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Shah Jo Risalo
Shah Jo Risalo.jpg
Author Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai
Original title شاه جو رسالو
Country Sindh, Pakistan
Language Sindhi
Subject Sufism
Genre Poetry
Publisher Sindhi Adabi Board
Publication date

Shah Jo Risalo (Sindhi: شاھ جو رسالو) is a poetic compendium of famous Sindhi Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai. In fact, it is many compendia, for Shah Abdul Latif's poetry in various forms of Bayt and Wai was compiled by many of his devotees during his lifetime and after his death. The devotees compiled his poetry and designated it as Shah Jo Risalo or Poetry of Shah.

Ernest Trumpp called it Diwan when he edited the Risalo and published it from Leipzig, Germany in 1866 A.D. Afterwards, many scholars and linguists have published the Shah Jo Risalo with their own compilations, hence many editions are available.

Shah Jo Risalo, written in very pure and concise Sindhi verses, is great storehouse of Muslims but also for the Hindus. Shah Abdul Latif has hidden his mystical ideas under layers of symbols taken from all spheres of life as well as from the classical Sufi tradition, and particularly from Maulana Rumi's Mathnawi.[1]

Surs (chapters)[edit]

The traditional compilations of Shah Jo Risalo include 30 Surs (chapters) which were compiled by renowned researchers. The oldest publications of Shah Jo Risalo contained some 36 Surs, but later most of the linguists discarded 6 Surs, as their language and content did not match the Shah's style. Recently, Dr. Nabi Bakhsh Baloch, a renowned linguist of the Sindhi language, has compiled and printed a new edition after 32 years of research into folk culture, language and the history of Sindhi language. Another poet Dr Aurangzeb Siyal has recently launched a book named "Louk Zangeer" in which he has attempted to define three Surs i-e Momal Rano, Sasui Punho and Umar Marvi in an easy manner and in different poetic style.

The word " Sur" means a mode of singing. In Indian classical music, its "Rags" and "Raginis" are sung at different times of day and night. In Risalo the Surs are named according to their subject matter. The underlying theme is how the individual is to cultivate the godly attributes, negate his ego so as to evolve to a better human being.

The traditional 30 Surs included in Shah Jo Risalo are:

These Surs contain Bayts which Shah latif sang in state of ecstasy. These Bayts in the Surs concerning the life-stories of his heroines, viz. Suhni, Sassui, Lila, Mumal, Marui, Nuri and Sorath, are not in chronological sequences, for the Sufi Poet in his state of "Wajd" or ecstasy, was concerned with the moments of denouncements in life-stories,which he used as allegories to express his mystical experiences.

Shah's Heroines[edit]

The heroines of Shah Abdul Latif's poetry are known as the Seven queens of Sindhi folklore who have been given the status of royalty in Shah Jo Risalo. The Seven Queens are celebrated throughout Sindh for their positive qualities: honesty, integrity, piety and loyalty. They are also valued for their bravery and their willingness to risk their lives in the name of love. The Seven Queens mentioned in Shah Jo Risalo are Marui, Momal, Sassui, Noori, Sohni, Sorath, and Lila. In his poetry Shah has alluded in elaborate way to these characters of Sindhi folktales and used them as metaphors for high spiritual life.

Perhaps what Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai saw in his tales of these women was an idealized view of womanhood, but the truth remains that the Seven Queens inspired women all over Sindh to have the courage to choose love and freedom over tyranny and oppression. The lines from the Risalo describing their trials are sung at Sufi shrines all over Sindh, and especially at the urs of Shah Abdul Latif every year at Bhit Shah.

These romantic tales of Bhittai are commonly known as Momal Rano, Umar Marui, Sohni Mehar, Lilan Chanesar, Noori Jam Tamachi, Sassui Punnhun and Raja Dhach or Seven Queens (ست مورميون) of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai.[2][3][4]

Sassui Punnhun and Sohni Mehar aka Sohni Mahiwal in Punjabi are also celebrated in Punjab along with Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiban and thus form part of Punjabi traditions.

These nine tragic romances from South Asia (all from present day Pakistan) have become part of the cultural identity of Pakistan.[5]


Shah Jo Risalo was first translated into German in 1866 by Ernest Trump, a German scholar and missionary when in 1860s he became fascinated by Sindhi language and culture and the jogis and singers who sang Shah Latif’s verses. With the help of Sindhi scholars he compiled a selection of the original verses and called it "Shah Jo Risalo" (the message of Shah). It was first translated in English by Elsa Kazi, a German lady married to Allama I. I. Kazi, who translated selections of Shah Jo Risalo in English prose. Later in 1940, Dr H.T Sorley, an English scholar learnt Sindhi, and published selections from the Risalo by the Oxford University Press entitled "Shah Abdul latif of Bhit - His Poetry, Life and Times".

The most recent work (1994) of translation of Risalo into English is that of Amena Khamisani, a professor in English Literature at the Sindh University. Shaikh Ayaz, the famous Sindhi poet, translated Risalo into Urdu. Risalo is also translated in Punjabi and more recently French translation was also undertaken by Cultural department of Sindh. Part of Risalo is also translated in Arabic.


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Jo_Risalo — Please support Wikipedia.
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48 news items


Sun, 07 Dec 2014 17:18:45 -0800

A new English translation of Shah jo risalo has just been published. Rendered into English by Mushtaq Ali Shah, a career diplomat, it includes over 3,000 verses with the original Sindhi version. A detailed intro and a Sindhi-English glossary of terms ...
Mon, 02 Feb 2015 04:39:57 -0800

The seven queens of Shah Latif's Shah Jo Risalo – Marui, Sassui, Noori, Sorath, Lilan, Sohni, and Momal – have put on black cloaks and they mourn. The troubles and tribulations are not new for the queens. After the sack of Delhi, Nadir Shah (Shah of ...
DAWN.com (blog)
Tue, 03 Feb 2015 02:05:38 -0800

The most popular time to visit the shrine of the sufi saint and poet Shah Abdul Lateef Bhitai (1689-1752) is during the annual Urs that takes place for three days in the Islamic month of Safar (that fell in December in 2014). During the Urs, the shrine ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 11:33:45 -0700

... on March 4 by Gul Hasan Kalmatti who showed photographs of the sites and Dr Rukhman Palari who spoke of the route taken through Karachi by the figure of Sassui, one of Shah Latif's seven heroines, as mentioned in Shah jo Risalo among several other ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 16 Feb 2015 10:11:15 -0800

Advocate Khadim Hussain Abro said the three men's works, particularly on Shah Jo Risalo, have been highly recognised and appreciated. He said they championed freedom of speech, peace and independence of judiciary. Participants also urged the Sindh ...
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 17:16:17 -0800

From Shah Jo Risalo to Aakhri umeed, a novel by Mohammad Usman Deplai, there's quite a lot to choose from. It was nice to see an Urdu translation of eminent Indian painter M.F. Husain's biography, M. F. Husain ki kahani apni zabani, translated by ...
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 19:06:51 -0800

His collection of writings Shah Jo Risalo, is widely regarded as the zenith of Sindhi poetry and Ustad Manzoor Ali Khan, is in my book, the greatest interpreter of that poetry. Born in the mofussil town, Tando Adam Khan, he was the first Sindhi to be ...
Daily Times
Mon, 29 Dec 2014 12:35:49 -0800

... all religions, propounded by his spiritual mentor and godfather (murshid) Hazrat Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai.” On the occasion, Ms Tasleem Naz Abro recited a tribute poem in English for Shaikh Ayaz and also recited a few verses from famous Shah Jo Risalo.

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