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Sexual arousal disorder is characterized by a lack or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity in a situation that would normally produce sexual arousal, or the inability to attain or maintain typical responses to sexual arousal. The disorder is found in the DSM-IV.[1] The condition should not be confused with a sexual desire disorder.

The term is often used in the diagnosis of women (female sexual arousal disorder), while the term erectile dysfunction (ED) is often used for men.

Signs and symptoms[edit]

In women, the symptoms of the disorder include:

However, whether lack of physiological arousal is a reliable symptom of the disorder is questionable. Research has shown that women with arousal deficits and women without arousal deficits show equivalent increases in physiological response during experience of erotic stimuli.[2][3]

Causes[edit]

Contrary to popular belief, the disorder is not always caused from a lack of sexual arousal. Possible causes of the disorder include psychological and emotional factors, such as depression, anger, and stress; relationship factors, such as conflict or lack of trust; medical factors, such as depleted hormones, reduced regional blood flow, and nerve damage; and drug use. The lack of sexual arousal may be due to a general lack of sexual desire or due to a lack of sexual desire for the current partner (i.e., situational). A person may always have had no or low sexual desire or the lack of desire may have been acquired during the person's life.

Diagnosis[edit]

A psychologist will first consider any psychological or emotional problems; while a sex therapist will examine relationship issues; after which a medical doctor will investigate medical causes for the disorder. In order to receive this diagnosis, a women must, for at least 6 months, report at least 3 of the following symptoms: absent or significantly reduced interest in sexual activity, in sexual or erotic thoughts or fantasies, in initiation of sex or receptiveness to sex, in excitement or pleasure in most sexual encounters, in sexual responsiveness to erotic cues, or in genital or non-genital responses to sexual activity. This can be either lifelong or acquired.[4]

Treatment[edit]

Depending on the cause of the disorder, hormone therapy or a blood-flow enhancing medication, like Viagra, may be appropriate.

Bremelanotide (formerly PT-141) is being studied in clinical tests to increase sexual desire in women. In 2014, Palatin, the company developing the drug, announced the beginning of a Phase 3 clinical trial to determine its effectiveness.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DSM-IV, American Psychiatric Association 1994
  2. ^ Morokoff PJ, Heiman JR (1980). "Effects of Erotic Stimuli on Sexually Functional and Dysfunctional Women". Behaviour Research and Therapy 18 (2): 127–137. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(80)90107-2. 
  3. ^ Laan E, van Driel EM, van Lunsen RHW (June 2008). "Genital Responsiveness in Healthy Women With and Without Sexual Arousal Disorder". Journal of Sexual Medicine 5 (6): 1424–1435. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00827.x. 
  4. ^ Hoeksema, S. (2007). Abnormal psychology (4th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
  5. ^ "Palatin Announces Start of Bremelanotide Phase 3 Program For Female Sexual Dysfunction". PR Newswire. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_arousal_disorder — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

495 news items

 
Uptick Analyst
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 07:33:45 -0800

The Company's pipeline of approved and late stage NexACT based product candidates includes Vitaros, which is approved in Canada for the treatment of erectile dysfunction, Femprox for female sexual arousal disorder, MycoVa for onychomycosis excluding ...
 
Echelon Magazine
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 05:41:15 -0800

And, he asked that the Food and Dr. Jennifer Berman is suppositories, especial company licenses, the lack of desire and 50s, and metabolic therapist at Brooks Pharmacy cash register with other hand, are home to promoting sexual arousal disorder. It ...

Pulse Nigeria

Pulse Nigeria
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 04:47:21 -0700

Do you know that many women suffer a sexual health condition called 'sexual arousal disorder' (SAD)? If you did not know, know it now. According to the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM), SAD occurs when a woman is only partially aroused ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 05 Dec 2012 01:53:41 -0800

A woman who suffered from a debilitating condition where she had constant, uncontrollable orgasms has committed suicide after years of battling her affliction. Gretchen Molannen, 39, was found dead in her home in Spring Hill, Florida, over the weekend ...

CNN

CNN
Sat, 17 Apr 2010 05:21:47 -0700

(CNN) -- Renee Rhodes stopped working for nine months last year for reasons she didn't quite understand. She felt the unrelenting sensation of "internal itching" in the palm of her left hand, the bottom of her left foot and between her legs. The ...

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 16:01:37 -0800

Later, medical experts would identify the condition as Persistent Sexual Arousal Disorder. Dave Cruz / Barcroft Media. Explained: Doctors identified she had Persistent Sexual Arousal Disorder. With no trigger and the cause unexplained, Cara has spent ...

CNN

CNN
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 07:00:22 -0700

In 2004, the American Foundation of Urological Disorders identified distinct diagnostic categories for the most common women's sexual function complaints: hypoactive sexual desire disorder, sexual arousal disorder, orgasm disorder and pain disorders ...

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Tue, 22 Sep 2015 08:14:10 -0700

This is a new diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition), which combined the previously separate disorders of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and female sexual arousal disorder. The prevalence of ...
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