digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Senaithalaivar
Senaikudiyar
Illaivaniar
Title :Senaiyar

சேனைத்தலைவர்
சேனைக்குடியார்
இலை வாணியர்
Gothram:Shanmuga Gothram
Classification Tamil people Dravidian race
Religions Hinduism, Christianity
Languages Tamil
Region Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Union Territory of Puducherry
Related groups முக்குலத்தோர் ,வெள்ளாளர், செங்குந்தர்

Senaithalaivar (Tamil: சேனைத்தலைவர்) is a Tamil speaking caste mainly from south and central Tamil Nadu. They are also known by the names Senaikudiyar and Ilaivaniar.Senaithalaivar were the nobility, aristocracy of the ancient Tamil order (Chera/Chola/Pandya/Sangam era)[1] and had close relations with the different royal dynasties. Mainly dominated in Cholan and Pandiyan dynasties.Direct surnames such as Senaiyar, Senathipathi should be used and indirect surname Chettiar,Mudalyar,Moopanar and Pillai are used by them for upgrade in society on those olden days.

Etymology[edit]

Senaithalaivar/Senathipathi means commander-in-chief as they were the commander-in-chief of army groups in Chola military. Ilaivaniar means leaf seller as some of their sub-sects were occupied for betel-leave sellings in the past. They were also called us Kaikolar or Maravar. Chieftains (Commander-in-chiefs) of Chola military are called as Senaithalaivar and Chieftains of Pandiyas are called Maravars.Agamudayar is the base class of them and they are derived as Senaithalaivar where they derived from Vellalars.The Term Maravan means Soldier and same Maravar means Chief among them.Maravar also related to Sengunthars(Soldiers). Kaikkolar were Chieftains and Commander-in-chiefs of Later chozhas. Kaikkolar Commander-in-chiefs were known as Samanta Senapathigal[1][2] or Senaithalaivar.[3][4][5]

Sura samharam[edit]

The Sura Samharam festival is a traditional ritual where Senaithalavars dress as the lieutenants of Karthikeya and re-enact the killing of the demon Surabathman.

Legend about origin[edit]

Senaithalaivar claim that they are the descendants of Veerabahu Devar, the great lieutenant of Lord Muruga. Since Veerabahu is the chief of Lord Muruga, the descendants of Veerabahu use Senaithalaivar name for their caste. So these people are descendants of Devar. Their only profession was fighting and leading their soldiers. When they left that profession and started to do new business they got new title such as Chettiar, Mudaliyar and Moopanar.Some people never use their subtitles and they mostly use Senaiyar as subtitle. Sengundar caste is also related to this caste.

Literary Evidence about Senaithalaivar[edit]

Adhi Diwakaram[edit]

The earliest literary evidence about Senaithalaivar occurs in Adhi Diwakaram, a Tamil lexicon written by Sendan Diwakarar. This dictionary dated 8th-9th century AD[6] says செங்குந்தப் படையார் சேனைத் தலைவர் தந்து வாயர் காருகர் கைக்கோளர்.[7] It meant the profession of Senaithalaivar (commander-in-chief)

Prestigious Title[edit]

Senaithalaivar being the commander-in-chiefs of Later Chola were referred to as Samantha Senapathigal.[8][9][10][11]

Distribution and title[edit]

Senaithalaivar common title is Senaiyar and they are mainly populated in Tirunelveli District including places like Sengottai,Thachanallur,Tenkasi, Ambasamudram, Vickramasingapuram, Kayatharu, Surandai, veerakeralampudur, Kadayanallur, Sethur, Sivagiri, Rajapalayam,Ayan Kollan kondan,thalavaipuram,mugavoor,devathanam, thenmalai, sankarankovil,puliankudi, Seyadunganallur and Pettai and a considerable number of people also live in Bodinayakkanur, Porayar, Nagapattinam, Tharangambadi, Chidambaram, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Pondicherry, Tuticorin, Trichy and Pattukottai. They use Chettiar title in Dharmapuri, Pudukottai and Pondicherry, while The same title is also used by the castes such as Komatis, Nagarathars, Beris, Devanga and 24 Manai Telugu Chettiars in the state. Mooppanar title is prevalent in and around Tirunelveli region[12] and Pillai title in and around Madurai, Theni, Ramnad Districts.

Wedding customs[edit]

Wedding process is based on Tamil culture. Use of mangalyam or manjal thaali kayiru tied around the girls neck loosely with three knots by the boy in the presence of friends and relatives. Divine music by Nadaswaram and Thavil are performed live.

Family Deity[edit]

Like any other Tamil caste, each family of the caste has their own kula deivam either male or female.But for every people who belongs to Senaithalaivar their only Kula Deivam is Lord Muruga(Skanda) Intermarriage between families having the same family deity does not happen in the community.

Writing on the caste[edit]

  • Senaithalaivar Marabu Vilakkam by Mahavidwan Kanchi Sabapathy
  • Senaithalaivar Sempotralai by Naganandhiyar
  • Velaanmanthar Senaithalaivar or Senaikudaiyar Poorva Charithram by Gopal
  • Senaithalaivar Kula Varalaru by Dakshinamurthy

Society and caste organization[edit]

They are included in the Tamil Nadu state's list of Backward castes.[13] They are classified as OBC by Indian Government. The Madras Presidency Senaithalaivar Mahajana Sangam was formed on 23/6/1912 by K.C. Subramania, Pattukottai Siva. MA. Narayanasamy , Thillayadi Tamil Scholar Thambiyappa and Kollam D.P. They have their own in-house magazine called Senaiyar Murasu published monthly. The very first state level Mahanadu was held at Mylam, near Pondicherry on 9 June 1913.

Notable residents[edit]

Judges[edit]

  • Retd. Justice Malai.Subramanian, Madras High Court
  • M.S.Singaravel Chettiar, Jury - District and sessions court-Dharmapuri,Salem District[During 1950's],Honorary Magistrate - Dharmapuri District Court,Dharmapuri

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senaithalaivar — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
88 videos foundNext > 

senaithalaivar

all my lions see this.

SENAITHALAIVAR

Senai Thalaivar Samuthayam

Panagudi 10am Thiruvila Thepatiruvilla.

Senaithalaivar School VKPuram 2010

Performed by Micheal with ngp.

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கம் நூற்றாண்டு நிறைவு விழா பகுதி 1-4

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கம் நூற்றாண்டு நிறைவு விழா பகுதி 1-4.

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 1.3

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 1.3.

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 1.2

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 1.2.

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கம் நூற்றாண்டு நிறைவு விழா பகுதி 4.1

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கம் நூற்றாண்டு நிறைவு விழா பகுதி 4.1.

ஆய்க்குடி கோவில் நிகழ்ச்சி பகுதி 2

ஆய்க்குடி கோவில் நிகழ்ச்சி பகுதி 2.

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 2.7

தமிழ்நாடு சேனைத்தலைவர் மகாஜன சங்கத்தின் நூற்றாண்டு விழா கல்வி எழுச்சி மாநாடு பகுதி 2.7.

88 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Senaithalaivar" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Senaithalaivar

You can talk about Senaithalaivar with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!