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A shaft tomb or shaft grave is a type of deep rectangular burial structure, similar in shape to the much shallower cist grave, containing a floor of pebbles, walls of rubble masonry, and a roof constructed of wooden planks.[1]

Practice[edit]

The practice of digging shaft tombs was a widespread phenomenon with prominent examples found in Mycenaean Greece; in Bronze Age China; and in Mesoamerican Western Mexico.[2]

Mycenaean Greece[edit]

Mycenaean shaft graves originated and evolved from rudimentary Middle Helladic cists, tumuli, and tholos tombs with features derived from Early Bronze Age traditions developed locally in mainland Bronze Age Greece.[3] Middle Helladic burials would ultimately serve as the basis for the royal Shaft Graves containing a variety of grave goods, which signified the elevation of a native Greek-speaking royal dynasty whose economic power depended on long-distance sea trade.[4]

The depth of Mycenaean shaft tombs would range from 1.0 m to 4.0 m with a mound constructed for each grave and stelae erected.[5] Archaeological examples include Grave Circle A and Grave Circle B.

Bronze Age China[edit]

Shaft graves were utilized by elites from the Shang Dynasty (or Yin Dynasty) during the Bronze Age of northern China.[2]

Mesoamerican Western Mexico[edit]

The Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition or shaft tomb culture refers to a set of interlocked cultural traits found in the present day western Mexican states of Jalisco, Nayarit, and, to a lesser extent, Colima to its south, roughly dating to the period between 300 BCE and 400 CE. An example is the La Campana archaeological site of the Capacha and subsequent cultures.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Pedley 2011, p. 86.
  2. ^ a b Kipfer 2000, "shaft grave", p. 508.
  3. ^ Dickinson 1999, pp. 103, 106–107.
  4. ^ Dickinson 1977, pp. 53, 107; Dickinson 1999, pp. 97–107; Anthony 2007, p. 48.
  5. ^ Komita 1982, pp. 59–60.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaft_tomb — Please support Wikipedia.
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New Tang Dynasty Television
Tue, 04 Mar 2014 22:56:06 -0800

Archaeologists in Mexico found a sealed 1,500-year-old pre-Hispanic shaft tomb, a deep rectangular burial structure, with the sculpture of a long-faced shaman guarding it, in the state of Colima. The remains of children and small dogs were also found ...
 
Ahram Online
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 03:58:34 -0800

Karomama's shaft tomb. The first was at the Ramesseum temple on Luxor's west bank, where the tomb of a divine royal wife called Karomama was accidently discovered within the walls of temple. The ministry's head of Ancient Egyptian antiquities, Youssef ...

International Business Times UK

International Business Times UK
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 01:49:38 -0800

"We cannot determine whether the large number of burials in one shaft-tomb represented a family burial, opened repeatedly as different members of the family died (both children and adults were buried in the multiple-burial tombs), or whether some ...

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Ancient Origins
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 17:33:45 -0700

An examination of two skeletons found in a mine shaft/tomb, one a female, showed the humerus bones of the upper arm were highly developed. Larger bones are a sign of robustness that anthropologists associate with repeated use of muscular force. In ...
 
Washington Post
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 10:25:19 -0700

Weeks later, when the pair met in person in Jordan and were assigned to be excavation partners on the same shaft tomb, things seemed to click. “She is just as smart and friendly as she was online,” Adam said, “plus she's even more beautiful than her ...

National Geographic

National Geographic
Tue, 03 Dec 2013 05:57:22 -0800

But amid the early stone structures, archaeologists uncovered a ten-foot-deep adobe shaft tomb dating to the 15th or 16th century A.D. At that time the Chimú were among the many conquered peoples who made up the vast Inca empire. "This is one of the ...
 
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Fri, 14 Sep 2012 07:01:00 -0700

This cave, it was clear, was once a hidden shaft tomb, or mortuary cave, dug in the shape of a wine decanter. When it was excavated, only the very top of the shaft was visible. Bodies were lowered down the sewer-pipe-size shaft, and the hole was ...
 
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Wed, 19 Dec 2007 10:09:03 -0800

Located about 20 meters west of Tut's final resting place, KV56 is a small, unattributed shaft tomb -- basically a rock-cut burial chamber at the bottom of a vertical shaft -- which had originally been discovered in 1908 by American excavator Theodore ...
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