotional rendition of the Beatles classic "Let It Be". Other artists that joined Joel on stage for the show were former Shea performer Roger Daltrey of The Who, Tony Bennett, Don Henley, John Mayer, John Mellencamp, Garth Brooks, and Steven Tyler of Aerosmith. The concerts are the subject of a documentary film of the same name, which uses the concerts and Shea's history to tell the story of changes in American suburban life.[44]

Before Joel's concerts, the last performer to play there was Bruce Springsteen along with his famed backing band; the E Street Band in early October 2003.[35]

Other acts that have headlined at Shea are Jethro Tull with opening act Robin Trower in July 1976 (billed as Tull v. Boeing due to the stadium's proximity to LaGuardia Airport), The Who with opening act The Clash in October 1982, Simon & Garfunkel in August 1983, The Police with opening acts Joan Jett & The Blackhearts & R.E.M. in August 1983, (a concert that bassist Sting described as "like playing the top of Mount Everest"), The Rolling Stones with opening act Living Colour for a six-night run in October 1989 and Elton John & Eric Clapton in August 1992.

The 1978 International Convention of Jehovah's Witnesses was held at Shea Stadium from July 12 to July 16, 1978.[35]

Shea Stadium was parodied as "Che Stadium" for The Rutles film All You Need is Cash for a sequence that spoofed the Beatles' concert at the stadium

During his tour of America in October 1979, Pope John Paul II was also among those hosted by Shea Stadium.[45] On the morning of the Pontiff's visit, Shea Stadium was awash in torrential rain, causing ankle-deep mud puddles, and threatened to ruin the event. But as the Popemobile entered the stadium, the rain stopped.

On December 9, 1979, as part of the halftime show of an NFL game between the New York Jets and New England Patriots, a model airplane group put on a remote control airplane display. The grand finale was a remote control airplane, weighing 40 lbs, made to look like a red flying lawnmower. The pilot lost control of the airplane, and it crashed into the stands and hit John Bowen of Nashua, New Hampshire. Bowen died six days later.[46]

Between 1972 and 1980, Shea also hosted 3 wrestling events held by the then World Wrestling Federation.

In 1987, Marvel Comics rented Shea Stadium to re-enact the wedding of their two characters Spider-Man/Peter Parker and Mary Jane Watson.

Recently on VH1's documentary series 7 Ages of Rock, Shea Stadium was named the most hallowed venue in all of rock music.

In Godzilla: The Series the stadium was destroyed in a fight between Godzilla and Crackler.

Shea Stadium was used in the 1970s for filming the 1973 movie Bang The Drum Slowly starring Robert De Niro and Michael Moriarty and the 1978 film The Wiz. In the latter film, the exterior pedestrian ramps were used for a motorcycle chase scene with Michael Jackson & Diana Ross.

In Men in Black, a Mets game at Shea was featured in the film, with outfielder Bernard Gilkey dropping a flyball after being distracted by an alien spacecraft in the sky. Shea was also featured in Men in Black 3 which is where K and J in 1969 intercept Griffin and the ArcNet before Boris the Animal can capture it.

In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the stadium became a staging area for rescuers, its parking lots filled with food, water, medical supplies, even makeshift shelters where relief workers could sleep. Ten days later Shea reopened for the first post-attack sporting event in New York where the Mets beat the Braves, behind a dramatic home run by Mets catcher Mike Piazza.[47]

1975: Four teams, one stadium[edit]

The Mets, Yankees, Jets and Giants all called Shea home in 1975, the only time in professional sports history that two baseball teams and two football teams shared the same facility in the same year.[4] As Yankee Stadium was being renovated and Giants Stadium was nearing completion, there were scheduling clashes between the New York teams in baseball from April through September and both football teams from October through December. Even though Shibe Park housed the Phillies, A's, and Eagles collectively from 1940 to 1954 (excluding 1941), the 1975 sports calendar in Shea Stadium was unrivaled. The Jets and also the Giants could not play a "home" game at Shea Stadium until the baseball season had ended for the main tenant Mets and the temporary incumbent Yankees. In 1975 there was only a two week overlap between the baseball and football seasons (the NFL season starting on Sunday, September 21 that year, and the MLB season ending on Sunday, September 28). This meant the Jets could open at home on Sunday, October 5, the third week of the season, and the Giants on Sunday, October 12, the season's fourth week. This also meant, however, that the Giants and Jets had to play a combined 14 home games in the final 12 weeks of the 14-week NFL season. To do this, the Giants played two Saturday afternoon home games, each of which was un-televised, and each of which was played the day before a Jets' Sunday home game. Either the Jets or the Giants had a Sunday home game every weekend from October 5 through December 21, inclusive.

The Mets attracted 1,730,566 to their games while the Yankees attracted 1,288,048 to their home games at Shea. Having both the Giants and Jets share Shea Stadium for one season foreshadowed what was to come in the future with the Meadowlands (a.k.a. Giants Stadium) after the Jets left Flushing Meadows for New Jersey following the 1983 NFL season.

Features[edit]

Design[edit]

Shea was a circular stadium, with the grandstand forming a perfect circle around the field and ending a short distance beyond the foul lines. The remainder of the perimeter was mostly empty space beyond the outfield fences. This space was occupied by the bullpens, scoreboards, and a section of bleachers beyond the left field fence. The stadium boasted 54 restrooms, 21 escalators and seats for 57,343. It was big, airy, sparkling, with a massive 86' x 175' scoreboard. Also, rather than the standard light towers, Shea had lamps along its upper reaches, like a convoy of semis with their brights on, which gave the field a unique high-wattage glow. Praised for its convenience, even its "elegance," Shea was actually deemed a showplace. These special features helped make Shea more popular during its lifetime than other "cookie-cutter" venues, like RFK Stadium, Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, Riverfront Stadium and Three Rivers Stadium.[47]

The stadium was located close to LaGuardia Airport. For many years, interruptions for planes flying overhead were common at Shea, and the noise was so loud that radio and television broadcasts couldn't be heard. Later, flight plans were altered to alleviate the noise problem.

One of the neon players on the outside of Shea Stadium.

Shea was originally designed to convert from a baseball field into a rectangle field suitable for football using two motor-operated stands that allow the field level seats to rotate on underground railroad tracks. After the New York Jets football team moved to Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey in 1984, the Mets took over operation of the stadium and retrofitted it for exclusive baseball use. As part of the refitting, Shea Stadium's exterior was painted blue and neon signs of baseball player silhouettes were added to the windscreens prior to the 1988 season. The original scoreboard was removed, and a new one installed in its place (fitting into the shell left behind by the old one), in 1988. Also at that time, the original (wooden) outfield wall was removed and replaced by a padded fence.[4]

Shea's exterior, pictured here in 1964, was decorated with blue and orange panels from 1964 until their removal in 1980.

Banks of ramps that provided access from the ground to the upper levels were built around the outside circumference of the stadium. The ramps were not walled in and were visible from the outside. The ramps were originally partly covered with many rectangular panels in blue and orange (two of the team's colors). These panels can be seen in the 1970s movie The Wiz; it used the exterior pedestrian ramps for a motorcycle chase scene with Michael Jackson and Diana Ross. The 1960s-style decorations were removed in 1980.[4] The banks of ramps resulted in the outer wall of the stadium jutting out where the banks existed. In some of the recessed bays between the banks, huge neon lights formed the figures of baseball players.

The design also allowed for Shea Stadium to be expandable to 90,000 seats (by completely enclosing the grandstand), or to be later enclosed by a dome if warranted. In March 1965, a plan was formally announced to add a glass dome and add 15,000 seats.[22][48] The Mets strongly objected to the proposal.[49] The idea was dropped after engineering studies concluded that the stadium's foundation would be unable to support the weight of the dome.[22]

Initially, the distances to the right and left field fences were each 341 feet (104 m). There was a horizontal orange line that decided where a batted ball was a home run or still in play. In 1978, Manager Joe Torre helped move the fences in to 338 feet (103 m) in the corners with a wall now in front of the original brick wall to help alleviate disputed calls.[50]

Originally, all of the seats were wooden, with each level having a different color. The field boxes were yellow, the loge level seats were brown, the mezzanine seats were blue, and the upper deck seats were green. Each level above the field level was divided into box seats (below the portals) and reserved seats (above the portals). The box seats were of a darker shade than the reserved seats. The game ticket was the same color as the seat that it was for, and the signs in the lobby for that section were the same color as the seat and the ticket. Before the 1980 baseball season they were replaced with red (upper deck), green (mezzanine), blue (loge), and orange (field level) plastic seats.

Shea Stadium from the air, 2005. Citi Field would later be built in the parking area to the right (east) of the stadium.

Unlike the crosstown Yankee Stadium, Shea was built on an open field, so there was no need to have it conform to the surrounding streets.

Before Shea Stadium closed in 2008, it was the only stadium in the Major Leagues with orange foul poles. This tradition is carried on at Citi Field as the foul poles there are the same color.

After the Jets left Shea, the exterior of the stadium was painted blue and white, two of the Mets' team colors.

In 2003, large murals celebrating the Mets' two world championships were added, covering the two ends of the grandstand. The 1986 mural was removed after the 2006 season because of deterioration (the wall was re-painted solid blue, and a window was opened on the Mezzanine level where fans could view the progress of Citi Field), but the 1969 mural survived until the final game in 2008.

The skyline from Shea's scoreboard, now on top of the Shake Shack in Citi Field.

The scoreboard was topped by a representation of the New York Skyline, a prominent part of the team logo. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center were kept unlit, with a red-white-and-blue ribbon placed over them. The scoreboard was demolished in October 2008, but the skyline was preserved and is now located on the Shake Shack in Citi Field's "Taste Of The City" food court behind the giant scoreboard in center field.[51]

For the 2007 and 2008 seasons, the construction of Citi Field was visible beyond the left and center field walls of Shea.

From 1973 to 1979, fans could estimate the distance of home run balls, since there were several signs beyond the outfield wall giving the distance in feet from home plate, in addition to the nine markers within the field.[4]

Home Run Apple[edit]

Shea's home run apple

The Home Run Apple came out of a magic hat after every Mets home run at Shea Stadium. It was first installed in May 1980 as a symbol of the Mets' advertising slogan "The Magic Is Back!" (the hat originally said "Mets Magic" in script but was changed in the mid-1980s to a simple "Home Run" in block capital letters).[52] A newer, bigger apple has been placed in center field at Citi Field; in 2009 Shea's original apple was installed inside Citi Field's Bullpen Gate and was visible from outside, on 126th Street. In 2010, the Shea apple was relocated outside the ballpark, in front of the Jackie Robinson Rotunda.[53]

Seating capacity[edit]

Baseball[edit]
  • 55,300 (1964–1984)[54]
  • 55,601 (1985–1993)[55]
  • 55,777 (1994–2001)[56]
  • 56,749 (2002–2003)[57]
  • 57,405 (2004)[58]
  • 57,369 (2005)[59]
  • 57,333 (2006–2008)[60]
Football[edit]
  • 60,372 (1964–1983)[61]

Homages[edit]

Three players in the National League named their children after Shea Stadium.[62]

Actor Kevin James, who is a devoted Mets fan named his youngest daughter, Shea Joelle after the ballpark.[63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Citi Field Side-by-Side Comparison". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved February 20, 2010. 
  2. ^ Brown, Gerry; Morrison, Mike; Morrison, Michael (2007). ESPN Sports Almanac 2008: America's Best-Selling Sports Almanac. New York: ESPN. p. 583. ISBN 1-933060-38-7. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e "History of Shea Stadium". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved August 18, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Shea Stadium". Ballparks.com. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
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  24. ^ Caldwell, Dave (October 4, 2004). "Zeile Exits on High Note, Spoiling Expos' Farewell". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
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  29. ^ Lin, Albert (1999). "The New York Yankees Greatest Hits". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  30. ^ Kleinfield, N. R. (April 16, 1998). "One Stadium, Four Teams, No Problem". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  31. ^ Chass, Murray (April 16, 1998). "Strawberry Gets The Apple to Rise". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  32. ^ Vecsey, George (April 1, 1998). "Mets Take An Opener For the Ages". The New York Times. p. C1. 
  33. ^ Salisbury, Jim (April 1, 1998). "For Openers, Zilch Phils Fall in 14th Without a Run". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. E1. 
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  37. ^ Eskenazi, Gerald (December 11, 1983). "Unruly Fans Mar Shea Farewell As Jets Lose, 34–7". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  38. ^ Groznik, Brad. "Shea Housed The Jets For 20 Seasons". Queens Tribune. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  39. ^ Chass, Murray (December 17, 1973). "Simpson Breaks Mark as Bills Rout Jets". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
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  41. ^ Yannis, Alex (February 21, 1980). "Soccer Team to Call Shea Stadium Home". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  42. ^ Badman, Keith (2000). The Beatles Off The Record. London: Omnibus. p. 193. ISBN 0-7119-7985-5. 
  43. ^ Davis, Stephen (1985), Hammer of the Gods: The Led Zeppelin Saga. p. 194. Pan
  44. ^ Gamboa, Glenn (April 20, 2010). "'Last Play at Shea' Documentary Tells Stadium's Story". Newsday. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  45. ^ Quindlen, Anna (October 4, 1979). "At Shea, A Moving Goodbye". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2009. 
  46. ^ "A spectator at a football game was killed by a flying model lawnmower". Snopes.com. Retrieved November 7, 2007. 
  47. ^ a b Moehringer, J. R. (September 29, 2008). "One Last Trip Home". ESPN. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  48. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (March 18, 1965). "Dome Is Proposed for Shea Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved August 20, 2008. 
  49. ^ Montgomery, Paul L. (October 12, 1965). "Glass Dome for Shea Stadium? Mets Object; Project Would Cost $9 Million and Add 14,000 Seats". The New York Times. Retrieved August 20, 2008. 
  50. ^ Lukas, Paul (September 26, 2008). "Be It Ever So Humble, There's No Place Like Shea". ESPN. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
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  52. ^ McCarron, Anthony (April 21, 2008). "Mets' Home Run Apple Loved to Core". Daily News (New York). Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  53. ^ Albanese, Laura (March 26, 2010). "Home Run Apple A Core Value for Mets Fans". Newsday. Retrieved March 27, 2010. 
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  63. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Polo Grounds
Home of the
New York Mets

1964–2008
Succeeded by
Citi Field
Preceded by
Polo Grounds
Home of the
New York Jets

1964–1983
Succeeded by
Giants Stadium
Preceded by
Yankee Stadium
Home of the
New York Yankees

1974–1975
Succeeded by
Yankee Stadium
Preceded by
Yale Bowl
Home of the
New York Giants

1975
Succeeded by
Giants Stadium
Preceded by
Municipal Stadium
Host of the All-Star Game
1964
Succeeded by
Metropolitan Stadium

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292686 videos foundNext > 

History of Shea Stadium

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The last 7th Inning Stretch ever from Shea Stadium taken in HD on September 28, 2008. Lazy Mary follows Take Me Out To The Ballgame.

Shea Stadium Opening in 1964

Clip from 1963 Mets Highlight film, copyright MLB and SNY.

shea stadium demolition final video inside - jan 2009

the last video ever of shea stadium from the inside during deconstruction. taken january 2009.

Goodbye, Shea Stadium

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Shea Stadium Tribute 1964-2008

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292686 videos foundNext > 

695 news items

 
Amazin' Avenue
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 07:03:45 -0700

This week, at Sports on Earth, W.M. Akers asserted that the marvel that was Shea Stadium was more about histrionics from politicians—and promises that the city knew it couldn't keep—than anything else. Akers explains how famed city planner Robert ...
 
Sports On Earth
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 20:49:53 -0700

Sunday will not only conclude the 50th anniversary of Shea Stadium's opening season, but it also marks the six-year anniversary of the final game played there. Fittingly, the Mets will take on the Astros -- who moved into the Astrodome, another ...
 
Amazin' Avenue
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 11:00:00 -0700

WATCH: Carlos Beltran's home run off the Shea Stadium scoreboard propels Mets to 2006 NLCS victory. By Steve Schreiber  @_mistermet on Oct 13 2014, 2:00p 29. On this date in 2006, Carlos Beltran crushed this ball off the scoreboard, breaking a ...

Stereogum

Gothamist
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 06:34:55 -0700

Shea Stadium is a tiny room in Bushwick with couch seating where the bathrooms have shampoo in them and you can break a ten dollar bill to see three bands who have all driven across several state lines to perform for you on a Monday night. Shea Stadium ...
 
Diffuser.fm
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 18:36:07 -0700

Behind the doors of the dilapidated red brick building standing strong at 20 Meadow Street in Brooklyn, N.Y. exists a whole world of DIY music that you'd be surprised to discover. That's where Shea Stadium rests — and we're not talking about the ...

The Weather Channel

The Weather Channel
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:30:00 -0700

But there's also the basketball Edwin Hubble — the scope's namesake — used at the University of Chicago, and a home plate from Shea Stadium, the former home of the Mets baseball team. Massimino said there's even the front page of Hubble's thesis.

NPR

The Patriot-News - PennLive.com
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Why I'll always remember the 7th grade teacher who let us watch the 1969 World Series. So Long Shea Stadium. Celebration at Shea Stadium in New York after the New York Mets defeated the Baltimore Orioles to win the 1969 World Series. (AP photo). Print.

Detroit Free Press

Detroit Free Press
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:15:09 -0700

She performed in front of massive crowds from coast to coast, even playing the legendary Beatles show at Shea Stadium on Aug. 14, 1965. She married a minister and became a born again Christian, leading her to leave the music business. She was just 22 ...
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