digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Shōrin-ryū
Chibana.jpg
Date founded 1933
Country of origin Ryūkyū Kingdom
Founder Chōshin Chibana
Arts taught Karate
Ancestor schools Shuri-te
Descendant schools Shōrin-ryū Shidōkan, Shōrin-ryū Shōrinkan, Shōrin-ryū Kyudōkan
Practitioners Chosin Chibana, Katsuya Miyahira, Shūgorō Nakazato, Higa Yuchoku

Shōrin-ryū (少林流) as in the Shaolin Temple of China. "Ryu" means "style". Shōrin-ryū,[1][2][3][4][5][6] is one of the major modern Okinawan martial arts and is one of the oldest styles of karate. It was named by Choshin Chibana in 1933, but the system itself is much older. "Shōrin" means pine tree. "Ryu" means "school". Shōrin-ryū combines elements of the traditional Okinawan fighting styles of Shuri-te.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

Chosin Chibana was a top student of the great master of shuri-te, Anko Itosu. Anko Itosu was the top student of Matsumura Sōkon, who was a renowned warrior of his time; bodyguard to three kings of Okinawa, he has been called the Miyamoto Musashi of Okinawa and was dubbed bushi, or warrior, by his king. However, while he is often referred to as the "founder" of Shuri-te, he did not invent all the components of the style. In 1933, Chosin Chibana chose to call his style Shorin-ryu in honor of the Samurai roots, and to differentiate it from other styles that were being modified from the original teachings of Anko Itosu. Prior to this time, there were no names for styles in Okinawa (though common in Japan for Japanese martial arts). Several branches of traditional Shorin-Ryu exist today in both Okinawa and the Western World. While there is a more concentrated population of practitioners in its birthplace of Okinawa, Shorin-Ryu Karate has had many elite level black belts in the Western World as well including: Joe Hess (Black Belt), Grandmaster Frank Grant (10th Dan of Matsubayashi-Ryu Shorin-Ryu), and Grandmaster James Smithey (9th Dan).

Training[edit]

Shōrin-ryū is generally characterized by natural breathing, natural (narrow, high) stances, and circular, rather than direct movements. Shōrin-ryū practitioners will say that correct motion matters, being able to move quickly to evade violence by having fluid movements and flexible positions is quite important, and that a solid structure is very important for powerful moves. Stances that are too deep will most likely make body movement very difficult. Another of the features in this system is how the student is taught to punch. Generally, there is neither a horizontal or vertical punch in Shorin Ryu. Punches are slightly canted to the inside, with the largest knuckle of the fore finger (third from the tip) in vertical alignment with the second knuckle of the pinky finger. It is believed that this position is key in lining up the bones of the arm and creates a faster, more stable and powerful strike.

Kata[edit]

Some of the key kata in Shōrin-ryū are:[7]p.30

  • Fugyugata Kata
  • Taikyoku
   shodan
   nidan
   sandan
   yondan
   godan
  • Pinan Kata
      shodan
      nidan
      sandan
      yondan
      godan
  • Naihanchi Kata
      shodan
      nidan
      sandan
  • Ananku
  • Wankan
  • Rohai
  • Wanshu
  • Passai
      sho
      dai
  • Gojushiho
  • Chinto
  • Kusanku
      sho
      dai
  • Seisan

The study of weapons only starts at dan-level, and weapon kata are not standardised across the style.[7]p.45

Branches[edit]

Ranks[edit]

In 1924, Gichin Funakoshi adopted the Dan system from judo founder Kanō Jigorō using a rank scheme with a limited set of belt colors. In 1960, this practice was adopted in Okinawa.[10]

In a Kyū/Dan system, the beginner grade is a higher-numbered kyū (e.g., 7th Kyū) and progress is toward a lower-numbered Kyū. The Dan progression continues from 1st Dan (Shodan, or 'beginning dan') to the higher dan grades. Kyū-grade karateka are referred to as "color belt" or mudansha ("ones without dan"); Dan-grade karateka are referred to as yudansha (holders of dan rank). Yudansha typically wear a black belt.

Requirements of rank differ among styles, organizations, and schools. Kyū ranks stress stance, balance, and coordination. Speed and power are added at higher grades. Minimum age and time in rank are factors affecting promotion. Testing consists of demonstration of technique before a panel of examiners. Black belt testing is commonly done in a manner known as shinsa, which includes a written examination as well as demonstration of kihon, kumite, kata, and bunkai (applications of technique).

In Shōrin-ryū, one possible rank (belt) progression is listed below:[11] There are many others. For instance, the largest Organization in North America does not use yellow, orange, blue, nor purple belts.:[12] Nor are they consistent from school to school.

In the USA, the mudansha generally are:

  • White Belt (7th Kyū)
  • Yellow Belt (6th Kyū)
  • Orange Belt (5th Kyū)
  • Purple Belt (4th Kyū)
  • Green Belt (3rd Kyū)
  • Blue Belt (2nd Kyū)
  • Brown Belt (1st Kyū)

In the USA, the yudansha generally are:

  • Black Belt (1st to 3rd Dan)

Master Level

  • Red and Black Checkered Belt (4th to 5th Dan)
  • Red and White Checkered Belt (6th to 8th Dan)
  • Red Belt (9th to 10th Dan)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bishop, Mark. Okinawan Karate: Teachers, Styles and Secret Techniques. ISBN 0-8048-3205-6. 
  2. ^ a b "Beikoku Shidokan Association, Iha Dojo". Ihadojo.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b "History of Okinawan Karate". Okinawa Prefectural Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Kata of Shuri-te Karate". Okinawa Prefectural Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Okinawan Shorin-ryu Shorinkan Karate and Kobudo Dojo". Shorinryushorinkan.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  6. ^ a b Mateusz Staniszew. "World Oshukai Okinawa Shorin-Ryu Karate Do Kobudo Federation". Oshukai.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  7. ^ a b Cummins, William; Robert Scagione; illustrations and diagrams by William and Maureen Cummins (1984). Shorin-Ryu : Okinawan karate question and answer book (1st ed. ed.). New York: Person-to-Person Pub. ISBN 9780804814263. 
  8. ^ Reihokan Karate
  9. ^ World Oshukai Dento Okinawa Shorin-Ryu Karate Do Kobudo Federation
  10. ^ "Shorin History". Umablackbelt.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  11. ^ "Sistema de Graduação". Shidokan.com.br. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  12. ^ "Beikoku Shidokan Association, Iha Dojo". Ihadojo.com. 2004-08-14. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shōrin-ryū — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
39534 videos foundNext > 

Shorin Ryu Karate applications

Shorin-Ryu karate applications using direct force from the hip, lats, quads muscle, allowing compression of the body to easily execute punches or palm strikes.

Shorin Ryu Karate Do - Okinawan Kobudo - Self Defense

Tode Martial Arts Organization. Shorin Ryu Karate Do - Okinawan Kobudo - Bunkai - Kata. http://www.todehellas.gr Shorin Ryu Karate Do Kobudo Shorin Ryu ...

SHORIN RYU SEIBUKAN KARATE

Seibukan Shorin Ryu is the karate of Master Zenryo Shimabukuro, student of the great Master Chotoku Kyan. It is neither a hard or soft style and requires power ...

Zenpo Shimabukuro. Shorin-ryu karate

Zenpo Shimabukuro, Hanshi, 10 Dan Seibukan Shorin-ryu. © Oleg Larionov, 2011..

Okinawa Shorin-ryu Karate: Multiple Attackers

Promotional video featuring David Walker Sensei, 6th Dan, Shintokukai Karate & Kobudo, North Vancouver, BC, performing "yakusoku kumite" (pre-arranged ...

Mironobu Sensei Gojushiho Shorin Ryu 守信先生 五十四歩 小林流

Morinobu Maeshiro Sensei Gojūshiho Kata (Okinawa Shorin Ryū Karate-dō Kyōkai) 守信真栄城先生 五十四歩 型 「沖縄小林流空手道協会」

Naihanchi applications -Kata- Karate Shorin-ryu

Naihanchi is the basic kata of Okinawa Shorin-ryu. It shows Naihanchi Shodan Applications. (Naihanchi Shodan detail description) This movie is the one of ...

Naihanchi -Kata- Karate Shorin-ryu

Naihanchi is the basic kata of Okinawa Shorin-ryu. This movie is the one of karate DVD which title is "OKINAWA KARATE Indomitable Shorin ryu Shubukan ...

3 Major Schools of Okinawa Karate - Uechi-ryu, Goju-ryu, Shorin-ryu Vol.1

Gojushiho Kata Shorin Ryu Karate - 五十四步 型 沖縄松林少林流空手道

Gojūshiho Kata(Okinawa Shōrin-Ryū Karate-dō) 五十四步 型 「沖縄松林少林流空手道」

39534 videos foundNext > 

9 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 13:09:30 -0700

The Shōrin-ryū karate practitioner showed off his muscular physique as he went shirtless and donned a pair of black and blue DC swimming shorts. Hamming it up! The Disney star showed his youthful exuberance as he playfully raised his. SHARE PICTURE.

InfoBAE.com

InfoBAE.com
Fri, 05 Jun 2015 03:06:43 -0700

Estuvieron casi un mes de huelga y finalmente consiguieron un aumento que supera largamente la pauta oficial del 27% y desbarata la ingeniería "antiinflacionaria" montada por Kicillof. Hoy se reúnen Moyano, Barrionuevo y Micheli para ajustar aspectos ...

Diario Uno

Diario Uno
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 13:30:01 -0700

El video es terrible. La venezolana Génesis Rodríguez se desvaneció en plena competencia durante los Juegos Panamericanos. Al recuperarse, se quedó con el segundo puesto. ¡Dramático! Se desmayó al levantar 106 kilos pero ganó una medalla.

Diario Uno

Diario Uno
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 09:08:23 -0700

En la categoría welter de la Ultimate Fighting Championship, el campeón vigente de la categoría, Robbie Lawler, defendía el cinturón ante Rory MacDonald que terminó desfigurado. Fotos. Impresionante: peleador de UFC quedó irreconocible. Compartir.

Cadena 3

Cadena 3
Sat, 23 May 2015 03:12:52 -0700

Shōrin-ryū Kyudōkan. ESTE ES EL GOBIERNO NACIONAL Y POPULAR, A KRISTNA LA VOTE LA PRIMERA VEZ YA QUE ME VENDIÓ UN BUZÓN, HOY SE SIGUE CONFIRMANDO LO MAL QUE HICE EN AQUELLA OPORTUNIDAD, SOLO LE INTERESA ...

Exitoina

Exitoina
Wed, 08 Jul 2015 12:08:14 -0700

Johnny Depp hizo un alto a las grabaciones de la última entrega de 'Piratas del Caribe' para visitar a niños y jóvenes de un hospital en Australia. El actor de 52 años recorrió los pasillos y cuartos del nosocomio vestido como el capitán Jack Sparrow ...

Diario Uno

Diario Uno
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 08:44:10 -0800

Ocurrió entre dos jugadores por la Copa Libertadores, cuando uno no quiso aceptar cambiar la camiseta con el otro rival. Casi se agarran a las piñas. Video. Cámbiame la camiseta. Compartir · Compartir · Compartir. En el entretiempo del partido entre ...

H24notizie.com

H24notizie.com
Mon, 08 Jun 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Il Presidente Lamberto Frasca era accompagnato dai maestri della Fight Club Michele Frasca, Josè Orlando Speranza e Roberto Ceracchi, e da alcuni grandi maestri internazionali di karate stile Shōrin-ryū come Misatoshi Miyazato della Scuola Sensei di ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight