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This article is part of a series on the
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A senatus consultum (Latin - decree of the senate; plural senatus consulta) is a text emanating from the senate in Ancient Rome. It is used in the modern phrase senatus consultum ultimum. Translated into French as sénatus-consulte, the term was also used during the French Consulate, First French Empire and Second French Empire.

Republic[edit]

In the case of the ancient Roman Senate under the Roman Republic, it was simply an opinion expressed by the senate, such as the Senatusconsultum Macedonianum or the Senatus consultum de Bacchanalibus. Under the Republic, it referred to a text promulgated by the senate on planned laws presented to the senate by a consul or praetor. Officially these consulta were merely advice given to the Republic's magistrates, but in practice magistrates often followed them to the letter.[1] Despite only being an opinion, it was considered obligatory to have one before submitting the decision to a vote and moreover a hostile consultum from the senate almost systematically provoked the new law's abandonment or modification. If a consultum conflicted with a law promulgated by one of the Republic's legislative assemblies, the law took on a priority status and overrode the consultum.[2] All proposed motions could be blocked by a veto from a tribune of the plebs or an intercessio by one of the executive magistrates. Each motion blocked by a veto was registered in the annals as senatus auctoritas (will of the senate). Each ratified motion finally became a senatus consultum. Each senatus auctoritas and each senatus consultum was transcribed in a document by the president, which was then deposited in the Aerarium.[1]

Empire[edit]

Under the Roman Empire, the Roman legislative assemblies were rapidly neutralised. Realising these assemblies were very corrupt and dysfunctional, the first emperors transferred all legislative powers to the senate. After this transfer, the senatus consulta had the force of law.[3] The senate's legislative power and right to issue consulta were suppressed in the 3rd century under the Dominate, in reference to the full powers conferred to the imperium. In the continued decline in praetorian law, the change rendered the emperor alone the guarantor of law and the Imperial constitution.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Byrd, 44
  2. ^ Polybius, History, VI.4
  3. ^ Abbott, 385

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senatus_consultum — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 videos foundNext > 

How to Pronounce Senatus Consultum

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) senatus consultum /sɛˈnɑtʊs kɔnˈsʊltʊm; English səˈneɪtəs kənˈsʌltəm/ [se-nah-toos kawn-sool-toom; English suh...

How to Pronounce Consultum

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) senatus consultum /sɛˈnɑtʊs kɔnˈsʊltʊm; English səˈneɪtəs kənˈsʌltəm/ [se-nah-toos kawn-sool-toom; English suh...

How to Pronounce Senatus

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) senatus consultum /sɛˈnɑtʊs kɔnˈsʊltʊm; English səˈneɪtəs kənˈsʌltəm/ [se-nah-toos kawn-sool-toom; English suh-ney-tuhs kuhn-suhl-tuh...

How to Pronounce Senatus Consulta

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) World English Dictionary senatus consultum (səˈnɑːtəs kənˈsʊltəm) , pl senatus consulta a decree of the Senate of ancient Rome,...

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4 news items

 
Catanzaro Informa
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 04:48:45 -0700

A fine conferenza sarà scoperta una targa commemorativa per i 2200 anni dall'emanazione del “Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus” posta sul muro esterno del Palazzo dei Principi Cigala. “Teura”, insomma, continua il suo impegno culturale con iniziative ...

ntacalabria

ntacalabria
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 03:52:30 -0700

Tutto iniziò 2200 anni fa, come testimonia il Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus datato 186 a.C e ritrovato nel paese dei due mari nel 1640 durante gli scavi di fondazione del palazzo del Principe Cigala. Si tratta di una tavoletta di bronzo contenente ...

Soveratiamo.com

Soveratiamo.com
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 02:55:17 -0700

Tanti ancora i riferimenti testuali culminati nella esposizione esplicativa della tabula di Tiriolo importantissima tavola riproducente in copia il senatus consultum de bacchanalibus del 186 a. C., il cui originale si trova a Vienna. Lo storico ha ...
 
Strill.it
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 04:16:12 -0700

Come testimonia il Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus datato 186 a.C e ritrovato a Tiriolo nel 1640. Si tratta di una tavoletta di bronzo contenente il testo del decreto con cui il Senato Romano bandì i culti di Bacco, comunicando alle autorità locali ...
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