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For other uses, see Settler (disambiguation).
A modern (1850) depiction of the first medieval settlers arriving in Iceland

A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally from a sedentary culture, and will be opposed or compared to nomads who share and rotate their settlements with little or no concept of individual land ownership

Historical usage[edit]

Chilean settlers in Baker River, 1935.

Studying throughout history, one can witness how settlers very often occupied land previously home to long-established peoples, designated as indigenous (also called "natives", "Aborigines" or, in the Americas, "Indians"). In some cases (such as Australia), as colonialist mentalities and laws change, the legal ownership of some lands is contested by indigenous people, who either claim or seek restoration of traditional usage, land rights, native title and related forms of legal ownership or partial control.

The word "settler" was not originally usually used in relation to unfree labour immigrants, such as slaves (e.g. in the United States), indentured labourers (such as in Colonial America),[1] or convicts (such as in British America, c. 1615–1775; Australia 1788-1868). More recently descendants of these immigrants may argue that they have as much right to use the word "settler" as the descendants of free immigrants.

In the figurative usage, a "person who goes first or does something first" also applies to the American English use of "pioneer" to refer to a settler—a person who has migrated to a less occupied area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area; as first recorded in English in 1605.[2] In United States history it refers to those people who helped to settle new lands.

In this usage, pioneers are usually among the first to an area, whereas settlers can arrive after first settlement and join others in the process of human settlement.[citation needed] This correlates with the work of military pioneers who were tasked with construction of camps before the main body of troops would arrive at the designated camp site.

A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, circa 1910

In Imperial Russia, the government invited Russians or foreign nationals to settle in sparsely populated lands.[3] These settlers were called "colonists".<-- article due --> See, e.g., articles Slavo-Serbia, Volga German, Volhynia, Russians in Kazakhstan.

Although they are often thought of as traveling by sea—the dominant form of travel in the early modern era—significant waves of settlement could also use long overland routes, such as the Great Trek by the Boer-Afrikaners in South Africa, or the Oregon Trail in the United States.

Anthropological usage[edit]

Anthropologists record tribal displacement of native settlers who drive another tribe from the lands it held, such as the settlement of lands in the area now called Carmel-by-the-Sea, California where Ohlone peoples settled in areas previously inhabited by the Esselen tribe (Bainbridge, 1977).[4]

Modern usage[edit]

Early North American settlers from Europe often built crude houses in the form of log cabins

In the Middle East, there are a number of references to various squatter and specific policies referred as "settler". Among those:

Other usages[edit]

Causes of emigration[edit]

The reasons for the emigration of settlers vary, but often they include the following factors and incentives: the desire to start a new and better life in a foreign land, personal financial hardship, social, cultural, ethnic, or religious persecution (e.g. the Pilgrims and Mormons), political oppression, and government incentive policies aimed at encouraging foreign settlement.

The colony concerned is sometimes controlled by the government of a settler's home country, and emigration is sometimes approved by an imperial government.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Indentured Servitude in Colonial America
  2. ^ [1] Online Etymological Dictionary
  3. ^ Robert Greenall, Russians left behind in Central Asia, BBC News, 23 November 2005.
  4. ^ Prehistoric Sources Technical Study, prepared for the city of Monterey by Bainbridge Behrens Moore Inc., May 23, 1977

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Settler — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5056 news items

International Business Times UK

Daily Sabah
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

RAMALLAH – A young Palestinian man was killed on Friday when a Jewish settler opened fire on Muslim worshippers in the West Bank city of Nablus. Azmi Azzam, 20, died of injuries sustained when a Jewish settler opened fire on Palestinian worshippers ...
 
Chicago Daily Herald
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The details of a deal that may eventually commit more than $4.25 million to improve Settler's Hill Golf Course in Geneva met the liking of a Kane County Forest Preserve commission Thursday. Commissioners are hammering out the final language of a plan ...
 
The Batavian
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Settler's, 353 W. Main St., Batavia, NY: Settler's has a 25-year history of serving great, affordable breakfasts, lunches and dinners to Batavians. We have a $20 gift certificate for $12. $$$ Scooter's Restaurant in Le Roy, 140 W. Main Street Road ...
 
International Solidarity Movement
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 16:40:52 -0700

Ahmed told me that the settler had threatened to shoot them with the gun he carried. There were other Palestinians who were observing, and among them a woman who corroborated their statements, and who had a camera with her. Three TIPH observers ...
 
WAMC
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Israeli settlers in the West Bank are reminiscent of the movement of settlers to our own Indian frontier until the frontier was closed in the 20th century. Settler conflict with Native Americans over land and atrocities on both sides was continual ...
 
Baxter Bulletin
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 15:07:30 -0700

The students explored life as a settler. A dozen museum volunteers assisted the students in making butter in a Mason jar, learning how to weave, pioneer sewing skills, making homemade ice cream, and viewing the new Homestead in the Coal House exhibit.

Haaretz (blog)

Haaretz (blog)
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 19:59:42 -0700

Apparently, this served everyone's needs, including the government, still embarrassed by the Palestinian unity government; the settler right, which raced back into the consensus by exploiting the silent majority's blindness; and those who kowtow to the ...
 
Stephenville Empire-Tribune
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 03:52:30 -0700

Hico is hosting the Old Settler's Reunion July 22-26. Each day will boast an event and Saturday will hold many, including a concert and carnival. Most of the events will take place at City Park, but some will happen downtown and at the baseball complex.
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